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quest magazine pdf. Word op een leuke manier wijzer met wetenschappelijke tests, handige weetjes en de leukste animatievideos! Quest Test Nederland. Futurity: Contemporary Literature and the Quest for the Past .. of a journal like OSO—Tijdschrift voor Surinamistiek en het Caraïbisch Gebied, Download pdf . Stockholm pdf> Ne- derlands Tijdschrift voor Europees Recht, Verschuuren, J.
Despite their differences, all the texts by these authors all investigate what having a future means today by looking at opportunities for political or ethical action. It does, but it especially tells us a lot about power struggles within the national legal system. Thus, whereas at first sight no foreign influence is present, its indirect impact through Belgian authors may be very great. Was Jesus himself a Jew? Emotionally, they seem to have some constitutional value, although formally clearly not.
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Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie Volume , Issue 3. Brian Doucet Utrecht University Search for more papers by this author. First published: Read the full text.
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Volume , Issue 3 July Pages Related Information. Email or Customer ID. Futurity is a compelling and evocative work that will be of interest to a wide range of scholars and anyone with an interest in how we engage with a past that determines our future.
Literature, Colonialism, and Multiculturalism. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, In this respect, the publication of a new volume that attempts to reach a broad range of scholars interested in the legacy of Dutch and Belgian colonial policies in the contemporary Low Countries and their former overseas possessions in Africa, Asia, and the Americas should be welcomed.
Several of the articles presented in this collected volume meet high academic standards. It is remarkable that CLS Dutch—Caribbean people with roots in Suriname and the Antilles. Although understandable in the tense political climate of the time, the decision by the editors and some of the authors to take a political stand in their contribu- tions gave the book at times a pedantic undertone that is more appropriate for a political pamphlet than for serious scientific research.
One of the victims of this iconoclastic approach is Indische Letteren, a highly respected journal that has been publishing groundbreaking research on colonial and postcolonial literature related to the former Dutch East Indies since Precisely because the Dutch East Indies and Indonesia are so often overlooked in the field of colonial and postcolonial studies, it is regrettable that Elleke Boehmer and Frances Gouda felt it necessary to launch such a vitriolic attack against one of the few prestigious journals on literature from that part of the world.
It is, for instance, diff icult to understand why the editors, who claim to have overcome estab- lished borders between cultures, nations, and languages, present a work on the Low Countries that completely left out the second major language of that area: The complete omission of French culture in a book on the cultural identities of the Low Countries aimed at an international reading public is unacceptable.
The Postcolonial Low Countries suffers, in fact, from a lack of concern for the cultural and historical specificities of the different geographical areas composing the Low Countries. Colonial Difference and Literary Form.
By Ulka Anjaria. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, Over five chapters, it details the emergence and CLS Anjaria argues that, whereas magical realism has come to be privileged both as the hallmark of third world and postcolonial writing, and as the method that such writing uses to challenge the politics of colo- nial modernity, in colonial and newly independent India realism was the mode through which writers engaged with questions of colonial injustice, nationalism, the hierarchies of class and caste, and the urban—rural divide.
Realist narratives allowed them to debate what form modernity should take in India, and conversely, such debates enabled their wide-ranging experiments with realism. Thus, Anjaria argues, the aesthetic innovations and political visions of Indian realism enabled one another. In the hands of the novelists she discusses, realism was a heterogeneous practice that defies some of the distinctions critics have made between it and other modes of representation.
But such remolding was also the result of their own attempts to engage with questions of equality and freedom in India. Her discussions illuminate the limitations of any theoretical understanding of realism that derives only from a reading of European and American fiction.
Instead of then seeing Indian novelists as only reshaping established Western norms of realist writing, we might better understand their work as demonstrating that realism, understood as a global practice, is a far more capacious and varied mode than is commonly understood. Anjaria demonstrates that Godan in fact acknowl- edges how much of this harsh reality cannot be depicted. Premchand sug- gests that what is necessarily excluded by his representation is also ignored by Indian nationalism, and even by left-wing visions of India.
In this way, Anjaria argues, Premchand both advances and questions the promise of Indian nationalism as well as the capacity of realism. However, as this fine argument is advanced, she conflates established modes of European real- ism, humanism, and mainstream Indian nationalism. Surely, too, despite the commitment of some realist writers to a utopic vision, much realist fiction has been historically committed to exploring difference of class, of gender, of religion, and in India, of caste and colonialism.
A similar privileging of formal experimentation and, consequently, a flattening of realism is also evident elsewhere. This is the case even when—or especially when—novels strain to discuss the possibilities of a pan-Indian nationalism as is the case with Indulekha, O. Despite the fact that a hegemonic pan-Indian nationalism did emerge, these competing visions did not simply dissolve, but rather animated and complicated literary imaginations in every part of the country. Of course, this is not to suggest that there were no shared features between novels in different languages, or that Indian novelists did not ever self-consciously argue with Western literary theories and practices, or those who sought to transplant them to India.
Given the engagement of the Progressive Writers in India a group that includes most of the writers Anjaria discusses with European socialism, that would be a ridiculous assumption. They demonstrate that allegory is not antithetical to realism as is generally presumed but an intersecting mode of signification.
Anjaria is most persuasive when she demonstrates how realist fiction is formally because politically supple, and how formalist experimentation accompanied rather than impelled debates about progressive nationalism. The longing for, and the fractures of, realist form are thus part of the challenges faced by Indians who desired not just freedom from colonialism, but also freedom from other oppressive hierar- chies.
The Story of a Lost Play. By Roger Chartier. Translated by Janet Lloyd. Malden, MA: Polity Press, No author was recorded, and no text has survived.
Cardenio was marshaled in as the long lost CLS Tara L. By Lorna Burns. Continuum, In part, this is because Caribbean authors are concerned with the enduring legacy of colonialism in the production of Caribbean futurity.
Surrealism, and its focus on the constant process of becoming, and of returning to the past in order to frame a present and a future, is therefore quite necessarily the aesthetic of creoliza- tion according to Burns. Robert Antoni and Nalo Hopkinson. Contemporary Caribbean Writing and Deleuze will be of great interest to readers of Caribbean literature looking for greater insight into the numerous works on the intersections of Deleuzian philosophy and postcolonial theory. The topic of immanence is also quite timely given the recent publication of Immanence: Deleuze and Philosophy and Theatres of Immanence: Deleuze and the Ethics of Performance.
Its nuanced treatment of surrealist aesthetics in Tropiques is a great and necessary addition to what is now a limited criti- cal archive on the use of surrealism in Francophone Caribbean literature, though the jargon necessary to do this kind of theoretical work justice might present an impasse for some readers. As such, a reader might find this framework to be slightly repetitive. The Aesthetics of Dependency from Kierkegaard to Joyce.
By Leonardo Lisi. The historical period between the mid-eighteenth and the late twentieth century is often deemed to have promoted human autonomy in most countries and most areas of life, culture included. Since, however, concepts tend to gain generality at the expense of content, it is only natural that autonomy ended up meaning a variety of things.
In politics, it can designate the egalitarian bill of rights in the U.
In culture, autonomy may refer to the independence of art from religious or political authorities, but it can also call to mind the rather compulsory requirement that modern art reflect human autonomy. Kant argued that the transcendental unity of self-consciousness guarantees the links between sensible intuitions and understanding in our experience of the world. In a noble conceptual leap, Schiller granted beauty the role of symbol of moral- ity.
Much later, Martin Heidegger even proclaimed that beauty reveals to us the absolute ground of Being. Given the demiurgic role of beauty, art was expected to become the oracle of autonomy. We are imperfect beings who do not and cannot have a unified experience of the world.
We never reach the organic unity of Being, but rather advance on the winding road of life by relentlessly making deci- sions, good or bad.
We should therefore understand and accept our creaturely, fallen nature, our dependency on an infinitely superior, incomprehensible divinity. The movement began in Scandinavia, where the idealist option—preaching the balance between opposite semantic principles and a formal organic unity—was moderately defended by the Danish playwright Johann Ludwig Heiberg.
In his successful vaudevilles, Heiberg, not unlike his German confreres of the Biedermeier period, tried to reconcile idealism with a gentle interest in everyday life. In an inspiring reading of this novel Lisi persua- sively brings Henry James close to Kierkegaard.
Without yet subscribing to the fully anti-autonomous twentieth-century aesthetics of fragmentation, James, like Ibsen before him and Hugo von Hofmannstahl, Rainer Maria Rilke, and James Joyce in his early stories after him, epitomizes the art of dependency. The book concludes that one cannot fully understand the transition from the late eighteenth-century aesthetics of autonomy to the twentieth-century modernist fragmentation without taking into account the northern European philosophical and artistic reflection on dependency.
It links philosophy and literature in a persuasive manner and proposes a new, illuminating aesthetic category.
But these are details. Reading and Religious Authority in Medieval Polemic. By Ryan Szpiech. University of Pennsylvania Press, Misfortunes, he tells us, helped him have a glimpse of the light of virtue; he would prefer to die rather than relapse into wrongdoing. He falls asleep in tears as he admon- ishes himself.
The next day he wakes up and finds himself transformed.
He has a new heart. Conversion and Narrative consists of six chapters devoted to close readings of Christian, Jewish, and Muslim conversion narratives drawn from polemical sources.
By concentrating on documents narrating experiences of conversion, Szpiech productively challenges widely used methodologies in CLS Rather than understanding conversion narratives as a mere product of a conversion experience ontologically as well as tem- porarily prior to them, Szpiech redirects our attention toward the narrative and rhetorical elements that make conversion stories recognizable as such, while investigating the role that these stories play in Christian, Jewish, and Islamic polemical literature.
Narrating Conversion to CLS If ideas of Christian supersession are clearly consonant with conversion stories that dramatize a rupture from the past, Jewish sources call for a return to the truth of the original law and affirm the superiority and endurance of this law.
In this particular sense, Szpiech concludes, conversion narratives take a more central role in Christian polemical sources because these narratives align with the Christian model of sacred history as anchored in the idea of supersession and in the Augustinian and Pauline models of conversion. In discussing the implications and structure of Islamic conversion stories, Szpiech strikes the right balance between external and internal comparisons, and provides a comprehensive image of the commonalities and differences between the three Abrahamic religions of the Mediterranean.
His closing remarks point to new avenues of research in the field of Islamic hagiography and to the surplus of unexplored sources in the Cairo Genizah. Conversion and Narrative is impressive in its breadth and variety. Moreover, this reader would have appreciated a more detailed discussion of the connections between conversion and penance, not only because these terms share a common background but also because of the increasing atten- tion to penitential and confessional practice and doctrine concurrent to the development of Christian polemical literature.
Erudite, theoretically informed, and wide-ranging, Conversion and Narrative will prove valuable to scholars of comparative literature, religious studies, and medieval studies and to any serious student of the intersection between religion and literature. Gender and Embodiment in Medieval Europe. Edited by E. Jane Burns and Peggy McCracken. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, The co-editors of From Beasts to Souls locate their project at the intersec- tion of work on sexuality and gender, on the one hand, and critical animal studies on the other 4—6.
They are right to observe that few medieval- ists have addressed those fields together, at least until the past few years. Jane Burns and Peggy McCracken also note a lacuna in the cultural materials that might interest scholars in both fields: Its limited success in that enterprise—the only shortcoming of this fine collection—may result in part from the archival gap.
The editors themselves seem to struggle to bring beasts, souls, gender, and embodiment into mutually illuminating relationships, as evidenced by the unwieldy concatenation that ends the introduction: Perhaps an afterword could have synthesized those incipient imaginings. But coherence is hardly the only desideratum for edited collections, and contributors to From Beasts to Souls shed new light on many topics within its capacious statement of purpose.
Acknowledging our mutual desire can permit communication with our lithic partners despite our vastly different timescales, Cohen concludes.
So, too, his essay unsettles petrified assump- tions while providing few perceptible links with its successors. The essay conveys wide and deep expertise with exemplary clarity and occasional wit. Opening the section, Noah D. The romance thus answers one large question motivating the collection: But Burns actually defines two possible outcomes of that move: In sup- port of that second alternative, Burns turns to the actions that constitute the bulk of the romance: Contrary to modern stereotypes, the images afford mobility and activity equally to vulva and penis.
Although some of the organs have wings, tails, or fur, Rasmussen does not consider them as cross-species hybrids or nonhuman avatars. And surely, few readers would ask her to add such a consideration to this rich and provocative essay.
The University of Chicago Press, He highlights the ways in which futurity may be expressed through narrative strategies such as character, theme, allusion, plot, and symbols.