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Electronic commerce 10th edition by gary schneider pdf

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A common standard for financial information is XBRL. Some advantages worth considering include: SlideShare Explore Search You. Web client computers run software called Web client software or Web browser software. Solutions manual for electronic commerce 11th edition by gary schneider. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips.

Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Solutions manual for electronic commerce 10th edition by gary schneider 1. In one or two paragraphs, describe how the Internet changed from a government research project into a technology for business users. In the early s, the U. Department of Defense began examining ways to connect computers to each other and to weapons installations distributed all over the world. Employing many of the best communications technology researchers, the Defense Department funded research at leading universities and institutes.

The goal of this research was to design a worldwide network that could remain operational, even if parts of the network were destroyed by enemy military action or sabotage. E-mail was born in when Ray Tomlinson, a researcher who used the network, wrote a program that could send and receive messages over the network. This new method of communicating became widely used very quickly. As personal computers became more powerful, affordable, and available during the s, companies increasingly used them to construct their own internal networks.

Although these networks included e-mail software that employees could use to send messages to each other, businesses wanted their employees to be able to communicate with people outside their corporate networks. Electronic Commerce, 10th Edition Solutions Answer: In , Vannevar Bush, who was director of the U. Office of Scientific Research and Development, wrote an article in The Atlantic Monthly about ways that scientists could apply the skills they learned during World War II to peacetime activities.

Electronic Commerce, 10th Edition Solutions In the s, Ted Nelson described a similar system in which text on one page links to text on other pages. Nelson called his page-linking system hypertext. Douglas Engelbart, who also invented the computer mouse, created the first experimental hypertext system on one of the large computers of the s.

In , Nelson published Literary Machines, a book in which he outlined project Xanadu, a global system for online hypertext publishing and commerce. European Laboratory for Particle Physics. Berners-Lee proposed a hypertext development project intended to provide this data-sharing functionality.

Over the next two years, Berners-Lee developed the code for a hypertext server program and made it available on the Internet. In about words, describe the function of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.

Some of these are generic top-level domains gTLDs , which are available to specified categories of users. In about words, describe the client and server elements of this architecture, including specific examples of software and hardware that are used to form the Web. The Web is software that runs on computers that are connected to each other through the Internet. Web client computers run software called Web client software or Web browser software.

Web browser software sends requests for Web page files to other computers, which are called Web servers and a Web server computer runs software called Web server software. The Web server software receives requests from many different Web clients and responds by sending files back to those Web client computers. Thus, the purpose of a Web server is to respond to requests for Web pages from Web clients. Electronic Commerce, 10th Edition Solutions 5. In about words, explain the difference between an extranet and an intranet.

In your answer, describe when you might use a VPN in either. The term intranet describes an Internet that does not extend beyond the organization that created it. In the past, most intranets were constructed by interconnecting a number of private networks; however, organizations today can create secure intranets using VPN technologies. If security is not an issue, they can even build intranets using public networks. Similarly, an extranet was originally defined as an intranet that had been extended to include specific entities outside the boundaries of the organization, such as business partners, customers, or suppliers.

Extranets were used to save money and increase efficiency by replacing traditional communication tools such as fax, telephone, and overnight express document carriers. Explain the importance of the anchor tag in the evolution of electronic commerce activity on the Web. A text markup language specifies a set of tags that are inserted into the text. These markup tags, or tags, provide formatting instructions that Web client software can understand.

The Web client software uses those instructions as it renders the text and page elements contained in other files into the Web page that appears on the screen of the client computer. The most important tag in HTML is the Anchor Hypertext Reference tag, which is the tag that provides a link to another Web page or another location in the same Web page. As part of your answer, provide examples of at least two situations in which an organization would use XML and two situations in which an organization would use HTML.

The page structure and text of a Web page are stored in a text file that is formatted, or marked up, using a text markup language.

Pdf electronic by schneider edition commerce gary 10th

HTML defines the structure and content of Web pages using markup symbols called tags. First, XML is not a markup language with defined tags. It is a framework within which individuals, companies, and other organizations can create their own sets of tags. Second, XML tags do not specify how text appears on a Web page; the tags convey the meaning the semantics of the information included within them. In about words, describe the differences between symmetric and asymmetric connections.

Include a discussion of why one might be preferable to the other in a specific situation. Symmetric connections provide the same bandwidth in both directions. Asymmetric connections provide different bandwidths for each direction.

In about words, describe how ontologies and resource description frameworks could help software agents provide useful services on the Semantic Web. For software agents to perform their functions, Web standards must include XML, a resource description framework, and an ontology. It would function as a dictionary for all XML tags used on the Web.

An ontology is a set of standards that defines, in detail, the relationships among RDF standards and specific XML tags within a particular knowledge domain. Ontologies and the RDF would provide the intelligence about the knowledge domain so that software agents could make decisions as humans would. Exercises 1.

In , ICANN and the major domain name registries began offering a five- day grace period for new domain registrations. The idea was to give registrants time to correct typographical errors and misspellings in the names they registered.

If a registrant found an error in that five-day period, they could cancel their registration and, presumably, re-register a corrected domain name.

Using your library or your favorite search engine, learn more about domain tasting. Prepare a report of about words that defines domain tasting, outlines its negative effects on Web users, and describes how the problem of domain tasting was resolved.

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers is responsible for managing and doling out Internet domain names.

It is not an easy job. And making it harder was a scheme used by some registrars known as domain tasting. Someone would buy up lots of domain names, try them out, and then get rid of the unprofitable ones, all without losing any money.

As long as the registrar dumped the domains within the five-day grace period, known as the Add Grace Period AGP , a full refund was given. Designed by ICANN to help registrars who made errors in their domain names, the grace period refund was quickly abused by Web sites that populated their domains with lots of ad links that redirected visitors to other sites. It also led to the unavailability of popular names that were scooped up by domain tasters.

The organization stopped refunding the cent annual fee for each registered deleted domain name beyond a certain limit. ICANN has reported that the new policy resulted in a Bridgewater Engineering Company BECO , a privately held machine shop, makes heavy-duty machinery for factory assembly lines.

It sells its presses, grinders, and milling equipment using a few inside salespeople and telephones. It buys its raw materials and supplies from a variety of steel mills and small-parts fabricators located around the world.

Tom would like to connect his network of computers into their ordering systems so he can order supplies quickly when he needs them.

He is interested in learning more about how he can use the Internet to set up such connections. Write a report that briefly describes how companies use extranets to link their systems with those of their suppliers, and then write an evaluation of at least two companies using information you have gathered in your Web searches that could help develop an extranet that would work for Tom. The three parts of your report should total about words. Responses will vary significantly in this exercise.

Any recommendation for systems development should include the infrastructure required to support a supply- chain management extranet, as well as the costs and the anticipated benefits. Electronic Commerce, 10th Edition Solutions Answer: In , Vannevar Bush, who was director of the U. Office of Scientific Research and Development, wrote an article in The Atlantic Monthly about ways that scientists could apply the skills they learned during World War II to peacetime activities.

Electronic Commerce, 10th Edition Solutions In the s, Ted Nelson described a similar system in which text on one page links to text on other pages. Nelson called his page-linking system hypertext. Douglas Engelbart, who also invented the computer mouse, created the first experimental hypertext system on one of the large computers of the s.

In , Nelson published Literary Machines, a book in which he outlined project Xanadu, a global system for online hypertext publishing and commerce. European Laboratory for Particle Physics.

Berners-Lee proposed a hypertext development project intended to provide this data-sharing functionality. Over the next two years, Berners-Lee developed the code for a hypertext server program and made it available on the Internet. In about words, describe the function of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. Some of these are generic top-level domains gTLDs , which are available to specified categories of users.

In about words, describe the client and server elements of this architecture, including specific examples of software and hardware that are used to form the Web.

Solutions manual for electronic commerce 10th edition by gary schneid…

The Web is software that runs on computers that are connected to each other through the Internet. Web client computers run software called Web client software or Web browser software. Web browser software sends requests for Web page files to other computers, which are called Web servers and a Web server computer runs software called Web server software.

The Web server software receives requests from many different Web clients and responds by sending files back to those Web client computers. Thus, the purpose of a Web server is to respond to requests for Web pages from Web clients.

Electronic Commerce, 10th Edition Solutions 5. In about words, explain the difference between an extranet and an intranet. In your answer, describe when you might use a VPN in either.

The term intranet describes an Internet that does not extend beyond the organization that created it. In the past, most intranets were constructed by interconnecting a number of private networks; however, organizations today can create secure intranets using VPN technologies. If security is not an issue, they can even build intranets using public networks.

Similarly, an extranet was originally defined as an intranet that had been extended to include specific entities outside the boundaries of the organization, such as business partners, customers, or suppliers.

Extranets were used to save money and increase efficiency by replacing traditional communication tools such as fax, telephone, and overnight express document carriers. Explain the importance of the anchor tag in the evolution of electronic commerce activity on the Web. A text markup language specifies a set of tags that are inserted into the text. These markup tags, or tags, provide formatting instructions that Web client software can understand. The Web client software uses those instructions as it renders the text and page elements contained in other files into the Web page that appears on the screen of the client computer.

The most important tag in HTML is the Anchor Hypertext Reference tag, which is the tag that provides a link to another Web page or another location in the same Web page. As part of your answer, provide examples of at least two situations in which an organization would use XML and two situations in which an organization would use HTML.

The page structure and text of a Web page are stored in a text file that is formatted, or marked up, using a text markup language.

HTML defines the structure and content of Web pages using markup symbols called tags. First, XML is not a markup language with defined tags.

Edition by pdf gary schneider commerce 10th electronic

It is a framework within which individuals, companies, and other organizations can create their own sets of tags. Second, XML tags do not specify how text appears on a Web page; the tags convey the meaning the semantics of the information included within them. In about words, describe the differences between symmetric and asymmetric connections.

Include a discussion of why one might be preferable to the other in a specific situation. Symmetric connections provide the same bandwidth in both directions. Asymmetric connections provide different bandwidths for each direction.

In about words, describe how ontologies and resource description frameworks could help software agents provide useful services on the Semantic Web. For software agents to perform their functions, Web standards must include XML, a resource description framework, and an ontology. It would function as a dictionary for all XML tags used on the Web. An ontology is a set of standards that defines, in detail, the relationships among RDF standards and specific XML tags within a particular knowledge domain.

Ontologies and the RDF would provide the intelligence about the knowledge domain so that software agents could make decisions as humans would. Exercises 1.

In , ICANN and the major domain name registries began offering a five- day grace period for new domain registrations. The idea was to give registrants time to correct typographical errors and misspellings in the names they registered.

If a registrant found an error in that five-day period, they could cancel their registration and, presumably, re-register a corrected domain name. Using your library or your favorite search engine, learn more about domain tasting. Prepare a report of about words that defines domain tasting, outlines its negative effects on Web users, and describes how the problem of domain tasting was resolved.

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers is responsible for managing and doling out Internet domain names. It is not an easy job.

And making it harder was a scheme used by some registrars known as domain tasting. Someone would buy up lots of domain names, try them out, and then get rid of the unprofitable ones, all without losing any money. As long as the registrar dumped the domains within the five-day grace period, known as the Add Grace Period AGP , a full refund was given.

Designed by ICANN to help registrars who made errors in their domain names, the grace period refund was quickly abused by Web sites that populated their domains with lots of ad links that redirected visitors to other sites. It also led to the unavailability of popular names that were scooped up by domain tasters. The organization stopped refunding the cent annual fee for each registered deleted domain name beyond a certain limit.

ICANN has reported that the new policy resulted in a Bridgewater Engineering Company BECO , a privately held machine shop, makes heavy-duty machinery for factory assembly lines. It sells its presses, grinders, and milling equipment using a few inside salespeople and telephones. It buys its raw materials and supplies from a variety of steel mills and small-parts fabricators located around the world. Tom would like to connect his network of computers into their ordering systems so he can order supplies quickly when he needs them.

He is interested in learning more about how he can use the Internet to set up such connections. Write a report that briefly describes how companies use extranets to link their systems with those of their suppliers, and then write an evaluation of at least two companies using information you have gathered in your Web searches that could help develop an extranet that would work for Tom.

The three parts of your report should total about words. Responses will vary significantly in this exercise. Any recommendation for systems development should include the infrastructure required to support a supply- chain management extranet, as well as the costs and the anticipated benefits.

The benefits include lower communication costs, and more timely and accessible information, as well as convenient use. Tanya Trago is the IT manager for Greenway Enterprises, a large landscaping company with hundreds of home and commercial customers. Greenway runs its own repair and maintenance facility because it operates a large number of mowers, cranes, backhoes, and similar machinery.

The facility purchases replacement parts and repair supplies for all of this equipment. Tanya is interested in creating a database to track these parts and supplies. She would also like to integrate that database with information provided by the vendors that sell those parts and supplies to Greenway.

10th schneider edition by commerce pdf gary electronic

Several of these vendors use XML tags to describe their inventory, but no common standard tag system has been adopted in the industry. Use the Web Links, the Web, and your library to conduct research on the use of XML in the landscaping equipment and machinery industry, summarize your findings, and prepare a report of about words in which you give Tanya advice on the advantages and disadvantages of using XML tags as descriptors in this situation.

Responses will vary. Some advantages worth considering include: As you learned in this chapter, XML allows users to define their own markup tags.

You also learned that this flexibility can lead to problems when IT professionals who have developed tag sets for their own organizations share information with other organizations that are using other tag sets. One way organizations can avoid this problem is to agree to follow common standards.