Categorize parts of a computer by function: input, output, process, and storage Compare and contrast the differences between human and computer parts that. In this lesson you will learn about the main parts of a computer. Lesson 2. CPU. Monitor. Keyboard. Mouse. Parts of a Computer. Tejas and Jyoti were in the. PDF | 4 hours read | On Nov 9, , Jeleel Adekunle ADEBISI and others published computer is made of different parts that are connected with cables. 2. The La Provision of virtual machine: Hidings the hardware details from the user.
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Computer Hardware – Hardware Components & Internal PC Connections: / www/public/us/en/documents/product-briefs/caite.info 8. Application - a program in which you do your work. Bit - the smallest piece of information used by the computer. In computer language, it is either a one (1) or a . Computer hardware refers to the physical parts or components of a computer . with the low-level details such as transferring data from memory to disk, or.
Some articles have Google Maps embedded in them. Wow, there was nothing left out to explain, good work done, simple and very clear. Interaction design Social computing Ubiquitous computing Visualization Accessibility. The system BIOS is a ROM chip on the motherboard used during the startup routine boot process to check out the system and prepare to run the hardware. This is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service.
This is plastic tape, usually made of Mylar that is coated with iron oxide, thereby enabling the introduction writing ; retention memory and reading of magnetically recorded information. The best use of tape storage is for data that you do not use very often. Peripheral devices are devices connected to the computer externally.
If a peripheral device is disconnected, the computer will still be able to work; only functions performed by this peripheral device will not be available. Here are the most used types of peripheral devices:. The most common and very popular input device which helps in inputting data to the computer. It consists of keys that are capable of inputting alphabets, numbers and special characters.
You can also navigate using the keyboard and perform shortcut functions. Mouse is the most popular pointing device and cursor-control device having a small palm size box with a round ball at its base which senses the movement of mouse and sends corresponding signals to CPU when the mouse buttons are pressed.
It forms images from tiny dots, called pixels that are arranged in a rectangular form. The sharpness of the image depends upon the number of pixels. It is a device used to move cursor position on a monitor screen. A scanner allows you to scan printed material and convert it into a file format that may be used within the PC. A plotter is used to create high-quality visuals on paper.
A plotter gives a hard copy of the output.
It draws pictures on a paper using a pen. It can be used to create presentation-charts, graphics, tables and high quality technical drawings. There are two types of plotter. Computer Abbreviations. MS Word Keyboard Shortcuts.
Try Computer Quizzes. Sign Up for Free Already a Member? Sign In. You can manage your notifications from browser settings. First of all, as chip geometries shrink and clock frequencies rise, the transistor leakage current increases, leading to excess power consumption and heat Secondly, the advantages of higher clock speeds are in part negated by memory latency, since memory access times have not been able to keep pace with increasing clock frequencies.
Third, for certain applications, traditional serial architectures are becoming less efficient as processors get faster due to the so-called Von Neumann bottleneck , further undercutting any gains that frequency increases might otherwise buy. In addition, partly due to limitations in the means of producing inductance within solid state devices, resistance-capacitance RC delays in signal transmission are growing as feature sizes shrink, imposing an additional bottleneck that frequency increases don't address.
The End of the Road for Conventional Microarchitectures"  which projected a maximum of A different concept is the processor-memory performance gap, which can be addressed by 3D integrated circuits that reduce the distance between the logic and memory aspects that are further apart in a 2D chip. Multiple levels of caching have been developed to deal with the widening gap, and the performance of high-speed modern computers relies on evolving caching techniques.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Ram. Main article: Memory cell computing. Memory hierarchy. Virtual memory. RAM drive.
Information technology portal Technology portal. Ars Technica. Archived from the original on Sep , "Electronic Digital Computers", Nature , IEE , 98 Retrieved Archived from the original PDF on Archived PDF from the original on CS1 maint: Archived copy as title link. March 2, Archived PDF from the original on April 27, Vancouver, BC. Retrieved 14 July Nanoelectronics and Information Technology. Archived from the original on August 1, Retrieved March 31, Advances in Computer Systems Architecture: Multiprocessor Systems-on-chips.
Morgan Kaufmann. National Academy Press. Ribeiro and Simone L. Martins Experimental and Efficient Algorithms: Basic computer components.
Authority control GND: Retrieved from " https: Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: Using a quartz crystal, the CPU clock breathes life into the microprocessor by feeding it a constant flow of pulses. Similarly, in any communications device, a clock may be used to synchronize the data pulses between sender and receiver. A "real-time clock," also called the "system clock," keeps track of the time of day and makes this data available to the software. This is a good book for those who want to know much more about computer hardware.
I have used the book on numerous occasions and Mike Meyers never disappoints. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters. This is a computer slot that allows you to insert expansion cards into your computer. So it enables you to expand the capabilities of the PC by adding what you do not have.
If you look at the article closely, we are talking about various components found on the motherboard. When it comes to the network card, you will find that most modern computers support an internal network interface controller embedded in the motherboard directly rather than provided as an external component. So, in modern motherboards, you will not find a network card as a device on its own.
It will be embedded in a chipset. In most older motherboards, there used to be 2 IDE channels where drives were connected via a ribbon cable.
Each cable carries 2 devices. There is an integrated disk drive controller on the motherboard for controlling the flow of informing from the drive to the motherboard and vice versa.
Modern motherboards make use of SATA technology. A serial advanced technology attachment serial ATA, SATA or S-ATA is a computer bus interface used to connect host bus adapters disk drive controllers with mass storage devices like optical drives and hard drives. Technically speaking, I would say that each and every component is important.
There are those who will be quick to reply that it is the processor. Yes, it is true the processor plays an important role in the computer. But what about the memory, can a computer operate without the memory?
That is a big no. What about the power supply? Again can the computer operate without the power supply? That is not possible. So in simple words, all the components of a computer are very important as they are there are there for a reason.
It is a technology used to fabricate or make integrated circuits used in most electronic and electrical fields.
These ram chips loose power and hence has to be powered using a battery referred to as the CMOS battery. CMOS devices require very little power to operate.
There are a number of ways you can use to determine the kind of RAM slot you have. To begin with, you can check the number of pins. The other method is to look at the key notch position.
DDR notch is almost at the center but slightly to the right. What are the functions of the south bridge Chipset? What are beep codes from a motherboard? Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. The CPU needs to be compatible with the chipset, if they are it will also physically compatible with the socket.
Some sockets are used several chipsets which are not necessarily compatible with the same CPUs. These are not backwards or forwards compatible.
On modern motherboards the North-bridge and South-bridge have been combined into a single chip simply refered to as the chipset and is physically located where the south-bridge used to be. Some of its functions have been absorbed into the CPU.
If this article was in any way influenced by the book linked under 'More Resources' it too is outdated. You could have used newer hardware.
Thanks a lot Rahmatullah for the comment. I am glad that you learnt something from this article about computer motherboards. You are much welcome Niku Moni Boro. Keep reading even other works to gain more knowledge. Thanks a lot Piper mcnutt for reading and commenting. I will surely try to add more information regarding the parts of the motherboard and their functions. Over time, functions were offloaded to separate circuits and then to GPUs either in separate cards, the PC's chipset or the CPU chip itself depending on the type of computer.
Hello Peter, you can start by using the various parts of the motherboard that I have listed on this article. Thanks, Sebusiso for appreciating the work in this article. I am glad you got what you wanted to know about different parts of the motherboard.
I'm understanding the CHM concepts and motherboard parts It was too long ago what you talked about was current, but as life goes on what was treasure once is now land fill. So will be all that you wrote about. Subject understood, but is there any PC that has an optional operating system as alternative?
Great info everything is explained very nicely easy to understand it helped so much cleared all my doubts. I really like it! Its very detailed. It really helps me a lot for my tomorrows exam for NCII. Thank you for this Patrick. Wish me luck! Thank you Patrick even though am still going to go through the process but the information was of great help. God bless. See of remaining comments.