Introduction to the Internet of Things. Marco Zennaro, PhD. Telecommunications/ ICT4D Lab. The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics. Pt/homepage/ist RMSF - Internet of Things: An Introduction. • IoT Overview and Architecture. • IoT Communication Protocols. • Acknowledgements . Internet of Things i. About the Tutorial. IoT (Internet of Things) is an advanced automation and analytics system which exploits networking, sensing, big data, and.
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The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the use of intelligently connected devices and The Internet of Things can enable the next wave of life-enhancing services . 5 days ago PDF | The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most promising area which penetrates the advantages of Wireless Sensor and Actuator Networks. PDF | The high penetration rate of new technologies in all the activities of everyday Years have passed since the Internet of Things (IoT) has.
In this paper, an approach for IoT data reduction is proposed using in-networking data filtering and fusion. This paper first examines the prevention of threats nations could face. ITS introduces information technology to the transportation infrastructures and aims to improve road safety and traffic efficiency. Guosheng Lin. The animals mainly elephants from the protected area [PAs] are continuously attacking the crop field over the years and the protection of this crop field has become a main concern. Traditional approaches where security is applie Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.
The Smart Chair also sends an SMS with all the health details to a remote doctor's phone in case of an emergency, thus facilitating telemedicine in rural areas.
The key focus of the presented work is to propose the design of a chair that will be useful and easily affordable by the people of developing nations who have limited access to proper healthcare facilities. The results Presented show that the proposed system is definitely a low cost affordable solution for IoT based telemedicine system, as compared to existing systems Ms. Abhirami M. Over the last decade, research on adaptive and distributed user interfaces DUIs has increased.
We also witness a growing number of Internet of Things IoT devices, allowing digital user interfaces UIs to communicate with physical We also witness a growing number of Internet of Things IoT devices, allowing digital user interfaces UIs to communicate with physical objects and vice versa through so-called hybrid user interfaces. There exist various solutions to manage adaptive, distributed or hybrid UIs. However, none of them covers all three aspects and users have to deal with multiple applications and configurations when developing adaptive distributed hybrid user interfaces.
We introduce the eSPACE reference framework and conceptual model unifying the domains of adaptive, distributed and hybrid interfaces.
We propose an approach for adaptive distributed hybrid user interfaces where users can author their user interfaces based on the different levels of abstraction introduced by our reference framework. We further present a use case illustrating the extensibility, flexibility and reusability offered by our unified approach and discuss potential future work. From Optimal Bounds to Practical Design. Edge computing is a key paradigm to offload the core network and effectively process massive Internet of Things IoT raw data without sending them to the cloud.
This paradigm normally relies on a set of purpose-built and pre-planned This paradigm normally relies on a set of purpose-built and pre-planned servers, which host storage and processing resources to provide IoT services close to the data sources, thus saving core network resources and offloading the remote cloud infrastructure. In this paper, we propose to turn the network edge into a dynamic, distributed computing environment that supports the provisioning of IoT services, by exploiting the recent evolution of Named Data Networking NDN , supporting both name-based data retrieval and computation.
Specific name structure and novel NDN forwarding mechanisms are designed; a distributed strategy is also engineered to select the service executor among edge nodes, with the objectives to i limit the raw IoT data traffic crossing the network, and ii allocate the service execution according to the nodes' available processing resources. Numerical analysis shows that the performance of the proposed framework approaches the one of the optimal solution of a formulated Integer Linear Programming problem.
System-level ndnSIM simulations confirm that the proposal also outperforms the considered state-of-the-art benchmark solutions in terms of service provisioning time.
In recent days numerous individuals have experienced the ill effects Of medical issues like heart related, cardiovascular, malignancy and various illnesses. Epilepsy is like a complex network disease, those who have seizures, which are Epilepsy is like a complex network disease, those who have seizures, which are controlled, and those who struggle on a daily basis.
Many epilepsy patients cannot call for help during a seizure, because of the unconscious so it can lead to injuries, medical Complications and loses memory during the seizure attack.
The seizures happen because of electrical activity in the brain, causing a sudden change in behavior at times seizures appear to be unique and on what part of the cerebrum they influence. This paper proposes a methodology for epilepsy individual which uses sensor to evaluate the parameters of the patients like temperature, fall of the patient, shaken of the hand and sound of the patient.
Stroke onset during night-time sleep referred as wake-up stroke, where a patient awakens with stroke symptoms that were not present before falling asleep. The symptoms of wake-up stroke are not clearly known; it is only noticed upon The symptoms of wake-up stroke are not clearly known; it is only noticed upon waking.
Without knowledge of the stroke onset time, this large group of patients is excluded from treatment with tissue plasminogen tPA activator. This research studies stroke risk prediction during sleep, i. Stroke prediction through intelligence technology and prediction algorithms which controlled by hyper-connected self-machine learning engine.
The idea achieved through building a knowledge base including physiological data, motion data, bio signal, risk factors and electronic health record. The physiological, biosignal, and motion data will be measured through wearable and embedded sensors. This paper focused on briefly explaining the conceptual idea and related information of the elderly stroke prediction while sleeping using IoT.
Farming the Web of Things. ABSTRACT The Web of Things promises real-time visibility into the state of fixed and mobile real world entities, as well as the provision of measurement data that can be analysed for optimisation.
We present a Web of Things case study for A range of fixed environmental sensors and autonomous livestock monitoring technologies are used. We have developed an ontology-enabled architecture that permits personal alert specification. Sensor observations are published as a linked data cube, supporting longer-term analysis and data sharing at a local, industry or national scale.
We look at the opportunities for such technology for Australian agriculture in the context of a national broadband rollout. We propose that although benefits accrue at farm scale there is untapped benefit to be obtained at the industry scale, envisioning a service industry driven by the opportunity not only to provide sensor, software and decision support services but also to aggregate farm-scale data for industry-scale optimisation.
The neonatal incubator is an apparatus that provides a closed and controlled environment for the sustenance of premature babies. But recently, many premature babies have lost their lives due to lack of proper monitoring of the incubator But recently, many premature babies have lost their lives due to lack of proper monitoring of the incubator that leads to accidents leakage of gas and overheating causing short circuits and eventually, the bursting of incubators.
This project deals with the cost- effective design of an embedded device that monitors certain parameters such as pulse rate of the baby, temperature, humidity, essential amount of gas and light inside the incubator. The details are sent as a message to the doctor or nurse through IoT, so that proper actions can be taken in advance, to maintain the apt environment inside the incubator and ensure safety to the infant's life.
So, the objective of this project is to overcome the above-mentioned drawbacks and provide a safe and affordable mechanism for monitoring the incubator.
Application for Integrating Microcontrollers to Internet of Things. Internet was introduced to the common people over two decades ago and over the years we have witnessed its massive growth into the mass population through personal computers, laptops and cell phones.
Until recently, the Internet was a Until recently, the Internet was a commodity of the people, i. In the past few years we have witnessed that the end users of the Internet are no longer only people but devices as well.
With the advent of IPv6 addressing, it is possible to connect countless devices to the Internet with unique IP addresses. Thus scientists and engineers have been able to hookup all kinds of devices to the Internet, a concept known as Internet of Things IoT. Another domain of recent interest is the use of microcontrollers to build various home and laboratory projects.
In this paper we propose a model that will allow home grown engineers as well as professional engineers to easily control their microcontroller based devices globally via Internet. In the modern world, the technologization of various spheres of life is becoming a growing trend. The consumer properties of goods are radically changing. The article examines the emergence, the dynamics of the growth and the development The article examines the emergence, the dynamics of the growth and the development prospects for technologies, related to the concept of the "Internet of things" along with the development specifics of the "Internet of things" concept as one of the drivers of the fourth industrial revolution.
Mitigating Security Threats in Virtualized Environments. This paper reviews and provides clarification to the meaning and concept of cloud computing with particular reference to Infrastructure as a Service IaaS and its underlying virtualization technologies.
The categories of cloud computing The categories of cloud computing and key characteristics of cloud environment are also discussed.
A review of virtualization technologies and approaches is presented with key vulnerabilities to security threats and mitigation strategies and countermeasures are also presented.
This knowledge is imperative in making virtual Information Technology IT environment more secure and robust and can help improve the operational efficiency of Virtual Machines VMs in such a manner that organizations can benefit from virtualization technology in particular and the cloud computing systems in general.
The conservation of crop field has been a main content and a complex issue. The animals mainly elephants from the protected area [PAs] are continuously attacking the crop field over the years and the protection of this crop field has The animals mainly elephants from the protected area [PAs] are continuously attacking the crop field over the years and the protection of this crop field has become a main concern.
Wildlife intrusion in areas with high human mobility is proved to be lethal for both human beings and animals. The surveillance and tracking of the wild elephants are difficult due to their size and nature of movement. Further, identifying the species captured from camera is a critical challenge. Thus, our proposed system seeks to identify wild elephants that disturb the human life and the agricultural fields with the aid of an intelligent image processing algorithm in Raspberry pi.
MEC provides seamless integration of multiple appli The Internet of Things' IoT's rapid growth is constrained by resource use and fears about privacy and security. A solution jointly addressing security, efficiency, privacy, and scalability is needed to support continued expansion. We propose a solution modeled on human use of context and cognition, leveraging cloud resources to facilitate IoT on constrained devices. We present an architecture ap Many technical communities are vigorously pursuing research topics that contribute to the Internet of Things IoT.
Nowadays, as sensing, actuation, communication, and control become even more sophisticated and ubiquitous, there is a significant overlap in these communities, sometimes from slightly different perspectives.
More cooperation between communities is encouraged. To provide a basis for d The Internet of Things IoT is stepping out of its infancy into full maturity and establishing itself as a part of the future Internet.
One of the technical challenges of having billions of devices deployed worldwide is the ability to manage them. Although access management technologies exist in IoT, they are based on centralized models which introduce a new variety of technical limitations to ma Smart city infrastructure is forming a large scale Internet of Things IoT system with widely deployed IoT devices, such as sensors and actuators that generate a huge volume of data.
Given this large scale and geo-distributed nature of such IoT systems, fog computing has been considered as an affordable and sustainable computing paradigm to enable smart city IoT services. However, it is still a m A transformation is underway in electric power and energy systems EPESs to provide clean distributed energy for sustainable global economic growth.
Internet of Things IoT is at the forefront of this transformation imparting capabilities, such as real-time monitoring, situational awareness and intelligence, control, and cyber security to transform the existing EPES into intelligent cyber-enable Internet-of-Things IoT are everywhere in our daily life.
They are used in our homes, in hospitals, deployed outside to control and report the changes in environment, prevent fires, and many more beneficial functionality. However, all those benefits can come of huge risks of privacy loss and security issues.
To secure the IoT devices, many research works have been conducted to countermeasure thos With the exponential growth of cyber-physical systems CPSs , new security challenges have emerged. Various vulnerabilities, threats, attacks, and controls have been introduced for the new generation of CPS.
However, there lacks a systematic review of the CPS security literature. In particular, the heterogeneity of CPS components and the diversity of CPS systems have made it difficult to study the The Internet of Things IoT provides the ability for humans and computers to learn and interact from billions of things that include sensors, actuators, services, and other Internet-connected objects.
The realization of IoT systems will enable seamless integration of the cyber world with our physical world and will fundamentally change and empower human interaction with the world. A key technolog The surge in global population is compelling a shift toward smart agriculture practices.
This coupled with the diminishing natural resources, limited availability of arable land, increase in unpredictable weather conditions makes food security a major concern for most countries. The Internet is evolving rapidly toward the future Internet of Things IoT which will potentially connect billions or even trillions of edge devices which could generate huge amount of data at a very high speed and some of the applications may require very low latency.
The traditional cloud infrastructure will run into a series of difficulties due to centralized computation, storage, and networki Internet of Things IoT gives a new dimension in the area of smart farming and agriculture domain.
With the use of fog computing and WiFi-based long distance network in IoT, it is possible to connect the agriculture and farming bases situated in rural areas efficiently. To focus on the specific requirements, we propose a scalable network architecture for monitoring and controlling agriculture and The widespread use of Internet of Things IoT , especially smart wearables, will play an important role in improving the quality of medical care, bringing convenience for patients and improving the management level of hospitals.
However, due to the limitation of communication protocols, there exists non unified architecture that can connect all intelligent things in smart hospitals, which is made Urban critical infrastructure such as electric grids, water networks, and transportation systems are prime targets for cyberattacks. An attack on urban critical infrastructure IIoT would cause considerable disruption to society.
This paper proposes: Smart services are an important element of the smart cities and the Internet of Things IoT ecosystems where the intelligence behind the services is obtained and improved through the sensory data. Providing a large amount of training data is not always feasible; therefore, we need to consider alternative ways that incorporate unlabeled data as well. In recent years, deep reinforcement learning D The Internet of Things IoT vision is increasingly being realized to facilitate convenient and efficient human living.
To conduct effective IoT research using the most appropriate tools and techniques, we discuss recent research trends in the IoT area along with current challenges faced by the IoT research community. Several existing and emerging IoT research areas such as lightweight energy-effi Over the last few years, the convincing forward steps in the development of Internet of Things IoT -enabling solutions are spurring the advent of novel and fascinating applications.
Among others, mainly radio frequency identification RFID , wireless sensor network WSN , and smart mobile technologies are leading this evolutionary trend. In the wake of this tendency, this paper proposes a novel, Increasing population density in urban centers demands adequate provision of services and infrastructure to meet the needs of city inhabitants, encompassing residents, workers, and visitors.
The utilization of information and communications technologies to achieve this objective presents an opportunity for the development of smart cities, where city management and citizens are given access to a we Diverse applications in vehicular network present specific requirements and challenges on wireless access technology.
Although considered as the first standard, IEEE LTE-V includes two mo The connection of embedded computing devices via the Internet has dramatically changed the way people live. This concept has also been extended to the industrial sector. It not only provides a more reliable, real-time and secure communications, but also enables the smart factory concept in the fourth industrial revolution to be realized.
However, in the current literature, there is still a lack of The narrowband transmission scheme enables high capacity, wide coverage, and low power consumption communications. With the increasing demand for services over the air, wireless spectrum is becoming scarce and new techniques are required to boost the number of connected devices Providing various wireless connectivities for vehicles enables the communication between vehicles and their internal and external environments.
Such a connected vehicle solution is expected to be the next frontier for automotive revolution and the key to the evolution to next generation intelligent transportation systems ITSs. Moreover, connected vehicles are also the building blocks of emerging Internet of Things IoT related applications have emerged as an important field for both engineers and researchers, reflecting the magnitude and impact of data-related problems to be solved in contemporary business organizations especially in cloud computing.
This paper first provides a functional framework that identifies the acquisition, management, processing and mining areas of IoT big data, The Internet of Things IoT envisages a future in which digital and physical things or objects e. The IoT's characteristics, including an ultra-large-scale network of things, device and network level heterogeneity, and large numbers of event As modern vehicle and communication technologies advanced apace, people begin to believe that the Intelligent Transportation System ITS would be achievable in one decade.
ITS introduces information technology to the transportation infrastructures and aims to improve road safety and traffic efficiency. However, security is still a main concern in vehicular communication systems VCSs. This can b For an autonomous vehicle to operate safely and effectively, an accurate and robust localization system is essential.
While there are a variety of vehicle localization techniques in literature, there is a lack of effort in comparing these techniques and identifying their potentials and limitations for autonomous vehicle applications. Hence, this paper evaluates the state-of-the-art vehicle localiz Cognitive networks CNs are one of the key enablers for the Internet of Things IoT , where CNs will play an important role in the future Internet in several application scenarios, such as healthcare, agriculture, environment monitoring, and smart metering.
However, the current low packet transmission efficiency of IoT faces a problem of the crowded spectrum for the rapidly increasing popularitie The Internet of Things IoT is entering the daily operation of many industries; applications include but are not limited to smart cities, smart grids, smart homes, physical security, e-health, asset management, and logistics.
For example, the concept of smart cities is emerging in multiple continents, where enhanced street lighting controls, infrastructure monitoring, public safety and surveillan Mobile users typically have high demand on localized and location-based information services.
To always retrieve the localized data from the remote cloud, however, tends to be inefficient, which motivates fog computing. The fog computing, also known as edge computing, extends cloud computing by deploying localized computing facilities at the premise of users, which prestores cloud data and distrib In recent years, smart factory in the context of Industry 4.
In IIoT system, there is an increasing requirement for exchange of data with different delay flows among different smart devices. However, there are few studies on this topic. To overcome the limitations of traditional methods and address the With the popularity of sensor-rich mobile devices e.
Compared with traditional wireless sensor networking, MCS holds many advantages such as mobility, scalability, cost-efficiency, and human intelligence. However, MCS still faces many challenges with regard to s Mobile edge computing MEC brings computation capacity to the edge of mobile networks in close proximity to smart mobile devices SMDs and contributes to energy saving compared with local computing, but resulting in increased network load and transmission latency.
To investigate the tradeoff between energy consumption and latency, we present an energy-aware offloading scheme, which jointly optim The Internet of Things IoT realizes a vision where billions of interconnected devices are deployed just about everywhere, from inside our bodies to the most remote areas of the globe. As the IoT will soon pervade every aspect of our lives and will be accessible from anywhere, addressing critical IoT security threats is now more important than ever.
Traditional approaches where security is applie The amount of data generated by sensors, actuators, and other devices in the Internet of Things IoT has substantially increased in the last few years. IoT data are currently processed in the cloud, mostly through computing resources located in distant data centers. As a consequence, network bandwidth and communication latency become serious bottlenecks.
This paper advocates edge computing for em