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This explains why it was only in the s that the removable booklets have become an annual feature. Coldness in men was thus associated with impaired copulatory function, manifesting as cold and watery seed and as a weak penis unable to control its emissions. In the collection of the Berlin State Library, Germany. By Thijs Hagendijk Heat is transformative, brings about change, separates substances or bring them together. Five Thousand Receipts was a major source for the Manual , nearly the entire cake section and many of the pudding recipes were adapted or copied from Mackenzie.
Ich habe ein tolles Backbuch geschenkt bekommen Gratisproben und kostenlose Produktproben … ; Welche Gratisproben und Produktproben gibt es aktuell? Alle aktuellen Gratisproben und kostenlosen Produkttests findet ihr hier gelistet.
Aber danach pappt's. Mein Sohn nimmt die momentan haufenweise mit in den Kindergarten, und alle freuen sich schon drauf. Oetker Verlag ; Dr. Die neuen Dr.
Oetker bietet eine Vielzahl an Rezeptheften an. Oetker ; Gerne beantwortet der Dr. Wir freuen uns auf Ihren Anruf. Das Beste Dr Oetker Backbuch - speedcomisp. Sprawdzone przepisy na ciasta i desery Oetker ; Dr. Oetker — firma i kariera. Firmie Dr. Oetker Low Carb Backen - kingsheadhotel. Hochgeladen von Dr. Oetker DeutschlandDas Rezept File: Oetker Low Carb Backen. Oetker Shop ; Dr. The first issue of that series, which includes Christmas specials as well as brochures with recipes for other occasions, came out in the late s.
Other recipe booklets are promoted as annual special issues that readers can expect to be enclosed with the annual Christmas edition of a particular magazine. The recipe booklets combine tradition and innovation.
They are based on the long-standing practice of Christmas baking with its traditional specialties such as Vanillekipferl , Lebkuchen, or Zimtsterne, and familiar ingredients such as cloves, cinnamon, and gingerbread seasoning. Many booklets seek to continue and inscribe themselves into these traditions, not least by using headlines that looked as if they were written by hand or that quoted famous Christmas stories and poems. At the same time, in order to attract a large readership and be collectible item, each booklet of recipes have to be innovative and different from the previous years.
The booklets are intended to provide readers with much more than just recipes. They are designed to advertise lifestyles and products. Whether complimentary or attached to a commercial magazine, recipe booklets for Christmas cookies are aimed at selling.
The free booklets from Dr.
For a fee of then 18 DM, members of the club est. Oetker products and the magazine Gugelhupf which was filled with recipes and other helpful information on cooking and baking. The special issues attached to Brigitte , on the other hand, are designed to sell the magazine itself. Removable booklets are a relatively new phenomenon in the history of Brigitte. Still in the s, it was rare for the magazine to include any recipes for Christmas cookies, not to mention an entire booklet.
At that point, recipes for Christmas cookies were perhaps too common and well-known to be used as a purchasing incentive. Such recipes became a regular feature and a removable collectible only in the s. While initial issues stuck with established recipes and offered few surprises, the Brigitte booklets soon started to present a peculiar mixture of old and new types of cookies, often variations of old and well-known recipes.
International recipes also made their way into the booklets. Furthermore, the booklets of both Dr. Oetker and Brigitte increasingly began to include recipes that required little time and experience, accompanied with additional how-to information for those new to baking.
These different sales strategies explain why advertising brochures in the form of recipe booklets such as Dr. Brands like Dr. Oetker want to sell their baking products each year anew, regardless of current baking trends, and therefore used brochures as a marketing strategy early on the company started selling baking powder in For a magazine like Brigitte , however, special issues on baking only made sense after women were no longer expected to be only housewives.
Some did not possess a large collection of traditional recipes and others looked for new inspirations. This explains why it was only in the s that the removable booklets have become an annual feature.
In many ways, the serialized recipe booklets are a substitute for family recipes once passing from generation to generation. It is no longer the mother or grandmother whose experience guarantees success but rather the long-established brand and its test kitchens. The Brigitte booklets, which do not promote ingredients of particular brands, prominently introduce their test kitchen personnel and emphasize that the recipes are well-tried and tested before inclusion in the booklet.
Oetker and Brigitte which usually mention the test kitchens. All booklets and magazines featured in the photos here are in the collection of Reinhild and her mother. And only men could take the examinations for government office which conferred elite socio-economic status. But at age 40, Liu Xiaoting was still sonless wu zi. This was caused, he explained, by excessive drinking and sexual indulgence. Depletion from debauchery was a common diagnosis for upper-class men of the time, those who had the means to own concubines and patronize courtesans.
Besides depleting the body, excessive outflows of semen harmed the kidneys, the organs that produced, stored, and transformed essence. After an additional half-recipe, he felt recovered.
To his great joy, he then begat a son. Although Chinese medical writings on childbearing focused primarily on the female body, people had also long recognized that male ailments could impede conception. As Charlotte Furth has shown , this inspired a proliferation of writings on male self-cultivation and producing sons.
Such material appeared in various textual genres, and it was not uncommon to find the reproductive illnesses of men discussed in chapters on women. These discussions assumed, furthermore, that a deficient man might still be able to father daughters, but that only a properly regulated male body would create sons.
The question was how best to achieve that regulation. In medical discussions of infertility, cold could refer to somatic sensations of chillness, as well as to a sense of deficiency and absence of vitality. Writings on women were primarily concerned with ensuring the ample and free flow of female blood, which constituted the female seed, nourished the fetus, and later transformed into breast milk.
But doctors also worried about coldness in the womb, whether from an invading wind, or arising from internal depletion. Cold would cause female blood to stagnate and become corrupt.
But concerns about female cold were also expressed in terms of agricultural metaphors which portrayed the womb as a field that needed to be warm and nurturing to receive the male seed. Women with cold wombs would simply not produce children. The various theories of sex selection might differ as to details, but they agreed that a man could produce boys by shooting she his seed into the woman on certain days, in a certain manner, at a certain point in the copulatory act.
A man who wanted sons thus needed to bring his female partner to climax before releasing his own seminal essence. Coldness in men was thus associated with impaired copulatory function, manifesting as cold and watery seed and as a weak penis unable to control its emissions. This objection was rooted in a particular understanding of how cosmological yin and yang forces expressed themselves in the male body. To simplify enormously: Men were the yang of humankind, and male potency and fertility were understood as expressions of bodily yang.
As a result, people routinely tried to treat sonlessness with heating drugs. But some doctors warned that too much heat would damage and consume yin, harming the kidneys yin and consuming its essence yin. Excessive heat would sicken the man, and even if he managed to conceive a son, the heat would remain as a latent poison in the fetal body and the boy would die young. Instead, they argued that the proper way to regulate yang was to address the underlying deficiency of yin. Gong Tingxian shared this viewpoint, and the key drugs in his prescription acted by nourishing bodily yin and the kidneys.
As Liu Xiaoting swallowed the dozens of pills that Gong prescribed, he may have had initial doubts about their efficacy. Elixir to Solidify the Root and Build Yang Guben jianyang dan Dodder seed tu si zi cooked in wine, one and a half taels . White poria, root end bai fu shen , skin and woody bits removed Dioscorea shan yao , steamed with wine Achyranthes root niu xi , stems removed, washed in wine Eucommia bark du zhong , washed in wine, skin removed, roasted until crisp Angelica root, main body dang gui shen , washed in wine Cistanche rou cong rong , soaked in wine Schisandra fruit wu wei zi , washed in wine Black cardamom yi zhi ren , stir-fried in salt water Tender deer antler nen lu rong , roasted until crisp One tael each of the above.
Prepared rehmannia shu di , steamed in wine Dogwood fruit shan zhu yu , steamed in wine, the pit removed Three taels each of the above. Teasel xu duan , soaked in wine Milkwort yuan zhi , processed Cnidium seeds she chuang zi , stir fried, the husks removed One and a half taels each of the above. Ginseng ren shen , two taels Goji berries go ji zi , two taels. Grind the above into a fine powder, and mix with honey to form pills as large as the seeds of the parasol tree.
For each dose, take 50 to 70 pills on an empty stomach, washed down with salt water. With wine is also fine. Before bedtime, take another dose. If essence is not stable, then add dragon bone long gu and oyster shell mu li , heated in fire and quenched in salted wine three to five times.
Use one tael, three mace of each. Moreover, add five taels of tender deer horn. A mace Ch. She earned a Ph. Her publications include Reproducing Women: Medicine, Metaphor, and Childbirth in Late Imperial China University of California Press, and articles on gender and the body; medical illustration; forensic medicine, and Chinese views of Western anatomical science.