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Oxford thesaurus dictionary pdf

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This Concise Oxford Thesaurus is ideal for helping you pinpoint exactly the right word, whether you are writing a letter, preparing a report, composing an essay. The Oxford Dictionary of Slang (Oxford Paperback Reference). Read more The Oxford Thesaurus: An A-Z Dictionary of Synonyms · Read more. Looking for the synonyms of English words, from the everyday to the obscure? For synonyms and antonyms, simply select 'Thesaurus' from the header menu.


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The Oxford Thesaurus goes a step further by offering example sentences to illustrate the uses and for other senses listed in the largest dictionaries but rarely. usage notes in dictionaries and are not treated in the Thesaurus. d. Main entry words and sub file:///E|/eMule/I The Oxford Thesaurus An A-Z Dictionary of. usage notes in dictionaries and are not treated in the Thesaurus. d. Main entry words and sub file:///E|/ The-Oxford-Thesaurus-An-A-Z-Dictionary-Of- Synonyms.

All words and phrases that are recognized as being typical of a particular variety of English, whether geographical or stylistic, are labelled. See more. Interpreting this, the following are all idiomatic: In the following example, nearly all terms can be substituted for adjoining in the first illustrative sentence; to create idiomatic parallels to the second sentence, the parenthetical prepositions must be used:. You'd better beat it before the cops come. The Marines are extremely tough and can take. For the convenience of the user, both shy and bashful are main entries, as are method, manner,.

Any synonym book must be seen as a compromise that relies on the sensitivity of its users to the idiomatic nuances of the language.

In its best applications, it serves to remind users of words, similar in meaning, that might not spring readily to mind, and to offer lists of words and phrases that are alternatives to and compromises for those that might otherwise be overused and therefore redundant, repetitious, and boring.

The Oxford Thesaurus goes a step further by offering example sentences to illustrate the uses of the headwords and their alternatives in natural, idiomatic contexts. Two criteria have been employed: Obvious listings have been omitted on the grounds that users of the Thesaurus can easily find synonyms for, say, abdication by making nouns of the verbs listed under abdicate. This deliberate attempt to avoid duplication is. For the convenience of the user, both shy and bashful are main entries, as are method, manner,.

In this book, however, mitigate is a main entry but not mitigation, mistake and mistaken are main entries but not mistakenly, etc.

Dictionary oxford pdf thesaurus

Where it is determined that such derivations are neither automatic nor semantically obvious, separate listings have been provided. On the principle that a word is known by the company it keeps, one or more sentences showing the main entry word in context are provided for each sense discrimination.

These have been carefully selected to demonstrate the use of the main entry in a context likely to be encountered in familiar written or spoken ordinary English. See also 7, below. Each main entry is followed by one or more sense groupings, each illustrated by one or more sentences.

An effort has been made to group the synonyms semantically as well as syntactically and idiomatically: In some instances, idiomatic congruity may, unavoidably, become strained; where it is felt to be stretched too far--though still.

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Not all senses of all words are covered for either or both of the following reasons: Thus, this sense of mercy,. Mercy is an affection of the mind.

The same can be said for the sense,.

Even in such contexts it would be unusual to need a synonym for this word and others like it. There are very few cross references between main listings in the Thesaurus. Where such cross references do occur, they are simple and straightforward:. A number of cross references occur within entries, between variant forms of an expression. At the entry for take, for example, as one can say either take or take it in the sense of 'understand' etc.

Thesaurus pdf oxford dictionary

I take him to be a fool. I take it from your expression that you've had bad news. The Marines are extremely tough and can take. All words and phrases that are recognized as being typical of a particular variety of English, whether geographical or stylistic, are labelled. It might at first seem that a large number of colloquial, slang, and taboo words have been included. The labels used are those commonly encountered in ordinary dictionaries:.

Colloq Colloquial; informal; used in everyday conversation and writing, especially in the popular press and in dramatic dialogue; sometimes avoided where more formal language is felt to be appropriate, as in business.

Slang Belonging to the most informal register and characteristic of spoken English; often originating in the cult language of a particular socio-cultural group. Not sufficiently elevated to be used in most writing aside from dialogue , although often found in the popular press and frequently heard on popular radio and television programmes. Taboo Not used in polite society, usually because of the risk of offending sexual, religious, or cultural.

Archaic Describing an obsolete word or phrase like tickety-boo, lounge lizard that is used deliberately to invoke the. Used of a synonym like comfit that is no longer current but might occasionally be encountered among older speakers and in older writing. Literary Describes a word, like euchre 'cheat', that is not usually met with in everyday language, even of the formal genre, but may be found in poetry and other literary works. All labels can occur in combination.

Usage labels always take precedence over regional labels.

The Oxford Thesaurus - PDF Drive

For example,. Here 'sure thing' is standard universal English. All words and phrases following Colloq up to the Slang label are colloquial: All synonyms following the Slang label are slang; 'cinch' is universal English slang, 'doddle' is. Colloq ace, crack, top-notch, Brit wizard, whizzo, US crackerjack. In this entry, all synonyms shown are colloquial, 'ace, crack, topnotch' being universal English, 'wizard, whizzo' British, and 'crackerjack' US.

It must be emphasized that such labels are to some extent impressionistic and are based in the Thesaurus on a consensus of several sources: For example, the non-standard use of between in contexts referring to more than two of anything or of among in contexts involving fewer than three goes unmarked.

However, if the usage question is confined to what can easily be represented in a 'lexical' environment, then. To take another example, 'different to', in the typically British usage His house is.

The Oxford Thesaurus - An A-Z Dictionary Of Synonyms

Such matters are best left to usage books and to usage notes in dictionaries and are not treated in the Thesaurus. Main entry words and sub-entries are not labelled, only the synonyms. Thus, under beat appears the idiomatic expression, beat it, which is not labelled:. You'd better beat it before the cops come. The idiom is not labelled because it is assumed that the user has looked it up to find a substitute for it, hence needs no information about it other than a listing of its alternatives which are labelled, when appropriate and an illustrative example.

A rare exception to the above rule occurs where a headword has one meaning in British English and quite a different meaning in. She takes the subway to work.

Use the subway to cross the road in safety. Here, the two regional labels do not apply to the synonyms since, for example, 'tunnel' has the same meaning in both British and US English but to the two definitions of the headword. Synonyms bearing any kind of label appear at the end of the set in which they are listed, except in the case described immediately.

The spellings shown throughout are those preferred by most modern British writers. British variant spellings are shown; if they are variants of the main entry word, they appear as the first word in the set s of synonyms following:. Common American spelling variants humor, traveler, unraveled are not shown, but less common ones are listed for convenience. Where both forms are variants in American spelling, they are described by 'or US also':.

This should be understood to mean 'the normal British spelling is accoutrements or phoney ; this form, together with accouterments or phony , occurs in American English'. The purpose of a synonym book is to provide the user with a collection of words that are as close as possible in meaning to a designated word.

Thesaurus pdf oxford dictionary

The Oxford Thesaurus tries to go to a step further by providing examples that not only illustrate the main entry word in a natural contextual environment but also allow the user to substitute as many of the synonyms as possible into the framework of the context. For example:. The rainwater runs through the porous rock and collects in the pools below.

That is not to suggest that the synonyms are identical: Straightforward advice on some of the trickier points of English grammar. This section contains lots of quick-reference spelling tips and other useful guidelines.

Dictionary oxford pdf thesaurus

This section gives you lots of practical advice, helping you to avoid making some of the most common mistakes of usage. Archaic words have a charm that never fades away, from French sounding to wondrously mysterious ones. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. This website uses cookies that provide targeted advertising and which track your use of this website.

The Oxford Thesaurus An A-Z Dictionary of Synonyms INTRO Introduction

You can change your cookie settings at any time. Continue Find out more. English thesaurus Looking for the synonyms of English words, from the everyday to the obscure? We also offer a unique set of examples of real usage, as well as guides to: Further reading.

What is the origin of 'sleep tight'?