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Thank you to the development team for putting up with all of our continued requests to make the product better. Second, a big thanks to our technical team. July , Paperback. Activate the default 3D view. The current document download page has been viewed times. Measuring the imported image. Once you have completed this exercise, try moving the central interior wall to see how the two flanking walls maintain their dimensional and aligned relationships.
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Mastering Autodesk 3ds Max Design September , Paperback E-book also available. December , Paperback. Learning Autodesk Inventor November , Paperback. Learning Revit Architecture October , Paperback. Buy Selected Items. All rights reserved. Derakhshani October , Paperback. To access the type properties of the Project Browser, right-click on Views at the top of the tree, and select Type Properties. Select any of the items in the Type drop-down list or duplicate one to create your own.
Status Bar The status bar provides useful information about commands and selected elements Figure In addition to the worksets and design options toolbars, the status bar displays information about keyboard shortcut commands or simply lists what object you have selected. It is also particularly useful for identifying when you are about to select a chain of elements.
The status bar is located at the bottom of the Revit application window. View Control Bar The View Control Bar is at the bottom of every view and will have different icons depending on the type of view in which you are working Figure The View Control Bar gives you quick access to commonly used view properties.
Note that some of these buttons will access view properties you can also set in the Properties palette. You can orbit your model by clicking and dragging anywhere on the ViewCube.
You can also click on any face, corner, or edge of the ViewCube to orient your view. Right-clicking the ViewCube will open a menu that will allow you to set, recall, and orient your view, as shown in Figure Right-click on the ViewCube to access more view orientation options. Options Bar The Options Bar is a context-sensitive area that gives you feedback as you create and modify content.
This is an important UI feature when you are creating model content. For example, when you use the Wall command, the Options Bar displays settings for the height, the location line, offset, and chain modeling options, as shown in Figure Even when you place annotations, the Options Bar provides you with choices for leaders and other additional context.
The Options Bar provides immediate input of options related to a selected object or command. Understanding the Interface Workflow In this section we will dive into the workflow of the Revit interface with some basic modeling exercises.
These lessons can be applied to just about every tool and function throughout the program. Activating a command in Revit is a simple and repeatable process that takes you from a tool in the ribbon to options and properties and into the drawing window to begin placing an element. In the following exercise, you will create a simple layout of walls using some critical components of the UI as well as a few common modifying tools.
Creating a Simple Layout Begin by downloading the file cInterface.
You can open a Revit project file by dragging it directly into the application or by using the Open command from the Application menu. You can even double-click on a Revit file, but be aware that if you have more than one version of Revit installed on your computer, the file will open in the last version of Revit you used.
This is the default 3D view, which you can always access by clicking the icon in the Quick Access toolbar QAT which looks like a little house. Note that the view name of the active view is always shown as bold in the Project Browser.
This will open the Level 1 floor plan view. From the ribbon, select the Home tab and click the Wall tool. Also make sure the Chain option is checked. At the top of the Properties palette, you will see the Type Selector.
Click on it to change the wall type to Basic Wall: Exterior - Brick on Mtl. Before you begin modeling, notice the Draw panel in the ribbon Figure You can choose from a variety of geometry options as you create 3D and 2D elements in the drawing area. Select geometry options from the Draw panel in the ribbon. You are now ready to begin modeling wall segments. In the drawing area, click through each of the layout markers from 1 through 6. Note how you can use automatic snapping to accurately locate the start and end of each segment.
At point 3, place your mouse pointer near the middle of the circle to use the center snap point. After you click the last wall segment at point 6, press the Esc key once to stop adding new walls. You will notice that the Wall command is still active and you can continue adding new walls if you choose.
You can even change the wall type, options, and properties before continuing. Press the Esc key again to return to the Modify state. You can also click the Modify button at the left end of the ribbon. Your layout of walls should look like the image shown in Figure You will also learn how to select and filter elements in the model. Using the mouse pointer, click and drag a window from the lower left to the upper right to select only the wall segments running east-west, as shown in Figure Drag the cursor from left to right to select some of the walls.
To reduce the selection to only walls, click the Filter button in the ribbon and clear all the check boxes except for Walls, as shown in Figure Filter your selection to only include walls.
From the Modify tab in the ribbon, click the Mirror — Pick Axis tool and then click on the dashed line representing the reference plane in the plan view. Mirrored copies of the selected walls will appear opposite the reference plane, as shown in Figure Mirrored copies of the selected walls Figure Use the Switch Windows command to see what views you have activated. You will also change some walls from one type to another. In the previous exercise, you created additional levels, thus increasing the overall desired height of your building.
In the following steps, you will adjust the top constraint of the exterior walls and swap a few walls for a curtain wall type: Activate the default 3D view. From the View tab in the ribbon, locate the Windows panel and then click the Tile button. The two active views default 3D view and South elevation should now be seen side by side.
In either view, find the Navigation bar, click the drop-down arrow under the Zoom icon, and then click Zoom All To Fit, as shown in Figure Use Zoom All To Fit when you are using tiled windows.
The number of selected items can be seen in the Properties palette. In the Properties palette, find the parameter Top Constraint. Change the value to Up To Level: Roof and then click Apply. Notice how the walls all change height in both the 3D view and the elevation view. Also note how the offset is maintained relative to the level of the top constraint Figure In the final steps of this exercise, you will change a few wall segments from one wall type to another. Making these kinds of changes in Revit is similar to changing the font of a sentence in Microsoft Word where you would select the sentence and choose a different font from the font selector.
In the 3D view, select the wall at the west left side of the layout. Press and hold the Ctrl key and select the wall segment at the east right side as well Figure Tiled windows show the result of modifying the top constraints of the walls. Use the Ctrl key to manually select multiple items in your model. At the top of the Properties palette is the Type Selector.
Click it to open the list of available wall types within the project. Scroll down to the bottom of the list and select the type Curtain Wall: Exterior Glazing. You may get a warning when you make this change; if so, just select Unjoin Walls or whatever the recommended action is. Your result should look like the image in Figure Remember to save your project file before continuing with subsequent lessons.
Wall segments have been changed to a different type. In the plan view, click on each of the two interior walls you just created. You will see one dimension appear between the two walls, but the command is still active.
Keep going to the next step. Hover the mouse pointer over one of the two exterior walls and you will notice that the centerline of the wall is the default reference. Press the Tab key until you see the inside face of the wall highlight, as shown in Figure , and then click to add the dimension. Repeat this process for the exterior wall on the other side. Use the Tab key to toggle between wall references before you place a dimension. Now try moving each of the exterior walls again.
Observe how the constrained dimensions are preserving your intent to keep the outer rooms at their defined dimension. Aligning Elements In the following exercise, you will use dimensions to precisely place two more walls. You will then learn how to use the Align tool to preserve a dimensional relationship between two model elements. The Align tool can be used in just about any situation in Revit and is therefore a valuable addition to your common toolbox. To begin this exercise, you will use temporary dimensions to place a wall segment.
Elements in Revit can be initially placed in specific places using temporary dimensions or you can place them and then modify their positions using temporary or permanent dimensions as you learned in the previous exercise. Before you begin this exercise, you will need to adjust the settings for temporary dimensions. Modifying the settings for temporary dimensions 1.
Add a wall using Interior - Partition Type A2 to the main layout area. Continue to use the Finish Face: Repeat this process for the opposite side. Press the Esc key or click the Modify button in the ribbon to exit the Wall command.
Select one of the walls you created in step 1. You will see a string of temporary dimensions appear. Drag the grip on the far left of the dimension string so that it aligns with the outside edge of the other wall, as shown in Figure Click the dimension icon just below the length shown in the temporary dimension to convert it into a regular dimension string.
Select the dimension string and click the lock symbol to establish a constraint, as shown in Figure Zoom out so you can see both new interior wall segments.
From the Modify tab in the ribbon, select the Align tool. Place an interior wall using temporary dimensions. Adjust references of temporary dimensions by dragging grips. A temporary dimension has been converted and locked.
As illustrated in Figure , click the face of the wall that has been constrained in step 3 a , click the corresponding face of the other new wall b , and then click the lock to constrain the alignment c. Use the Align tool to create an alignment and constrain the relationship. Once you have completed this exercise, try moving the central interior wall to see how the two flanking walls maintain their dimensional and aligned relationships.
Note that the constrained dimension can be deleted while preserving the constraint, as shown in Figure Try moving the main wall to observe how the flanking walls behave.
Press the spacebar until the chair orients properly with the desk Figure Place a chair with the desk in the main space. Repeat this process for the desk in the east wing, but add two additional chairs on the opposite side of the desk Figure Select the desk and chair in the main space and click the Create Group command in the Create panel of the contextual ribbon.
Name the group Desk-Chair Place three chairs with the desk in the east wing. Repeat the process for the desk and chairs in the east wing. Select the group Desk-Chair-3 and click the Copy command in the ribbon. Set the Constrain and Multiple options in the Options Bar and begin to copy the group into each of the three spaces in the east wing. With the Copy command still active, uncheck the Constrain option and place a copy of the group in the space at the north side of the layout.
Your copied furniture should look like the image in Figure Create copies of the group with multiple chairs. In this exercise, you created a simple group of furniture elements.
Groups can be a powerful tool for managing repeatable layouts within a design, but they can cause adverse performance if they are abused. There are far too many opinions and best practices for using groups to be listed in this chapter; however, there are just a few important tips to be aware of. In the following exercises, you will take the interior content you developed in the previous exercises and replicate it on other levels within the building.
Activate the Level 1 Furniture floor plan from the Project Browser. Select all the interior walls, doors, and furniture seen in the floor plan. In the Clipboard panel of the ribbon, click the Copy To Clipboard tool. You will be prompted with a dialog box to select levels to which the selected content will be copied in exactly the same position Figure Select Level 2 and Level 3 using the Ctrl key to make multiple selections.
Activate the view 3D Cutaway from the Project Browser to view the results of the aligned copying Figure The 3D Cutaway view uses a section box to display the inside of a building.
Now that you have created many copies of the furniture group on several levels, you can harness the power of the group by making changes to the group and observing how the overall design is updated.
Activate the Level 2 floor plan from the Project Browser. Select one of the Desk-Chair-1 furniture groups in the main space. Click on the Edit Group button from the contextual ribbon. The view window will turn a light shade of yellow and a temporary toolbar will appear at the upper left of the view area.
Select the chair in the group and from the Type Selector, change it to Chair-Executive.
Rotate the chair 20 degrees using the Rotate tool Figure The view window will enter a temporary group editing mode. Chapter 2 Schematic Design Design inspiration comes from many sources.
For example, some designers still like to sketch by hand, but the sketch needs to align with the building program.
Many of our modern sketches now happen digitally to make this transition easier. Start with more primal elements, a process called massing in Revit, to make sure your program is correct. Working from a sketch Modeling in-place masses Creating mass floors Scheduling mass floors Updating the massing study Working from a Sketch Sketches can be a great source for starting design massing in Revit.