Dragon # (4e) - Table of contents: EditorialAmpersandDragon Watermarked PDF Dragon Anniversary: Consult Limb Loss Subtable. All material published in DRAGON Magazine becomes the exclusive property of the publisher, unless special .. progress to 2nd level at EP, 3rd at past iterations of Dragon Magazine, you should expect to see many a monthly pdf compilation of the whole issue at the end of the month.
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My little Warrior, already listing toward the middle of the board, didnt stop moving until he was half into the next square. Most player-character invasions of the hells, too, would arrive on the first plane. Once per day he can use a symbol of pain, and he causes fear by touch if he so wills. Erinyes earn increased power on the plane of Dis through the favor of Dispater, who rewards them for unswerving loyalty he often arranges tests or traps for his servants and for missions diligently and well accomplished. That information will be part of the second installment of this article.
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Sign in to get custom notifications of new products! After making a capture at 2c4, the Sylph can move back to 3c4 on a subsequent turn, if that square is empty, or it can move up to any unoccupied starting square. For a Gold Sylph, the legal destinations are 3a2, 3c2, 3e2, 3g2, 3i2, and 3k2. A Sylph that reaches the eighth rank on the upper board can move no farther on that board, but retains the power to capture downward.
If such a capture is accomplished, the Sylph can regain mobility on the upper board by moving up into one of the starting squares for Sylphs of the appropriate color. Sylph Upper Board. Griffon Starting squares for the Gold Griffons are 3c1 and 3k1; the Scarlet Griffons begin at 3c8 and 3k8.
When on the upper board, a Griffon moves along a path that runs one square horizontally or vertically and two squares diagonally in the same direction. Like the knight, it vaults over intervening squares even if they are occupied and only exerts control over the destination square, not the intervening ones.
This is identical to the move of the elephant in Korean chess. A Griffon at 3d4 can move to or capture a piece at 3a2, 3b1, 3f1, 3g2, 3g6, 3f7, 3b7, or 3a6. In addition, a Griffon may occupy the middle board by a move down to one of the four squares on the diagonal from the upper-board square it started from.
Note that a Griffon located on the edge of the upper board only commands two squares on the middle board instead of four. A Griffon returns to the upper board by a move to any of the four or two squares diagonally above the Griffon. It can move between the upper and middle boards whether or not a capture is involved. A Griffon at 3d4 can move to or capture at 2c5, 2c3, 2e3, or 2e5.
While a Griffon is on the middle board, it forfeits the power of f light, and as such it can only move and capture in the squares diagonally adjacent to it. A Griffon located at 2e5 commands all of the following squares: A Dragons movement and capture powers on the upper board are a combination of the moves of the king and the bishop: While the Dragon cannot move downward, it does have the unique ability to capture an opposing piece on the middle board that lies in the square directly beneath it or on any of the squares horizontally or vertically adjacent to that square.
The captured piece is removed from the middle board, but the Dragon remains on the upper board. A Dragon at 3c4 could capture from afar an opposing piece located at 2c4, 2c5, 2d4, 2c3, or 2b4. Dragon Upper Board. Warrior At the start of the game, the twelve Gold Warriors are positioned along the second rank, and their Scarlet counterparts begin on the seventh rank.
The diagram below depicts a Gold Warrior moving toward Scarlets side of the board. The move of the Warrior is identical to that of a pawn, except that a Warrior cannot advance two squares on its first move. The Warrior can move into an unoccupied square vertically ahead of its location, and it can capture an opposing piece located on either adjacent diagonal square ahead of it.
The Gold Warrior that starts the game at 2c2 can move to 2c3, or it can occupy either 2b3 or 2d3 by capturing an opposing piece located on one of those squares.
A Warrior that reaches the opponents back rank is promoted to a Hero, in the same fashion that a pawn is promoted. However, unlike standard chess, the owning player does not have a choice; a pawn can be promoted to a queen, bishop, knight, or rook, but a Warrior can only become a Hero. A Warrior cannot move to or capture pieces located on the upper or lower boards. Oliphant The Oliphants for each side start on the corner squares of the middle board2a1 and 2l1 for Gold, 2a8 and 2l8 for Scarlet.
The move of an Oliphant is identical to that of a rookthat is, as many squares horizontally or vertically as desired, as long as no piece interferes with its path of movement. An Oliphant cannot move to or capture pieces located on the upper or lower boards. Oliphant Middle Board.
Unicorn The Unicorns for each side start on the squares horizontally adjacent to the Oliphants2b1 and 2k1 for Gold, 2b8 and 2k8 for Scarlet. A Unicorn moves and captures in the same way as a knight, including the ability to vault over pieces on intervening squares.
It cannot move to or capture pieces located on the upper or lower boards. Hero Middle Board. The basic, two-dimensional move of a Cleric is the same as that of the king: In addition, a Cleric can move one square directly up or down, and retains its full movement and capture abilities on both the upper and lower boards. Hero The Heroes for each side start adjacent to the Unicorns2c1 and 2j1 for Gold, 2c8 and 2j8 for Scarlet.
On the middle board, a Hero moves either one or two squares in any diagonal direction, with the ability to vault over an intervening piece on a two-square move. Capture is accomplished in the same manner. A Hero can also move up or down one board at a time, going to any square diagonally adjacent to the square directly above or below its former location.
A move back to the middle board is accomplished the same way. When located on the upper or lower board, a Heros only move is to return to the middle board; it cannot travel to any square other than the one to which it ascended or descended.
A move. Thief The two Thief pieces for each side start the game adjacent to the Heroes2d1 and 2i1 for Gold, 2d8 and 2i8 for Scarlet. A Thief moves and captures exactly as a bishop, going any number of squares diagonally as long as no piece interferes with its path of movement.
It cannot move to or capture pieces located on the upper and lower boards. Thief Middle Board. Mage The Mage for each side starts on the square adjacent to the Cleric2f1 for Gold, 2f8 for Scarlet. On the middle board, a Mage moves and captures in the same way as the queen, able to follow an unobstructed path in any horizontal, vertical, or diagonal direction. In addition, a Mage can move and capture, if applicable directly upward or downward across one or more boards.
However, a Mage on either the upper or lower board is limited to a move of one square in a horizontal or vertical direction. A Mage located at 2c4 move up to 3c4, and on its next move could go downward two boards to 1c4. If the Mage then remained on the lower board, it could only move to 1c5, 1d4, 1c3, or 1b4. The King for each side begins on the square adjacent to the Mage2g1 for Gold, 2g8 for Scarlet.
The King moves and captures similarly to a king in standard chess. In addition, the King may move and capture by shifting one square directly up or down. A King that has moved to the upper or lower board cannot move upon those boards, and must return to the middle board before it can again move and capture normally.
The Paladin for each side begins in the square adjacent to the King2h1 for Gold, 2h8 for Scarlet. On the middle board, a Paladins movement and capture abilities are a combination of those of a king and a knight. It can also move upward or downward with a knight-like move, i. Upon the upper or lower board, the Paladin is limited to a king-like move and capture of one square in any direction.
A Paladin located at 3c4 can move between boards to any of the following squares: A Dwarf that reaches the opponents back rank is limited to horizontal moves on the board it occupies, and also retains the ability to move between the lower and middle boards in the manner described above. A Basilisk cannot move off the lower board or with the exception of the freezing power capture a piece on any other board.
The six Gold Dwarves start on the dark-colored squares of the second rank on the lower board; the six Scarlet Dwarves begin the game on the light-colored squares of the seventh rank on the lower board. The diagram below depicts a Gold Dwarf moving toward Scarlets side of the board.
Similar to a Warrior, a Dwarf can make a non-capturing move one square vertically ahead, and captures ahead diagonally. In addition, a Dwarf can make a non-capturing move one square in either horizontal direction, and it can capture an opposing piece on the middle board that lies directly above the Dwarf. If a Dwarf moves to the middle board by means of a capture, it retains the movement and capture powers it has on the lower board, but a Dwarf cannot move to or capture pieces located on the upper board.
It may return to the lower board by a move directly down to an unoccupied square; i. A Dwarf on 1d4 could move without capturing into 1d5, 1c4, or 1e4; it could capture an opposing piece located on 1c5, 1e5, or 2d4.
A Dwarf on 2d4 could return to the lower board by moving to. The two Gold Basilisks start on 1c1 and 1k1; the Scarlet Basilisks start on 1c8 and 1k8. A Basilisk moves one square at a time, either ahead diagonally or vertically or backward vertically. It captures by forward movement only. A Basilisk also has the unique ability of freezing an opposing piecebut not a friendly piecelocated directly above it on the middle board, such that the opposing piece cannot move until the Basilisk is moved or captured.
This freezing is automatic and involuntary; the player owning the Basilisk cannot choose not to immobilize the piece, and does not have to specifically declare that the freeze is in effect. If the opposing King is the piece being frozen, the King is checkmated if any other piece attacks it and the opponent is unable to capture the attacking piece or interpose a piece to blunt the attack.
A Basilisk located on 1d4 can make a move or a capture into 1c5, 1d5, or 1e5. It can move to 1d3. The Gold Elemental starts on 1g1; the Scarlet Elemental begins the game on 1g8. An Elemental can move one square diagonally or one or two squares horizontally or vertically. It captures only on horizontal or vertical moves. It may move up to the middle board to make a capture by moving one square horizontally or vertically and then directly upward.
It may remain unmoving on the middle board if so desired, or it can return to the lower board by a reverse of the upward move, i. The upward move can only be made if a capture is involved, but the downward move can be made without capturing. An Elemental on 1d4 can move but not capture into 1c5, 1e5, 1e3, or 1c3. It can move or capture into 1d5, 1d6, 1e4, 1f4, 1d3, 1d2, 1c4, or 1b4. It can capture upward into 2d5, 2e4, 2d3, or 2c4. An Elemental on 2d4 can move or capture downward into 1d5, 1e4, 1d3, or 1c4.
At first, it may be difficult for players to envision and properly execute the upward or downward movement of pieces. However, thinking in three dimensions will come easily after one or two practice games are played.
Perhaps the hardest single concept to grasp is the idea of intervening squares on moves from one board to another. The general rule is this: If a piece is unable to vault over intervening squares in its basic two-dimensional move, then it is likewise unable to move between boards if a piece blocks the path it must take.
Specific applications for particular pieces are as follows: The Griffon, the Hero, and the Paladin all have the knight-like ability to vault intervening squares, and this applies on any upward or downward move made by those pieces.
The square directly above or below the piece in question need not be vacant. The Mage can move from the lower board to the upper board or vice versa in a single move, but it cannot vault intervening squares.
Thus, in order for the Mage to travel upward from 1d4 to 3d4, the square at 2d4 must be vacant. The Elemental is something of a special case. Its move between boards is a two-step process, and it cannot vault over intervening squares. Its upward move begins with a shift of one square horizontally or vertically on the lower board; thus, at least one of the squares horizontally or vertically adjacent to the Elemental must be vacant in order for it to make an upward move. The Elemental is even more restricted when moving down from the middle board; since the horizontal or vertical move is preceded by a move directly down, the square immediately beneath the Elemental must be vacant in order for it to make a downward move.
Two conventions of standard chess are not part of the Dragonchess rules. The Warrior is unable to move two squares ahead on its first move, and as such it is not possible for a Warrior to capture en passant as a pawn does.
Also, because of the multiple boards, greater area of play, and larger number of men, castling is not possible in Dragonchess. Movement and Capture Notation The method of recording moves in Dragonchess is basically the same as for standard chess, with certain differences explained earlier to account for the different names of the pieces and the multiple boards.
The following examples cover all the situations that could occur in a game: Read it as Warrior moves to 2f3. In most cases, a non-capturing move can be noted simply by naming the type of piece being moved W and the square it moves to 2f3. Read notation 2 as Sylph at 3e2 moves to 3d3. In this notation, a hyphen is used to separate the location square from the destination square.
Notation 3 can be used if only one Warrior is capable of moving to 2e3, and if that move involves a capture. Notation 4 is more specific, using the x to indicate a capture. Read as Warrior captures unspecified piece at 2e3. Read as Warrior at 2d2 captures at 2e3.
Notation 6 includes the identification of the type of piece capturedin this case, the Unicorn located at 2e3.
Notation 7, read simply as Warrior captures Unicorn, can be used if only one such capture is possible. In most cases, the proper notation would be 4, 5, or 6, or a minor variation on one of those. The important thing is to describe each move in such a way that the notation could only refer to one specific move by one specific piece.
This will avoid possible confusion if the moves of a game are to be studied or replayed. Read as Warrior moves to 2f8 and is promoted to a Hero. Read as Dragon captures unspecified piece at 2c4.
To avoid the awkward Drx usage, this move could be written as Dr2c4 since any move by the Dragon involving a square on the middle board must necessarily be a capture from afar. Read as Unicorn captures Oliphant with check. Other Symbols Values of the Pieces The complexities of multiple-board play and the varying powers of the pieces in Dragonchess makes absolute valuation far more difficult than it is for standard chess pieces.
In chess, a pawn is valued at 1, knights and bishops at 3, rooks at 5, and the queen at 9. If the king were not of infinite value, its movement and capturing power would give it a value of 4. The approximate relative values of the pieces in Dragonchess is detailed below, to give players an idea of which exchanges are beneficial and which are not. For instance, the trade of a Hero for a Griffon is roughly an even exchange, while the trade of a Basilisk for an Oliphant will generally result in a material advantage for the player losing the Basilisk.
However, it should always be kept in mind that the true value of a piece in any game situation depends primarily on the pieces location and its role in the game, rather than on its theoretical movement and capture powers. Double check dbl ch occurs whenever a move enables one or more pieces to give check at the same time. Discovered check dis ch occurs when the move of one piece opens a path that enables a different piece to give check.
And mate, of course, is checkmate noted on the final move of a game, when the King is attacked in such a way that it cannot avoid being captured on the attackers next move. No special notation is given for the Basilisks freezing power, since it is not technically a move or a capture, and since it is automatically assumed that any piece occupying the square above the Basilisk is frozen.
Thus, a notation of B1e3 makes it clear that a the Basilisk now occupies square 1e3 and b any opposing piece located at 2e3 is thereby immobilized as long as the Basilisk remains where it is. Strategic and Tactical T ips No single piece of texteven one many times longer than thiscould fully describe and analyze the myriad positions and situations that can occur in Dragonchess. However, some general strictures are apparent from an examination of how the various pieces move and capture, and certain basic facts of chess strategy apply equally to Dragonchess.
Mobility is all-important, and, just as in chess, control of the central squares is usually a prerequisite for victory. The rectangular board of Dragonchess makes the central squares area somewhat more difficult to define than it is in chessbut it certainly is. It could be described as a 2-by-6 rectangle with 2d4, 2d5, 2i5, and 2i4 as its corners; or, a 2-by-8 rectangle extended out on either side; or, a 4-by-4 rectangle in the center of the middle board.
In any event, the side that does the better job of controlling the center squares will have a greater amount of mobility and will more easily be able to bring pieces to bear upon critical squares anywhere on the playing surfaces. In many instances, the square that a piece stands on is not as important as the squares that the piece controls. Players should be mindful of moving their pieces into positions where they command a large number of squares, thereby limiting the opponents ability to occupy those same locations.
In general, it is wise not to bring the big guns particularly the Mage and the Paladin into active positions until some of the minor pieces have been developed. Making a lot of moves with the Mage for instance early in the game is usually a bad idea, because this delays the development of other pieces that could have been moved out instead, and because this could subject the Mage to a series of harassing attacks from the opponents minor pieceswhich are being developed at the same time that they are doing the harassing.
In chess, this phenomenon is known as a queen hunt, and it has led to the downfall of many a player who had visions of ravaging the opposition with sweeping moves of the queenbut instead ended up without a queen to move.
It is no accident that each sides Dragon begins the game directly above the King of the same side.
While the Dragons are obviously powerful offensive pieces, each must play predominantly a defensive role to begin withfor if one Dragon sallies forth on the upper board to wreak havoc upon the opponents middle-board pieces, the King may be left vulnerable to a quick but deadly attack from the opposing Dragon.
Dragonchess The power of the Basilisk to immobilize an opposing piece has a lot of potential for use in offensive and defensive strategy.
To help protect one of your own pieces, move it to the square above one of your Basilisks. Then, if it is captured, the capturing piece is frozen and you can capture it more or less at your leisure without necessarily having to make the return capture immediately. A well-timed Basilisk move can lead to an abrupt checkmate even if the opposing King is not the piece that is frozen, in a case where the Basilisk immobilizes a piece that was crucial to the defense of the King.
Except for the fact that it occupies a square on the board, an immobilized piece can be treated as if it did not exist. An immobilized Mage may be better than no Mage at allbut not by much. In general, the pieces on the lower board especially the Dwarves do not play critical roles in the opening or the middle game, but if the Dwarves havent already been moved too far forward, they can be very useful in the endgame when relatively few pieces remain on the board as defensive outposts, to prevent the opponents middle-board pieces from penetrating too deeply into the territory nearest your side of the board.
Do not underestimate the power of the Cleric. Of the five types of pieces that can move up or down to any of the three boards, the Cleric is the only one that moves and captures in the same fashion regardless of which board it occupies.
The Paladin and Mage are limited in their mobility when not on the middle board, to such an extent that they will not generally spend much time on the upper or lower boardand the Heroes and the King, although they can move to the upper or lower board, cannot move on those boards, and the King especially can be easily trapped if left on the upper or lower board for any longer than necessary.
P utting Together a G ame For reasons that should be obvious, this presentation could not include actual components for a Dragon chess gamemaking a board and filling it with pieces must be left up to you. For our playtesting and development purposes, we constructed a board from sheets of plexiglass with contact paper applied to form the checkerboard patterns.
The boards were spaced approximately six inches apart, allowing enough room for hands to reach in and manipulate pieces. Through these holes we inserted threaded metal rods, fastened into place with connectors to space the boards properly and capped on each end with plastic knobs to prevent scratching the surface on which the entire board is placed during play.
It probably isnt necessary to build a three-dimensional board; three flat rectangles placed in a row on the tabletop could be used to represent upper, middle, and lower levels. But its a lot easier to visualize the up-and-down moves of pieces if the playing surface is actually composed of three levels. The pieces came from our collection of metal miniatures, and they do not in all cases exactly resemble the pieces they represent.
For instance, we used centaur figures for Oliphants because we couldnt find any 25mm scale elephantsand even if we could have, they would have been too large for the board. Any sort of pieces will do, even simple tokens, as long as each type of piece looks distinctly different from the others.
The Great Dragonchess Playtest By Kim Mohan Its terrific to see Dragonchess get dusted off and shined up a little for the th issue since Dragon showed the world Gary Gygaxs vision for a fantasy chess game.
When I glanced back over the article, I got to thinking. I remember it like it was, oh, twenty-six years ago. The Board Roger made the board thats briefly described at the end of the article. With plexiglass and threaded rods and plastic knobs and all, it was an impressive sight. Boy, its big, I said. Roger looked at me like he was expecting a better compliment. And it looks nice too, right?
Nice and big. The Pieces By planning ahead the way good playtesters do, Roger and I assembled a collection of pieces in advance of when we would actually need them. Like the article says, we used figures from our well, Rogers lavish collection of metal miniatures: Dragonchess The ultimate goal was to paint the figures up real nice, but for now we went with a coat of primer on one sides pieces to distinguish them from the other, sort of like shirts and skins.
To give the components as we playtesters call them some uniformity and stability, we glued the bases of the figures to coinspennies for the little guys, maybe up to quarters for the dragons. Even back then, no one could find a cent piece. Now here they all were, spread out on the table next to the board. Eighty-four hunks of metal with eighty-four hunks of metal attached to them.
I think if we ever lifted them all up at one time, they would have weighed ten or fifteen pounds. We never did lift them all up at one time. Okay, who gets to be gold? I said. You mean light gray? I made the board, so I get the first move. Sure, you set up the light gray and Ill set up the dark gray. You mean the unpainted, said Roger. Unpainted is not a color, I shot back, getting the better of the artist. The Setup As you might imagine, arranging all the pieces on the board was pretty time-consuming.
As you might also imagine, ten or so pounds of pewter and currency did some stressful things to our playing surface. It should have been a clue that when we put our 4-inch-tall dragons down on the upper board, the whole apparatus quivered. We set up the middle board next, and by the time we were done that piece of plexiglass had begun to develop a noticeable sag through the middle of the long side. Hey, the board is collapsing, I pointed out.
Curving a little, not collapsing. For an editor, you sure dont choose your words very well. Pieces are leaning and sliding toward the center of the board even as we speak. Its those pennies making everything heavier, opined Roger.
I didnt figure on the extra weight. Admit it, man. You didnt figure on any weight. Should have used extra-thick plexiglass. This is extra thick. It took me like a week to drill each of the holes for the rods. Yeah, suffer for your art. Now what have we gota board thats becoming U-shaped as we watch.
So lets hurry up and play before the whole thing collapses, okay? The Game Roger moved the Warrior in front of his Paladin ahead one square thats W2h3 for those of you scoring at home.
We held our breath, waiting for it to slide down into the gully that the f and g files were becoming. It did move a few millimeters, but then it got hung up on the edge of the contact paper that distinguished the dark square g3 from the light square h3. Okay, I think its stopping there, I said. I then made the same move on my side, putting my Warrior on the dark square at 2h6, and I discovered the contact paper was kind of slippery.
My little Warrior, already listing toward the middle of the board, didnt stop moving until he was half into the next square.
New rule, said Roger, bringing us back to our purpose. If you have to touch a piece to move it back where it slid from, that doesnt count as your move. Ill make a note of that, I said, pushing my Warrior back uphill. I dont think theres going to be a lot of interest in the curvy board variant, but for now I think its the only way were ever going to finish a game. We made some more moves and actually tried to play a smart gamecontrol the center and all that.
Thing is, when youre both trying to control the center, a lot of pieces end up in that vicinity. By the time we were in what passed for the middle game, the. The more the center sags, the worse the slope gets on the outside edges, I pointed out.
Thank you, Mr. Obvious, Roger replied. No need for sarcasm. Im just saying that, if this trend keeps up, my strategy for launching an attack from the perimeter is pretty well ruined by the fact that anything I put along the edge of the board is going to fall over and tumble into the gully. So come up with a new strategy then. Okay, heres my new strategy. You build a board that doesnt collapse and let me know when its done. You have some responsibility here too, said Roger. Wasnt it your idea to put the pennies on the bases?
Heck, no. Im telling the story, and I say it was your idea. Anyway, the pennies arent the problem. Its the pewter. Maybe so. I guess we could use plastic figures instead of metal ones.
That would cut down on the weight, eh? Yeah, but plastic miniatures are for kids, man. Theyre just toys. Thats an idea thatll never get off the ground.
Kim Mohan was the editor of Dragon magazine back in the day and for lots of days after that. He swears that everything in this article is more or less true. Back in the day, character classes like the jester were marked as NPC classes, but I dont know anyone who obeyed that stricture. What was the fun of creating new classes but putting them out of a players reach?
With that out of the way, its easy for me to peg why the jester class has so much appeal to me. Anyone who has played in a long-term campaign with me knows that I love playing colorful characters.
My serious characters are usually the result of playing in campaigns like Living Greyhawk a goofy character might get a strangers character killed, so thats bad form , trying something different, or fitting in with a group that wanted to strike a serious tone.
All things being equal, though, I like playing oddballs. Ive played a half-orc cleric of Moradin who, due to overly protective adoptive dwarf parents, thought he was a very tall dwarf.
My character in a modern-day action game was a research scientist who bred epic-level bad luck in everyone around him. The one warlord I played had the tactical sense of a banana and the insight and perception of Mr. What can I say, I like laughing at the table. Thus, the jester was the perfect class for me. After coming up with justifications for a goofy fighter or an absent-minded wizard, the jester was the easiest class for me to slip into.
I didnt have to come up with a weird back story or a hook. The class spoke for itself. Best of all, Roger Moore, the jesters creator, made this class work. The spell list is exactly the sort of stuff a troublemaking player wants to use.
Climbing walls and picking pockets are the starting points for sending an adventure in a completely weird, unexpected direction. Best of all, access to shields, leather armor, and spells made the class actually viable. You werent blasting enemies to cinders or pulling the fighter back from the brink of death, but a jester did pull his own weight. Of course, if youre going to play a jester, you have to go with a gnome.
Ive always had a soft spot for that race because of its natural fit with the jester class.
With the release of the original Dragonlance trilogy, I had an entire mountains worth of evidence that gnomes were supposed to be played as complete goof balls.
Unfortunately, Ive never had the chance to play the class on an extended basis. Once 3rd Edition rolled around, the jester didnt show up until I updated it for inclusion in Dragon Compendium by Paizo Publishing. So, in honor of those loonies and crackpots like myself, heres the original jester. By Roger Moore Jesters are adventurous non-player characters with an overwhelming sense of the absurd. They roam from place to place, telling tales, pulling practical jokes, insulting the most fearsome of monsters and characters, and generally making nuisances of themselves.
Because of their outlook on the world and their special powers, they may prove potentially useful or annoying to adventuring parties.
Any human or demi-human race may have jesters, but only humans, half-elves, and gnomes have unlimited advancement in the class. Half lings may go to 12th level before their jokes get boring, and elves may go to 10th level before their jokes get too exotic. Dwarves are not very humorously inclined and may only reach the 6th level. Since half-orcs and their kin all think things like thumbscrews and iron maidens are marvelously comic feelings not shared by many other people , they may only attain the 4th level of experience.
Half-elves can advance without limit because they are able to draw from human and elven comedy and thus have a richer sense of humor. Gnomes are more adventurous on the whole than half lings are, and are more mischievous as well; thus, they can progress further than the latter.
A jester must be either neutral good, chaotic good, true neutral, or chaotic neutral. The intelligence and wisdom scores of a jester must each be at least 12, charisma must be at least 13, and dexterity must be 9 or better. Jesters tend to be smaller than the average height of their race. The jester class cannot be combined with any other class at any time by the same character. Any change from the jesters alignment to a lawful or evil alignment immediately makes the jester a thief with only climbing and pickpocketing skills and no others, not even the normal thieving skills.
If he or she changes or is changed back to the former alignment or another acceptable one, the character may resume play as a jester after a rest of one month of game time. Jesters hit dice are six-sided, and they may have as many as 10 hit dice. Beyond 10th level, the jester gets two additional hit points per level. Jesters special abilities 1: One new language, over and above those already allowed to the jester NPC because of intelligence, may be learned at each odd-numbered level of experience, including first level.
To reflect the jesters naturally strange mind, the new language may if the DM desires be rolled randomly from the table on p. For the Loonies and Crackpots 2: Racial and dexterity bonuses for climbing, from p.
From the third level onward, jesters may pick pockets as well as a thief of two levels lower. Racial and dexterity bonuses apply to this ability as well. Being the masters of wit and insult that they are, jesters may raise the morale of friends and lower the morale of enemies within a foot radius of the jester.
EMU - project coordination and regulation strategy. Armstrong Technology - Naval design U.
Veteran Kraft - Turbine designer Sweden - Turbine design and regulation. Technical University Munich Germany - Turbine design and regulation. The Wave Dragon showed good survivability in harsh wave conditions, even in case of malfunction. The commercial exploitation of the Wave Dragon will be handled by the partners involved in the development process, currently on a consortium basis. When reaching a state of technological development calling for actual commercial exploitation, a development company will be established, allowing for financial investors to enter the company, and the RTD costs to be capitalized.
Production price: Propeller turbines Annual production: For further information, we recommend the following papers and reports Soerensen, H.