The thermometer is placed in a Marine Screen, also known as a Stevenson Screen. This has a solid top For meteorological purposes the sea surface temperature is required. caite.info caite.info marine meteorology. Since that time, humanity has been simultaneously fascinated and awed by the powers of the air and sea, as well as anxious to understand. Keywords: marine meteorology; marine environmental conditions; maritime navigation objects of study for marine meteorology and oceanography. They have.
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Kenn has taught Marine Meteorology to sailors for more than 15 years in The study of meteorology whether in the marine scene or ashore, is very much a. This book gives a complete picture of the Maritime Transport Industry. Now in . Nautical Studies in , she has lectured in meteorology and marine. are described in the Manual on Marine Meteorological Services (WMO-No. ), Volume I. The purpose of this Guide is to complement the.
Forgot password? A conditional sampling technique is utilized to quantitatively describe the signature of the temperature signal in the marine surface laver. Soong, Close Send. Marine Meteorology OLR 26 1 I D. Results exhibit reasonable agreement with those of Antonia and Van Atta ,
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No abstract is available for this article. Citing Literature Number of times cited according to CrossRef: Henshaw, Jonathan P. In spite of errors induced bv platform motion in velocity measurements, and errors induced bv sensor salt contamination in temperature measurements. Khain and Ye. Agrenich, Interaction of oceanic and atmospheric boundary layers in a tropical cyclone. Meteorologiva Gidrol.
The tropical cyclone is assumed to be non-moving and axisymmetric. The rates of parameter variations in the near-water atmospheric layer and the oceanic boundary layer are assessed for tropical cyclones of various intensities.
Kagoshima Univ. Relevant mean values of vertical fluxes of momentum and sensible and latent heat correspond quite well to synoptic expectations.
On relation of circulation patterns over the north-west Pacific to weather conditions over the southern Far East. Meteorologiya Gidrol.. The variability of weather conditions over the southern Far Fast is explained in terms of meandering and vortex forming dynamics in the Kuroshio Current system. Prognostic relations are derived. The need for incorporating satellite data into long-range hvdrometeorological forecasting is stressed.
Hawaiian winter rainfall related to Pacific sea surface temperature. Although a highly significant relationship between Hawaiian winter rainfall and North Pacific sea surface temperature was found for the period , predictability for was very low, possibly due to 'artificial predictability' or changes in physical influences.
University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii , U. Chemistry of the atmosphere Neuling, G. Ketseridis, J. Hahn, R. Jaenicke and C. Junge, Gas and particulate concentrations in North Atlantic air. A trnos. Simultaneous measurements of C9-C2, n-alkanes in clean air at the west coast of Ireland are reported. Continental air showed higher concentrations. The carbon preference index is generally close to 1. Marine Meteorology OLR 26 11 4.
Climate and climatology 8. Radiation Schneider, A seasonal zonal energy balance climate model with an interactive lower layer. Griffith, The GaI-Chen and Schneider climate model is modified into a more general model which includes an interactive lower laver, and the seasonal cycle is simulated in terms of seasonally varying insolation.
Determinations of cloud-top distributions, cloud-clear thresholds, cloud-top heights, cloud-base distributions, and temperature and moisture distributions are described. Areally averaged radiative divergence profiles are produced by computational algorithms. Clouds and fog Larson, The history of air forming various marine fogs off Nova Scotia in August Combining radon, chemical and cloud condensation nuclei CCN data provides more complete descriptions of air mass histories and a better understanding of marine aerosol chemistry.
Magnitudes and gradients of monitored variables radon levels, elemental ratios, overall salt loading and CCN counts appear to be practical realtime indicators of the meteorological regime. A fog sampler is described.
Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D. Precipitation Geotis, Raindrop sizes and related parameters for GATE.
Sets of drop size observations arc analyzed to shov, correlations between radar reflectivitv and meteorological quantities. The size data indicate that tropical oceanic showers include very large numbers of medium-sized drops, but relatively few large drops. Analysis of Phase Ill results. Analyses of the GATE Phase Ill radiative divergence estimates are discussed and the profiles indicate less upper tropospheric radiative divergence but more middle level divergence than expected from climatological estimates.
The remarkably stable daytime total tropospheric divergence can be used to infer maritime tropical surface energy budgets from satellite data.
Uboegbulam, Parameterization of surface incoming radiation in tropical cloudy conditions. Three models solar radiation model, flux-emissivity approach, Paltridge's empirical procedure for calculating incoming short- and long-wave radiation are evaluated based on data from the 3 phases of GATE.
The latter 2 methods produce estimates in favorable agreement with measurements even during dominant cumulonimbus. Estimation of net radiation at sea. Hourly Canadian GATE data are utilized in an investigation of relationships between net radiation, global solar radiation and total downward radiation.
OLR 26 1 I D. Marine Meteorology A derived empirical expression is capable of estimating net radiation from the other, more easily measured, radiation values. The accuracy of the method is comparable to that of direct measurement. Storms Cyclogeneses du bassin mediterraneen occidental.
Figures include 17 Mediterranean sea state maps. Atlantic hurricane season of Figures include 13 satellite photos. Activity of the North Atlantic hurricane season . Meteorologiya Gidrol. Intensity coefficients, mean seasonal velocities and total internal energies of tropical cyclones are found to characterize the hurricane season activity and are calculated for the years Mean values and variabilities of these parameters are compared with climatic fluctuations over the Northern Hemisphere.
Atmospheric dust, nuclei, aerosols, pollutants, etc. On the amount of sea-salt particles at the seashore. Kagoshirna Univ.. Number concentrations and salt-mass distributions of airborne sea-salt particles are compared with those of the sea surface obtained by Chaen The production rate of sea-sah particles is estimated. Natural and artificially altered patterns of salt spray across a forested barrier island.
A traps. Using impingement collectors, the distribution of salt spray across undisturbed and disturbed sections of a forested barrier island was assessed. Abnormal intensities of salt were found concentrated at the windward side of the disturbed sites. Snow fencing, erected as a protective device, significantly reduced salt levels leeward of the fence.
Winds Synoptic conditions for strong winds genesis over the Black Sea [from analysis of more than 50 years of data]. Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, Bucuresti, Romania.
Behavior of the wind field in the vicinity of a cloud cluster in the Intertropical Convergence Zone. Cumulonimbus cloud clusters in the I T C Z have much smaller time and space scales than the climatological mean flow or the synoptic-scale waves. A typical cluster was investigated to determine if any wind field perturbations occur on the time and space scales of individual cloud clusters.
Department of Atmospheric Circulation A case study of GATE convective activity. Ocean, 17 Synoptic and meso-scale investigations of an intense convective event in the eastern Atlantic Ocean on 2 September are conducted with satellite, radar, aircraft, rawinsonde and tethered balloon observations.
Formation of the convective activity, two major convective features, precipitation and wind distributions, and subsequent decay of line convection are reported. Chen, J.
Russell and S. Soong, On the formation of organized convective OLR 26 11 systems observed over the eastern Atlantic.
An objective analysis scheme is used in computing spatial wind distributions, divergence, vertical velocities and thermodynamic variables from GATE data.
Correlations between the vertical velocity field and the development of organized convective systems are stressed, with horizontal velocity divergence constituting the major analytical variable. A conspicuous absence of low-level inversion, intensification of upward motion, and horizontal distributions of precipitation rates are discussed.
Figures include 16 IR satellite photos. Miscellaneous Sheu, MCC [mesoscale cellular convection] and gull flight behavior. For certain values of surface wind speed and air-sea temperature differences, MCC occurs and conditions are favorable for sea gull soaring, as noted by Woodcock Bloxam and Lawrence Cheng, Bosart, The history and development of the Monsoon Experiment as a sub-program of the Global Atmospheric Research Program are reviewed.
Scientific obiectives and possible benefits are discussed. Meteorological Office, New Delhi, India. Austin, The basic objective of GATE was to 'explore the mechanisms by which the solar heat stored in the tropical oceans drives the global circulation,' The GATE program, results and data availabiltv are reviewed. Photographic quantitative sampling of hard-bottom benthic communities. Photographic sampling methods are described, tested in the field and compared with other sampling methods.
The numerous advantages of quantitative photographic sampling are discussed and its special usefulness in quantifying the cover parameter is stressed. Boto and G.