About a week ago, I finally finished reading Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman. While released in , the bestseller remains just. Can, Could and To Be Able To Exercise - caite.info I have Adobe Reader DC and when someone sends me a PDF file, I would like to save it. My desire. How do doctors approach problem solving? originally appeared on Quora: the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to.
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This book still many people search although it's already published since and I still love to read Think Fast and Slow Book until today A brilliantly written. In the highly anticipated Thinking, Fast and Slow, Kahneman takes us on a groundbreaking tour of the mind and explains the two systems that drive the way we. So when I recently stumbled upon a question on Quora that went like this: “What are some Thinking Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman.
Excellent book that should be of interest to those interested in Julian Jaynes's ideas on consciousness. Make it clear that you pay guest bloggers for their time and efforts. A general limitation of our mind is its imperfect ability to reconstruct past states of knowledge, or beliefs that have changed. They are just the tip of iceberg and not by any means exhaustive and just comprise a small part of what this book is all about. So Thinking, Fast and Slow is genuinely interesting. I rather trust my gut!
Our memories of pleasant and unpleasant experiences are very much colored by their peak intensities and their ends--but definitely not by their durations. In other words, a short, very unpleasant experience is remembered as being much worse than an very long duration, unpleasant experience.
Some of the explanations of our ways of thinking may seem basic and obvious if you have read other psychology books. But then you realize--Kahneman and his colleague Amos Tversky discovered these aspects of psychology, by conducting a wide variety of clever experiments.
Very well written, and understandable to the non-specialist, I highly recommend this book to anybody interested in psychology. Apr 29, Laura rated it really liked it Recommended to Laura by: New York Times. Dyson was a particularly apt pick because Kahneman helped design the Israeli military screening and training systems back when the country was young, and Dyson at 20 years old cranked statistics for the British Bombing Command in its youth.
Dyson was part of a small group that figured out the bombers were wrong about what mattered to surviving night time raids over Germany; a thing only about a quarter of the crews did over a tour. Dyson figured out the Royal Airforce's theories about who lived and died were wrong.
Everyone at Bomber Command, from the commander in chief to the flying crews, continued to believe in the illusion. The crews continued to die, experienced and inexperienced alike, until Germany was overrun and the war finally ended. Why did the British military resist the changes? Because it was deeply inconsistent the heroic story of the RAF they believed in. But not the myth that Kahneman dethroned. Kahneman got the Nobel Prize for Economics for showing that the Rational Man of Economics model of human decision making was based on a fundamental misunderstanding of human decision making.
We are not evolved to be rational wealth maximizers, and we systematically value and fear some things that should not be valued so highly or feared so much if we really were the Homo Economicus the Austrian School seems to think we should be. Which is personally deeply satisfying, because I never bought it and deeply unsettling because of how many decisions are made based on that vision.
But Kahneman has a theory. He theorizes that humans have two largely separate decision-making systems: System One the fast and System Two the slow. System One let us survive monster attacks and have meaningful relationships with each other. System Two let us get to the moon. Both systems have values built into them and any system of decision-making that edits them out is doomed to undercut itself. Some specifics that struck me: Ideomotor Effect: Once triggered, they cascade concepts.
Make someone walk slow, they think about old age. Seeing a picture of cash makes us more independent, more selfish, and less likely to pick up something someone else has dropped. Seeing a locker makes us more likely to vote for school bonds. Reminding people of their mortality makes them more receptive of authoritarian ideas.
We find emotional coherence pleasing and lack of coherence frustrating. However, far fewer things are correlated than we believe. Our system one is pattern seeking. Our system 2 is lazy; happy to endorse system 1 beliefs without doing the hard math. System 1 is radically insensitive to both the quality and quantity of information that gives rise to impressions and intuitions.
Much of the time, the coherent story we put together is close enough to reality to support reasonable action. Like in our comparative risk assessments.
We panic about shark attacks and fail to fear riptides; freak out about novel and unusual risks and opportunities and undervalue the pervasive ones. Answering an Easier Question It can be a good way to make decisions.
Unless the easier question is not a good substitute. I have an uneasy awareness that I do this. The Law of Small Numbers. Good clean living? The counties with the highest level of kidney cancer are rural, sparsely populated, and located in traditionally Republican states.
Lack of access to health care? Wait, what? The System 1 mind immediately comes up with a story to explain the difference. But if you base your decision on either story, the outcomes will be bad. Anchors We seize on the first value offered, no matter how obviously absurd it is. If you want to push someone in a direction, get them to accept your anchor. Regression to the Mean.
A teacher who praises a randomly good performance may shape behavior, but likely will simply be disappointed as statistics asserts itself and a bad performance follows. A teacher who criticizes a bad performance may incentivize, but likely will simply have a false sense of causation when statistics asserts itself and a good performance happens. Because we tend to be nice to other people when they please us and nasty when they do not, we are statistically punished for being nice and rewarded for being nasty.
The Illusion of Understanding The sense-making machinery of System 1 makes us see the world as more tidy, simple, predictable, and coherent than it really is. The illusion that one has understood the past feeds the further illusion that one can control the future.
These illusions are comforting. They reduce the anxiety that we would experience if we allowed ourselves to fully acknowledge the uncertainties of existence. We all have a need for the reassuring message that actions have appropriate consequences, and that success will reward wisdom and courage. Formulas are often much more predictive than learned intuition.
Premortems Can Help. Have them write a history of the disaster. We value losses more than gains. He closes by stressing he does not mean to say that people are irrational.
A rational person can believe in ghosts, so long as all her other beliefs are consistent with the existence of ghosts. Rationality is logical coherence — reasonable or not. Econs are rational by this definition, but there is overwhelming evidence that Humans cannot be. Reasonable people cannot be rational by that definition, but they should not be branded as irrational for that reason.
Irrational is a strong word, which connotes impulsivity, emotionality, and a stubborn resistance to reasoned argument.
I often cringe when my work with Amos is credited with demonstrating that human choices are irrational, when in fact our research only showed that Humans are not well described by the rational-agent model.
View all 10 comments. Jun 21, Nicholas Sparks rated it it was amazing Shelves: It's a fascinating study of the mind, how people make decisions, and how the decision-making process can be improved.
View 1 comment. Jan 20, Jeff Raymond marked it as unfinished-reads Shelves: My issue with this book, which is one I've tossed aside after 60 pages, is not so much that it's poorly done or that it's hard to understand - in fact, the exact opposite is true. The issue is that this book is simply more in depth about psychology and psychological processes than I truly have a short-term interest in.
This is more the type of book you keep near your desk or bedside, read a 12 page chapter or so, and digest. This may be a book I need to own and do that with as opposed to tear thr My issue with this book, which is one I've tossed aside after 60 pages, is not so much that it's poorly done or that it's hard to understand - in fact, the exact opposite is true. This may be a book I need to own and do that with as opposed to tear through it after borrowing it from the library and then hating myself as a slog through it.
View all 7 comments. Reading "Thinking, Fast, and Slow", I had already pre- judged it before I started reading Once in awhile I use basic common sense - logic Just being honest! I understand this is an intellectual -giant- of - a -book about "How we think" Thinki Reading "Thinking, Fast, and Slow", Thinking 'deeply' about how we think Not so far.
It's too technical. I understand the author is brilliant --but I found myself skimming pages-- However, what I understood - I enjoyed. Kahneman has a great talent at being a slow, rational, logical, and reflective thinker. However, fast thanking, intuitive thinking, is more influential in what experience tells us he saysbeing contrary to the belief that we are very rational-decision making people.
A few things in the book Yet I still 'believe it's incomplete That their are other ways in speaking about the way our minds work - that is not found in this big book. System 1 is the intuitive, quick, thinking System 2 is the slowest rational logical and reflective thinking We tend to be lazy thinkers.
A running theme in the book is that although the brain does contain a statistical algorithm, it is not accurate. The brain does not understand basic normal distribution. Our brain often jumps to conclusions. Our brain knows how to answer easy questions, like "what did you have for breakfast"?
We have biases Often stereotypes will override statistics. He talks about predictions. For example, if a child gets great grades in the lower grades of school We often tend to over estimate our ability to predict the future. When it comes to intuition versus formulas Often the formula does win. We also are incline to expect regularity much more in our lives and really exist. You won't find any data in this book about "The Power of Now" thinking, or discussion about "You are not your Mind", Chakras, or myths about healing I look forward to my book club discussion- 25 people will be attending this month- many bright people I'm sure to gain value and more insights.
View all 12 comments. Oct 21, Hadrian rated it really liked it Shelves: Automatic processing, which is described as System 1, which is easy, non-attentive, intuitive thinking, and controlled processing, or System 2 - the 'attentive', reasoned, detail-oriented part of the mind. There are also some basic principles, such as heuristics 'shortcuts' of thinking, and biases. Yet this t admitted a bit of doubt when I first started this - the very concepts of Thinking, Fast and Slow, are evident to the student who has had Psych - there are two basic modes of thinking.
Yet this bald litany of basic facts does not describe the whole contents of the book. Far from it. The real meat of the book comes over the next 20 or so chapters, and details many real social and economic applications, with many helpful examples and citations, drawn from respected and well-tested sources.
This resourceful and detailed compilation of our best and worst behaviors in decision making is a fine book, and worth reading to those who are fascinated with our behaviors. Jan 20, Marcel rated it it was amazing Shelves: Excellent book that should be of interest to those interested in Julian Jaynes's ideas on consciousness. This book could probably have been titled Thinking Non-Consciously and Consciously.
View all 6 comments. Jul 07, Ashlula rated it it was amazing Shelves: Take home messages: Quick thinking and multitasking increases error rate. For the mind to comprehend something; it must be relative. Focusing on what we want is very important. What we assume as making a logical decision may just be misjudgment under influence.
Mar 08, Al rated it it was ok. Kahneman, a Nobel Prize winner, explores the general subject of how and why we frequently make irrational decisions. We've all seen articles over the years on various aspects of this phenomenon, but I venture to say that never before have the various aspects and permutations been explored in this depth and specificity.
Kahneman has spent much of his life researching the subject, and since the book includes both his research and that of others, it must stand as the definitive compendium Mr. Kahneman has spent much of his life researching the subject, and since the book includes both his research and that of others, it must stand as the definitive compendium on the subject.
His credentials are indisputable, and he tries gamely to bring the subject to life, but -- mea culpa -- I just couldn't stay interested in the myriad of data and specific examples. The book is good for someone really interested in the details, and it does contain real life examples, but after pages it's hard to remember them. My takeaway: Our intuition is frequently wrong, and even our experience or what we believe our experience to have been may not be reliable as a decision guide.
So, be careful! View all 9 comments. Feb 09, Andrewcharles rated it it was ok. What a monstrous chore to read! I've been working on this book since September or August months and just could not take reading it for more than a few minutes at a time.
Many times did it put me to sleep. The book covered a lot of great material and really fascinating research, but oftentimes in such plodding, pedantic, meticulous detail as to nearly obfuscate the point. I have heard of the majority of the research or at least their conclusions as well, so while I thought it offered exce What a monstrous chore to read! I have heard of the majority of the research or at least their conclusions as well, so while I thought it offered excellent insight and useful material for a lot of people to learn, I didn't think this collection of it--more of a history of the field than an introduction--added anything novel or unique for one already well-versed in the material.
I guess I didn't care for the details in how the studies were conducted for every minor point in the author's theories--though I largely agreed with the theories and interpretations.
A line near the end of the book struck a dissonant chord with me and I wonder if that offers an additional cause for my dislike: Many times the author wrote "we think This isn't to say I'm a purely 'rational agent' or 'Econ' or anything like that--the majority of the authors theories thinking can be either instinctual or effortful, rational agents act differently than emotional humans, and the experiencing self and the remembering self are different things are immanently true--but I do think he was generalizing for a WEIRD Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich and Democratic audience, and despite my background, I don't think I think that way.
May 14, Amir Tesla rated it really liked it Shelves: Attention is key. Our emotional state is largely determined by what we attend to, and we are normally focused on our current activity and immediate environment. There are exceptions, where the quality of subjective experience is dominated by recurrent thoughts rather than by the events of the moment.
When happily in love, we may feel joy even when caught in traffic. Nov 15, Atila Iamarino rated it it was amazing. View all 3 comments. Jul 24, Elyse Walters rated it really liked it.
Once in awhile I use basic common sense - logic -- not often -- just being honest! I rather trust my gut! I understand this is an intellectual -giant- of - a -book about "How we think". This book is pretty technical. I understand the author is brilliant --but I found myself skimming pages-- However, what I understood - I did enjoy. However, fast thinking, intuitive thinking, is more influential in what experience tells us he saysbeing contrary to the belief that we are very rational-decision making people.
I still believe this book is incomplete I think their are other ways in speaking about the way our minds work - that is not found in this big book. However, Our author says we have two ways of thinking: View all 8 comments.
I haven't felt so stimulated to re-think my thinking ever since I encountered Edward de Bono's books a dozen years ago. A text like this is especially instructive when you consider yourself an "outside-the-norm" person; it comes and beats you with a vengeance, time and again, as you try the mental problems inside for yourself--and fail and fail and fail.
A lesson in humility, indeed. I was particularly happy to find out: The book is unusually compact and concrete. Definitely worth our time. View 2 comments. Aug 11, Thomas rated it really liked it Shelves: A long book that requires real mental exertion, Thinking, Fast and Slow is a worthwhile read by Nobel laureate Daniel Kahneman.
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