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Write questions with ever. She says that she lives in Chicago. We need to call an ambulance. Write questions with how Long and when. These include irregular verbs, summaries of verb forms, spelling and American English. Finish B's sentences. I don't know.
We use the present simple to say how often we do things: C1 julie doesn't drink tea very often. I promise I I apologise etc. Sometimes we do things by saying something. For example, when you promise to do something, you can say 'I promise I apologise.. I I advise I I insist I I agree I I refuse Exercises Complete the sentences using the following verbs: German very well.
Put the verb into the correct form. Ricardo I come from? How long Use the following verbs to complete the sentences. Sometimes you need the negative: You ask Lisa questions about herself and her family. Write the questions. You want to know how often. Ask her. How often.. You want to know. Ask Lisa. You want to know which one. You want to know what he does. Unit ': Present continuous I am doing We use the continuous for things happening at or around the time of speaking. The action is not complete.
I am doing past now future 0 The water is boiling. Can you turn it off? What language are they speaking? Let's go and eat. We use the continuous for temporary situations: C I'm Living with some friends until I find a place of my own. See Unit 1 for more information. Present simple I do We use the simple for things in general or things that happen repeatedly.
We use the simple for permanent situations: They have lived there all their lives. C joe isn,t lazy. He works hard most of the t ime. See Unit 2 for more information. More examples: I'm always losing things. You should do something more active. He's always complaining.
Exercises Are the underlined verbs right or wrong? Correct them where necessary. That man tries to open the door of your car.
What do they talk about? How do you get on? He's always getting to work on time. They're always arguing. How'syour English? I think I I start to feel tired. Can you drive? I I learn. My father I I finish work at five, but this week I I work until six to earn a little more money. They were born there and have never lived anywhere else.
He's an architect, but I I usually enjoy parties, but Finish B's sentences. Use always -ing. I've lost my phone again. Not again! YotA're o.. The car has broken down again.
That car is useless. You've made the same mistake again. Oh no, not again! Oh, I've forgotten my glasses again. We use continuous forms for actions and happenings that have started but not finished they are eating I it is raining etc. Some verbs for example, know and Like are not normally used in this way.
We don't say 'I am knowing' or 'they are liking'; we say 'I know', 'they Like'. The following verbs are not normally used in the present continuous: Like want need prefer know realise suppose mean understand believe belong fit contain consist seem 0 I'm hungry.
I want something to eat. Think remember When think means 'believe' or 'have an opinion', we do not use the continuous: When think means 'consider', the continuous is possible: U I'm thinking about what happened. I often think about it. U Do you see that man over there? Lefs open a window. Can you hear it? Look feel You can use the present simple or continuous to say how somebody looks or feels now: LJ I usually feel tired in the morning.
J I can't understand why he's being so selfish. He isn't usually like that. He is very selfish. Exercises Put the verb into the correct form, present continuous or present simple.
I I use it.
I I not I remember it now. I I think of selling my car. Would you be interested in buying it? I I think you should sell your car. Use the words in brackets to make sentences. You should also study Unit 3 before you do this exercise. Is t here anything to eat? Am I right? Complete the sentences using the most suitable form of be. I wonder why. Unit 4 9 Study this example: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was an Austrian musician and composer. He Lived from to He started composing at the age of five and wrote more than pieces of music.
He was only 35 years old when he died. Very often the past simple ends in -ed regular verbs: Before that I worked in a department store. For spelling stopped, studied etc. But many verbs are irregular.
The past simple does not end in -ed. Did you go out last night? I enjoy she didn't see they go a: Yes, I went to the cinema, but I didn't enjoy the film much. Units 14 Exercises Read what Laura says about a typical working day: I walk to work, which takes me about half an hour.
I start work at 8. I never have lunch. I finish work at 5 o'clock. I'm always tired when I get home. I usually cook a meal in the evening. I don't usually go out. I go to bed at about 11 o'clock, and I always sleep well. Laura Yesterday was a typical working day for Laura. Write what she did or didn't do yesterday. Complete the sentences using the following verbs in the correct form: You ask James about his holiday.
Write your questions. How are things? Fine, thanks.
I've just had a great holiday. To the U. We went on a trip from San Francisco to Denver. By car? Yes, we hired a car in San Francisco.
In hotels? Yes, small hotels or motels. Yes, but it was very hot - sometimes too hot. Of course. Complete the sentences. Put the verb into the correct form, positive or negative. Yesterday Karen and jim played tennis. They started at 10 o'clock and finished at So, at They had not finished playing. The action or situation had already started before this time, but had not finished: C What were you doing at 10 o'clock last night?
Compare the past continuous I was doing and pastsimple I did: Past continuous in the middle of an action C Iwas walking home when Imet Dan.
Pastsimple complete action 0 Iwalked home after the party last night. We often use the past simple and the past continuous together to say that something happened in the middle of something else: You were sitting on the grass and reading a book.
But we use the past simple to say that one thing happened after another: So Istopped, and we had a chat. We knew each other well. Exercises What were you doing at these times? Write sentences as in the examples. The past continuous is not always necessary see the second example. Use your own ideas to complete the sentences. Use the past continuous. Put the verb into the correct form, past continuous or past simple. She look the other way.
When I last Iwas scared and I Fortunately it.. Tom is looking for his key. He can't find it. He has Lost his key. For a list of irregular verbs, see Appendix 1. When we say that 'something has happened', this is usually new information: There's been there has been an accident. When we use the present perfect, there is a connection with now. The action in the past has a result now: I've Lost it. Have you seen it? Note the difference between gone to and been to: He has gone to Italy.
She has been to Italy. Have you just arrived? We use already to say that something happened sooner than expected: Yet shows that the speaker is expecting something to happen.
Use yet only in questions and negative sentences: You can also use the past simple did, went, had etc. So you can say: Exercises Read the situations and write sentences.
Use the following verbs in the present perfect: The bus fa re Now it is better. Her English Now he has a beard. Now I have it. Now it is only The letter Put in been or gone. I've just I've bought lots of things. He'll be back in about an hour. Make sentences from the words in brackets. A B 1 Would you like something to eat? No, thanks. I don't know. She says, 'Would you like something to eat? No thank you.
Five minutes later, the phone rings and the caller says, 'Can I speak to joe? I'm afraid The waiter thinksyou have finished and starts to take your plate away. You say: Wait a minute! You phoned to reserve a table. Later your friend says, 'Shall I phone to reserve a table?
Perhaps she has been successful. A friend asks, 'Where are you going for your holiday? Somebody asks, 'Is Linda still out shopping? Study this example conversation: Have you travelled a lot, jane? Yes, I've been to lots of places. Have you ever been to China?
Yes, I've been to China twice. What about India? No, I haven't been to India. Here, Dave and jane are talking about the places jane has visited in her life, which is a period that continues until now. C We've never had a car. C 1 Have you read Hamlet? She's seen it eight times! Cl I've never been to China. Have you been there? In the following examples too, the speakers are talking about a period that continues until now recently I in the Last few days I so far I since breakfast etc.
C I've met a lot of people in the Last few days. We haven't had any problems so far. I haven't eaten anything since breakfast. We haven't seen each other for a Long time. In the same way we use the present perfect with today I this evening I this year etc. C I haven't seen Tom this morning. Have you? U Rob hasn't worked very hard this term. We say: This is the second time this has happened. That's the third time he's phoned her this evening.
Exercises You ask people about things they have done. Write questions with ever. Complete B's answers. Some sentences are positive and some negative.
Use these verbs: Is everything going well? Are you hungry? Can you play chess? Are you enjoying your holiday?
What's that book like? Is Brussels an interesting place? I hear your car broke down again yesterday. Do you like caviar? Yes, we.. Yes, but Yes, it's the best holiday I've no idea.
Yes, it's the second time He late every day this week. Write four sentences about yourself. Use I haven't and choose from the boxes.
Read the situations and write sentences as shown in the example. He's not good at it and he doesn't know the rules. You ask: No, this isthe first She doesn't look very confident or comfortable. She says: She has just arrived and it's very new for her. Is it raining? No, but the ground is wet. We use the present perfect continuous for an activity t hat has recently stopped or just stopped. There is a connection with now: Have you been running?
He's been working very hard. What have you been doing? I've been Looking for you everywhere. How long has it been raining? We use the present perfect cont inuous in t his way especially with how Long, for The activity is still happening as in this example or has just stopped.
He's been watching TV aLL day. I've been Looking for you for the Last half hour. You can use the present perfect cont inuous for actions repeated over a period of time: She's been playing since she was eight.
They've been going t here for years. Compare I am doing see Unit 1 and I have been doing: I'm working. C I've been working hard. Now I'm going to have a break. C We need an umbrella. C Hurry up! We're waiting. C We've been waiting for an hour.
Exercises What have these people been doing or what has been happening? Write a question for each situation. His face and hands are very dirty. You want t o know how long. Read the situations and complete the sentences. The rain st arted two hours ago. We started waiting 20 minutes ago. I started classes in December.
She started w orking t here on 18 January. They started going t here years ago. Put the verb into the present continuous I am -ing or present perfect continuous I have been -ing. Maria I learn English for two years. I I look for you. Where have you been?
St op it! I I think about w hat you said and I've decided t o take your advice. I've been painting my bedroom. There is paint on Kate's clothes. She has been painting her bedroom. Has been painting is the present perfect continuous.
We are thinking of the activity. In this example, the activity painting the bedroom has not been finished. Compare these examples: Q My hands are very dirty. I've been repairing my bike. He should eat less. I lt's nice to see you again. What have you been doing since we last met? Have you been playing tennis? We use the continuous to say how long for something that is still happening: Cl Lisa is writing emails.
She's been writing emails all morning. I've painted my bedroom. Her bedroom was green. Now it is yellow. She has painted her bedroom.
Has painted is the present perfect simple. Here, the important thing is that something has been finished. Has painted is a completed action. We are interested in the result of the activity the painted bedroom , not the activity itself. The app contains clear presentation of grammar points together with interactive exercises to help you practise and improve. After downloading the Starter Pack you can buy all grammar units or just the units you need.
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