Chemistry: a molecular approach / Nivaldo J. Tro, Travis Fridgen,. Lawton E. Shaw. —Second Canadian edition. ISBN chemistry a molecular approach first canadian edition, but end up in malicious downloads. Molecular Approach PDF (Profound Dynamic Fulfillment) today. Principles of Chemistry: A Molecular Approach: Nivaldo J. Tro - Free ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or Download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd .. Solving General Chemistry Problems 5th ED - R. Nelson Smith.
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PDF | On Feb 22, , Nivaldo J. Tro and others published Chemistry: A Molecular Approach. Chemistry. Canadian Edition A Molecular Approach. Chemistry a Molecular Approach 2nd Edition Pdf – the Story Energy is ed. — Canadian ed. Includes bibliographical references and inde x. Table of Contents | Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, Second Canadian See the Pearson Canada Higher Ed catalogue for our full line of products from these.
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Sustainability and marketing He holds joint appointments in the College of Engineering. Schematic phylogenetic tree of Acantharia He teaches courses in physical chemistry, but he has mostly Teaching Science Online and at a Distance, which he co-edited. His research. Tro Travis D. Fridgen Lawton E. Gary Bennett Executive Editor: Cathleen Sullivan Marketing Manager: Jenna Wulff Supervising Developmental Editor: Maurice Esses Senior Developmental Editor: John Polanszky Project Manager: Rachel Thompson Production Editor: Electronic Publishing Services Inc.
Nancy Sixsmith Proofreader: Audra Gorgiev Compositor: Jouve Photo Researcher: Eric Schrader Permissions Researcher: Julia Hall Cover and Interior Designer: Anthony Leung Cover Image: The cover shows the hexagonal structure of water ice. Oxygen atoms are red. Hydrogen atoms are white, or gray.
H2O molecules are bound together by hydrogen bonds with neighbouring H2O molecules, forming a three dimensional hexagonal lattice.
Water molecules sublime, or change into a gaseous state, along the edge of the hexagonal structure. Credits and acknowledgments for material borrowed from other sources and reproduced, with permission, in this textbook appear on the appropriate page within the text or on page C Original edition published by Pearson Education, Inc.
This edition is authorized for sale only in Canada. If you purchased this book outside the United States or Canada, you should be aware that it has been imported without the approval of the publisher or the author. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. This publication is protected by copyright and permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise.
To obtain permission s to use material from this work, please submit a written request to Pearson Canada Inc. Tro, Travis D. Fridgen, Lawton E. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 1. Chemistry, Physical and theoretical—Textbooks. Fridgen, Travis D. Travis David , — II. Shaw, Lawton, — III. He received his Ph.
He then went on to the University of California at Berkeley, where he did postdoctoral research on ultrafast reaction dynamics in solution. Since coming to Westmont, Professor Tro has been awarded grants from the American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund, from Research Corporation, and from the National Science Foundation to study the dynamics of various processes occurring in thin adlayer films adsorbed on dielectric surfaces.
In his leisure time, Professor Tro enjoys mountain biking, surfing, reading to his children, and being outdoors with his family. He graduated with a B. Hons in chemistry and a B.
His Ph. During his postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Waterloo, he first began conducting research using mass spectrometric methods. During a brief period as an assistant professor at Wilfrid Laurier University, he initiated a collaboration to spectroscopically determine structures of gas phase protonbound dimer ions.
He teaches courses in physical chemistry, but he has mostly taught first-year chemistry courses at Trent, Waterloo, Laurier, and Memorial. They are all avid fans of the Ottawa Senators and enjoy busy, active lives that include outdoor activities and sports, including basketball, gymnastics, karate, kickboxing, volleyball, and snow shovelling good old Newfoundland. L awton Shaw received his Ph.
Shortly after graduating, he joined the full-time teaching faculty at Mount Royal College in Calgary, where he developed one of the first science courses at Mount Royal delivered partially online. This work led to a serious interest in online and distance education.
In , he joined the Centre for Science at Athabasca University, where he teaches and coordinates distance-delivered chemistry courses. This experience led to the book Accessible Elements: Most recently, he has worked as a visiting academic at the Water Studies Centre at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia, where he studied the effects of pharmaceuticals and personal care products on biofilms in urbanized streams and wetlands. He is a former president of College Chemistry Canada.
He lives in St. Albert, Alberta, with his wife, Tanya, and their four children. Their family leisure time is filled with activities such as cross-country skiing, swimming, and camping. Structures Organic Chemistry II: Reactions Biochemistry Chemistry of the Nonmetals Metals and Metallurgy Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds 9 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Appendix I: Where Did Elements Come From?
Units of Measurement for Physical and Chemical Change 1 1. When the Number 57 57 59 3. Integrity in Data 1. Measuring the Mass of Atoms and Molecules 43 2. A Measure of Length 4 The Kilogram: A Measure of Mass 5 The Second: A Measure of Time 5 The Kelvin: Bone Density 1. Drug Tablets 3. Volume and Amount in Moles 93 5. Stoichiometry Revisited 4. A Model for Gases 4. Mole-to-Mole Conversions Making Molecules: Putting Pressure to Work 5. Key Definitions 6.
Perpetual Motion Machines Internal Energy 6. Blood Pressure 5. Bleached Blonde 4. How Much Is Produced? Constant-Volume Calorimetry 6. Thermochemical Equations 6. How Electrons Occupy Orbitals 8. Ion Size Trends in Lattice Energies: Ion Charge Ionic Bonding: Ionic Compounds in Medicine 9. Orbital Overlap as a Chemical Bond Free Radicals and the Atmospheric Vacuum Cleaner 9.
Linear Geometry Three Electron Groups: Tetrahedral Geometry Five Electron Groups: Octahedral Geometry Hydrogen Bonding in DNA Viscosity and Motor Oil The Transition to an Unusual State of Matter How Soap Works Fooled by Molecular Shape The Chemistry of Vision 9. Band Theory Doping: Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products Bisphenol A Reactions Involving Solids and Liquids Life and Equilibrium Predicting the Direction of Change Ulcers Insoluble Chlorides Group B: AcidInsoluble Sulphides Group C: Insoluble Phosphates Group E: Generating Electricity from Spontaneous Chemical Reactions Making a The Lithium Battery Using Fission to Generate Electricity Mass Defect and Nuclear Binding Energy The Power of the Sun Reactions Withdrawal of Electron Density Resonance Effects: Hydrogen and the Oil Sands Conformational Isomerism Kevlar Conformational Isomerism: Vitalism and the Configurational Isomerism Using the Molecular Formula: Anesthetics and Alcohol A Problem and an Opportunity Boranes Blueprints for Proteins Dietary Fat: The Why are you taking general chemistry?
Why are you pursuing a university or college education at all? If you are like most students taking general chemistry, part of your answer is probably that this course is required for your major or you are pursuing your education so that you can get a job some day. Although these are both good reasons, we think there is a better one. The primary reason for an education is to prepare you to live a good life. You should understand chemistry—not for what it can get you—but for what it can do for you.
Understanding chemistry is an important source of happiness and fulfillment. Understanding chemistry helps you to live life to its fullest for two basic reasons.
The first is intrinsic: For example, one of the most important ideas in science is that the behaviour of matter is determined by the properties of molecules and atoms. With this knowledge, we have been able to study the substances that compose the world around us and explain their behaviour by reference to particles so small that they can hardly be imagined.
If you have never realized the remarkable sensitivity of the world we can see to the world we cannot, you have missed out on a fundamental truth about our universe. The second reason is extrinsic: Scientific literacy helps you understand and discuss in a meaningful way important issues from the development of the oil sands in Alberta Chapter 6 to how the production of pharmaceuticals and personal care products affects our environment and our bodies Chapter In other words, understanding chemistry makes you a deeper and richer person and makes your country and the world a better place to live.
These reasons have been the foundation of education from the very beginnings of civilization. So this is why we think you should take this course and why we wish you the best as you embark on the journey to understand the world around you at the molecular level. The rewards are well worth the effort.
The Strengths of Chemistry: A Molecular Approach Chemistry: A Molecular Approach is first and foremost a student-oriented book. The main goal of the book is to motivate students and get them to achieve at the highest possible level. As we all know, many students take general chemistry because it is a requirement; they do not see the connection between chemistry and their lives or their intended careers.
A Molecular Approach strives to make those connections consistently and effectively. Unlike other books, which often teach chemistry as something that happens only in the laboratory or in industry, this book teaches chemistry in the context of relevance. It shows students why chemistry is important to them, to their future careers, and to their world.
Second, Chemistry: A Molecular Approach is a pedagogically driven book. In seeking to develop problem-solving skills, a consistent approach is applied Sort, Strategize, Solve, and Check , usually in a two- or three-column format. In the twocolumn format, the left column shows the student how to analyze the problem and devise a solution strategy.
It also lists the steps of the solution and explains the rationale for each one, while the right column shows the implementation of each step. In the three-column format, the left column outlines the general procedure for solving an important category of problems that is then applied to two side-by-side examples. This strategy allows students to see both the general pattern and the slightly different ways in which the procedure may be applied in differing contexts.
The aim is to help students understand both the concept of the problem through the formulation of an explicit conceptual plan for each problem and the solution to the problem. Third, Chemistry: A Molecular Approach is a visual book. In developing chemical principles, multipart images help to show the connection between everyday processes visible to the unaided eye and what atoms and molecules are actually doing.
Many of these images have three parts: This combination helps students to see the relationships between the formulas they write down on paper symbolic , the world they see around them macroscopic , and the atoms and molecules that compose that world molecular. In addition, most figures are designed to teach rather than just to illustrate. They include annotations and labels intended to help the student grasp the most important processes and the principles that underlie them.
The resulting images are rich with information but also uncommonly clear and quickly understood.
Fourth, Chemistry: At the beginning of each chapter, a short paragraph helps students to see the key relationships between the different topics they are learning. A focused and concise narrative helps make the basic ideas of every chapter clear to the student. Interim summaries are provided at selected spots in the narrative, making it easier to grasp and review the main points of important discussions. And to make sure that students never lose sight of the forest for the trees, each chapter includes several Conceptual Connections, which ask them to think about concepts and solve problems without doing any math.
The idea is for students to learn the concepts, not just plug numbers into equations to churn out the right answer. Finally, Chemistry: A Molecular Approach is a book that delivers the depth of coverage faculty want. We do not have to cut corners and water down the material in order to get our students interested. We simply have to meet them where they are, challenge them to the highest level of achievement, and then support them with enough pedagogy to allow them to succeed.
The Canadian Edition Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, by Nivaldo J.
Tro, is widely used in general chemistry courses at colleges and universities across North America. The short answer is that general chemistry courses in Canada are different from those in the United States. First-year chemistry curricula in Canada are generally at a higher level than what is seen south of the border. There is a need for a strong chemistry textbook that serves Canadian general chemistry courses.
The Canadian adaptation of Chemistry: A Molecular Approach drew very heavily on feedback from professors and instructors across Canada. In general terms, the adaptation involved making the following changes. IUPAC continually releases recommendations on chemical nomenclature, definitions, symbols, and units. IUPAC recommendations are not static; they may evolve over time as new information comes to light.
A Molecular Approach scrupulously follows IUPAC recommendations for chemical names and symbols, nomenclature, and conventions for symbols and units in measurements.
Imperial units such as the gallon, pound, and the Fahrenheit scale of temperature have not been used in modern science for over a generation. This is the standard that has been adopted by chemists worldwide and is almost exclusive in second-year physical chemistry texts.
Only in first-year textbooks does the atmosphere still linger as standard pressure. Students will see pressure in various units, but we make little use of the atmosphere. When dealing with ideal gases, the most common value of R is 0. In thermodynamics, we have adopted the recommended notation for enthalpy, entropy, and Gibbs energy changes, placing subscripts for changes after the delta sign rather than after H, S, or G.
For example, the standard reaction enthalpy is expressed 5. This is a subtle change that matters. We understand that this notation is not used everywhere. However, we believe that students should use standard notation throughout their education. Students who continue in chemistry or other sciences will eventually come across the standard notation in physical chemistry textbooks and in places like the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics and the NIST Chemistry Webbook http: Exclusive use of IUPAC-recommended units keeps students from getting into unit troubles when doing thermodynamic calculations.
This is done in the most basic of terms, assuming that gases and solutions are ideal so that their partial pressures and concentrations are assumed to be numerically equivalent to their activities, setting up for a more rigorous treatment in second year analytical and physical chemistry courses.
Following recommendations set out by the IUPAC ensures that we speak a common language—and teach a common language. Otherwise, students who go on in chemistry have to convert from the language learned in first year as soon as the very next year, when they take their first physical chemistry course.
Current Theories We have updated the text so that the most current, consensus scientific view is described. This is most notable in the case of bonding theory and the so-called expanded octet.
In this case, recent evidence shows that the d orbitals have a negligible contribution to bonding, which means that full sp3d and sp3d2 hybridizations should no longer be included in bonding theories, even though this idea continues to appear in general chemistry textbooks.
This Canadian edition reflects the most current understanding of chemical phenomenon, at the first-year level. Organic Chemistry The coverage of organic chemistry has been expanded to two chapters, reflecting the curricula in many Canadian universities, which provide additional organic chemistry coverage in first-year chemistry. The first organic chemistry chapter covers structure and bonding, stereochemistry, and structure determination.
The second chapter covers organic reactivity, and it is organized according to reaction mechanisms. Canadian Context Naturally, a Canadian edition will include Canadian examples. In other places, Canadian chemistry examples are serious and important, like the chemistry of the oil sands. Wherever Canadian content appears in this edition, it is there to promote student engagement. This book is meant for the Canadian student. End-of-Chapter Problems One of the first things that professors consider when choosing a chemistry textbook is the quality of end-of-chapter problems.
This is because, to learn chemistry, students need to work through meaningful exercises and problems. A Molecular Approach has extensive, high-quality problems. In the Canadian edition, some of the more elementary problems have been replaced with more difficult ones, and a total of more end-of-chapter questions have been added.
First-year chemistry courses are perhaps the most important courses in chemistry programs, because they lay the foundation for all higher level courses. First-year courses introduce students to the language and discipline of chemistry, and some concepts are not touched on again in the entire undergraduate curriculum. Indeed, many Ph. If you are a student, we hope that the Canadian edition of Chemistry: A Molecular Approach helps you succeed in chemistry.
We encourage you to make use of all of the features in this book that are designed to help you learn. If you are a professor, it is our hope that this textbook provides you with the strong content you need to teach first-year chemistry in a way that is true to our discipline. Instructors can create online assignments for their students by choosing from a wide range of items, including end-of-chapter problems and researchenhanced tutorials. Assignments are automatically graded with up-to-date diagnostic information, helping instructors pinpoint where students struggle either individually or as a class as a whole.
Instructor resources are password protected and available for download from the Pearson online catalogue at www. TestGen is a computerized testbank containing a broad variety of multiple-choice, short answer, and more complex problem questions. Questions can be searched and identified by question type or level of difficulty.
Each question has been checked for accuracy and is available in the latest version of TestGen software. This software package allows instructors to custom design, save, and generate classroom tests. Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Nelson Smith. Principles of Modern Chemistry 6th Edition Solutions. Van de Graaff's Photographic at - Bryon J.
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