DOWNLOAD OR READ: SOFIA PDF EBOOK EPUB MOBI. Page 1 Sofia Margareta GÃ¶tschenhjelm Helin (born 25 April ) is a Swedish actress. She was nominated . A Escolha de Sofia (filme) â€“ WikipÃ©dia, a enciclopÃ©dia livre. ALUNA SOFIA ELISA MORAGA GALDAMES, E ORIENTADA. PELA PROFA. processo de centrifugação e da escolha do anticoagulante. Perez A.G.M et al. Download as PDF or read online from Scribd .. VIEIRA, Gustavo a M. a Escolha de Sofia Orientação - CADASTRO Publicações Universo caite.info
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Sophie's Choice is a novel by American author William Styron. It concerns the .. Note , Page , The Origins of Totalitarianism (PDF). San Diego. A Escolha de Sofia (Sophie's Choice, em inglês) é um romance de William Styron publicado Criar um livro · Descarregar como PDF · Versão para impressão. quando se trata de escolher lados, a escolha errada poderá custar sua vida. Livro: PS: Ainda amo você - Jenny Han >> PDF > PDF Sofia Silva.
However, in seventeen years , the endpoint of only fifteen papers classified in Group A evidences the need to further study the determinants for such finding. September 22, While he is working on his novel, he is drawn into the lives of the lovers Nathan Landau and Sophie Zawistowska, fellow boarders at the house, who are involved in an intense and difficult relationship. In the scope of this work, despite different traditions of analysis that structure distinct areas of knowledge, we try to highlight the relevance of the two strands, which are the faces of the same coin and require a further study that impregnates each other. The previous studies 6 6. Who could solve the moral dilemma of the Greek mother, who was allowed by the Nazis to choose which of her three children should be killed? Sophie's Choice generated significant controversy at time of its publication, in part due to Styron's decision to portray a non- Jewish victim of the Holocaust and in part due to its explicit sexuality and profanity; [ verification needed ] it was banned in South Africa, censored in the Soviet Union, and banned in Communist Poland for "its unflinching portrait of Polish anti-Semitism".
The Brief Twentieth Century ended in problems for which no one had, nor said to have solutions. Given this context, the imperative to further reflect around the complex issue of the defense of privacy in its expression in the health sphere emerges.
This concern gives rise to this study and its starting question: In Brazil, how has the field of Collective Health knowledge and practices 11 Almeida Filho N. Thus, evidence is sought to confirm or refute the hypothesis that there is a gap in the production of knowledge about the issue within Brazilian Collective Health. This study on privacy in health PH aims to understand the approaches developed on the subject of the privacy of individuals and communities in the Brazilian scientific production in the light of Collective Health references.
In this regard, an exploratory study is carried out, with analytical-descriptive orientation, adopting the assumption that one of the ways to identify the scientific production of a knowledge area is to analyze the material published in journals of excellence considered by the field. The conceptual design that underpins the research builds on the thought of Paim and Almeida Filho 11 The term specifies not only the material infrastructure of digital communication but also the oceanic information universe it harbors, as well as the human beings who navigate and nurture this universe 1 1.
A kind of trip separates them from ordinary physical or geographical space and clock and calendar temporality.
It is true that they are not independent of the space-time of reference since they must always insert themselves into physical media and update themselves here or elsewhere, now or later. However, virtualization made them skip out 2 2. The formulation of Paim and Almeida Filho 11 Thus, we established as a source of the study Collective Health journals located in the upper strata, namely, A2, B1 and B2.
Papers published from to August were selected. The analysis of the literature shows that the second half of the s is characterized by the beginning of the advancement of microelectronics in the Brazilian institutional and business spaces. Physis ; 22 3: The gradual onset of scientific production with analyses on ITIS initiatives occurs in this period.
In parallel, in the first half of the s, digital social networks begin their journey — MSN Messenger , MySpace , LinkedIn , Orkut and Facebook — raising new privacy issues.
National Center for Biotechnology Information. Medical Subject Headings Database. Privacy ; Genetic Privacy , Confidentiality. Elaboration and implementation of search strategies in databases through various search tests. After successive refinements, nine strategies with significant results associated with the object of the study were obtained.
Addition of titles, abstracts and full-textpapers in the Zotero Free Open Source Reference Manager Software and withdrawal of duplicates.
Group A — it is the object of study of the paper; Group B — it is addressed as one of the realms of the object of study; Group C — it appears in the text without direct connection to its object; and Group D — it is present in the publication and is associated with a scope other than health, such as copyright and open access to scientific journals. Any disagreement in the classification of papers was resolved by consensus among the authors of this investigation, based on the understanding adopted on Collective Health.
Concerning the defined conceptual design, for the critical reading of full-text papers, the following guiding questions were elaborated for analysis: That of the serviced patient or the health professional?
If so, which ones? The implementation of the first two stages of the bibliographic review resulted in ninety-six 96 papers distributed in twenty-four 24 journals, highlighting: Of concern, we can observe that 48 papers were published in the period , a number that is repeated in the period , despite the progress of IT in Health.
Also of concern is the result found after applying the eligibility criteria of the papers step 3. Thumbnail Table 1 Distribution of the selected papers steps 1, 2 and 3 by eligibility criteria according to the approach of the privacy in health PH topic.
The fifteen papers thus become the primary source for an in-depth examination with the objective of identifying the realms and approaches on the subject of the privacy of individuals and communities studied by the authors. The primary results are described below:. Privacy was addressed in a broad spectrum of situations associated with health care Table 2. Thumbnail Table 2 Distribution of selected papers in Group A step 4 by realm associated with health care.
The thematic diversity found can be interpreted as evidence of the complexity of the topic, found in almost all facets of healthcare. Despite the expanded use of social networks geared to Health, only one paper was devoted to studying them concerning PH. In the regional distribution, Concerning Question 2 What realm of privacy in health is addressed: Two categories were established to understand better the approach adopted by the authors, namely: Concerning Question 3 From which perspective is privacy analyzed?
This question was introduced to identify, concerning the health team — subject attended, which end of this binomial has deserved more attention. Studies that analyzed PH from the perspective of the health professional The remaining Consistent with the more significant number of nursing care-related studies, the perspective of the nursing team was the most studied, followed by the PSF team.
The descriptive exploratory studies with a qualitative approach predominated One opinion paper does not evidence any method. Concerning Question 5 Are papers grounded on the preservation of health privacy and proposal for its guarantee?
In any given situation, it is assumed that privacy is an ethical value and human right that should be assured by health professionals. Only two papers evidenced a nuance, extending responsibility to the health institution.
PHis worked out as a principle associated with respect, autonomy and dignity. The human rights perspective has provided a clear and robust reference not only for the identification and understanding of socially established situations of vulnerability but also to identify means to help overcome them. References of PH as a human right enlighten different realms that concretely found the ideals of a civilizing project.
A first reading evidences proposals or recommendations that are diverse. However, careful analysis shows that they are anchored in the same rationality: One of the papers 6.
The results shown express only a specific realm on how the subject of privacy in health is addressed in light of the Collective Health references. There is a whole universe to be studied. However, the analysis of scientific production in Brazilian journals rated A2, B1 and B2 has proved to be a useful alternative in the search, since in a first approximation, they were well-versed on the questioning developed. Within the limits of this selection, the study has provided indications about what is being proposed to reduce the vulnerability of individuals and groups, contributing to debates in the area around actions that minimize negative and sometimes overwhelming consequences for a decent life of citizens in the full enjoyment of their rights and for the quality of health care.
However, in seventeen years , the endpoint of only fifteen papers classified in Group A evidences the need to further study the determinants for such finding. When highlighting informational privacy, the papers examined underlie, to a certain extent, the contemporary uneasiness that Man does not yet have satisfactory answers to deal with the risks arising from the fast and intense virtualization of the most diverse facets of life, among which the violation of PH.
There are shadows, a deep web, hackers and crackers, institutional surveillance, the war on terror, curiosity, the desire to snoop on the privacy of others. There are sounds, images and texts in an impalpable medium, where time and space are diluted and become fluid 1 1. This approach may seem necessary and relevant, but will it suffice?
However, things are not that smooth here either. It states that was marked by major mass attacks that affected the entire world and hijacked data from organizations worldwide 17 Wmz3RK6nHDd http: The international literature 18 Assange J. Liberdade e o futuro da internet. Boitempo; shows that neither the legal-normative-institutional framework nor the technological security apparatus has been sufficient.
Violations of databases with sensitive information related to the privacy of individuals and human communities in the most diverse situations are reported daily. However, the political debate in society can still be considered reduced given the complexity of the issues involved in the fabric of cyberspace.
Although it is not within the scope of this paper to answer it, the question prevails: In the SUS, these threats escalate depending on the consequences of some initiatives, such as the National Health Card, e-Health, Electronic Patient Record, Regulatory Centers and Telehealth, which are topics that did not appear in the 96 papers selected in the first steps of this research.
These results corroborate the hypothesis of this study: A troubling finding to consider is the historical trend evidenced in this research: The previous studies 6 6. Fortes PAC. Dallari SG. Cien Saude Colet ; 12 3: Many actions make patient privacy vulnerable.
As an example, a case of great international repercussion, reported by the New York Times https: Medical data of 6, patients were leaked through search engines on the Internet. Information such as name, age, clinical and surgical status and test results were available in cyberspace. According to the New York Times, the mistake was detected in early July , only after reports by relatives of a patient whose information was found on the internet.
By way of illustration, we mention a study evaluating menstrual control and fertility applications by Consumer Reports 21 Beilinson J.
Glow pregnancy app exposed women to privacy threats, consumer reports finds. Consumer Reports; Jul 28; [acessado Mar 03]. However, other apps also evidence vulnerabilities.
Everything that is contained in social networks and applications, including information on the sexual life and reproductive cycle can be monetized, and is profitable not only for the pharmaceutical industry and health plan operators, but also for advertisers who wish to sell their products to women of certain profile, and for those who mediate these processes.
Stingo, a novelist who is recalling the summer when he began his first novel, has been fired from his low-level reader's job at the publisher McGraw-Hill and has moved into a cheap boarding house in Brooklyn, where he hopes to devote some months to his writing. While he is working on his novel, he is drawn into the lives of the lovers Nathan Landau and Sophie Zawistowska, fellow boarders at the house, who are involved in an intense and difficult relationship.
Sophie is beautiful, Polish, and Catholic, and a survivor of the Holocaust and Nazi concentration camps; Nathan is a Jewish-American, and, purportedly, a genius. Although Nathan claims to be a Harvard graduate and a cellular biologist with a pharmaceutical company, it is later revealed that this is a fabrication.
Almost no one—including Sophie and Stingo—knows that Nathan has paranoid schizophrenia. He sometimes behaves quite normally and generously, but there are times when he becomes frighteningly jealous, violent, abusive and delusional.
As the story progresses, Sophie tells Stingo of her past. She failed in this attempt and, ultimately, never learned of her son's fate. Only at the end of the book does the reader also learn what became of Sophie's daughter, named Eva.
Later, Nathan's delusions have led him to believe that Stingo is having an affair with Sophie, and he threatens to kill them both.
Of her two children, Sophie chose to sacrifice her seven-year-old daughter, Eva, in a heart-wrenching decision that has left her in mourning and filled with a guilt that she cannot overcome. By now alcoholic and deeply depressed, she is clearly willing to self-destruct with Nathan, who has already tried to persuade her to commit suicide with him.
Despite the fact that Stingo proposes marriage to her, and despite a shared night that relieves Stingo of his virginity and fulfills many of his sexual fantasies, Sophie disappears, leaving only a note in which she says that she must return to Nathan. Upon arriving back in Brooklyn, Stingo is devastated to discover that Sophie and Nathan have committed suicide by ingesting sodium cyanide.
Rosenfeld, summarizing, states, "The drift of these revisionist views, all of which culminate in Sophie's Choice, is to take the Holocaust out of Jewish and Christian history and place it within a generalized history of evil.
He visited Auschwitz while researching the novel. A central element of the novel's plot, the personally catastrophic choice referred to in the title, is said to have been inspired by a story of a Romani woman who was ordered by the Nazis to select which of her children was to be put to death, which Styron attributes [ where?
Totalitarian terror achieved its most terrible triumph when it succeeded in cutting the moral person off from the individualist escape and in making the decisions of conscience absolutely questionable and equivocal. Who could solve the moral dilemma of the Greek mother, who was allowed by the Nazis to choose which of her three children should be killed? Arendt herself cites Albert Camus ' Twice a Year for the story without providing a pinpoint reference. Camus read this, his essay complete, at Columbia University March 28, In his review of the novel in the New York Times, John Gardner takes it as an example of Southern Gothic and writes that it "is a splendidly written, thrilling book, a philosophical novel on the most important subject of the 20th century.
Sophie's Choice generated significant controversy at time of its publication, in part due to Styron's decision to portray a non- Jewish victim of the Holocaust and in part due to its explicit sexuality and profanity; [ verification needed ] it was banned in South Africa, censored in the Soviet Union, and banned in Communist Poland for "its unflinching portrait of Polish anti-Semitism". Styron's ideological and narrative choices in his framing of a novel touching upon the "limit events" of Auschwitz, considered by many to lie beyond the realm of the imagination… spurred a polemic… which, twenty-five years later, is far from having died down.
Speaking of Styron's views as set forth in the novel and his nonfiction work, Rosenfeld refers to them as "revisionist views" that "culminate in Sophie's Choice " with an aim to "take the Holocaust out of Jewish and Christian history and place it within a generalized history of evil", : Sophie's Choice has been banned in some high schools in the United States. The novel was made into a film of the same name in the United States, in Written and directed by Alan J.
Pakula , the film was nominated for Academy Awards for its screenplay, musical score, cinematography , and costume design, and Meryl Streep received the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance of the title role. The British composer Nicholas Maw wrote an opera based on the novel, which was premiered at the Royal Opera House in London in , and has also been performed in Washington, Berlin and Vienna.
The following appear in ascending order, by original publication date, and within the same year, alphabetical by author:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Sophie's Choice First edition. Main article: Sophie's Choice film. Sophie's Choice opera. The National Book Awards there given for both hardcover and paperback in most categories from to and for multiple fiction categories , especially in Retrieved Retrieved 4 November Gainesville Sun, AP.
Parallel Lives". Crooked Timber blog, June 9. San Diego: Harcourt, Inc. Archived from the original PDF on Twice A Year: