Jul 20, PDF | On Jan 1, , Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi and others published Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. FLOW: The. Psychology of. Optimal Experience by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Harper and Row, More than anything else, men and women seek happiness. Feb 25, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi. Flow and the Foundations of Positive Psychology. The Collected Works of Mihaly. Csikszentmihalyi.
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THIS BOOK SUMMARIZES, for a general audience, decades of research on the positive aspects of human experience—joy, creativity, the process of total. Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience and millions of other books are available for Amazon Kindle. Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience (Harper Perennial Modern Classics) Paperback – July 1, Psychologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi's famous investigations of "optimal. Mar 13, In his seminal work, “Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience”, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi argues the Here is a free sample, in PDF format.
Maybe find flow in washing dishes? Kindle Edition Verified Purchase. During flow, people typically experience deep enjoyment, creativity, and a total involvement with life. Even the most well-off individuals are not immune to various sorts of stress and even tragedy. Sources of stress are many and varied, and an inevitable part of being human. Write a customer review.
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Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi Publisher: New York: Print book: Psychologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi's famous investigations of "optimal experience" have revealed that what makes an experience genuinely satisfying is a state of consciousness called flow. During flow, people typically experience deep enjoyment, creativity, and a total involvement with life.
In this new edition of his groundbreaking classic work, Csikszentmihalyi demonstrates the ways this positive state can be controlled, not just left to chance. The Psychology of Optimal Experience teaches how, by ordering the information that enters our consciousness, we can discover true happiness and greatly improve the quality of our lives. Read more Allow this favorite library to be seen by others Keep this favorite library private.
Find a copy in the library Finding libraries that hold this item Details Named Person: Life without flow can seem static, boring and meaningless, leading individuals to pursue opportunities to create flow.
Csikszentmihalyi suggests that happiness and a sense of meaning can be enhanced by simply doing more of what we love doing Bokhari, n. Human beings are inherently purpose driven, and if they do not have a sense of purpose, people struggle to find one Bokhari, n. What does flow look like in the workplace?
Life can get complicated when we try to keep track of our day-to-day or even hour-to-hour goals, because we are dealing with the everyday occurrences of life Hasty Reader, How can we reach the elusive sense of flow and lose track of time at work whilst still pursuing our goals? Therefore, even if a person is doing something that the majority of other people would find boring, the person can still experience a state of flow Bokhari, n.
For example, consider a factory worker counting objects on an assembly line. Therefore, to experience flow at work, set the purpose for whatever activity you are doing Hasty Reader, To be able to feel a sense of flow, set small, step-by-step goals rather than bigger, overarching goals.
Flow demands standardization and is process focused Bokhari, n. The key, then, is to approach every activity that you do with goals — this allows you to incorporate the activity with the rest of your life and also give yourself meaning as you go Hasty Reader, Goals are an important consideration. Everyone loses their focus occasionally — so it is helpful for a worker to know how to find an immediate state of flow Bokhari, n.
One way, according to Csikszentmihalyi, is to make an activity more fun and engaging by transforming the activity into a game Hasty Reader, To find flow in this activity, one tactic to try would be to create a game where you set out to fold the clothes in new and different ways.
What about leadership in the workplace? Well, in his book Csikszentmihalyi explains that good leaders have the capacity to clearly establish the values of an organization, to make the values straightforward and the leader aligns themselves with them Bokhari, n.
Csikszentmihalyi says that integrity in the workplace is valued and allows employees to truly feel like part of the team Bokhari, n. A caring leader will also recognize that sometimes they need to sacrifice their own values in order to meet the needs of others.
The challenge for a conscious leader is to find a level of harmony and balance between their values and the values of the people they lead Bokhari, n. Feedback is a highly important aspect of flow in work as well as in everyday life Hasty Reader, By giving us results and consequences about our actions, feedback engages us in an activity.
We also learn and improve through the process of engaging in that activity Hasty Reader, Autotelic activities — for example, hobbies and projects of passion — are activities not done for an external reward, they are just done for their own sake Hasty Reader, Although most people can think of one or two personally autotelic activities, some people are able to make every activity generate flow.
An autotelic personality can enable individuals to effectively manage even the most impossible and traumatic experiences. Beyond simply coping, an autotelic personality gives you the capacity to live your life differently — to live in a way in which you enjoy even the chores and minor details of daily life.
They are challenge seeking, and are able to discover ways in which to interpret their experiences in a positive way Hasty Reader, Autotelic personalities are not innate, rather they are nurtured. What are the four habits that characterize an autotelic personality? Setting goals is the first think you need to do to find a state of flow when encountering various difficulties.
The executive had, for every activity he engaged in, a sense of purpose. He had purposes for even small events. For example, when entering a room full of new people, he would make it his purpose to get to know the people present, to have a sense of who they are and what they do in their life.
His motivations were not to get to know the other people in order to manipulate them. Rather, his aim was to get to know the people in the room for the sake of knowing, and in order to learn something from them. A person with an autotelic personality is able to control their attention and what their attention is actually focused on.
Furthermore, when such individuals engage in something, they are doing it because they want to — not because the necessity of the situation forces them to. Once a goal has been set, and attention concentrated on it, the third habit becomes apparent. This habit enables a person with an autotelic personality to fully immerse themselves in an activity and enjoy it simply for its own sake.
Immersing yourself in this way enables you to notice the signals and feedback that are inherent in the task, which then allows you to learn the more complicated aspects of the activity. By consistently acquiring new information, you can use the information to achieve your goals or even adjust them as you go.
This, in turn, also makes an individual an active participant in whatever happens around them — so, the person never feels left out or excluded.
Furthermore, this enjoyment in turn gives you energy and liveliness. What does this look like? Well, in social situations, a state of flow may be manifested in charisma. A state of flow may enable a scientist to access a state of creativity which then results in a breakthrough idea.
As Csikszentmihalyi explained, psychic entropy is a phenomenon where the mind will be in disorder because it is inundated by problems , which means that thoughts are scattered and it is difficult to think clearly and pay attention to the goals which are a priority Hasty Reader, Psychic entropy leads to inner conflict , between what our minds want to do compared to what our bodies want to do.
Psychic entropy disrupts our concentration and leads us to pursue a number of different desires and purposes Hasty Reader, Most significantly, perhaps, is the fact that psychic entropy makes it impossible to enter a state of flow. It affects our capacity to concentrate and direct our attention to things that we want to achieve Hasty Reader, If you clear the mind of different concerns and thoughts, you can then focus on just one activity at a time and fully engage with it.
Psychic entropy is also associated with the mental states of boredom and anxiety. Trying to work, or even do any sort of activity, when bored or anxious feels like a chore and is overwhelmingly challenging. Firstly, it is caused by lack of challenge in a task.
Secondly, boredom is associated with the absence of feedback — this gives you a sense that the task you are doing does not matter and does not have an influence on the world around you Hasty Reader, Anxiety is the other main entropic psychological state.
It comes about when you are inundated by too many tasks at once, or the fact that what you are trying to do surpasses your skill level Hasty Reader, Rather, you feel as though decisions are being made for you. According to Csikszentmihalyi, it is relatively simple. What does Csikszentmihalyi say about stress? Well, he explains that stress is essentially a mechanism designed to increase survival — in simple terms, the body sees a potential threat and the stress response is activated to allow you to either fight the threat, or to flee it Hasty Reader, Sources of stress are many and varied, and an inevitable part of being human.
Stress cannot be avoided. Just as issues such as health problems and failed relationships generate and evoke stress, they also result in high psychic entropy Hasty Reader, Stress results from objectives and worries that differ, and it also stops you from paying attention to a single objective.
Stress acts to prevent you fully immersing in life as a flow experience, and enjoying it Hasty Reader, However, stress is not always automatic — it is a response to threat. This means that it is possible to take control of the sources of external stress and the impact that stressors have on us. Csikszentmihalyi suggests that there are 3 ways of doing this, as described by Hasty Reader Therefore, with flow enabling you to detach from the world and its worries and difficulties, this makes flow a formidable way to manage stress.
However, occasionally stressful experiences are too significant to simply ignore. This enables you to minimize the emotional impact of the problem, and reduce the impact of it on your peace of mind when it eventuates. The most effective way to detach from difficulties is to have self-assurance, and confidence , in your skills and abilities and the way that these enable you to cope with a challenging situation. You may be quite self-assured and have confidence in your skills — however, you may still find yourself in situations that lead to your confidence faltering.
Essentially, there are a couple of ways that you can respond. You may feel bad about the argument and a bit sorry for yourself. You internalize the stress, and inevitably this leads to chaos in your mind and consciousness.
On the other hand, you could assess the situation carefully, and seek an explanation for what led to the confrontation. You examine what has occurred as objectively as possible, for example looking at what led to the argument. By this stage, you are immersed in what is a more constructive mental process. You are processing worthwhile, valuable information that will prepare you better for similar situations in future.
Being confident in your skills will only lead you so far. This is not only a learning experience, but it also instils a sense of hope , because you are aware that you may no longer have to deal with a certain problem.
Even though it requires time and effort to develop a personality that can find flow experiences on the go, the result is life-changing. Fancy reading more about flow? Here is a free sample, in PDF format. The physical book is available from Amazon, at this link Amazon.
Here it is. Follow this link to access an eBook. Perhaps the stand out message from Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience for me personally was the premise that the meaning of life is what is meaningful to me. Suddenly, I have an understanding of what really matters in my life. It is also empowering to know that happiness is within our own agency: Perhaps it is an understanding of what flow is.
You can hopefully see from this article that it touches on a range of positive psychology topics.