The listening material is indicated by a different icon in IELTS Trainer for each oftheCDs:~~~ • For the Speaking paper, it is better to work with a. 1 Candidate Number Candidate Name INTERNATIONAL ENGLISH LANGUAGE TESTING SYSTEM. General Training Reading PRACTICE TEST 1 hour Time 1. IELTS Trainer Cambridge (Ebook & Audio With Answer Key) Overview In this book, there are 6 IELTS tests with detailed instructions for completing.
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IELTS Trainer Cambridge (pdf & Audio With Answer Key) free pdf download. IELTS Trainer cambridge has 6 IELTS tests with detailed. Cambridge IELTS Trainer, the perfect companion for IELTS exam Cambridge IELTS 13 Academic Student's Book with Answers (PDF & Audio. IELTS Trainer. Uploaded by SoniaKhan. IELTS Trainer. Copyright: © All Rights Reserved. Download as PDF or read online from Scribd. Flag for inappropriate.
Listening Section 4 Questions It is a good answer. Youshould spend about 20 minutes on Questions, which are based on ReadingPassage3 below. A I think, from wl1oJ; I've seen,!:: Rodney Brooks tried a different approach. Our brains, like the fruit fly's, unconsciously recognise what we see by performing countless calculations.
The answer key will explain in detail why it is correct or not. After reading, comparing them with the results and identifying your weakest skill so that you should spend more time focusing on that skill. This website is to develop your IELTS skills with tips, model answers, lessons, free books, and more.
Search for: Please I need this book. Can you send it to my email? I agree to the Terms and Conditions. The following two tabs change content below. Bio Latest Posts. Latest posts by Huy Quoc see all. Tags from the story. Which are they? If you are asked to write the name of a street, person, company, etc.
You need to be very familiar with the names of the letters of the alphabet as you only hear them once. Task information: Note completion This task requires you to fill the gaps in the notes someone makes during a conversation. The notes are in the same order as the information you hear. There are other similar completion tasks that you will see: Test 1 Section 4 , sentences e. Test2 Section 1. You have to: Useful language: What is Listening Section 1?
I"'' 6 Date of Interview: Ap rllle. Csmp st.
A 10 will we pla. AnswerExample Holiday lasts Which gaps need What tells you this? Q days. Vo5sibe that the. The options express ideas using different words from the recording. Matching information Matching information requires you to listen to detailed information and relate itto a number of places, people, etc.
There are other kinds of matching task e. Multiple choice three options Multiple-choice questions usually focus on the details. They follow the order of the recording.
There is another kind of multiple-choice task- seeTest2 Listening Section 2. What is listening Section 2? A Fish can now be bought from the fishermen.
B The restaurants have moved to a different part. C There are fewer restaurants than thereused to be. C hand-made items. A under a car park. B besidethe cathedral, C near the river. Choose the correct letter, A, B or C. Fherestaurants are i. The option. Which advantage is mentioned for each of the foHowing restaurants? Questions Action plan for Matching information 1 Readthe options in the box. Th ink about words you might hear that have a similar nieaning Diagram labelling Diagram labelling requires you to transfer the information you hear to a simple picture or plan.
You need to follow language expressing where things are. I isten to part of the discussion - you hear it once only. There are always more words in the box than you need. There are other kinds of diagram-labelling task e. Flow-chart completion Flow-chart completion requires you to follow the development of a discussion. The steps in the flow-chart are in the same order as what you hear. B, C, etc. There is another kind of flow-chart completion task - see Test 5 Listening Section 4.
What is listening Section 3? Exam practice I listening Section 3 Questio Js Focus on each question in turn. A actors furniture background noise costumes local council equipment shooting schedule understudies shopowners B c D E F G H I Look at the list in the box and the flow-chart before you begin. Bl Questions Completethe tiow-chert below.
Water- wheel They may refer to things which are not in the diagram, or things which you do not have to label. Choose four answers from the box and write the correct letter; A-G, next to questions Tablecompletion Tablecompletion requires you to follow a talk, step by step,and complete a table which gives a record of the information and ideasthat you hear. You haveto: Remember to write only the missing word s.
Listening Section 4. What is Listening Section 4? Read these expressions and mark each one A, B, C or D to show what kind of verbal signal it could be. For some expressions, you can use more than one letter.
When completing a table or notes, flow-chart, etc , it is important to listen for verbal signals that show when the speaker is moving from one aspect of the topic to another. Th is helps you to be in the right place for each answer. Here are four kinds of verbal signal you can listen for: Focus on each row in turn as you listen.
England rabbit Australia years ago: America fire ants Scotland deliberately introduced in order to improve Japan I Australian some advantages coastal waters Australia budgerigar urban areas of smaller flocks because of south-east arrival of You will hear the exact word you need to write, but its context may be worded differently from the table. Listening Section 4 Questions Flow-chart completion Flow-chart completion requires you to understand a description of a process or sequence of events.
This may be one or more parts of the text or the whole text. The information is not always in the same order as the flow-chart. There is another kind of completion task - seeTest 2 Reading Passage 2.
Diagram labelling Diagram labelling requires you to understand a detailed description, and relate it to information in a diagram. This task is often found where the text Is concerned with a process or a description of something.
If you spell the word s wrongly, you will lose marks. I You haveto: What is Reading Passage 1? Reading Passage 1Test 1 Exam practice24 The application of computational techniques in palaeontology is becoming more prevalent every year. As computer power continues to increase, the range of problems that can be tackled and questions that can be answered will only expand.
A footprint is then made in the digital mud by a virtual foot. This footprint can be chopped up and viewed from any angle and stress values can be extracted and calculated from inside it. By running hundreds of these simulations simultaneously on supercomputers, Falkingham can start to understand what types of footprint would be expected if an animal moved in a certain way over a given kind of ground.
Looking at the variation in the virtual tracks, researchers can make sense of fossil tracks with greater confidence. I I J Falkingham himself is investigating fossilised tracks.
Modern-day trackers who study the habitats of wild animals can tell you what animal made a track, whether that animal was walking or running, sometimes even the sex of the animal.
But a fossil track poses a more considerable challenge to interpret in the same way. A crucial consideration is knowing what the environment i nduding the rnud,or sediment,upon which the animal walked was like millions of years ago when the track was made. Experiments can answerthese questions but the number of variables is staggering. To physically recreate each scenario with a box of mud is extremely time-consuming and difficult to repeat accurately.
This is where computer simulation comes in. It is called an acrocanthosaurus which literally means 'high sp1ned lizard' because of the spines which run along its backbone.
It is not really known why they are there but scientists have speculated they could have supported a hump that stored fat and water reserves. There are also those who believe that the spines acted as a support for a sail, Of these, one half think it was used as a display and could be flushed with blood and the other half think it was used as a temperature-regulating device. It may have been a mixture of the two. The skull seems out of proportion with its thick, heavy body because it Is so narrow and the jaws are delicate and fine.
The feet are also worthy of note as they look surprisingly small in contrast to the animal as awhole. It has a deep broad tail and powerful leg muscles to aid locomotion.
It walked on its back legs and its front legs were much shorter with powerful claws. The fossilised bones of a complete dinosaur skeleton can tell scientists a lot about the animal, but they do not make up the complete picture and the computer can try to fill the gap.
The computer model is given a digitised skeleton, and the locations of known muscles. The model then randomly activates the muscles.
Thls, perhaps unsurprisingly, results almost without fail in the animal falling on its face. So the computer alters the activation pattern and tries again The modelled 'dinosaurs' quickly 'evolve'.
If there is any improvement, the computer discards the old pattern and adopts the new one as the base for alteration. Eventually, the muscle activation pattern evolves a stable way of moving, the best possible solution is reached, and the dinosaur can walk, run, chase or graze.
Assuming natural selection evolves the best possible solution too, the modelled animal should be moving in a manner similar t9 its now-extinct counterpart. And indeed, using the same method for living animals humans, emu and ostriches similar top speeds were achieved on the computer as ln reality.
By comparing their cyberspace results with real measurements of livinq species, the Manchester team of palaeontologists can be confident in the results computed showing how extinct prehistoric animals such as dinosaurs moved.
I What few people may consider is that uncovering a skeleton, or discovering a new species, is where the research begins, not where it ends. What we really want to understand is how the extinct animals and plants behaved in their natural habitats. Drs Bill Sellers and Phil Manning from the University of Manchester use a 'genetic algorithm' - a kind of computer code that can change itself and 'evolve' - to explore how extinct animals like dinosaurs, and our own early ancestors, walked and stalked.
The media Image of palaeontologists who study prehistoric life is often of field workers camped in the desert in the hot sun, carefully picking away at the rock surrounding a large dinosaur bone. But Peter Falkingham has done little of that for a while now.
Instead, he devotes himself to his computer. Not because he has become inundated with paperwork, but because he is a new kind of palaeontologist: Peter L Falkingham and his colleagues at Manchester University are developing techniques which look set to revolutionise our 1. You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions , which arebased on Reading Passage 1 below.
Reading Passage 1 Some palaeontologists have expressed reservations about the conclusions reached by the Manchester team concerning the movement of dinosaurs. When the Sellers and Manning computer model was used for people, it showed them moving faster than they are physically able to. In his study of prehistoric life, Peter Falkingham rarely spends time on outdoor research these days. There is always at least oneTrue, one False and one Not given answer.
You never needto use your own generalknowledge. Do the foHowing statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?
Questions The information you. Read the instructions carefully. Skull is 8. Dinosaur's name comes from spines. One theory: A model of an acrocarrthosaurus Writeyour answersin boxes on your answer sheet. Label the diagrambelow. Questions Action plan for Diagram labelling The footprint is dissected and examined from all angles. A virtual foot produces a footprint in the mud. Mud is simulated with attention to its texture and thickness and how much i O ,, it contains.
Peter Falkinqharn's computer model Some parts of the flow- chart don't have a gap in them. They help you to find the right part of the text. Reading Passage 1 Test 1 Training There is another kind of summary task e. Test 4 Reading Passage 3. Summary completion Summary completion requires you to understand the main points of part of the text.
The information may not be in the same order as in the text. There are other kinds of matching task - see Test 2 Reading Passage 2. Matching names Matching names requires you to relate information, ideas or opinions in the text to a number of people, places, dates, etc. You may have to match people, cities, projects, businesses, schools, theories, plants or dates with events, techniques, discoveries, facilities, etc.
DON'T put the letter of the paragraph where you find the answer. The answer may be in one sentence or phrase in a paragraph, or you may need to read more than one sentence. What is Reading Passage 2? They were huge and took hours to navigate across a room. Meanwhile, a fruit fly, with a brain containing only a fraction of the computing power, can effortlessly navigate in three dimensions.
Our brains, like the fruit fly's, unconsciously recognise what we see by performing countless calculations. This unconscious awareness of patterns is exactly what computers are missing. The second problem is robots' lack of common sense. Humans know that water is wet and that mothers are older than their daughters.
But there is no mathematics that can express these truths. Children learn the intuitive laws of biology and physics by interacting with the real world. Robots know only what has been programmed into them. Physicists have a good understanding of Newtonian mechanics and the quantum theory of atoms and molecules, whereas the basic laws of intelligence remain a mystery.
But a sizeable number of mathematicians and computer scientists, who are specialists in the area, are optimistic about the possibilities.
To them it is only a matter of time before a thinking machine walks out of the laboratory. Over the years, various problems have impeded all efforts to create robots. By inserting this into a machine, it would then become self-aware and attain human-like intelligence. A Can robots advance so far that they become the ultimate threat to our existence? Some scientists say no, and dismiss the very idea of Artificial Intelligence. The human brain, they argue, is the most complicated system ever created, and any machine designed to reproduce human thought is bound to fail.
Physicist Roger Penrose of Oxford University and others believe tKat machines are physically incapable of human thought. Colin McGinn of Rutgers University backs this up when he says that Artificial lntelligence 'is like sheep trying to do complicated psychoanalysis. They just don't have the conceptual equipment they need in their limited brains'.
What is the current state of play in Artificial Intefligence? The robots are coming - or are they? You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions , which are based on Reading Passage 2 below. Reading Passage 2Test 1 Exam practice30 IF There is no universal consensus as to whether machines can be conscious, or even, in human terms, what consciousness means. Minsky suggests the thinking process in our brain is not localised but spread out, with different centres competing with one another at any given time.
Consciousness may then be viewed as a sequence of thoughts and images issuing from these different, smaller 'minds', each one competing for our attention. Robots might eventually attain a 'silicon consciousness'.
Robots, In fact, might one day embody an architecture for thinking and processing information that is different from ours - but also indistinguishable. If that happens, the question of whether they really 'understand' becomes largely irrelevant. A robot that has perfect mastery of syntax, for all practical purposes, understands what is being said.
Computer expert Hans Moravec thinks that in the future robots will be programmed with emotions such as fear to protect themselves so that they can signal to humans when their batteries are running low, for example.
Emotions are vital in decision-making. People who have suffered a certain kind of brain injury lose the ability to experience emotions and become unable to make decisions.
Without emotions to guide them, they debate endlessly over their options. Moravec points out that as robots become more inte! To aid them, robots of the future might need to have emotions hardwired into their brains. E There are people who believe that eventually there will be a combination between the top- down and bottom-up, which may provide the key to Artificial Intelligence.
As adults, we blend the two approaches. It has been suggested that our emotions represent the quality that most D Because of the limitations of the top-down approach to Artificial Intelligence, attempts have been made to use a 'bottom-up' approach instead -that is, to try to imitate evolution and the way a baby learns.
Rodney Brooks was the director of MIT's Artificial Intelligence laboratory, famous for its lumbering 'top- down' walking robots. He changed the course of research when he explored the unorthodox idea of tiny 'insectold' robots that learned to walk by bumping into things instead of computing mathematically the precise position of their feet.
Today many of the descendants of Brooks' insectoid robots are on Mars gathering. But then we started to try to make machines that could answer questions about simple children's stories. There's no machine today that can do that.
Which paragraph contains the fo! Write the correct fetter;A-F, in boxes on your answer sheet. NB Youmay use any lettermore than once. ReadingPassage 2 CT: Test 1 Exam practice32 A Artificial Intelligence may require something equivalent to feelings in order to succeed.
B Different kinds of people use different parts of the brain. C Tests involving fiction have defeated Artificial Intelligence so far. D People have intellectual capacities which do not exist ln computers. E People have no reason to be frightened of robots. Look at the following people Questions and the list of statements below. Questions Sometimes the names are in more than one place. If Matching names is the first task for a text,read the textthrough veryquickly before you follow this pfan sothat you have a general idea of the text's structure and argument.
Find them in the text and underline them. Action plan for Matching names They were given the information they needed on a 24 This was known as the 'top-down' approach and enabled them to do certain tasks but they were unable to recognise 25 Nor did they have any intuition or ability to make decisions based on experience.
Rodney Brooks tried a different approach. Robots similar to those invented by Brooks are to be found on 26 where they are collecting information. The title of the summary may help you.
Matching sentence endings Matching sentence endings requires you to understand a number of significant ideas expressed in the text. These are in the same order as the information in the text so the information relating to the first half-sentence will be found in the text before the information relating to the second half-sentence, and so on. Multiple choice Multiple choice requires both general and detailed understanding of the text.
The questions are in the same order as the ideas in the text. They may refer to a small part of the text, or a long section of it.
Occasionally, the last question may refer to the text as a whole. There is never more than one correct option. What is Reading Passage 3? That prominent linguist Noam Chomsky, say Krauss and many others.
Or, more precisely, they blame those linguists who have been obsessed with his approaches. Linguists who go out into communities to study, document and describe languages, argue that theoretical linguists, who draw conclusions about how languages work, have had so much influence that linguistics has largely ignored the continuing disappearance of languages. Chomsky, from his post at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, has been the great man of theoretical linguistics for far longer than he has been known as a political commentator.
His landmark work of argues that all languages exhibit certain universai grammatical features, encoded in the human mind. American linguists, in particular, have focused largely on theoretical concerns ever since, even while doubts have mounted about Chomsky's universals. At linguistics meetings in the us, where the endangered-language issue has oflate been something of a flavourof the month, there is growing evidence that not all approaches to the preservation of languages will be particularly helpful.
Some linguists are boasting, for example, of more and more sophisticated means of capturing languages: But these are encouraging the 'quick dash' style of recording trip: That's not quite what some endangered-language specialists have been seeking for more than 30years.
Most loud and untiring has been Michael Krauss, of the University of Alaska. He has often complained that linguists are playing with non-essentials while most of their raw data is disappearing. Linguists know what causes languages to disappear, but less often remarked is what happens on the way to disappearance: Allthat is gone in a creole. You've just got a few words like 'gum tree' or whatever.
South America. Youshould spend about 20 minutes on Questions, which are based on ReadingPassage3 below. E Worried about the loss ofrainforests and the ozone -: Well, neither ofthose is doing any worse than l! J remain in use on Earth. In their place, 18 almost all humans will speak one of a handful of megalanguages - Mandarin. English, Spanish. Reading Passage 3 Chomsky disagrees.
He has recently begun to speak in support of language preservation. But his linguistic, as opposed to humanitarian, argument is, let's say, unsentimental: At the moment. In linguistics, as in every other discipline, he believes that good descriptive work requires thorough theoretical understanding and should also contribute to building new theory. But that's precisely what documentation does, objects Evans. The process of immersion in a. I Austin and Co.
This requires that documentary linguists observe not only languages' structural subtleties, but also related social, historical and political factors. Such work calls for persistent funding of field scientists who may sometimes have to venture into harsh and even hazardous places. Once there, they may face difficulties such as community suspicion. They may have seen support and funding for such work come and go.
They may have given up using the language with their children, believing they will benefit from speaking a more widely understood one. Plenty of students continue to be drawn to the intellectual thrill of linguistics field work. That's all the more reason to clear away barriers.