eventh Editfio How to Study in College Special Edition for Mesa State College Seventh Edition Walter Pauk Houghton Mifflin Company Boston New York. writing of questions sets up a perfect stage for exam-studying later. Adapted from How to Study in College 7/e by Walter Pauk, Houghton Mifflin Company. As we stated previously, the technology assists us to consistently identify that life will certainly be always much easier. Checking out book How To Study In.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Portuguese|
|Genre:||Fiction & Literature|
|ePub File Size:||19.71 MB|
|PDF File Size:||11.56 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Regsitration Required]|
How to Study in College. EIGHTH EDITION. Walter Pauk. Cornell University, Emeritus. Ross J. Q. Owens. Houghton Mifflin Company. Boston New York. How to Study in College - Walter Pauk - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online. How to Study in College - Walter Pauk. Editorial Reviews. Review. "There is no textbook as comprehensive as the Pauk [ How to Study in College] textbook! I urge students to buy the book as they.
Rockville Campus. How 3. One is that your surroundings will change. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Perhaps you know people like Keller. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Statistics
The secret is to find the right plan match the goal you have in mind. The same idea applies to your study plans. That's why the best way to come up with a plan for success is to balance wise advice with your own personal experience.
But if you used the same plan for taking lecture notes. Although his mother's plan was a good one. You can decide you want to finish a book. Without action. Although the experts can't pin down a single cause of procrastination. Adjust littl e and keep -. Other factors such as family responsibilities as well as personal triumphs and tragedies can contribute to a habit of procrastination. It is many single greatest obstacle to success. But like any other bad habit. What Prevents People from Taking Action?
Once you do have a goal action? Procra stin ation is and a what the tendency to put things to cram off. What Causes Procrastination? Experts on procrastination can find no single cause for this roadblock to it is prompted by a fear of failure. Goals and plans won't do you any good unless you take some action. Although common bad habits. It it prime source of tension.
Acis the spark that brings your goal and plan to life. If you do have a goal and a plan but you're still procrastinating. Requires confidence. Until you becomes a focused objective. Good advice and personal experience combine to create the most effective plans. Write PLAN — it it large and ambitious without down! That will often be all it takes to pull yourself out of the vicious circle of inactivity and low self-esteem and put yourself on the road to progress and success.
Prevent Procrastination? The first step in fighting procrastination is to develop a goal and a plan. There's a I've still I'll starts. This chapter would not be complete without more wisdom from Nor- man Vincent Peale. I got some time until the show can squeeze in some work before then. Make being vague. I'll have time to make I realize that I start right some changes. Dream up reasons why you can instead of why you can't. It should be and specific. On steps you'll your own Step 3.
No reservations or qualifications. The more intensely he images this before it happens. The high jumper "sees" himself skimming over the bar. Identify any academic weaknesses such as difficulty with writing papers or personal obstacles such as financial. Now look over your notes and group together similar items. List them in your own 3. Transfer this list to 2. Do not stop writ- ing to correct your spelling. Step 4. Just keep going until you've jotted down all that you can think of about your possible goals.
On a clean sheet of SVi x 11 paper.. There has to be in your mind the unshakable image of yourself succeeding at the goal you have set yourself. Select any one of these goals. I hope that by. I want you to make half a dozen copies of that sentence and put them where you'll see them at least three times a day. Jot mind. Just one strong. Nothing fuzzy or hazy. If setting worthy goals is the first step on the road to success. I want that pledge to sink down through all the levels of your conscious mind and deep into your unconscious mind.
Use brainstorming as an opportu- any goals you choose. Great athletes have always known this. Formulate each group into a goal by writing a summarizing sentence that states the main idea of each group.
The more vivid this image is. The following format-examples and four sequential steps are designed to help Step 1. UarkAfc 'Ajflt 4. Talk with your academic adviser or with a counselor in your school's career center. Don't underestimate the value of discussing your and your plans for achieving them.
Get as much feedback as you can. Repeat steps 2 to 4 for each goal you With the completed Shaping Your Future sheets in hand. Department of Neurology. Try it. By getting into the goal-setting mode. After writing out his academic goals.
Scott Solomon. I comprehend better and remember more. You'll be further ahead than if you had worked orig- Is it inally for a much lesser goal. Best of you never know your full all. Achieving small goals on the way to the primary goal is like being a marathon runner who makes the first mile on time. May I finally suggest that you peruse the vocabulary chapter Chapter 6.
In addition to the illustrations. His extreme hunger is not satisfied either. All three are necessary for suc- In regard to goals. What's the primary purpose of a goal? This is not a test. Familiar words will provide reinforcement for your existing vocabulary. You are asked to select from three options the word that most nearly reflects the meaning of the italicized word. You may select unfamiliar words for further study.
The fruit on a branch just over his head slowly rises just out of reach as his fingers extend to grasp a succulent piece.
There you'll find words pictorially presented in a way that is both highly interesting and incisively memorable. The water recedes just out of reach of his parched lips as he bends to quench his extreme thirst. The picture makes a memorable mental impression that the word tantalize means "to excite another by exposing something desirable while keeping it out of reach.
Its Do smaller intermediary goals get in the way of the primary goal? Although he is in Hades because of his crimes. You can always downsize your goal and the effort made is not wasted. Sentence completion. Complete the following sentences with one of the three words listed below each sentence. It gives you a sense of control over your life. Goals help you to develop a sense of inner affect a logically? Norman Vincent Peale? How on paper in one keep it before you so you'll roll out of bed early.
Goals also prevent you from drifting into situations. Procrastinators are always going to start tomorrow. Having a goal constantly in mind usually keeps you tensed 2.
He set forth by says. Aiming high can often be a mistake. Jcl 4. Are usually career goals 8. Procrastination d. Choose the phrase that completes each following sentence and circle the letter that precedes it. Imaging by Once can lead one to achieve goals successfully. Choosing a goal 5. Deciding on a goal A!? Stands for goal. Minor goal Usually begins with brainstorming jr. The overriding objective in choosing a goal should be the a. Write T beside the true statements and F beside the false state- ments.
The S. Writing Multiple choice. Smaller goals are necessary on the 4. From Picturesque Co. Don't let a few failures discourage you. Now Merriam-Webster. Stick to Work even harder Short answer. Explain in 2. Describe one way in "powerful and mysterious force which you would go about overcoming the habit of procrastination.
To excite another by exposing something out of reach. Over his head hung branches laden with choice fruit. He was placed in the midst of a lake whose waters reached his chin but receded whenever he attempted to allay his thirst. Merriam de-. Change or modify your goal if it isn't working out right. Reprinted by permission. King Tantalus offended the gods and was punished in an extraordinary manner.
Tantalus became the symbol of such teasing. Discuss the role of minor goals. Incentives peak gorge river are the only way to make people work harder. Nothing in the world can take the place of persistence. Soviet premier 6. Talent will not. Education will not. The slogan "Press on" has solved and always will solve the problems of the human race.
Genius will not. British statesman and prime minister 5. You can't cross a chasm in gift two small —David Lloyd George English biologist no reason for you to go through each day simThrough conscientious use of time and commonsense planning.
This chapter ticks off the important elements of time management. Time flies. You can put your time to better use by eliminating the bad habits that waste time.
The activities log in Figure 2. This chapter offers a number of suggestions that can enable you to use time more produc- spent studying. It's our day-to-day habits. A survey conducted at Fordham University in found that college freshmen spent roughly one-third of their waking hours during a idle leisure.
That's why the management of time is the number. As she lay dying. From the time you wake up to the time you go to sleep. Few have noted that more convincingly and succinctly than Queen land But the fact is that everyone is allotted the same amount of time: The second way requires you to save time by changing your habits and making the most of "hidden" time. If If you use it poorly. A good way to begin is by keeping a daily activities log. This "free typical weekday engaged in social activities or time" amounted to nearly twice the time the students And on the weekend the ratio of social and idle leisure time same group was almost six to one!
Although the students in the survey seemed to waste time routinely. You can gain extra time in two ways: The first way requires you to study more efficiently. With your day itemized on paper in this way. Statistics The way to begin doing so is to eliminate common time -wasting habits and to develop time-saving habits. Houghton Mifflin. Study while brushing teeth. Work just taken. Breakfast Look over textbook assignment and previous lecture notes to establish 9: Break too long and too soon after breakfast.
Description Paste 3x5 cards on mirror: Replace cards that have been Sleep mastered with new ones. Lunch Rework the lecture notes on economics while 2: Statistics Break is Good as a too long. Defy Parkinson's Law the time allotted. This way. Stroll around the room. Even one is too many. In one study. For each task. It is positive reinforcement that is powerful in effecting a change in behavior.
Have a special snack. Bloom et al. Each time you achieve your goal. Often the hardest part of shifting from one activity to another is just getting started. Take "Time Out" Reward yourself with regular short breaks as you work. If you fail to meet a deadline.
Learning in several small sessions. Your jottings may provide an impetus to overcome the inertia that seems to characterize the outset of a new activity. Jot Down Thoughts on a Notepad Keep a memo pad or a plain sheet paper by your side.
Take a break. And when you return to your desk. If your jottings do relate to your work. Set your alarm for the time you want to get up.
If you can't obey your alarm. Just hold back your reward and set another goal. If so. Chat with a friend. Whichever method you choose. Here is an example from the notepad of one student who. By putting them on paper. Recorded information enables you to keep studying in situations where you're moving about or your eyes are otherwise occupied. As soon as she finished her calculus.
Employ Spare-Time Thinking You can make the most of the moments by recalling the main points from the last immediately before or after class lecture as you're heading to class or by quickly recalling the points of a ture just completed as you're leaving class. Or do a problem or two in math or master some new vocabulary words as you eat a sandwich at work. Put Information on Audiocassettes Another way of using hidden time is by listening to information you've recorded on audiocassettes.
Prediction" as possible paper topic? What about "Earthquake Look up test. Tennis at 6 tonight. Soames about make-up Check Campbell book for discussion of brain laterality. If 3x5 train. Place a note card in each clip. Attach small metal or plastic clips near mirrors and on walls at eye level. Call Mr. Committing yourself to planning and keeping to a schedule can seem a bit frightening at first.
Nobel Prize winner Albert Szent-Gyorgyi said. Reprinted by permission of the Stanford Alumni Association. Many creative people know this and keep a pad and pencil near their beds. You've got a plan right in front of you. If you want to capture the ideas or solu- m do wn as soon as you produced by your subconscious.
You can start working without delay. There's no guilt either. There's less of a temptation to skip disliked subjects when study time has already been allotted for them in your schedule. There's no time wasted worrying about what to do next.
Your subconscious works while your conscious mind is resting in sleep. At the same time. There are sev- — eral benefits to a schedule. The three schedules a master schedule. If you are balancing your studies with the extra — responsibilities that come with working consuming extracurricular that underlie the plan are activity.
A schedule increases flexibility. The students who schedule time. Disorganized people often waste so much time that there's no room for flexibility. You will be able to shift smoothly from one activity to another. Although each schedule performs a different function. People who do scheduling free their time for a variety of activities and are therefore more flexible.
Plan your time in blocks. Neither worry is warranted. A They feel Yes. The people you see dashing from class to library to gym.
Despite these benefits. The master schedule serves as a basic structure for organizing your activities. A father once tied a bundle of small. The three-part scheduling plan provides a system for handling the assignments and activities that make up your daily life. In hour used for study during the day is equal to one and a half hours at night. Study during prime time. In fact.
Always set aside time for food. Make your plan for living. When you're faced with an assignment. Account for all your time. Biological Considerations 4 We're all subject to circadian rhythms. Include nonacademic activities. By dividing each day into blocks. The "divide and conquer" tactic applies to academic assignments just as it does to military campaigns. The time you'd take to make an overly meticulous schedule can be better used in studying a subject directly.
Assigning a block of time to each activity ensures that you will work at peak efficiency. Even so. Cheating yourself out of a meal. For lecture classes. Schedule less demanding tasks for these hours. For most of us. When the sum total of your obligations and academic assignments seems overwhelming. When you walk into class. The empty boxes that remain represent your master schedule. Instead of being alert in the morning. Schedule — — and problem solving for mornings and evenings but active and work.
Experiments have consistently found that problem-solving in the morning. If you are not a heavy coffee drinker. A master schedule grid lists the days of the week at the top and the hours of the day down the left side. The danger zone the danger of falling asleep for both students and automobile drivers is in the middle of the afternoon.
Psychologists have made other rather interesting discoveries about behavior. But review those underlinings and margin notes around three o'clock in the afternoon. This explains why even during the sleepiest part of the mid-afternoon. Unless changes occur in your basic program. But reading a textbook during the afternoon just won't keep the adrenaline flowing. Further in keeping with the body's natural cycles.
You need the bright light of the early morning to keep your circadian clock in phase. You'll pay the price on Monday morning. By being aware of circadian rhythms. Short-term memory. It's tempting to sleep almost to noon on Saturday and Sunday but don't do it.
Figure 2. The boxes within the grid are filled in with all your required activities: You'll throw off your biological rhythm and bring jet lag upon yourself.
Account for Changing Details with a Weekly Schedule The weekly schedule takes over where the master schedule leaves off. A sample weekly schedule is shown in Figure 2.
Keep it posted by your desk or pasted on the inside cover of your notebook. Relax before dinner your reward for a day of conscientious work. Keep up with current notes and assignments through sys- To 10 A cease-study time of p.
The weekly schedule helps you adapt your time to your changing priorities. Because chemistry is your hard subject. An hour's study before class will make the class period more meaningful. To construct it. More important. If you have a math test on Friday. Next week you may be assigned a research paper. Take a full. Devote some time every day to reading books that truly interest you. Recreational reading and conversation help you unwind for a good night's sleep. The lists that follow show how the guidelines for scheduling were used to set it up.
History P. History Sat. History Spanish Fri. English English Workstudy Workstudy Prog. Spanish Spanish Math Computer Lab. Computer Math Lab. French Chem. French n Phys. Time Wed. V J History Thurs. J Sat. Study Paper Math Study library: Study Chem. Study History V Phys. Study English Faper English Lab. Saturday is left unscheduled for recreation. This to Game Plan with a Daily Schedule A daily of the day's tasks and the time blocks you plan to accomplish them in.
Sunday is your day until evening. Develop a Task-Based Master Schedule When Necessary A task- based master schedule enables you to keep track of one or more assignments or goals over an extended period of time.
Make up your daily schedule each night before you go to bed. From noon on. Once you have put your worries and concerns on paper. You scattered bits of time instead. You will also have thought through your day and will be better prepared when the morning comes.. You should be able to fit all this information on a 3 x 5 index card that you can carry around with you all day. Across the top of the schedule. English paper For some assignments you will need to schedule blocks of time to do research or to develop and follow-up ideas.
Special p. Study history before you go bed because it is the first class you'll have on Monday morning. Adapt Your Schedules If you have a job. Do preliminary research. As you reach each milestone on the way to completing your assignment. The very best time to lecture notes. After lunch: This a semi-break is a good time to give yourself from academic work and do some necessary errands. Use the block of three hours to do a balanced amount of work for each.
List these in a column beneath the task they refer to. Campus Store. Work on Assignment Exercise: After an entire day with the books.
Deadlines for subgoals the left-hand side where the hours of the mally be written in a standard master schedule. Calculator Engineering - block: This a valuable block of time during which you should be able to read the assignment and work out the assigned problems without losing continuity. Pick Up Paper and Binder. Now divide up each goal or long-term assignment into manageable subgoals.
Also review the previous lecture for continuity. Both subjects need unbroken time for efficient production. Breaks are not yourself exercise and a edge on your appetite. Daily Schedule or the assignments written will during the evening.
Working Smart: How Books. Charles Schwab. Several other efficiency experts have given similar advice: Engstrom and R. Three weeks later. By using good judgment. Draw a horizontal line to 5 T. When Charles Schwab asked how much he owed for this advice. Managing Your Time Grand Rapids. Do this until quitting time and don't be concerned if you have finished only one or two tasks. The format is simple. Ivy Lee told him to use the plan for a few weeks. English English Math - English - 2 Fri.
Electronics Sat. Stick to your schedule. Find a Topic Tues. Morning Weds. English hr. Read Computer Wed. Allocate enough hours to do the job. In the top half. As long as you give study hours top priority. Apply the principle by listing first things first. Because of the Pareto Principle.
To of urgency about referring to your list and studying whenever an opportunity presents itself. In a classroom. In a list of ten items. In any committee. In any list of things to do. Use the Pareto Principle to help yourself draw up your list.
Keep the Pareto Principle in mind whenever you make up a list or a schedule or must decide which subject to study first. In this case. Named after Pareto Principle states economist and sociologist. Then cross off the tasks as you complete them. Revised Edwin C. Be You can the minutes on of time. Don't waste time preparing to do something. It will save lots of time. Let your subconscious mind work for you.
You save time by not having to rewrite or retype. Do it now. The amount of energy that a person can physically generate is about one-tenth of one horsepower. Once you start working on an assignment. Putting a smile on your face. More is accomplished when you are smiling and relaxed. Start with the easier tasks. There are times throughout the day when you are naturally more alert and energetic. John Steinbeck wrote. Do it instantly. Write or type neatly the first time.
Duke by the manage your seat of your time. I can't finish nothin'. Build momentum. Getting one done makes the next one easier. Learn this process. Get the reserved Use blocks to visualize Other- Ellington. Get into the dining-hall line before the crowd.
Make decisions wisely by asking. Find out your time-energy rhythms. Plunge right in. Use computers and other technological devices. Go easily visualize blocks of time. According to the James-Lange theory. Don't try to become an "information junkie. You've got to plan and wise. Don't rely on brute strength. Find out when these hours are for you.
A What do I How can I save time? Time strategy save time for? Sanskrit proverb puts everything in proper perspective: Today well lived Makes every yesterday a dream of happiness every tomorrow a vision of hope Look well therefore to this day. Make an unbreakable rule: A place for everything and everything in its place. What A How do you choose the If is the value of using a time schedule?
What time habits can you change? You can gain time by changing your habits and by finding hidden time throughout your day. It re- cannot be re-earned. Using a time schedule can increase your control over your life.
How can you take advantage of hidden time? You can carry pocket unexpected when it's free work time. Time tactics confront this question: What general guideshould you follow lines making up a master. Schedule your time effectively list all your tasks. How can you adapt schedules to your life outside school? What is a weekly sched- a daily sched- ule?
A daily schedule is a portable game showing your day's schedule on a plan. Change your weekly schedule so that it more assignment-oriented. All three schedules should be made up you separate time blocks that enable tackle your tasks in manageable of to units. The blocks that are left blank signify the time you have available for scheduling weekly and daily activities.
For recitation classes. Devise a special. Schedule most of your important activities for daylight hours. Written on a grid. What A and content basic are the purpose of a master schedule? Your schedule should serve as a plan for living. Subconscious f. What A task-based master schedule is a list of the a task-based is major goals you hope master schedule? Pocket work your ": Consumes a large portion of a typical first-year student's i 3. Says a task expands to fit the time al- lotted Jir- 2.
Pareto Principle e. An assignment-oriented weekly schedule budgets your week's school-related activities. Puts your schedule in a portable form 6. Master schedule cr weekday Continues working even while you sleep 4. To take control of your personality 2. Lets you keep track of activities that vary throughout the term w.
It begins with a list of your upcoming assignments and a time estimate for each What is an assignmentoriented weekly schedule? Weekly schedule b. Taking regular breaks wastes valuable time. Multiple choice. The three -part scheduling plan a. Energy a. Time schedules can make you 5. Most of us work more feel like a slave to time. Free time can often occur unexpectedly. Choose the word or phrase that completes each following sentence most accurately.
The master. F beside the false state- ments. Explains why the most important items on a list should be completed first Write T beside the true statements and True-false.
All of the above.
Scheduling saves time that might otherwise be wasted. An assignment-oriented weekly schedule as a when you c.
Short answer. In is of things to do efficiently. Crusaders and others. The best approach c. Unlike a daily schedule. The master schedule provides an alternative to a weekly schedule. One who murders by prominent person.
How 3. Supply a brief answer for each of the following items. What is the advantage of scheduling your time in blocks? Discuss how to prepare a task-oriented master schedule. Heilbroner This terrible organization spread terror across Persia.
American economist 1. The murderous drinker of hashish came to be called hashshash. In eleventh-century Persia. Its members indulged in the use of the drug hashish and. Mathematics has given economics —Robert L. From Picturesque Now Merriam-Webster. The absolute head of this order was the Old Man of the Mountain. Interest invisible teeth. Canadian-born American economist. The chicken was involved the pig was committed.
But if you can learn to deflect the stress that way. We worry become too comes your too much. This chapter helps you manage stress by focusing on: According to Marilyn Gist.
Rating details. Sort order. This book is just great. Forget the title, it is actually more than just "studying in college". It gives you impressive science into things like memory, handwriting, data collecting, health, nutrition, etc even things like your room lightning and posture and enhanced sleeping. View 1 comment. Apr 15, Barrie Evans rated it it was amazing. I have a previous edition of this book.
I had to add my rating to it because it gave me a direction to go in when I was in grad school. I thought that being a good student depended upon talent. Pauk teaches usable skills, not gimmicks. I wish I had had this book when I went to college for my undergrad. It would have saved me a lot of anxiety and wasted hours. This was a very helpful book, particularly addressing study and note-taking habits. I also benefited from the sections on scheduling and foreign language study.
The author's writes clearly and concisely with a humorous tone. Oct 27, Franks V. Cengage Learning. Jul 22, alex added it Shelves: A few very good points, a lot of useless stuff. Was seriously one of the most helpful books I ever read in college! Taylor rated it really liked it Oct 19, Rose rated it really liked it Aug 16, Fjoralba rated it liked it Aug 28, Lisa G.
Borodovsky rated it it was amazing Jun 18, Wei-Ting rated it liked it Aug 16, Badmaarag rated it really liked it Jun 08, Giancarlo Javier rated it it was amazing Jan 19, Rue Koegel rated it really liked it Sep 20, Anthony Perri rated it really liked it Aug 17, Sukitha Fernando rated it liked it Sep 02, Feb 11, Paul Hathaway rated it did not like it. Ha ha. Williamounttosomething rated it it was ok Nov 24, John Gamelin rated it it was amazing Feb 03, Clyde Bodden rated it liked it Oct 27, Gary rated it really liked it Mar 03, Hunter rated it it was ok May 27, Laura rated it really liked it Jun 12, There are no discussion topics on this book yet.
Readers Also Enjoyed.