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The blackbook of tattooing pdf

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Black Book. A Guide for Students of Body Modification. By: Richard LeMay [email protected] I have decided to distribute this publication free of cost. Your Brain on Food How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings Gary L. Wenk, PhD Departments of Psychology and Neur. The Black Book of Tattooing (The Body ModificationBlack Book A Guide for Students of Body) Download PDF. Downloading Share.

A shop would have the basics: Think of a butter knife with peanut butter on it. This indication does not indicate sterilization, but only that the temp was reached, to steril- ize tools they must remain at this temperature for a prolonged period. If you don't dry the area you will get a nice white coating on everything. Martin Guerra.

It is a show. This is not "MacGyver". He cannot make a CD player out of a pocket knife, a piece of wire, a coconut, and a toothpick.

Just like someone holding a tattoo machine on TV is not an artist. If you actually go to them to get tattooed then you should know a few things. I personally have a friend that got a tattoo by them. At any other shop in the world the highest price for a four letter word with no color and letters one inch by one inch tall should be ranging from fifty to seventy-five dollars.

My friend paid two-hundred and fifty dollars. Now you tell me where there priorities lay. I actually use these shows as a teaching tool. Every time one comes on, my apprentices have to watch it and make a list of all the things they do wrong.

Not just the small stuff, but the things that my local health department would shut me down for.

The Complete How to Tattoo Guide

Here are a few of many. This means that they just put blood on the ink supply that everyone uses. If that person had a disease then everyone that will have a tattoo from that bottle will have the same disease, and bottles last a long time.

Another one is they never remember to clean the clip cord, the wire that gives power to the machine. This means that again they are spreading disease. They also ware black latex gloves because they look cool. Black gloves means you can't see blood, or holes in the gloves.

They don't know if they are giving them selves a disease. The last I will mention of many, many more, Is speed stick deodorant. They use speed stick deodorant to apply there carbon pattern to there clients skin.

This means that any disease that a person might have is absorbed into this stick and applied with the pattern on the next client.

With the stroke of a single deodorant stick you can give someone six or more different diseases at a time! This is the land of television. Your watching some one get a tattoo by moneygrubbers and there getting away with things no one else is doing, but your also watching them give disease to all these people that could very well pass it on to there children. Just say no to fake, joke, money-grubbing "tattooers", that wouldn't even give you the time of day for two hundred dollars.

After all the glimmer and the spot light of being a tattoo artist fades and you age into your profession you will be on your way to becoming the most sought after type of artist, a Tattoo Master. If a true tattoo artist can paint the "Mona Lisa", then the master can paint the "Last Supper" blind, and on the head of a nail.

Eventually the idea of being a tattoo artist will become dull, and the rock star point of view will make you laugh at the thought that you use to see it this way.

Doing tattoos, being a professional artist will make you a popular person sure. After time the life a "Tattoo Guy" will grow old, the bars will get boring and all the friends you've made are just asking for free work. Then you will see the only thing that matters when you go home at night is your own feeling of pride and accomplishment. To be a true master is almost a state of Zen, a feeling of nirvana, perfect.

When we first think about tattoos we want to be the one everyone talks to at the party. We want to stand out in the crowd, and we want everyone to know our name.

The only way to achieve such "greatness" is to change your entire life to surround your art. To truly be good at what you want to do is dedication and sacrifice. There are a few rules that if you can not do then you need to turn around and find a new career. No drugs or alcohol. Drugs and alcohol will make your hands shake.

You take more to get them to stop shaking; you don't take them you shake worse. You have to be clear minded. You have to be level headed. You cannot work if you are not at the top of your game. Think of your studio as your church. A sacred ground meant for greatness. If you come in with a hang over you will not have the patience or the clear mind needed to perform to the best of your ability.

I drug test all of my students. They know that one time of use means all of their hard work is over. They will loose their chance, gone forever. This is all wrong. Drugs ruin your mind, and your body. You cannot perform under the influence. You cannot take them at home because you think about them while your working and they still affect your steadiness. Drugs and alcohol cause you to loose motor function.

What good is a tattoo artist with shaky hands? Wannabe be a biker, Find another lifestyle, Tattooing is not for you. One bike accident and you will damage your hands. Years of work and dedication will be out the window. So you want sex, sorry. If you chase every piece of ass that walks in, it will be your reputation.

Your clients will stop coming around because they no longer feel comfortable in your shop. They will not be comfortable taking off clothes that have to be removed for certain locations.

If they can't trust you, then you have no clients. It would be similar to the best basketball player in the world not having a ball or basket. Ok, so you want to use being a tattoo artist to bring company home from the bar? What kind of people go to the bars, or clubs?

Your clients do. They see you drinking, or taking home someone, your reputation is a drunk and promiscuous. They see you drinking; they will not come to you.

Do you want tattooed by a drunk? You take home people from the bar for sex. Every time you have sex with someone you are having sex with every person they have slept with in the last ten years.

This day and age you can get anything, anytime. You are dealing with open wounds all day. You are performing a medical procedure on the very people you depend on to feed your family and practice your art on. All gone, all down the drain, just because you wanted to go get laid. Rock and Roll, sorry. You must play music accordingly to how you want your work to be done.

Your hand will move to the music you hear. There is nothing you can to about that, it is our natural reaction.

You will be nothing more than a tattooist at best. Reach a higher level, be something great. It takes hard work and dedication. It takes sacrifice, and respect. Not just respect for the ones you are working on, but respect in your self more than anything else. Follow the rules or go home. Chapter 2. Tattoo Meanings Over the years tattoos have become little more than decaling the human skin. Most people get a tattoo and spent there whole life never knowing the true meaning.

Others are confused on the meanings of tattoos and get something that might have a completely different definition. Tattooing has been a part of every culture known to date, and each culture has its own meanings for different images. Here is a list of tattoo images that have meanings you may be surprised of. There are so many images to choose from, I am forced to pick but a few of thousands. When you offer a tattoo to a client, or choosing one for yourself, you should always research the true meaning.

Apple- An apple seems like a tattoo a teacher would get, but it really is a symbol recognizing the easily tempted nature of man. It is a symbol that is brought to us by the story of Adam and Eve in the Christian Bible. The story is the down fall of man was brought on by the eating of the forbidden fruit.

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Arm Band- Arm band tattoo just seem like a nice decoration for any one, but they are a symbol of slavery and imprisonment. Birds- Birds are colorful animals that fly everywhere they go, most would ay they are a symbol of freedom. They are in fact a symbol sailor used to signify coming home due to the migratory patterns of most birds. The best depiction of this is the swallow or sparrow. Often you will see sparrow and swallows tattooed holding or with stars.

This is a symbol of finding your way in the dark, since most sailors spent months at sea and the night was the most dangerous time to sail due to not being able to see any obstructions in the water. The Cat- A tattoo of a cat can be for a female that loves her pet, and a symbol of attention. For the Egyptians the cat was a symbol of death. Though to be a sacred animal, the cat was believed to be able to cross from the land of the living to the land of the dead.

Many past cultures see the cat as a messenger from the dead to the living. Daggers- A dagger can symbolize many things such as revenge or getting stabbed in the back, but the true meaning of a dagger is from the Japanese culture.

When a Samurai warrior failed his king on a task too small to commit Hari-Kari honorable suicide they would be required to remove the tip of a finger to show sympathy for the failure, thus making a dagger a sign of loyalty.

Dragon- The American dragon is a symbol of strength, but the Japanese dragon is a symbol of wisdom and intelligence, often depicted with a tiger along side it to symbolize wisdom and beauty.

Eye- The tattooed image of an eye would seem to be a symbol of awareness, though it can be, it was first tattooed on prisoners by other prisoners on there backs against their will.

The meaning of which is to show that the tattooed prisoner was an informant and also symbolized they have been sexually assaulted by another prisoner.

Fairy-The fairy is a mystical creature most use as a symbol of their childhood. The oldest meaning behind a fairy tattoo is that fairies would often grant wishes to the ones that could catch them making all the captors dreams come true while causing more problems then they helped. The Irish later referred to them as leprechauns.

Fish- Fish tattoos are often viewed as a sign of fertility, this is not entirely wrong. The Celtic Salmon of wisdom might say other wise though. In the Japanese culture, the Koi fish is a symbol of strength and beauty. The Koi was a plain fish till the Japanese bread them to be bright colors, and the legend of the Koi is that every Japanese dragon started as a Koi fish that had to jump over a rainbow to change into a dragon.

Flags- Flags today are a symbol of patriotism, getting an American flag tattoo supports your country. In the past, other cultures would get a flag tattooed of a rival country to show disrespect and that the country the flag belonged to was an enemy. Fleur de Lis- The Fleur de Lis might be the same symbol we use for the boy scouts, but it really is a sign of the French Monarchy, and so represents liberty. Ganesh- Ganesh is the Hindu god that has a head of the elephant. The meaning of her as a tattoo is that of Protection and righteousness.

Gecko Lizard- The gecko lizard is a sign of regrowth and survival instinct do to its ability to loose its tail and later re-grow it in order to distract an enemy to save its own life. Grapes- Grapes are a symbol of the Greek goddess of wine named Dionysus. When you see someone sporting a grape vine up there leg thinking it means growth, they are really telling you they are a drunk.

Griffin- A griffin is a mythological animal passed on from the Middle Eastern religion called Zoroastrianism, but was later used by the Christian church as a symbol of the two sides of Christ.

The Eye of Horus- Horus was an Egyptian god whose symbol is the left eye. Horus is the god of war and protection. Any one thought to have the symbol tattoo was believed to be protected by Horus himself during combat. The Eye of Rah- Rah is the Egyptian god of the sun symbolized by the right eye or opposite the eye of Horus. The symbol of Rah means you warship life or creation of life. What they don't tell you is the most of the actual depictions of the Kokopelli is adorned with very large male genitailia.

It's actually an Indian sign of fertility. Lotus Flower- The lotus flower is often mistaken for a sign of beauty. The lotus flower is a very pretty flower that grows in mercky and muddy water; it is a sign of spiritual purity through advertisement. Nautical Star- The "Nautical Star" that you see on every teenager is one of the oldest tattooed symbols.

Spider Web- Some say the spider web on the elbow is a symbol of taking a life. The true meaning of the spider web tattoo is more for the bikers, it's a symbol of crashing a motor cycle in hopes that the spider webs will catch them the next time to keep the rider out of harm, figuratively that is.

Those are some of the image meanings I thought you would be surprised about. There are just so many images to name, I can't even think of a fourth of them.

Here are some more standard tattoo meanings for images we see every day. Hopefully you will get a few ideas of be able to use this to better assist your clients on finding the tattoo for them. Lifestyle The problem is that thanks to television and most tattoo magazines everyone thinks that being a tattoo artist is like being a rock star without the guitars. Sorry to tell you the truth, but here it is. There will always be the biker tattoo shops that give ink for blow jobs. It's sad but true.

These guys are a joke to the industry. These are the guys that everyone is laughing at and making fun of, often to there face. These are the same people that tattoo for drugs, or are only concerned with there bank account.

Yes you can make a lot of money tattooing. If you cut corners on supplies and equipment, and you rob every client that walks in your door.

If you do that then your clients will only walk in and back out once in their life. There are too many real artist out there these days that will take your clients and treat them right.

What does it take to be a real tattoo artist? It takes dedication. This means no drugs or alcohol. This means bed by ten every night. Bars, clubs, and strip joints all off limits. You have to be able to push yourself to a higher level. As you progress, everyone will praise your work and tell you how great you are. You aren't allowed to say, "I know well enough. This is hard work. You will ruin relationships. Marriages will come and go. You have a slim and none chance of finding a significant other that will understand what you do.

Most will just get jealous and fight with you, or just leave. You will see the worst of people and you have to look for the best. You will want to quit. After all the stress, and frustration, you still have to say no to drugs and alcohol. You have to dedicate your mind, your heart, soul, and your body to the one thing you want most.

Professional athletes don't have shit on us. Sounds shitty, why would anyone ever want this job? Tattooing is the greatest job on earth.

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You get to do things that most people would die just watching. You get to leave your mark on life. Tattooing is true life after death. Every person you tattoo on will remember who you are if you treat them right. They will tell your story to there grandchildren after you are long gone.

Your artwork will live, walk, and talk to hundreds of people long after your death. This isn't a painting. It's not paper. You get to build something and watch it grow larger than life. Unlike a building, it can never be torn down, unlike music, it can never be forgotten. You will truly help people. These days in a world with so much pain and so many problems, we all need help coping. Tattooing is addictive more so than any drug. The reason is that it makes it all better. Your major problems seem dull in comparison.

The ones that get work on a regular basis are what we call collectors. To a collector you are their family. You get to know them so well that you will become friends with many of your clients. Several of my clients have asked to attend my upcoming wedding, and I will be honored if they attend. You will truly make an impact on the lives of everyone you touch. Through conversation and hard work, tattooing to a collector is better than any therapy they could ever have. Done the right way, and for the right reasons, you will be a part of something that is so much bigger than you.

Tattoo conventions are gatherings where hundreds of people flock to show off their work and to get new work. When you walk through the door, it feels like a paradise.

Herds of people that think and feel just the way you do and all of them welcoming you like a long lost relative. So what does the hard work do, you get to be something that only five or ten percent of the world will ever be, whole. You find your place in life and truly belong somewhere. Once achieved, you can never have that taken away from you. The ones that just tattoo for money, fame, or just to be the cool kid will never know the true meaning of the term "Tattoo Artist". This to me translates to respect, loyalty, and appreciated by many.

You won't get rich, but if done right you will be able to support your family and not have to do anything else but tattoo for the rest of your life if you so choose. Here are the rules and code of a true tattoo artist. Following these rules is the difference between a Scratcher and an artist. If you want a mate, keep a good relationship.

Live your reputation: No bars, No clubs, what people see of you is who you are to them. Be a part of your community. You must show respect at all times. Be polite to everyone, answer questions no matter how childish they may seem. Help a stranger at least once a day. Respect your self.

Dress well, not grungy. Clean clothes, well kept hair. You can still look like a tattoo artist but don't smell as bad as they expect you to. You are trying to be a medical professional. Take care of you hands! They are your biggest tools. No fighting, No Skate Boarding, No wounds of any kind. A cut on your fingers is an open door for you to get a disease.

Taking care of your hands can save your life. Get sleep and eat well. You need eight hours of sleep every night before you work. You have to be rested. Anyone that has tattooed can tell you that it is physically demanding work. Be healthy. Know when to stop. This is a field of great perfection.

It takes dedication, and sacrifice. It's not for everyone. If you can't do it then have enough respect for the ones that work there whole life to be able to.

Don't just do some of the things. Don't pick and choose. All or none. Never talk bad about another artist or shop. Do custom work once. If you design a piece for some one then give it to them and them alone. Never over charge. Just because you think someone will pay more does not give you the right to charge that much.

Not everyone knows what a tattoo is worth. Don't prey on the uninformed. Never lie to your patron. If you've been tattooing for a year don't tell them ten. They will respect you more for the truth, and never come back for a lie. Never cut corners. Remember, the next one in the chair could be your wife, child, mother, or you.

Be clean and safe. Take a Zen moment. Never rush, take your time and do your best. It does not matter how many people are in line, you can only tattoo one at a time. Before every tattoo take a minute before you start to center yourself and calm down. If you smoke cigarettes, then smoke.

If you meditate then do that. Just take the time. Never get personally evolved with a client. If you try to sleep with your clients then you will get that reputation and others will view you as a joke. Your job as an artist is to make the client comfortable not to flirt or satisfy your sexual wants. Chapter 4. The most important thing you have to know is sterilization. These are the basic Diseases and Bacteria you have to guard against in the area of tattooing and piercing both.

These are just the most common. If you can guard against these, then everything else will be taken care of as well. Something I would like to point out is that bacterial infections do not come from tattoo shops. You always hear about some chick saying her tattoo from such and such shop got infected so they suck. They might suck, but they did not give you an infection. Bacteria grows on the skin naturally. Everyone has it. If you take a person and remove every bit of hair, skin, meat, blood, and bone you will have an exact replica standing in front of you made out of bacteria.

This is right after they get out of the shower. I know, Sexy huh? The point is that a bacterial infection is the massing together of bacteria. The difference between bacteria and a virus is you can cure bacteria, and only treat viruses. Diseases are viruses. Ok, so what does that mean?

Well, it means that the chick with the infected tattoo did not take care of her tattoo. When you don't treat a wound, bacteria will grow.

Washing it kills them. If the bacteria has been there long enough for her tattoo to get infected then she has not been taking care of it. Now she's trying to blame some poor shop for her being lazy. In the thirteen years I have tattooed, I have only seen three infected tattoos in person. The first was an allergic reaction to the metal the needle was made from, this is very rare.

Tattoo shops don't give out bacterial infections. Tattoo shops need to worry about diseases. If you got a tattoo and now you have Hepatitis, then go to the health department and register a complaint. Just remember that it can take any where from six to twelve months for a virus like Hep or HIV to show up on a test, and you have a better chance of being hit by an airplane while walking on the sidewalk then you do of getting a disease from a properly ran tattoo shop.

So how do we get such a good record It's what we do. You always hear about these diseases but no one really knows what they do or how they are really spread. All blood born pathogens are spread by two ways, Direct and Indirect contact. Direct contact means that contact is blood to blood or seamen to blood. An example of direct contact is unprotected sex. I can't tell you how many times I have heard people say you can't get Hepatitis from a blow job, it kills me.

Fighting is also form of direct contact. You hit someone and cut your hand open while wounding them, you mix blood. Contrary to popular belief anal and oral sex can pass disease just as easily as intercourse. Another form of direct contact would be if you got someone's blood in your eyes. This means if you see someone spraying blood at a car accident the best thing you can do to help is call , not rush over and swim in his pr her blood.

Not very chivalrous, but at least you get to live a healthy life. A good example of this in a tattoo shop is the spray water bottle. Most artist spray a tattoo with water to clear away blood and excess ink during the process.

This is very wrong. I even catch myself doing it every once in a while. The force from the water leaving the bottle will push the blood and it's contaminates into the air. The worst form of direct contact in a tattoo shop is a failure with a glove.

We as artists wear latex gloves to guard against contamination. Every one gets loose cuticles on there fingers. The little piece of skin at the top of your fingernail that gets sore and sometimes bleeds is called a cuticle.

If a glove has a small hole in it and blood makes contact with that little, tiny sore, you have been infected. Now here is some food for thought. They use this to seal the tattoo while they are working on it. Not only is it completely unnecessary, but it's dangerous. If you remember high school health class, they always tell you to never use oil based lubricants with condoms. Oil breaks down the composition of latex. This means that the condom won't work anymore.

Latex gloves are no exception. The ointments are oil based and the gloves are latex.

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That means that those guys are tearing down the only thing that separates you and them. Ok, so you say as a client, "Hey, I don't have anything!

But how sure are you of them being clean if they have tattooed for years? Well maybe they change gloves often enough for it not to have time to break down. Latex is no longer a disease barrier after three minutes of oil exposure. After three minutes, you might as well have unprotected sex with the old biker guy that just did your tattoo. Many artist also use Nitrile or Vinyl gloves, so there ok right?

No, Nitrile and vinyl do last longer with oil exposure, but they only last twenty minutes at best. So either way oil based is bad. Next we have Indirect Contact. Indirect contact is contamination through a middle man. Say I have a cut, and then mop the floor. Blood is a common thing to mop up in a tattoo shop, although it's in small amounts and usually mixed with pigment or water from over spray. The blood on the floor is contaminated and gets on the mop. I mop and it gets in my cut, presto; Hepatitis.

Another example is a contaminated dirty needle being stuck in an uncontaminated person. So if someone uses an old tattoo needle or you accidentally stick yourself and pass a disease you have indirect contact. Another form of indirect contact is if a tattoo artist runs out of pigment ink during a tattoo. If they just grab the bottle with a bloody glove and refill the cap then that blood is on the outside of that bottle.

It won't take long for it to work its way inside, contaminating the entire bottle. This means they usually share pigments to save on money. The average bottle of pigment will last for a hundred or more tattoos. That means from that one small action, more than a hundred people will have a disease. Indirect contact is the most common contamination method in a tattoo shop. The hot spots to watch are the sinks, the tattoo chairs, and the counter tops at the work stations.

If these are not cleaned well enough then you have contamination. Now you know how disease is spread. The action of spreading is called Cross-Contamination. This means that you have a contaminate introduced in a non-contaminated area. So the person that grabs the pigment bottle with bloody gloves on TV is nationally making himself or herself into a hazard for everyone to see.

Hepatitis Hepatitis is a viral disease that affects the liver. It is mainly characterized by the presence of inflammatory cells in the liver. Acute Hepatitis is when it last for six months and chronic is when it last for much longer.

Any Infection of the liver or inflammation of the liver is known as hepatitis, but the ones we need to be worried about are specific viruses that affect the liver differently. Some of the symptoms of liver failure are muscle and joint aches, fever, vomiting, loss of appetite, dark urine, yellowing of the eyes and skin, otherwise known as "jaundice" , and abdominal pain just to name a few.

Jaundice is usually a later effect that indicates massive liver damage. We turn yellow because our bodies cannot flush away the waste we need to expel. Basically Hepatitis causes us to drown in our own bile. Hep A is usually transmitted through contaminated food. There is a vaccine that can prevent Hep A for life. Hep A can pass like the flu. Heb B is transmitted through sex, tattoos, piercings, and breastfeeding.

Hepatitis B can be treated but not cured, although there is also vaccine. It can be transmitted through blood, sex, and can also cross the placenta infecting an unborn child.

Hepatitis C usually leads to chronic Hepatitis ending in liver failure, know as "Cirrhosis" of the liver. There is some treatment, but not cure. Hepatitis D can only grow if you have Hep B already.

It's basically the stage of B that kills you. Hep E is similar to hep A but more common among pregnant women. The scary part of viruses is that each time someone contracts one, it changes slightly. If so many people contract it then each time it changes into something new, and worse. Take the time to clean and sterilize properly, the life you save might be yours. Basically HIV attacks your immune system. This means that you don't die of HIV, you die of the flu or a splinter in your toe.

It is the most destructive illness in the history of the world. In alone it killed , children. A person with HIV can remain healthy for many years, spreading the disease without ever knowing it.

The transmition of HIV is most common through unprotected sex. Though it is highly possible to contract the disease through needle sharing, a noted college did a statistical survey of two- hundred known needle sticks in a medical environment. Out of two-hundred contaminated needle sticks across the U. With mother to child transmission can occur in utero during the last few weeks of pregnancy or at childbirth. Unfortunately, breast feeding has its own chances of infection. The lowest form of HIV transmission is through the field of tattooing and piercing.

To date, there have been no known cases transmitted through body modification. There are minor treatments with breakthroughs everyday. Please, as an artist, do your job and help continue the fact that the lowest area of transmission is the body modification industry.

Chlamydia There are initially three types of Chlamydia: Trachomatis, Muridarum, and Suis. Trachomatis is the only one of concern in regards to body modification. Chlamydia Trachomatis causes eye and genital disease, and is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases.

A little fewer than three million cases of Chlamydia occur in the US each year. Most women that have contracted the disease will show no symptoms or even know they contracted it.

Chlamydia is curable with the proper antibiotics, however, if not caught it is the number one cause of preventable blindness in the world.

Some of the symptoms of this form of Chlamydia include Pelvic Inflammatory Disease PID which means infection to the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. If not treated, PID can lead to scarring of the reproductive organs, difficulty getting pregnant, and difficulties during pregnancy such as, entopic or a tubal pregnancy.

One of the major drawbacks to this infection is that women with Chlamydia are more that five times more likely to be infected with HIV.

Some of the more noticeable symptoms are abdominal pain, painful urination, painful intercourse, vaginal bleeding, fever, and a thick white cervical discharge. Men are much more likely to show symptoms of Chlamydia such as, painful urination, sore or swollen testacies, fever, and a clear milky discharge from the penis. If not properly treated, for men, it may cause permanent sterility in as soon as 6 weeks. Staph is a common bacterium that lives on the skin and inside the nose of almost every person in the world.

Staph is the leading cause of bacterial infection to small wounds or abrasions. This is something that can be avoided very easily among the tattoo industry; Anti-Bacterial Soap.

Once Staph is introduced to a sight, usually the best Medication recommended is a mild antibiotic prescription.

However, if not treated Staph infections can get much worse and lead to rapid weight loss and muscle depletion, sometimes taking up to half a year till full recovery. Due to its production of cretin enzymes that attack the antibodies themselves, the antibiotics are rendered completely useless. This particular strain has to be treated with antibiotics such as Glycopeptides.

There are many problems with these antibiotics, there are no pills. So if you find yourself the victim of MRSA, then you can expect a vacation to the hospital for a few days and an IV cocktail of antibiotics.

The reason I wanted to bring up MRSA is because last year there were a handful of cases also in the tattoo community. This "Artist" did not know how to properly take apart and clean his tattoo machine so he just didn't clean it. There were a handful of MRSA cases, all with new tattoos. The Center for Disease Control paid him a visit and matched the strain they all had to his machine.

Needless to say he won't be tattooing for a long time. This is a clear example of how much pain and suffering you can cause from simply cutting corners. You must perform your job to the best of your ability, but if your ability isn't enough then go flip burgers.

There are 20 known antibiotics in medical use, 5 of which have a standing chance against MRSA. If you miss one single dose, then the MRSA will have a resistance to that antibiotic; this leaves you with less choice. If you are allergic to penicillin, then you can only use two antibiotics to start with. Chapter 5. Tattoo Sterilization Sterilization means by definition, that you make any object, including surfaces, free of germs or bacteria.

Technically this is impossible. There are so many germs out there that as soon as something touches the air it is contaminated. If you autoclave sterilize something and leave it alone, after a period of time it becomes un-sterile again.

If you can kill these guys then the others are already dead. Your hands are the number one place to defend the most. No one realizes just how easy it is to infect yourself. How many times a day do you touch your face and not think about it?

Do you always remember to wash your hands before you eat? Do you think about your hands when getting a piece of gum? Wash your hands properly. Wash with anti-bacterial soap. Always wash all the way to your elbow, and rinse from the elbow to the tips of your fingers. What good is washing your hands if you hold your hands up and all that bacteria rolls right back down your arms.

Hep is the quickest guy to get. Almost anything you touch in the studio can possibly have Hep on it. You do a tattoo and your client needs to use the restroom. He gets up and walks through the lobby to the restroom and closes the door. He touched the door frame for the tattoo room, the handle and door to the restroom; the sink handle, the toilet when he flushes, and maybe the counter on his way back out. All of those places now have Hep. You spray the tattoo and it gets on your pants and the floor.

You walk through the shop, touch the same door frame and the same knob to the restroom, then you touch yourself to do your business. You wash your hands so they are clean but when you turn off the water you put it right back on from when he touched the sink first.

Now you have Hepatitis on the floor, all over the shop, the tattoo chair, the door frame, the restroom handle, the toilet, the door knob, the sink, your shoes, your hands, your privates, and your face because everyone touches their face.

Damn that spread quick. Now your significant other has Hep because they kiss you and then they kissed your kid goodnight, now they have it too. What the hell do I do now? Rubbing alcohol will not kill Hepatitis or HIV. The only thing alcohol will kill is bacteria, not viruses. Rubbing alcohol is not the answer.

There are a few chemical solutions you can buy from a tattoo supply company. They all have different names but they are called germicidal solutions. Usually these chemicals are pretty expensive as well. About all of them come in one gallon jugs and are concentrated. To get them to work right you have to measure just right and then when you spray them on, they have to sit for up to twenty minutes to be affective. This sounds like a lot of crap to me.

The best and the cheapest thing you can use is good, old fashioned bleach and water. Bleach and water are good for surfaces. Never use them on skin and never try to sterilize needles, only surfaces. You can use bleach and water to clean a tattoo machine, but you have to clean the bleach back off because it causes oxidation, which makes metal rust.

What is bleach? Chlorine is basically table salt. Bleach is salt water that has been changed by a chemical reaction started with electricity. Bleach is technically a solution of sodium salt hydroxide mixed with water in a 5. Chlorine is also used to treat swimming pools and the water you drink everyday. This means it kills the bad guys. When chlorine reacts to water it actually produces a mild hydrochloric acid.

This is why straight bleach on your cloths before you wash them will eat a hole. When you clean any body fluids with bleach you want to dilute it with water. A dilution of 1: Then dry the area. If you don't dry the area you will get a nice white coating on everything.

Bleach does have a very strong smell so you want to be careful and make sure the area is well ventilated. Bleach and water of the same dilution will be fine for mop water as well. Also, if you use the large plastic spray bottles from say Wal-mart, you will need to replace them about every two months or so. The bleach causes the spring in the handle to rust can eventually break. The floor is a large concern in a tattoo shop. The first thing you want to do is sterilize your floor.

A lot of products are on the market for cleaning floors, but the best thing I have found for killing germs and disease is just bleach and water. Bleach and water does a great job, however it will not make your floor look all nice and pretty.

In the tattoo industry we use a lot of pigments that are very strong and very similar to ink so it will stain the floor very easy. We also use a purple carbon copy paper to transfer the design to the human skin; this carbon gets on everything and is a devil to get back off. I have tried almost every name brand product out there, even down to raw acetone. Nothing seems to get the pigment and the purple carbon up except for one product, tile cleaner.

You want to use the tile cleaner that foams up when you spray it. My best guess is that it gets down in the cracks and the pigment and carbon float out on top of the chemical. A small drop of pigment will make a colorful puddle more than a foot wide.

After you spray just let it soak a minute or so and mop away the nasty. Again this is a pungent chemical and you should always open the windows or make sure you can get plenty of fresh air while you work. Make sure to mop well under all counters and around all sinks. Get every spot you can. Any time you use a new chemical always do a test spot. Some chemicals like acetone might eat a hole in your tattoo chair, so test first. Your tattoo station should be a small desk so you can move it easily for cleaning.

I personally use an upright tool chest, the kind with a cabinet under it, for my pigments and supplies. These tool chests are on wheels and move very easily for cleaning. Every tattoo station should have its own room and its own sink.

The sink is one of the dirtiest places in a tattoo shop. You need to keep it clean because this is also where will wash your hands the most. The meaning of which is to show that the tattooedprisoner was an informant and also symbolized they have been sexuallyassaulted by another prisoner.

Fairy-The fairy is a mystical creature most use as a symbol of their childhood. The oldest meaning behind a fairy tattoo is that fairies would often grantwishes to the ones that could catch them making all the captors dreams cometrue while causing more problems then they helped. The Irish later referred tothem as leprechauns.

Fans- Most think that a tattoo of an oriental fan is a sign of beauty due to thegeisha that never leaves hers behind, but in fact it is a tool to ward off evil. Fish- Fish tattoos are often viewed as a sign of fertility, this is not entirelywrong. The Celtic Salmon of wisdom might say other wise though. In theJapanese culture, the Koi fish is a symbol of strength and beauty.

The Koi was aplain fish till the Japanese bread them to be bright colors, and the legend ofthe Koi is that every Japanese dragon started as a Koi fish that had to jumpover a rainbow to change into a dragon. Flags- Flags today are a symbol of patriotism, getting an American flag tattoosupports your country.

In the past, other cultures would get a flag tattooed of arival country to show disrespect and that the country the flag belonged to wasan enemy. Fleur de Lis- The Fleur de Lis might be the same symbol we use for the boyscouts, but it really is a sign of the French Monarchy, and so represents liberty.

Ganesh- Ganesh is the Hindu god that has a head of the elephant. Themeaning of her as a tattoo is that of Protection and righteousness.

Gecko Lizard- The gecko lizard is a sign of regrowth and survival instinct do toits ability to loose its tail and later re-grow it in order to distract an enemy tosave its own life. Grapes- Grapes are a symbol of the Greek goddess of wine named Dionysus.

When you see someone sporting a grape vine up there leg thinking it meansgrowth, they are really telling you they are a drunk. Griffin- A griffin is a mythological animal passed on from the Middle Easternreligion called Zoroastrianism, but was later used by the Christian church as asymbol of the two sides of Christ. The Eye of Horus- Horus was an Egyptian god whose symbol is the left eye.

Horus is the god of war and protection. Any one thought to have the symboltattoo was believed to be protected by Horus himself during combat. The Eye of Rah- Rah is the Egyptian god of the sun symbolized by the righteye or opposite the eye of Horus. The symbol of Rah means you warship life orcreation of life. Kokopelli- The Kokopelli is thought by most cultures to be a messenger of. What they don't tellyou is the most of the actual depictions of the Kokopelli is adorned with verylarge male genitailia.

It's actually an Indian sign of fertility. Lotus Flower- The lotus flower is often mistaken for a sign of beauty.

Thelotus flower is a very pretty flower that grows in mercky and muddy water; it isa sign of spiritual purity through advertisement. Spider Web- Some say the spider web on the elbow is a symbol of taking alife. The true meaning of the spider web tattoo is more for the bikers, it's asymbol of crashing a motor cycle in hopes that the spider webs will catch themthe next time to keep the rider out of harm, figuratively that is. Those are some of the image meanings I thought you would be surprisedabout.

There are just so many images to name, I can't even think of a fourth ofthem. Here are some more standard tattoo meanings for images we see everyday. Hopefully you will get a few ideas of be able to use this to better assistyour clients on finding the tattoo for them. Anchor- Safety, hope and salvation, planting ones own roots such as having afamily.

Angel - Protection, guardians, keepers of dreamsBat - Longevity, happiness, mysteryBear- Good nature, good luck, also ignoranceBull - Fertility, power and strengthButterfly - Spiritual immortality, temporary element of lifeCentaur - Knowledge and nature, spirit of womanhoodChain - If broken it means freedom.

If intact-slaveryClown - Laughter, tears, uncertainties. IllusionFeather - Creativity, rebirth and spiritual elevationFrog — Positive symbol of pregnancy, Also a symbol of change in ones own lifeHawk - Self-disciplineHeart - Love, provided it is neither bloody nor torn into piecesHorse - Friend to man, kingshipLeaf - Joy, rebirthLion - Might, awareness, immortality, braveryMermaid - Temptation, seduction, materialismMonkey - Wisdom, knowledge, or evil powersMoon - Varied rhythms of lifePhoenix - Rebirth, Rising from ones own ashesReaper - Death or one has faced deathRose - Fertility, pagan sign for womanhoodScarab - Strength and rebirthSkull - Courage, Death, Poison.

Warmth, nurturingSword - Represents justice, honor, energyTiger - Fierceness, strength and powerTurtle - Fertility, long lifeUnicorn - Chastity and purity; unattainableWolf - On the hunt, One's own wild sideYinYang - Harmony and totality versus Evil and chaos, also is a symbol ofbalance.

Chapter 3 Lifestyle The problem is that thanks to television and most tattoo magazineseveryone thinks that being a tattoo artist is like being a rock star without theguitars. Sorry to tell you the truth, but here it is.

There will always be thebiker tattoo shops that give ink for blow jobs. It's sad but true. These guys area joke to the industry. These are the guys that everyone is laughing at andmaking fun of, often to there face. These are the same people that tattoo fordrugs, or are only concerned with there bank account.

Yes you can make a lotof money tattooing. If you cut corners on supplies and equipment, and yourob every client that walks in your door. If you do that then your clients willonly walk in and back out once in their life. There are too many real artist outthere these days that will take your clients and treat them right.

What does it take to be a real tattoo artist? It takes dedication. Thismeans no drugs or alcohol. This means bed by ten every night. Bars, clubs,and strip joints all off limits. You have to be able to push yourself to a higherlevel. As you progress, everyone will praise your work and tell you how greatyou are.

This is hard work. You will ruin relationships. Marriages willcome and go. You have a slim and none chance of finding a significant otherthat will understand what you do. Most will just get jealous and fight withyou, or just leave. You will see the worst of people and you have to look forthe best.

You will want to quit. After all the stress, and frustration, you stillhave to say no to drugs and alcohol. You have to dedicate your mind, yourheart, soul, and your body to the one thing you want most. Professionalathletes don't have shit on us.

Sounds shitty, why would anyone ever want this job? Tattooing is thegreatest job on earth. You get to do things that most people would die justwatching. You get to leave your mark on life. Tattooing is true life afterdeath. Every person you tattoo on will remember who you are if you treatthem right. They will tell your story to there grandchildren after you are longgone. Your artwork will live, walk, and talk to hundreds of people long afteryour death.

This isn't a painting. It's not paper. You get to build something and watch it growlarger than life. Unlike a building, it can never be torn down, unlike music, itcan never be forgotten. You will truly help people. These days in a worldwith so much pain and so many problems, we all need help coping. Tattooingis addictive more so than any drug. The reason is that it makes it all better. Your major problemsseem dull in comparison. The ones that get work on a regular basis are whatwe call collectors.

To a collector you are their family. You get to know them so well thatyou will become friends with many of your clients. Several of my clients haveasked to attend my upcoming wedding, and I will be honored if they attend. You will truly make an impact on the lives of everyone you touch. Throughconversation and hard work, tattooing to a collector is better than anytherapy they could ever have.

Done the right way, and for the right reasons,you will be a part of something that is so much bigger than you. Tattooconventions are gatherings where hundreds of people flock to show off theirwork and to get new work. When you walk through the door, it feels like aparadise. Herds of people that think and feel just the way you do and all ofthem welcoming you like a long lost relative.

So what does the hard work do,you get to be something that only five or ten percent of the world will everbe, whole. You find your place in life and truly belong somewhere. Onceachieved, you can never have that taken away from you. This to metranslates to respect, loyalty, and appreciated by many. All the while getting. You won't get rich,but if done right you will be able to support your family and not have to doanything else but tattoo for the rest of your life if you so choose.

Here are therules and code of a true tattoo artist. Following these rules is the differencebetween a Scratcher and an artist. Tattoo Artist CodeNo drugs or alcohol, keep a clear head. If you want a mate, keep a good relationship. Live your reputation: No bars, No clubs, what people see of you is whoyou are to them.

Be a part of your community. You must show respect at all times. Be polite to everyone, answerquestions no matter how childish they may seem. Help a stranger at leastonce a day. Respect your self. Dress well, not grungy. Clean clothes, well kepthair. You can still look like a tattoo artist but don't smell as bad as theyexpect you to.

You are trying to be a medical professional. Take care of you hands! They are your biggest tools. No fighting, No SkateBoarding, No wounds of any kind. A cut on your fingers is an open door for youto get a disease. Taking care of your hands can save your life. Get sleep and eat well. You need eight hours of sleep every night beforeyou work.

You have to be rested. Anyone that has tattooed can tell you that itis physically demanding work. Be healthy. Know when to stop. This is a field of great perfection. It takes dedication,and sacrifice. It's not for everyone. If you can't do it then have enough respectfor the ones that work there whole life to be able to. Don't just do some ofthe things. Don't pick and choose. All or none. Tattoo artist, not tattoo copyistNever talk bad about another artist or shop.

Better to be presumed a. Do custom work once. If you design a piece for some one then give it tothem and them alone.

Never over charge. Just because you think someone will pay more does notgive you the right to charge that much. Not everyone knows what a tattoo isworth. Don't prey on the uninformed. Never lie to your patron.

If you've been tattooing for a year don't tell themten. They will respect you more for the truth, and never come back for alie. Never cut corners. Remember, the next one in the chair could be yourwife, child, mother, or you.

Be clean and safe. Take a Zen moment. Never rush, take your time and do your best.

The Black Book of Tattooing

It doesnot matter how many people are in line, you can only tattoo one at a time. Before every tattoo take a minute before you start to center yourselfand calm down. If you smoke cigarettes, then smoke. If you meditate then dothat. Just take the time. Never get personally evolved with a client. If you try to sleep with yourclients then you will get that reputation and others will view you as a joke. Your job as anartist is to make the client comfortable not to flirt or satisfy your sexualwants.

Themost important thing you have to know is sterilization. These are the basicDiseases and Bacteria you have to guard against in the area of tattooing andpiercing both.

These are just the most common. If you can guard against these, theneverything else will be taken care of as well. Something I would like to pointout is that bacterial infections do not come from tattoo shops. You alwayshear about some chick saying her tattoo from such and such shop got infectedso they suck. They might suck, but they did not give you an infection. Bacteria grows on the skin naturally. Everyone has it.

If you take a person andremove every bit of hair, skin, meat, blood, and bone you will have an exactreplica standing in front of you made out of bacteria. This is right after theyget out of the shower. I know, Sexy huh?

The point is that a bacterialinfection is the massing together of bacteria. The difference between bacteriaand a virus is you can cure bacteria, and only treat viruses. Diseases areviruses. Ok, so what does that mean? Well, it means that the chick with theinfected tattoo did not take care of her tattoo. When you don't treat awound, bacteria will grow. Washing it kills them. If the bacteria has beenthere long enough for her tattoo to get infected then she has not been takingcare of it.

Now she's trying to blame some poor shop for her being lazy. In thethirteen years I have tattooed, I have only seen three infected tattoos inperson. The first was an allergic reaction to the metal the needle was madefrom, this is very rare.

Tattoo shops don't give out bacterial infections. Tattoo shops need to worryabout diseases. If you got a tattoo and now you have Hepatitis, then go to thehealth department and register a complaint. Just remember that it can takeany where from six to twelve months for a virus like Hep or HIV to show up ona test, and you have a better chance of being hit by an airplane while walkingon the sidewalk then you do of getting a disease from a properly ran tattooshop.

So how do we get such a good record It's what we do. You always hear about these diseases but no one really knows whatthey do or how they are really spread.

All blood born pathogens are spread bytwo ways, Direct and Indirect contact. Direct contact means that contact isblood to blood or seamen to blood. An example of direct contact isunprotected sex. I can't tell you how many times I have heard people say youcan't get Hepatitis from a blow job, it kills me.

Fighting is also form of directcontact. You hit someone and cut your hand open while wounding them, youmix blood. Contrary to popular belief anal and oral sex can pass disease justas easily as intercourse.

Another form of direct contact would be if you gotsomeone's blood in your eyes. This means if you see someone spraying bloodat a car accident the best thing you can do to help is call , not rush overand swim in his pr her blood. Not very chivalrous, but at least you get to live ahealthy life. A good example of this in a tattoo shop is the spray water bottle.

Mostartist spray a tattoo with water to clear away blood and excess ink during theprocess. This is very wrong. I even catch myself doing it every once in a while. The force from the water leaving the bottle will push the blood and it'scontaminates into the air.

The worstform of direct contact in a tattoo shop is a failure with a glove. We as artistswear latex gloves to guard against contamination. Every one gets loosecuticles on there fingers. The little piece of skin at the top of your fingernailthat gets sore and sometimes bleeds is called a cuticle.

If a glove has a smallhole in it and blood makes contact with that little, tiny sore, you have beeninfected. Now here is some food for thought.

They use this to seal the tattoo whilethey are working on it. Not only is it completely unnecessary, but it'sdangerous. If you remember high school health class, they always tell you tonever use oil based lubricants with condoms.

Oil breaks down thecomposition of latex. This means that the condom won't work anymore. Latexgloves are no exception. The ointments are oil based and the gloves are latex. That means that those guys are tearing down the only thing that separatesyou and them. But how sure are you of them being clean if they have tattooed for years? Well maybe they change gloves often enough for it not to have time to breakdown.

Latex is no longer a disease barrier after three minutes of oilexposure. After three minutes, you might as well have unprotected sex withthe old biker guy that just did your tattoo. Many artistalso use Nitrile or Vinyl gloves, so there ok right? No, Nitrile and vinyl do lastlonger with oil exposure, but they only last twenty minutes at best. So eitherway oil based is bad. Next we have Indirect Contact.

Indirect contact is contaminationthrough a middle man. Say I have a cut, and then mop the floor. Blood is acommon thing to mop up in a tattoo shop, although it's in small amounts andusually mixed with pigment or water from over spray.

The blood on the flooris contaminated and gets on the mop. I mop and it gets in my cut, presto;Hepatitis. Another example is a contaminated dirty needle being stuck in anuncontaminated person. So if someone uses an old tattoo needle or youaccidentally stick yourself and pass a disease you have indirect contact. Another form of indirect contact is if a tattoo artist runs out of pigment ink during a tattoo. If they just grab the bottle with a bloody glove and refill thecap then that blood is on the outside of that bottle.

It won't take long for it towork its way inside, contaminating the entire bottle. Most shops only. This means they usually share pigments to save onmoney. The average bottle of pigment will last for a hundred or more tattoos. That means from that one small action, more than a hundred people will havea disease. Indirect contact is the most common contamination method in atattoo shop.

The hot spots to watch are the sinks, the tattoo chairs, and thecounter tops at the work stations. If these are not cleaned well enough thenyou have contamination. Now you know how disease is spread. The action ofspreading is called Cross-Contamination. This means that you have acontaminate introduced in a non-contaminated area. So the person that grabsthe pigment bottle with bloody gloves on TV is nationally making himself orherself into a hazard for everyone to see. Hepatitis Hepatitis is a viral disease that affects the liver.

It is mainlycharacterized by the presence of inflammatory cells in the liver. AcuteHepatitis is when it last for six months and chronic is when it last for muchlonger. Any Infection of the liver or inflammation of the liver is known ashepatitis, but the ones we need to be worried about are specific viruses thataffect the liver differently.

Jaundice is usually a later effect that indicates massive liverdamage. We turn yellow because our bodies cannot flush away the waste weneed to expel. Basically Hepatitis causes us to drown in our own bile. Hep A isusually transmitted through contaminated food. There is a vaccine that canprevent Hep A for life. Hep A can pass like the flu.

Heb B is transmittedthrough sex, tattoos, piercings, and breastfeeding. Hepatitis B can be treatedbut not cured, although there is also vaccine.

Hepatitis B is responsible for. It can betransmitted through blood, sex, and can also cross the placenta infecting anunborn child.

There is some treatment, but notcure. Hepatitis D can only grow if you have Hep B already. It's basically thestage of B that kills you. Hep E is similar to hep A but more common amongpregnant women. The scary partof viruses is that each time someone contracts one, it changes slightly. If somany people contract it then each time it changes into something new, andworse.

Take the time to clean and sterilize properly, the life you save mightbe yours. Basically HIV attacks your immune system. This means that youdon't die of HIV, you die of the flu or a splinter in your toe. It is the most destructive illness in the history of theworld. In alone it killed , children. A person with HIV can remainhealthy for many years, spreading the disease without ever knowing it.

The transmition of HIV is most commonthrough unprotected sex. Though it is highly possible to contract the diseasethrough needle sharing, a noted college did a statistical survey of two-hundred known needle sticks in a medical environment. Out of two-hundredcontaminated needle sticks across the U. With mother to child transmission can occur in uteroduring the last few weeks of pregnancy or at childbirth.

Without treatment,. Unfortunately, breast feeding has its ownchances of infection. The lowest form of HIV transmission is through the fieldof tattooing and piercing. To date, there have been no known casestransmitted through body modification.

There areminor treatments with breakthroughs everyday. Please, as an artist, do yourjob and help continue the fact that the lowest area of transmission is thebody modification industry. Chlamydia There are initially three types of Chlamydia: Trachomatis, Muridarum,and Suis. Trachomatis is the only one of concern in regards to bodymodification. Chlamydia Trachomatis causes eye and genital disease, and isone of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. A little fewer thanthree million cases of Chlamydia occur in the US each year.

Most women thathave contracted the disease will show no symptoms or even know theycontracted it. Chlamydia is curable with the proper antibiotics, however, ifnot caught it is the number one cause of preventable blindness in the world. Some of the symptoms of this form of Chlamydia include Pelvic InflammatoryDisease PID which means infection to the uterus, fallopian tubes, andovaries. If not treated, PID can lead to scarring of the reproductive organs,difficulty getting pregnant, and difficulties during pregnancy such as, entopicor a tubal pregnancy.

One of the major drawbacks to this infection is thatwomen with Chlamydia are more that five times more likely to be infectedwith HIV.

Some of the more noticeable symptoms are abdominal pain, painfulurination, painful intercourse, vaginal bleeding, fever, and a thick whitecervical discharge. Men are much more likely to show symptoms of Chlamydiasuch as, painful urination, sore or swollen testacies, fever, and a clear milkydischarge from the penis.

If not properly treated, for men, it may causepermanent sterility in as soon as 6 weeks. Staph is a common bacterium that lives on the skin and inside thenose of almost every person in the world. Staph is the leading cause ofbacterial infection to small wounds or abrasions. This is something that can beavoided very easily among the tattoo industry; Anti-Bacterial Soap. OnceStaph is introduced to a sight, usually the best Medication recommended is amild antibiotic prescription.

However, if not treated Staph infections can getmuch worse and lead to rapid weight loss and muscle depletion, sometimestaking up to half a year till full recovery. Due to its productionof cretin enzymes that attack the antibodies themselves, the antibiotics arerendered completely useless. This particular strain has to be treated with antibiotics such asGlycopeptides. There are many problems with these antibiotics, there are nopills.

So if you find yourself the victim of MRSA, then you can expect avacation to the hospital for a few days and an IV cocktail of antibiotics. Thereason I wanted to bring up MRSA is because last year there were ahandful of cases also in the tattoo community.

There were a handful of MRSA cases, all with new tattoos. The Center forDisease Control paid him a visit and matched the strain they all had to hismachine. Needless to say he won't be tattooing for a long time. This is a clearexample of how much pain and suffering you can cause from simply cuttingcorners.

You must perform your job to the best of your ability, but if yourability isn't enough then go flip burgers. There are 20 knownantibiotics in medical use, 5 of which have a standing chance against MRSA.

Ifyou miss one single dose, then the MRSA will have a resistance to thatantibiotic; this leaves you with less choice. If you are allergic to penicillin,then you can only use two antibiotics to start with. Chapter 5 Tattoo Sterilization Sterilization means by definition, that you make any object, includingsurfaces, free of germs or bacteria.

Technically this is impossible. There areso many germs out there that as soon as something touches the air it iscontaminated. If youautoclave sterilize something and leave it alone, after a period of time itbecomes un-sterile again.

If you can kill these guys then the others arealready dead. Your hands arethe number one place to defend the most. No one realizes just how easy it isto infect yourself. How many times a day do you touch your face and notthink about it? Do you always remember to wash your hands before you eat? Do you think about your hands when getting a piece of gum? Wash your handsproperly. Wash with anti-bacterial soap. Always wash all the way to yourelbow, and rinse from the elbow to the tips of your fingers.

What good iswashing your hands if you hold your hands up and all that bacteria rolls rightback down your arms. Hep is the quickest guy to get. Almost anything you touch in the studiocan possibly have Hep on it.

You do a tattoo and your client needs to use therestroom. He gets up and walks through the lobby to the restroom and closesthe door. People always. Hetouched the door frame for the tattoo room, the handle and door to therestroom; the sink handle, the toilet when he flushes, and maybe the counteron his way back out.

All of those places now have Hep. You spray the tattoo andit gets on your pants and the floor. Youwalk through the shop, touch the same door frame and the same knob to therestroom, then you touch yourself to do your business. You wash your handsso they are clean but when you turn off the water you put it right back onfrom when he touched the sink first. Now you have Hepatitis on the floor, allover the shop, the tattoo chair, the door frame, the restroom handle, thetoilet, the door knob, the sink, your shoes, your hands, your privates, andyour face because everyone touches their face.

Damn that spread quick. Nowyour significant other has Hep because they kiss you and then they kissed yourkid goodnight, now they have it too. What the hell do I do now? Rubbing alcohol will not kill Hepatitis or HIV. The onlything alcohol will kill is bacteria, not viruses. Rubbing alcohol is not theanswer. There are a few chemical solutions you can buy from a tattoo supplycompany. They all have different names but they are called germicidalsolutions. Usually these chemicals are pretty expensive as well.

About all ofthem come in one gallon jugs and are concentrated. To get them to workright you have to measure just right and then when you spray them on, theyhave to sit for up to twenty minutes to be affective.

This sounds like a lot ofcrap to me. The best and the cheapest thing you can use is good, oldfashioned bleach and water. Bleach and water are good for surfaces. Neveruse them on skin and never try to sterilize needles, only surfaces. You canuse bleach and water to clean a tattoo machine, but you have to clean thebleach back off because it causes oxidation, which makes metal rust.

What is bleach? Chlorine is basicallytable salt. Bleach is salt water that has been changed by a chemical reactionstarted with electricity. Bleach is technically a solution of sodium salt hydroxide mixed with water in a 5.

Chlorine is also used to treatswimming pools and the water you drink everyday. This means it kills the bad guys. When chlorine reacts to waterit actually produces a mild hydrochloric acid. This is why straight bleach onyour cloths before you wash them will eat a hole.

When you clean any bodyfluids with bleach you want to dilute it with water. A dilution of 1: Then dry the area. If you don'tdry the area you will get a nice white coating on everything. Bleach doeshave a very strong smell so you want to be careful and make sure the area iswell ventilated. Bleach and water of the same dilution will be fine for mopwater as well. Also, if you use the large plastic spray bottles fromsay Wal-mart, you will need to replace them about every two months or so.

The bleach causes the spring in the handle to rust can eventually break.. The floor is a large concern in a tattoo shop. The first thing you want to do is sterilize yourfloor.

A lot of products are on the market for cleaning floors, but the bestthing I have found for killing germs and disease is just bleach and water. Bleach and water does a great job, however it will not make your floor lookall nice and pretty. In the tattoo industry we use a lot of pigments that arevery strong and very similar to ink so it will stain the floor very easy. We alsouse a purple carbon copy paper to transfer the design to the human skin; thiscarbon gets on everything and is a devil to get back off.

I have tried almostevery name brand product out there, even down to raw acetone. Nothingseems to get the pigment and the purple carbon up except for one product,tile cleaner. You want to use the tile cleaner that foams up when you spray it. My best guess is that it gets down in the cracks and the pigment and carbonfloat out on top of the chemical. A small drop ofpigment will make a colorful puddle more than a foot wide. After you sprayjust let it soak a minute or so and mop away the nasty. Again this is a pungentchemical and you should always open the windows or make sure you can getplenty of fresh air while you work.

Make sure to mop well under all countersand around all sinks. Get every spot you can. Any time you use a newchemical always do a test spot. Some chemicals like acetone might eat a holein your tattoo chair, so test first. Your tattoo station should be a small desk so you can move it easily forcleaning. I personally use an upright tool chest, the kind with a cabinet underit, for my pigments and supplies.

These tool chests are on wheels and movevery easily for cleaning. Every tattoo station should have its own room and itsown sink. The sink is one of the dirtiest places in a tattoo shop. You need tokeep it clean because this is also where will wash your hands the most. Aneasy way to get around the knob thing is, go down to your local hardwarestore and get a hands free sink valve.

There are a few different types.

Of tattooing blackbook pdf the

Themore expensive ones are foot or knee switches that turn the water on for you. These are great because you never haveto touch the knobs. You set the water as you wish and when you are ready towash your hands you simply move the bar to one side or the other as you washyour hands. When you take your hands out of the sink the bar returns to itsplace blocking off the water flow.

These kits cost about ten to fifteen dollars. Remember to keep your sink clean with the bleach water at all times. Afterevery tattoo cleaning the sink should be part of your process. The best thing to use is a smalldesk with a smooth surface. You want the surface light in color so you can seeany type of pigment or blood. Wood is a bad idea because the blood andpigment will soak into it and you will not be able to keep it clean.

You wantplenty of lighting. An upright floor lamp at the corner you will be workingfrom and a desk top lamp should do the trick. The best way to be sterile is byremoving as many things from the table as you can.

The spray bottles you willbe using should be plastic and you should have one for bleach and water,alcohol, witch hazel, saline, water, glycerin, and green soap mixed withwater. Each will serve a later purpose. Above your work station you should bya towel bar, like for the bathroom.

It should also be light in color; I think thesquare chrome is the best. This is for you to hang your spray bottles by theirtriggers.

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Your sharps container should be on the floor under your station awayfrom where anyone might get accidentally stuck. The less you have on yourwork station the more sterile your environment will be. You should have aseparate stand or table for your pigment bottles at least five foot away fromyour work station to avoid cross contamination. Wall shelving would also workfor this.

All of these surfaces should be cleaned on a regular basis. You shouldremove all of the pigment bottles and clean under them as well. Some artistslike to use what is called an ultrasonic cleaner. The vibration shakesloose any biological matter like blood from the tubes and clamps. In the past Ihave seen a few artists use these to wash the ink out of the tube during atattoo. This is a very bad practice; you cannot properly sanitize this machine. Only use an ultrasonic cleaner prior to autoclaving, and always keep it awayfrom your station.

Make sure to read all instructions of any piece forequipment you plan to use. Your tattoo chair should also be light in color. The best chairs are theones made specifically for the use of tattooing. Due to this reason I personally use a barber chair for the upright tattoos suchas arms, and a full size massage table for the lay downs like legs and backs.

All chairs should be cleaned on opening, after every tattoo, and again rightbefore closing.

Make sure to get in all the little places, in between the. Anystools, or arm rests that may be used should be treated with the same care. This leads us to instrument care. There are a lot of tools that are involvedwith tattooing. Obviously, you have a machine, which will have is owncleaning section in this book.

You will also have to clean your bottles, footswitch, power supply, and clip cord after every tattoo. Forgetting a single oneof these could lead to a lot of problems for everyone. Anything that is used ina tattoo needs to be cleaned or thrown away. Any ink pens that you may useon a person for drawing must be used once and thrown away. Never use reusable towels. Always usestandard paper towels while tattooing. Some of them have printed designs onthem, while some artist will tell you the ones with designs will bleed colorinto your tattoo.

All stencilsneed to be used once and thrown away, and all razors need to be used onceand thrown away. Something else is tubes. A tattooing tube is made ofmetal. The idea is that it holds the needle while we tattoo. Everyone is so concerned with a tattoo shop using new needles but no oneever thinks about the tubes.

They come into as much contact with blood as aneedle. Most shops use these metal tubes and re-clean them for further use. They are expensive about six bucks a pop so they reuse them anywhere fromone-thousand to fifteen-hundred times before replacing them.

Most shops also reuse their needle bars. A tattoo needleis really two parts, the needle bar that fits onto the machine and a needlehead that penetrates the skin.

Most shops use the needles, cut off the headsand solder new heads on the old bars. Again, the needle bar comes in just asmuch contact with blood as the needle head and tube does. An autoclave is a machine that uses heat and pressure to kill germs.

This bag or pouch has an indicatorstrip on it that changes color when sterilization has been reached. Alwaysread the color change area for what color it was, and what color it should be. A dry heat oven that does not use pressure, achem-clave named for its use of a pre-made sterilizing chemical, and an. Most hospitals have a sixweek course to learn how to properly use one of these while tattoo shops areonly required to read the instructions.

You have to pre-clean the tube makingsure that all biological matter is gone, and know how to properly run theautoclave before you have sterilization. This means that you have to trustsomeone that works in a tattoo shop with your life. There are new advancements to the industry everyday. It comes pre-sterilized and pre-packaged. You open it, you use it, and you throw it away. Ihave used hundreds of them honest, they work just fine.

Although metal tubesdo seem to be a little better for grey wash. They are not as heavy so yourhand will not ware out as quickly and are about a dollar each. The samecompany makes pre-sterilized and pre packaged needles cheaper than thecost of making your own. Very few shops make there own needles any more. Always do research and learn asmuch as you can about your environment as well as the dangers it may havevirally.

What little bit I went over is nothing compared to what you need toknow. Chapter 6 Clients and Competition The next thing you need to know is about your clients. First, above allelse, cover your ass. Another thing I would like to add; is keep good records. In theend, if something happens, it will save your ass. Also, be nice to yoursanitarian.

Keep your records filed in order by name or month. Nothing ismore aggravating then having to look for a consent form. Don't be scared ofthe health department, they are good people trying to help everyone. Thepacket is totally free and it has lots of good information inside aboutsterilization. It also has a list of everything you need to open a studio,including all of the proper paper work. In this packet you will find a genericversion of a liability form consent form.

Use this as a guide to make yourown, don't just copy it. You need to put your name and information on it or itwill not hold up in court.

This form releases all liabilityfrom them suing you. Although you should know that this does not clear youwith the health department from being legally responsible on there end. Always get your client to sign the release form before you ever touch them. Now say you work in a shop and some one walks in for a tattoo. The fact isthat most people walk in to ask questions. Your job is to answer them to thebest of your ability.

You can't be a smart ass, and you can't ignore them. Theycame in so that means they want to talk to someone. You can not just think.

You will loose business. The truth is almost no one knows what they want when they come in for atattoo. So you have to pry a little and find out what they are looking for, andwhy they want the tattoo. Some one comes in and says they want a set of angel wings and a halofor their friend that died, and then you know they are not looking forsomething dark and sinister. This part is common since. Don't try to talk aschool teacher into a skull and biker logo.

Use your eyes, see what kind ofperson they are and go from there. If you try to talk some gothic kid into a setof roses, they are going to laugh and walk out. The hardest thing for me toteach a student is common sense.