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Color atlas of ultrasound anatomy pdf

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Color Atlas of Anatomy: A Photographic Study of the Human Body Atlas of musculoskeletal ultrasound anatomy Dr Mike Bradley, FRCR Consultant. This is the second edition of the Color Atlas of Ultra- sound Anatomy by Berthold Block. Many of the ultra- sound images have been upgraded for this edition and. Standard Planes for Abdominal Scanning. Upper abdominal longitudinal scan, center. Lower abdominal longitudinal scan, center. Upper abdominal longitudinal .


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author's knowledge) has taken the trouble to create a similar atlas of sectional anatomy for abdominal ultrasound. The present atlas attempts to fill this gap. Color Atlas of Ultrasound Anatomy Berthold Block, M.D. Private Practice the trouble to create a similar atlas of sectional anatomy for abdominal ultrasound. pathologies of the mediastinum that may involve the wall of the trachea dislocating it or by infiltrating it. I think that this type of classification, although having the.

Select Year Bladder in Longitudinal Sections 80 77, 89 The anterior wall of the bladder is loosely attached to the anterior abdominal wall by the vesicoumbilical fascia. Sep 1 https: Home Radiology Vol. Renal Artery and Vein in Longitudinal Sections 40 21 7 18 5 15 3 1 The left renal vein runs between the aorta and superior mesenteric artery, where it is subject to physiologic compression.

Ideally, this book would serve as a useful adjunct to more detailed US texts to aid in learning the basic fundamentals and principles of US performance and interpretation. Reviewed by Rekha I. Kishore, MD. Downloaded 4, times Altmetric Score.

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Home Radiology Vol. Published Online: Sep 1 https: Digital Posters RadioGraphics Radiology Size Matters: Close Figure Viewer. Previous Figure Next Figure. Splenic Artery and Vein in Longitudinal Sections 40 18 21 15 4 96 1 90 Because the celiac trunk runs slightly to the left initially, often it is not displayed in a longitudinal scan centered over the aorta.

It is often difficult to define. Splenic Artery and Vein in Longitudinal Sections 40 18 5 6 21 15 7 96 1 90 The celiac trunk divides into the left gastric artery, common hepatic artery, and splenic artery.

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Splenic Artery and Vein in Longitudinal Sections 43 5 21 18 15 6 9 96 74 1 The splenic artery turns left and runs posteriorly with the splenic vein to the hilum of the spleen. Hepatic Artery in Longitudinal Sections 70 40 20 18 7 3 1 The origin of the celiac trunk and its division into branches are subject to numerous variations. Hepatic Artery in Longitudinal Sections 70 40 19 20 15 4 8 90 A longitudinal scan between the aorta and vena cava typically displays sections of four vessels: Renal Artery and Vein in Longitudinal Sections 40 21 7 18 5 15 3 1 The left renal vein runs between the aorta and superior mesenteric artery, where it is subject to physiologic compression.

Color Atlas Color Atlas of Ultrasound Anatomy

Just above the renal artery are the left renal vein and a longitudinal section of the superior mesenteric vein. Renal Artery and Vein in Longitudinal Sections 20 17 8 10 The right renal artery usually impresses the posterior surface of the vena cava, although variants may occur.

Right Renal Artery and Vein in Transverse Sections 20 76 30 1 10 14 90 69 95 The opening of the right renal vein at the vena cava can be clearly defined above the kidney in most subjects. Right Renal Artery and Vein in Transverse Sections 20 30 76 10 14 1 8 60 90 95 The renal artery follows the same course as the renal vein, but at a slightly more caudal level. Left Renal Artery and Vein in Longitudinal Sections 21 4 17 40 17 8 10 90 90 The right renal artery passes behind the vena cava, impressing its posterior surface.

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Left Renal Artery and Vein in Longitudinal Sections 18 40 21 15 7 5 1 90 The left renal vein runs between the aorta and superior mesenteric artery.

Vessels of the Porta Hepatis in Longitudinal Sections 40 20 36 4 12 17 10 8 The triad of the portal vein, vena cava, and right renal artery provides a typical landmark in the upper abdominal longitudinal scan.

Vessels of the Porta Hepatis in Longitudinal Sections 40 20 36 12 4 17 10 8 The bile duct enters the head of the pancreas anterior to the vena cava. Vessels of the Porta Hepatis in Longitudinal Sections 70 19 40 4 15 45 20 8 When the mesenteric vein is viewed in longitudinal section, typically the scan will also display the hepatic artery cranially and the right renal artery and left renal vein posteriorly. Vessels of the Porta Hepatis in Transverse Sections 24 20 21 12 3 17 4 36 1 96 17 10 90 The portal vein runs between the vena cava and hepatic artery.

Vessels of the Porta Hepatis in Transverse Sections 22 21 24 20 40 30 36 70 18 10 1 96 90 The bile duct is identified medial to the gallbladder and anterior to the vena cava. The left lobe corresponds to the lateral segment; the right lobe consists of the medial, anterior, and posterior segments. III II 73 21 98 45 42 74 93, 94 18 On functional criteria, the lateral and medial segments belong to the left lobe of the liver while the anterior and posterior segments belong to the right lobe.

Liver in Longitudinal Sections IV 21 24 17 4 11 23 I 41 17 25 10 90 The caudate lobe corresponds to subsegment I of the medial segment and is located lateral and anterior to the vena cava.

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Most of the medial segment consists of subsegment IV. Liver in Longitudinal Sections 24 IV 17 41 17 10 90 Ligamentum teres the obliterated umbilical vein extends from the left portal vein branch to the anterior inferior border of the liver. The quadrate lobe is part of subsegment IV. Liver in Longitudinal Sections 27 22 IV 30 17 10 93 94 The plane of the gallbladder and vena cava forms the boundary plane between the medial and anterior segments of the liver. Left Portions of the Liver in Transverse Sections 26 II 96 98 The left lobe of the liver is in close proximity to the heart, separated from it only by the diaphragm.

Left Portions of the Liver in Transverse Sections 26 II 27, 22 IV 72 24 45 17 4 42 17 43 7 10 96 93 94 18 15 1 Ligamentum teres arises directly from the left portal vein branch and runs forward and downward.

It marks the boundary between subsegment III and the quadrate lobe, which is designated as subsegment IVb. Gallbladder in Upper Abdominal Transverse Sections 17 33 76 20 10 92 In a transverse scan through the body of the gallbladder, the duodenum is located between the gallbladder and the vena cava. Gallbladder in Upper Abdominal Transverse Sections 31 20 94 76 10 14 92 1 76 60 90 The gallbladder fundus may extend almost to the anterior abdominal wall, but it may also be placed very deeply behind the liver.

Gallbladder in Longitudinal Sections 20 4 20 73 76 17 10 94 94 The vena cava, the portal bifurcation, and the echodense band of the interlobar fissure provide conspicuous landmarks for locating the gallbladder in longitudinal section. Gallbladder in Longitudinal Sections 20 30 17 4 76 20 10 95 94 94 The shape and position of the gallbladder are highly variable. However, the neck of the gallbladder is always located in the porta hepatis, caudal to the right portal vein branch.

Gallbladder in Longitudinal Sections 78 20 30 94 14 60 A wedge of liver tissue, variable in size, is interposed between the gallbladder and kidney in longitudinal section.

Details of the Gallbladder 78 20 33 31 34 32 17 94 60 20 35 14 The spiral folds and gallbladder neck are often clearly visualized in a lateral scan over the gallbladder.

Usually the posterior wall of the gallbladder is poorly demarcated from the duodenum. Pancreas in Longitudinal Sections 73 20 17 76 36 The head of the pancreas lies in the duodenal loop of the duodenum and is bounded laterally by the duodenum.

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Pancreas in Longitudinal Sections 73 22 4 17 23 41 36 10 The bile duct runs posteriorly in the head of the pancreas to the papilla, which usually cannot be visualized with ultrasound. Pancreas in Longitudinal Sections 22 41 19 4 23 94 44 17 10 8 90 The uncinate process runs posteriorly around the mesenteric vein, coming between that vessel and the vena cava.

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Pancreas in Longitudinal Sections 42 22 4 18 19 96 1 90 The body of the pancreas is the narrowest part of the organ in its ventrodorsal dimension.

The splenic vein and body of the pancreas cross over the superior mesenteric artery. Pancreas in Longitudinal Sections 70 21 42 6 9 15 18 5 The left margin of the aorta marks the junction between the body and tail of the pancreas. Pancreas in Longitudinal Sections 21 43 74 6 5 18 9 15 The tail of the pancreas often has a plump appearance in cross section. Head of the Pancreas in Transverse Sections 21 42 22 18 43 20 10 1 90 The body of the pancreas overlies the superior mesenteric vein.

All parts of the gland that lie to the right of the superior mesenteric vein are designated as the head of the pancreas. Head of the Pancreas in Transverse Sections 21 22 41 30 36 20 10 19 1 60 94 90 The common bile duct is visible at the right border of the pancreatic head in transverse section. Body of the Pancreas in Transverse Sections 70 21 43 17 5 3 4 10 94 1 90 The body of the pancreas is bounded cranially by the celiac trunk and its two branches, the hepatic artery and splenic artery.

Body of the Pancreas in Transverse Sections 21 70 42 45 7 41 18 43 44 1 10 90 The splenic vein is the landmark for locating the pancreas. The superior mesenteric artery lies between the splenic vein and the aorta, appearing as an echo-free spot surrounded by bright echoes. Tail of the Pancreas in Transverse Sections 21 5 94 10 1 43 90 The tail of the pancreas is located well posteriorly, on the left side of the aorta. Tail of the Pancreas in Transverse Sections 21 42 70 18 45 10 1 94 43 90 The junction between the body and tail of the pancreas is located at the level of the left aortic margin.

Transsplenic View of the Tail of the Pancreas in Longitudinal Sections 50 61 The tail of the pancreas is scanned intercostally through the spleen. Kidney and spleen serve as landmarks. Transsplenic View of the Tail of the Pancreas in Longitudinal Sections 79 50 94 43 18 15 Interference from bowel gas is often encountered caudal to the tail of the pancreas.

Transsplenic View of the Tail of the Pancreas in Transverse Sections 50 18 61 70 15 43 94 In transverse sections as well, the spleen is used as an acoustic window for scanning the tail of the pancreas.

Details of the Pancreas 24 21 70 22 30 45 42 20 19 41 94 43 44 The pancreatic duct has a variable course. It usually runs in the ventrocranial part of the parenchyma, appearing sonographically as two parallel echogenic lines.

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It is located slightly anterior to the center of the gland. Longitudinal Flank Scans of the Spleen 79 50 61 The spleen is identified in the longitudinal flank scan as a rounded triangle between the upper renal pole and the diaphragm.

Longitudinal Flank Scans of the Spleen 94 18 50 71 96 The spleen lies against the stomach anteriorly and medially. Transverse Flank Scans of the Spleen 92 50 70 94 61 43 A high transverse flank scan demonstrates the typical triad of the spleen, kidney, and stomach. Transverse Flank Scans of the Spleen 70 50 92 92 18 94 61 The spleen may be deeply lobulated by septa. Details of the Spleen 50 51 18 Accessory spleens are most commonly found in the hilar region.

Longitudinal Flank Scans of the Right Kidney from Posterior to Anterior 78 20 60 94 The liver serves as an acoustic window for scanning the right kidney. Longitudinal Flank Scans of the Right Kidney from Posterior to Anterior 20 65 14 60 95 During respiratory excursions, the kidneys glide downward on the lumbar muscles.

Upper Abdominal Longitudinal Scans of the Right Kidney from Right to Left 20 60 96 Unlike the left kidney, the right kidney is readily scanned from the anterior aspect by using the liver as an acoustic window. The right colic flexure and duodenum also overlie the kidney, especially its caudal half.

Upper Abdominal Transverse Scans of the Right Kidney from Above Downward 30 20 77 94 10 14 60 96 95 90 The renal vein opens into the vena cava at the level of the upper renal pole. At that location it is dorsocaudal to the renal vein, which usually is considerably larger than the artery. Longitudinal Flank Scans of the Left Kidney from Posterior to Anterior 50 79 61 95 There is no good acoustic window available for scanning the left kidney. Longitudinal Flank Scans of the Left Kidney from Posterior to Anterior 79 50 65 94 61 95 The lower half of the left kidney is covered laterally by the descending colon and left colic flexure.

Transverse Flank Scans of the Left Kidney from Above Downward 50 92 92 61 77 43 The ribs pose a barrier to transsplenic scanning of the left kidney. Details of the Kidneys 20 64 64 62 63 65 63 60 95 An imaginary line joining the bases of the hypoechoic medullary pyramids in the ultrasound image marks the boundary line between the renal cortex and medulla. Upper Abdominal Longitudinal Scans of the Right Adrenal Gland from Right to Left 20 60 95 96 The right adrenal gland is located at the level of the upper renal pole, medial and anterior to the right kidney.

Upper Abdominal Longitudinal Scans of the Right Adrenal Gland from Right to Left 20 69 96 In a scan across the kidney from right to left, when the upper renal pole is just disappearing from the image the region of the right adrenal gland has been located.

Upper Abdominal Transverse Scans of the Right Adrenal Gland from Below Upward 20 30 76 10 1 60 90 The landmarks for identifying the right adrenal gland region in transverse section are the kidney, the inferior surface of the liver, and the vena cava. Upper Abdominal Transverse Scans of the Right Adrenal Gland from Below Upward 20 77 10 14 1 90 The right adrenal gland is identified just above the renal pole, lateral and posterior to the vena cava.

Longitudinal Flank Scans of the Left Adrenal Gland from Back to Front 94 79 50 94 61 The left adrenal gland is usually more difficult to locate than the right adrenal gland. Details of the Adrenal Glands 20 41 4 17 10 10 8 69 90 The adrenal gland is seen to consist of three layers: Upper Abdominal Transverse Scans of the Gastric Cardia from Above Downward 21 12 72 10 1 90 The cardia adjoins the body of the stomach, which presents a seemingly chaotic pattern of solid, liquid, and gaseous contents.

Upper Abdominal Longitudinal Scans of the Stomach from Right to Left 96 21 72 74 The first step in identifying the cardia and body of the stomach is to demonstrate the gastroesophageal junction.

Upper Abdominal Longitudinal Scans of the Stomach from Left to Right 21 72 The body of the stomach is consistently located behind the left lobe of the liver. It may be fluid-filled and clearly defined, or empty and difficult to identify.

Color Atlas of Ultrasound Anatomy, 2nd ed

Upper Abdominal Longitudinal Scans of the Stomach from Left to Right 77 22 73 94 42 19 The typical target pattern of the gastric antrum is best appreciated in a longitudinal scan at the inferior border of the liver. Upper Abdominal Longitudinal Scans of the Stomach from Left to Right 22 76 17 17 41 10 36 The duodenal bulb runs laterally upward and backward before joining the second part of the duodenum.

Upper Abdom. Scans of the Antrum and Duodenum from Above Downward 21 24 73 42 20 41 19 30 10 1 The pancreas lies against the posterior surface of the stomach. It is difficult to visualize at that location. Scans of the Antrum and Duodenum from Above Downward 20 22 21 24 73 76 30 42 11 45 41 1 10 The second part of the duodenum lies between the liver, gallbladder, vena cava, and head of pancreas. Details of the Stomach 21 73 With a high-resolution device and favorable scanning conditions, five layers can be distinguished in the gastric wall.