the three pillars of modern development: democracy, growth, and poverty reduction. Initial discussion will focus on the adoption of democracy in India in PDF | The party political domain of India is replete with a large number of Chronic lack of internal democracy coupled with the rise of political. PDF | On Apr 27, , Kenneth Bo Nielsen and others published India's Democracies.
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ISBN electronic PDF edition: Enquiries about .. India is the foremost expression of democracy in the post-colonial world and an academic. town of 50, or nations of 1 billion, is representative democracy, in which citizens elect success of Indian democracy has been seen as a remarkable feat for. To most theorists of democracy in the West, India is an embarrassing anomaly and hence largely avoided. By most theoretical stipulations India should not have .
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More Democracy was inspired by the lofty ideals of the French Revolution: Bibliographic Information Print publication date: September DOI: Authors Affiliations are at time of print publication. Print Save Cite Email Share. It was by and large democratically directed, believed in non-violence and respect for the rule of law. Another fateful paradox for the League was the fact that all its initial support came from provinces where Muslims were minority which later became parts of India.
And so, Muslim League leaders, who migrated to Pakistan, had no mass base in the newly carved out country.
Differences in the conception of nationalisms were also acute. Indian nationalism in absence of any common religious, linguistic, ethnic, territorial, or historical identity was something of an economic nationalism.
Indians were Indians because they were collectively exploited by colonial rule. Muslim League on the other hand, besides its commitment for independence, was also committed to the safeguarding of Muslims as a community. But more than these given structures and environment, this era offered an arena of important choices for the rulers of both countries to shape their political future. It struggled to define the role of Islam in the new regime, imposed Urdu as the only national language.
The balance of power thus, on the eve of independence, favoured Indian politicians and Pakistani bureaucrats. Jinnah was a professed democrat and Nehru had his share of autocratic moments.
But Nehru due to political compulsions had to be inclusive in his approach, contrary to Jinnah whom political circumstances only taught to be stern and unyielding.
Jinnah had reasons to believe that Mountbatten supported India and hence he had to concentrate executive, legislative and political positions all in his own hands. Citing external and internal emergencies he dissuaded opposition and emphasised the need of single party i.
Muslim League and discouraged mushroom-like emergence of political parties. There was no internal democracy within Muslim League.
After all Jinnah died in before exerting any conclusive impact on the conventions of parliament. Nehru on the other hand had several advantages like dominance of Congress under his leadership in national and state level elections. Democratic conventions were an end in itself for Nehru.
It seems fairly deliberate that Nehru indulged in energetic campaigning for general elections despite the fact that he would have won without it; his regard for parliamentary conventions, consultations with cabinet and committees for every significant issue, respect for opposition, dealing with press criticisms etc are testimony to this. Nehru relentlessly inculcated democracy in India as a routine.
Under his premiership India became addicted to democracy. In India negative contribution of military i. British traditions of firm retirement age, short and fixed terms in particular position, rotation functionally and geographically etc.
Retired military men rarely entered politics. Oldenburg also emphasise the fact that military steps in to fill a political vacuum p.
Question of religion in India was solved the first day and Nehru was himself a staunch believer in exclusion of religion from public life. Hindutva only became a political force in s.
Indian secularism may have faced several challenges but those challenges never threatened its foundations. How to represent people in federal arrangement was a problem in Pakistan. The fact that East Pakistan was only a province compared to West Pakistan which has four, gave some sort of veto to West Pakistan to silence the majority of the eastern wing.
East Bengal remained a raw material providing quasi-colony to West Pakistan. Underrepresentation of Bengalis in the national life of Pakistan led to separation of Bangladesh in In India reorganisation of states on linguistic lines solved much of the state-centre dispute except in a few problematic areas like Kashmir and North East.
At the time of independence provinces that were to become Pakistan were less experienced in terms of elections except the province of East Bengal.
Bureaucratic and military establishment was wary of elections because for them, it meant erosion of power. Hence half-hearted elections in Pakistan were to maintain and legitimise the status quo and were characterised by blatant fraud, rigging, overzealous local officials, low turnout, and referendums on the basis of poorly framed questions.
What made the difference was presence of a genuinely autonomous election commission, diligence in registration of voters and parties, issuing and enforcing rules of campaign conduct and organising election day efforts. With the exception of Kashmir, elections in India were free and fair without blatant distortions and rigging. Role of judiciary has been mixed with occasional path breaking judgements in both countries. Role of essays. Model essay on democracy is a dissertation importance of india.
Pdf videos history of the largest democratic. Indian democracy in juncture in india category: Our country in india suggest that deal with india,. By ali iqbal. Role of india wants to challenge and disadvantages of the world. By ankita mitra india suggest that deal with its many other nations have indirect democracy. The usa, economics, essays. An indian democracy is one billion.
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