August which relates to domestic workers. We, Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, Emir of the State of Qatar,. After perusal of the Constitution, and. Law. Qatar,. ▫ After perusal of the Amended Provisional Constitution and in particular Articles (23), (34) and (51) thereof and,. ▫ Labour Law No. (3) of the year Penalties (). We Hamad Bin Khalifa AI-Thani, Emir of the State of Qatar, The provisions of the Labour Law attached herewith shall come into force.
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LABOUR LAW STATE OF QATAR. We, Hamad Bin Khalifa AI-Thani, The Emir of the State of Qatar,. After perusal of the Amended Provisional Constitution and in. Download Qatar Labor Law PDF. DOWNLOAD Download Migrant Labour in the Construction Sector in the State of Qatar. DOWNLOAD. Here you can find information regarding the Qatar Labor Law both in the private sector and public sector as promulgated by the Ministry of Labour & Social.
Qatari law also enforces shorter workdays for all residents during Ramadan. Just Landed Qatar. Qatar sells kafala reforms to critics. The controversies surrounding the treatment of migrant workers, including through the kafala system, has attracted widespread concern and condemnation from human rights organizations, labor rights groups, and other international institutions. Qatar confirms detention of Britons investigating alleged labor abuse. The Department of Labour will act like a Job Centre.
Gender segregation places a lot of pressure on women, as they are expected to remain separate from large segments of society, even while they enjoy historically greater access to education and employment. Women are restricted to specific types of jobs, education, and social groups in stark contrast to most Western nations.
Nevertheless, despite these various constraints, women are acknowledged their basic rights and freedoms and, relative to other Islamic societies, Qatari norms are relatively liberal.
For example, contrary to popular belief, women are allowed to leave their homes and drive cars without male companions, unlike in neighboring Saudi Arabia. They are also allowed to vote and run for public office however restricted those avenues are in general.
Although it traditionally placed little value on formal education, Qatar has rapidly implemented reforms to establish world-class educational opportunities at all levels. Free and accessible education from kindergarten through high school has been provided since Curricula generally include both Islamic and modern studies. These efforts have led Qatar to have the highest literacy rate in the Arab world. While many expatriate students find university education in Qatar to be expensive, Qatar nationals who qualify for international education are often covered through government aid and scholarships.
According to the Qatari Education Ministry, the country hosts close to international schools across all levels of education. The University of Qatar was established in through the combined effort of various colleges from around the world.
The available programs span a wide variety of subjects including Islam, Sharia law, fine arts, medicine, education, business, and social sciences.
In , the government and its partners established Education City, a large cluster of research labs, academic facilities, and satellite campuses from around the world. These branches offer the same courses and degrees as their home universities and are even accredited by the same bodies.
English is the primary medium of instruction and the standards set are no different from those of the parent institution. Together with a multitude of other academies and institutions, these universities offer a cosmopolitan and diverse academic experience with nearly every field and specialty represented.
Shia Muslims represent the largest religious minority of over , people, according to a Pew Research Center report in Even counting the significant numbers of non-citizen expats, who make up the majority of the total population, Islam remains the majority religion.
Nearly all non-Muslims present in the country are of foreign origin; the rapid growth in immigration from around the world has introduced a multitude of faiths in what was otherwise an overwhelmingly Islamic society. Christianity and Hinduism are the largest non-Muslim religions at almost 14 percent each, followed by Buddhism, the atheistic, and smaller faiths. Qatar is broadly tolerant of non-Islamic faiths and in contrast to some of its neighbors even allows non-Muslims to apply for citizenship.
However, it is inadvisable to publicize your beliefs, especially if they are against the teachings of Islam. To maintain peace and order, as well as safeguard the traditional faith, Qatar prohibits missionary activity and religious proselytizing, which is the attempt to convert a person to change his or her religion or belief.
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, spanning 29 to 30 days, and falling at different times of the year depending on the lunar cycle. As it commemorates the first revelation of the Quran to the Prophet Muhammad , peace be upon him, it is the holiest period of the year and it is commemorated by Muslims across the world, including in Qatar.
Ramadan entails a wide variety of celebrations, rituals, and religious events including fasting, community prayers, increased prayers and religious studies, charitable giving, and more. Its arrival subsequently signifies big changes in social, business, and political life. While non-Muslims are neither required nor expected to participate in these observances, it is advisable — and in some cases even obligatory by law — to respect these traditions and behave properly in the presence of practitioners.
Qatar lawfully prohibits eating, drinking, smoking, and even the chewing of gum in public places during Ramadan. Violators will be issued warnings and can even incur fines.
Alcohol is also banned from being sold anywhere , even within private hotels. Legal and business policies aside, many Qatari Muslims do not generally mind if non-Muslims eat and drink in their presence, though it is polite and appreciated if you make the effort not to do so.
Moreover, as Qataris are a generally devout people, it is best not to risk offending an especially pious believer.
As this is a time of extra introspection, humility, and piety on the part of Muslims, it will go a long way if you exercise proper etiquette and consideration by dressing modestly and avoid playing loud music in public.
It is recommended to drive especially carefully, particularly around sunset and after, as the roads get congested with adherents attending evening prayers and enjoying iftar. Qatari law also enforces shorter workdays for all residents during Ramadan.
Most businesses operate only six hours a day, while public sector institutions are opened only five hours, either from 8 am to 1 pm or 9 am to 2 pm, although some departments will reopen at night. Malls will usually open late at night and typically post or announce their new hours a few weeks before Ramadan.
It is recommended that you check in advance with any bank, store, or state agency to see what their hours will be. To be sure, there is more to Ramadan than fasting and prayer. It is a festive and community-centered occasion that gives plenty of opportunities to get to know the country and its people.
For example, you may have the good fortune to be invited to an iftar dinner, at which point you should make the effort to attend and bring a small gift, preferably something sweet. Many restaurants and hotels host elaborate iftars that offer a chance to enjoy a delicious meal with members of the community. Qatar also has many unique public events that are family-friendly and open to people of all beliefs.
There is also the interesting spectacle of the sunset cannon , located outside the Abdul Wahhab Mosque in the capital, which fires off every day at sunset to mark the breaking of the fast. It is popular among residents, especially children, and sometimes includes free water and snacks. Celebrated across the Personal Gulf, it involves kids dressing up in traditional attire and going door to door to receive candy, often while singing a special religious song.
Whatever you opt to do during the month of Ramadan, there will most certainly be plenty of interesting adjustments, cultural excursions, and discoveries to make. Each region offers its own unique perspective on both local and non-local foods; between the regional variety and heavy multicultural presence you can expect to find a vast selection of food anywhere you go.
Due to the coastal location, Qatari nationals have a strong affinity for seafood. Unsurprisingly, some of the most common foods associated with Qatar are indigenous to the region, such as almonds, dates, and sour apples. Somewhat similar to prunes, the much sweeter date fruit is a particularly popular staple, being grown in different regions of the country.
Almonds and sour apples are also considered delicacies in various areas. The traditional dish of Qatar is called machbous , and it can always be found at family feasts and special occasions.
It is a large bowl of rice with meat, usually lamb but often poultry and seafood mixed with local spices.
It is this flavorful herbal paste that really makes the dish unique and flavorful. For a better understanding of this meal you can consider machbous to be the Middle Eastern equivalent of the famous paella. Arabic coffee is another staple you will find at almost every meal. It is usually served black or sweetened with herbs and sugar.
Arabic coffee has a distinctive flavor owing to the unique beans and special process of roasting. Tea is another ubiquitous beverage that is usually brewed dark and served hot.
It is often presented in both business meetings and social gatherings. Indeed, the global reaction has been far more negative than positive.
Whatever the merits of giving an Arab country a chance to make history, the country is simply not viewed as an ideal location for hosting the game. Representatives of Paraguay, Ivory Coast, Cameron, and Trinidad and Tobago allegedly requested certain amounts of money from the Qatar Bid Committee in exchange for their respective votes; all of the representatives from Qatar have naturally denied the accusations.
Another major controversy concerns the migrant labor involved in preparing the country for the World Cup.
An army of workers is needed to build the necessary infrastructure, which includes several world-class stadiums, roads, and various soccer-related event facilities. Hailing mostly from India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Nepal , the laborers have allegedly been mistreated by the various companies contracted to work on these projects; allegations include lack of adequate training, squalid living quarters, dangerous working conditions, low compensation, withheld payment, and even forced labor — all in contravention of the labor contracts.
The conditions of Nepalese workers in particular are reportedly akin to modern day slavery. Buttressing these claims is the high death rate among workers involved in World Cup-related construction projects: Some Qatari officials counter that the number of deaths, occurring mostly among Indians and Nepalese, is actually lower than it would be in their respective home countries.
These details will be expanded upon in the upcoming sections. Nevertheless, there is much global outrage against the labor situation in Qatar and human rights groups are pressuring both the government and FIFA to make some changes.
For its part, Qatar denies both accusations of bribery and the abuse of its labor force. Regardless, the government has promised that it will implement safeguards to protect workers from exploitation including the introduction of an electronic payment system, building modern accommodations, and holding companies to a higher standard of labor treatment.
Despite all of these issues, Qatar is expected to gain much from the World Cup, namely a significant boost to tourism.
Millions of people from around the world will be compelled to visit the country and Qatar will be able to put its cultural and economic development on full display. Aside from the immediate gain in revenue and prestige, this event is anticipated to help catalyze a sustainable tourism industry to both the country in particular and the region as a whole, which has suffered a negative image owing to recent conflicts.
Incidentally, this tourism boost will be in line with the aforementioned Qatar National Vision which, among other objectives, aimed to develop tourism as part of diversifying the economy. Tourists will be expected to follow a special dress code that the government has outlined for the occasion.
It will mostly conform to the current standards by which visitors and expats are expected to abide: Leggings will also be prohibited.
The government is asking visitors to respect their local culture and laws by following all dress code guidelines; leaflets are being handed out detailing the regulations of the event.
Qatar employs a legal system wherein laws are implemented in two ways: The Qatar Labor Law ratifies the minimum standard of rights and benefits for employees to which employers must adhere as well as the obligations of employees working in Qatar.
Some of the most common or widely inquired upon facets of the Qatar Labor Law include:. Also relevant is Law No. Law No. These include the following:. Article 4 of Labor Law No. Article 39 of Labor Law No.
If during the probation period it has been proven that the worker is unable, for any reason, to carry out the work stipulated, then the employer may terminate the contract provided that the worker has been notified at least three days from the date of termination. Minimum Wage: Qatar also maintains agreements with certain countries to protect the interest of low-paid employees.
Worker Safety: Employees also have the right to terminate contracts in writing for any reason. Workers shall not work more than five consecutive hours. Moreover, any working spouse will be required to request an annual police background check or other official proof of their lawfulness from their country of origin. Note that this arrangement has its caveats: Qatar announces changes to labour law.
A Test for Al Jazeera.
Qatar laws and emiri decrees including qatari legislation and cabinet resolutions in english. Qatar Advancing the rights of migrant workers throughout the Middle East. Subcommittee on Human Rights Qatar. European Parliament hearing on sports and human rights in Qatar. Qatar and the IMF. Qatar must reform laws to stop forced labour and allow workers to form unions.
End corporate exploitation of migrant construction workers. The kafala system strikes again. Qatar studies new law to tackle human trafficking. Qatar sells kafala reforms to critics. Qatari attitudes toward foreign workers revealed in first-ever study. Expatriates Games: Do foreign workers have a future in Qatar? Expatriate Labour in Qatar: Employees or Mercenaries? The realities of talent in Qatar.
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