The Art of Feng-Shui. Feng-shui is as old as ancient history to the Chinese and as new to most of us here in the West as the last decade or so. caite.info lists . 26 Secrets has been put together to simplify Feng Shui so that everyone can Feng Shui is concerned with the flow and circulation of vital energy called "Chi". PDF | This paper comes in three parts. First, relevant principles of feng-shui are enunciated and examined. Second, these principles are applied to procedures to .
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PDF Drive is your search engine for PDF files. Feng Shui Secrets That Will Change Your life caite.info 3 Table of Contents An Overview. ARCHITECT'S GUIDE TO Feng Shui EXPLODING THE MYTH This Page Intentionally Left Blank ARCHITECT'S GUIDE TO Feng Shui EXPLODING THE MYTH. PRACTICAL FENG SHUI by Simon Brown, pg 11 - 15 the PRINCIPLES of energy, Chi is central to Oriental astrology and Feng Shui,. Chi stays mainly within.
This is where the metal element rules, and the color white, which is considered pure. Most fans, even on the lowest speed, tend to move too fast. This could be something as simple as detecting inherent marital problems with the buyers only finding out later that the house was a divorce sale , substance abuse, financial difficulties, or health issues. Insulated walls reduce energy costs and increase comfort levels with minimal effort. The practitioner analyses mountains by shape, position, and taxonomy. Explaining it another way, a ganzhi cycle consists of five orbits of Jupiter divided into three year periods that each move through four of the 12 Jupiter stations see Figure You can display pictures of the place of employment, or of your employers.
They have to base at least part of their choices on unproven beliefs. People often rely on some form of divination in these situations because it offers a decision-making system within the phase transition space of creative thinking. Divination as a decision- making technique begins with an acceptable level of control and certainty such as ritual or tradition , proceeds to the far reaches of ideology and vision including belief systems right to the border of creative thinking and chaos ecstatic experience and madness.
This is a fairly comprehensive appraisal of human consciousness according to complexity theory. The recording of sequences of unusual or important events is one of the most enduring forms of divination. Volume after volume of Chinese history offers documented occurrences of strange births, the tracking of natural phenomena, and other data. Chinese gov- ernmental planning relied on this method of forecasting for long- range strategy.
We rely on this today, but do not think to associate it with divina- tion. For example, the US National Climatic Data Center publishes a monthly publication, Storm Data, which contains a by-state and by-date listing of storms and unusual weather occurrences. They also relate to decision-making. Why would someone practice divination to site a house or a city? Consider how a typical building affects the environment and how such an imposition contains unforeseen risks—the butterfly effect, bad feng shui, the revenge effect—that require precautionary measures.
In Asia and increasingly throughout the world, feng shui determines and assesses such risks and provides remedies. Its methods for instilling high trust in the forecasting horizon have been relied on for millennia to produce results. The map indicates more than 70 locations and is scaled at 1: But most importantly for our purposes is that south is positioned at the top of the map.
Astronomical issues Cosmic systems convey a speculative attempt to understand the world based on small solar effects in the environment. Ancient Chinese culture provides thousands of years of written materials on the study of cosmic effects.
What is most intriguing is how much these extremely old studies complement scientific research. They seem to have been very busy people, because they also discovered sunspots and geomagnetism. However, contrary to New Age belief, geomagnetism was not real- ized from psychic ability or intuition—magnetite in the human brain is not found in the same form as that observed in creatures relying on magnetoreception.
Whether or not the research is convincing, most scientists agree that feng shui practitioners observe geomag- netic field anomalies low-amplitude, localized magnetic irregulari- ties in space-time with their Luopans see Figure 3.
Never try to fool Mother Nature Feng shui siting and calculations require knowledge of the precise orientation of a site or structure to create an event model. One or more readings with a Luopan are taken to determine orientation to the local magnetic field. Depending on what technicians are seeking determines when they want to take their readings—amidst a howling geomagnetic storm or when the geomagnetic field is quiet.
However, one would not need such a complex instrument, or need to apply the many complex formu- lae used in traditional feng shui, to accomplish this task. This happens because the daylight side of our planet faces the solar particle stream and then, as night approaches, the dark side faces away from the stream.
Because of this effect early morning or late afternoon generally remain the best times for baseline Luopan readings. The magnetic field measured by a Luopan, the main field of Earth, actually consists of several magnetic fields produced by a variety of overlapping sources, and it extends tens of thousands of kilometers into space.
Other possible influences on a Luopan if a practitioner is not careful include the magnetism of manufactured objects such as railroads, metal buildings, cars, and fences. All geomagnetic fields vary in space and in time periods that range from fractions of a second micropulsations to millions of years magnetic reversals. Sunspots exhibit a cycle of Double peaks of solar maxima are separated by 18 months. The year cycle may be related to the orbit of Sui, Jupiter.
In August , a transformer at the British Columbia Hydroelectric Authority exploded when shifting magnetic fields generated a current spike. In March , space weather hit the power grid in North America and left large parts of Canada, Sweden, and the United States sitting in the dark see Figure 3. Space weather in June created enough corrosive effects on a gas pipeline that it exploded and took with it part of the Trans-Siberian Railway, two passenger trains, and people.
You do not really need to know all this to perform a feng shui analy- sis, but it helps to understand exactly what is being measured and how science and feng shui agree. The flaming ring of fire One ring on a Luopan consists of 24 seasons and climates: The markings indicate the solar cycle determined by the tropical year, and they show good agreement with the annual frequency of magnetic storms. A total of du degrees contain 24 four-week periods of 15 days. This means that the Loupan ring functions like a clock— in fact, you can use this ring to measure time as an angle.
On a San Yuan Luopan you can combine constellations with the 24 Mountains to track time. The Yi Jing pairs the 24 nodes in Table 3. Now the solar terms provide four seasons, 12 months, and 72 weeks. Daiyang and Daiyin provide additional date calculations, and of course the 24 Mountains form the backbone of orientation calculations.
Protoscientific and pseudoscientific conventions 49 This information gets factored into calculations because you want a structure to sync with the position of the sun and save on energy costs, just as you want it to harmonize with local manifestations of space weather and the local magnetic field. Bad feng shui? Changing air pressure fronts produce fluctuations in the active oxygen content of the atmosphere through air currents coming from the stratosphere or out of cavities in the soil.
Winds blowing down from the stratosphere create fluctuations of ozone concen- tration at sea level. Asthma sufferers and those with respiratory allergies and chemical sensitivities can experience adverse symptoms at lower concentrations of ozone.
That is why there are links between mental illness and geomagnetic field conditions, and geomagnetic activity corresponds with convulsions and heart attacks. Deaths may be related to climatic phenomena caused by ion con- centration. Anecdotal evidence indicates that people suffering from chronic illness feel their ailment more acutely at the solstices and equinoxes thanks to the effects of space weather.
Problems can manifest not unlike orientation problems suffered by birds during an atmospheric disturbance. However, this does not explain the New Age obsession with the natural extra low frequency resonance better known as Schumann Resonance SR.
Some believe SR is a planetary-mind field because SR cycles in the range of human brainwaves—1. Of course the truth is not quite as exciting see Figure 3. Schumann Resonance is a frequency from 5 to 50 Hz that can cre- ate a resonating cavity when activated in the gap between the Earth and the ionosphere. Substantial variations in the strength of the field occur according to global deviations in lightning activity detected by sensitive equipment.
Lightning activity around the globe is particularly responsive to changes in planetary temperature. This explains why SR is substantially stronger in June than in January. However, worldwide measuring stations record the strongest signals in April, when the tropics are at their hottest. The semiannual seasonal effect is measured in the intensity of the vertical electric field and horizontal magnetic field.
Frequency variation also depends on whether a measurement is made from north to south or east to west. I mention this only because one corollary activity of some feng shui adepts was the study of winds fengjiao. Wind seasons fengzhi tracked the orbit of Mercury and used its movements in computa- tions for cold and famine. There were eight winds to a day year divided into periods according to ganzhi the year cycle.
The device they used during the periods of Warring States, Qin, and early Han—a peculiar astrolabe known as a shi—was used to track Beidou and correlate the wind seasons.
In Chinese science, the interaction of yin and yang in the atmosphere produces thunder and lightning and links to the process of evaporation from bodies of water. Using this system, ancient feng shui practitioners donated their services to the community as the local weather forecasters. Look up in the sky! The Book of Odes claims the kanyu shia of the Zhou used a compass to read the landscape.
Kanyu is the traditional time-calculation aspect of feng shui. Based on the archeology of feng shui devices and on literary references, the shi astrolabe was not a magnetic compass.
A shi contains markings a present-day feng shui practitioner would recognize, but techniques differed somewhat. For one, it relied more on astronomy. As described in ancient texts, in Neolithic China the Hetu served as a climate indicator for eastern China, and the Luoshu provided an astral compass so that traders going to Western Asia and farther afield could find their way home.
According to one analysis, the centre of the Hetu is a quincunx that indicates the circumpolar region. Above and below the quincunx are black dots indicating the square shape of Earth. From the Mawangdui manuscripts we know the Hetu was used by forecasters in the Warring States and Qin periods to calculate movements of Daiyin beginning each year around 4 February in the Gregorian calendar. In contemporary feng shui the Hetu is used to analyse water features.
Before the shi was invented, an astronomer observed the celestial objects that crossed the north—south meridian in their daily motion. This information could be coded into any number of systems— myths, diagrams, and buildings.
The symbols and ancient usage of Hetu and Luoshu were absorbed into the shi, also called a liuren astrolabe, which gradually evolved into a contemporary Luopan. The five dots at the centre of the Hetu were eventually replaced by the Celestial Lake or Central Pool of Heaven on a com- pass the needle housing.
The next ring of numbers conforms to the Inside Plate or Heaven Plate the round plate which on older devices shows Beidou or pro- vides the base for the ladle. Out from that ring of dots is the square Earth Plate in which the Heaven Plate sits. On shi and the later shipan it contains the markings. These red strings or cross markings are used to read direction and meaning, but also indicate equinoctial and solstitial colures.
They are part of the Earth Plate on a shi and shipan see Figure 3. We know feng shui is old and that it works in fair agreement with scientific understanding of space weather. But what can it do for us?
A basic theory of McFengshui is that we are drawn inexorably to whatever our eyes alight on first, which, in turn, affects how we proceed on entering. The problem with this kind of thinking is that the image at the eye has countless possible interpretations. Humans construct what they see and as a minimum they also construct what they hear, smell, taste, and feel—all human perceptions and sensations are constructions.
This is why we can construct feelings in parts of our bodies that have been surgically removed. We perceive and remember only whatever we concentrate on and can fail to notice a gorilla standing right in front of us. That is why fighter pilots wear suits that provide physical feedback to lessen the reliance on instrumentation , and will soon be navigating solely by images buzzing their tongues. Refer to Chapter 15 for schools and educational materials. Feng-shui experts employ a variety of numerical attributes and equivalents with formulae for particular techniques.
These lists originate in feng-shui texts, many of them more than years old, and with traditional teachers who have passed their formulae and techniques to their students. The material keeps adapting to new structures, new materials, and new settlements—but always within guidelines. As mentioned in Chapter 2 Time and Space , each season and each element is assigned a numeric value.
This value is part of the analogy map shown in Table 4. The list by no means exhausts the attributes for each number; more can be found in the arrangements of the diagrams used for calculations. The manifest strength of an attribute depends on whether the attribute is inherently yin or yang and whether it is expressed in the native or wang cycle of the build- ing.
During the year life cycle see Chapter 10 , the internal balance of yin and yang in each number shifts so that eventually even the best most yang valuation is heavily flavoured with yin.
Doing your own calculations Providing feng-shui analyses is not a task for the novice because so much is at stake—especially in revenge effects. According to the ethics provided by the top feng-shui instructors based on Daoist codes of ethics , revenge effects created by practitioners return to disturb practitioners. Simple carelessness—such as taking an inappropriate stance to use a Luopan—can distort the reading.
Egregious errors, furthermore, run you the risk of litigation bring- ing court cases against feng-shui practitioners is quite common in Asia—some practitioners are sentenced to gaol. Much is at stake and a practitioner should be capable of the challenge. For all of these reasons and more, teachers use their current projects as case studies for their students so that they can reap the benefits of on-site education—and not practice on paying clients.
Unfortunately, the majority of books on feng shui were written by hacks for interior designers, not people designing buildings or developing property.
Moreover, they typically discuss little more than lifestyle issues of the developed world. Working with a practitioner Finding a competent practitioner requires an interview process. Exercise due diligence to avoid your own revenge effects.
Moreover, environmental marketing claims should not exaggerate or overstate attributes or benefits. Specific environmental claims are easier to substantiate than general claims and less likely to be deceptive. Unfortunately, most feng-shui books and websites seem to have lifted their marketing from Scams from the Great Beyond Huston, , and appear intent on adding another chapter to Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds Mackay, The scientifically valid claims that relate to feng shui primarily rely on evidence regarding the effects of the natural environment on human physiology, behaviour, and psychology see Chapter 7.
An unqualified, general claim of environmental benefit may com- municate that a service provides extensive environmental benefits when it in fact it does not—unfortunately, this is all too often the case with feng-shui marketing.
Anyone making express or implied claims about the attributes of their product, package, or service must have a reasonable basis for their assertions. Sadly, you will generally find that the McFengshui crowd bristles at the mere mention of this amount of scrutiny, while plenty of traditional practitioners would jump at the chance to document what feng shui can do.
Finding competent help Interview prospective practitioners. Do they use a Luopan, and which one do they prefer? Can they name and perform any of the calculations? Have they had extensive study and experiment under the watchful eye of instructors? You do not want someone practicing on you—especially with your financial support. How many hours of education and what levels have been attained?
Have you ever heard of the teacher or school? Does the school curriculum agree with what is taught by the majority of the top Asian masters?
Naturally, a variety of modern contrivances conveniently cause the same problems—at unspecified frequencies. Apparently, people find the geopathic culprits by dowsing a form of spontaneous divination. Energy is generally defined by science as the capacity to do work. Energy cannot be created from nothing, it must be obtained from somewhere else. Is there an obsession with clutter? Renovations Many times a client hires a feng-shui consultant and an architect to help with a remodel project.
Often the feng-shui consultant is hired to ensure that the construction proceeds smoothly and the desired effect is obtained. Sometimes they make suggestions regarding design particulars the flow of rooms, where services are installed, etc. Although it may seem a practitioner is trying to tell you how to do your job, they really want to help you excel at your job and provide your client with the best possible results.
The novel Fixer Chao Ong, contains the character of a feng-shui faker inspired by McFengshui versions of feng-shui. Any paradigm—and that includes environmental planning—sees only what it wants to see. In the developed world, urban planning builds for automobiles, not for people. That is why a third of the land surface of Los Angeles is covered by freeways, other streets, and parking lots.
If we are not to leave a diminished world to future generations we have to develop better ways of dealing with the natural world see Figure 5. Tradition—or not In China, as in so many other cultures, the traditional house plan takes the form of a square or rectangle.
Larger structures consist of connected squares, L-shapes, circles, or rectangles with court- yards in the middle. The Earth itself provides a primary source of shelter.
More than 10 million Chinese still live in yaodong, houses dug out of the ground with only a courtyard showing from the sur- face. Traditional housing is not necessarily sustainable, but it pro- vides ecological efficiency for a particular climate and topography. A McMansion is a large suburban home seemingly built in cookie-cutter fashion.
The structure is apparently designed to look like it has endured several generations of add-ons—although these houses commonly consist of pre-existing plans from developers that merely advertise archi- tects on staff. Clients are likely to meet only the workers and the project manager. Sparse land- scaping makes them look even more outlandish. At the end of the project the developer typically rolls out a s sod lawn, installs a few basic shrubs and very young trees, a few basic shrubs, and very young trees, then leaves the remainder of the landscaping to the buyers—who do not have the money for such trivialities because they are in debt to their eye- balls trying to afford their dream home.
McMansion subdivisions are usually saddled with names devel- oped by a marketing department to sell a fantasy lifestyle. Posh universities, pseudo-British toponyms, and whatever vegetation and wildlife existed before the subdivision seem to be universally popular. However, many people buy into this fantasy lifestyle only to have it turn into a nightmare. Nearly all of these McHouses are site-blind and poorly built—the perfect complement to a barren spiritual landscape.
Their revenge effects equal the destruction cre- ated during their development from clear-cutting, along with their negligent planning and workmanship. In How Buildings Learn, Brand mentions that in the s malpractice lawsuits against architects overtook lawsuits against doctors. Some builders have had to buy back parts of neighbourhoods after complaints or lawsuits over problem homes. Many councils relax one or more building guidelines when they approve projects, especially critical ones like soil stud- ies, which are used to determine the extent of grading for home foundations.
Later come the malpractice lawsuits due to severe revenge effects, like homes sliding down the hill, or toxic mould. And people wonder why they need feng shui! Form and shape theory Many feng-shui experts consider form and shape analysis to be the foremost study of environmental influences.
Known as the Three Combination School or San He, this is widely accepted as the old- est school of feng shui still in regular use. While more ancient types exist, such as calculations of Xing-De, their use apparently died out and can be only partly revived by scholarship.
The objective is to gently place struc- tures and entities in the natural flow of the land. Analyses by a variety of researchers into favourable structural locations xue 4 according to traditional rules of feng shui demon- strate these locations comprise highly suitable microclimates. Ancient feng-shui experts said these locations provide the ability to accumulate creative potential.
Such positioning also promotes the integration of human construction into the natural environment as it enhances carrying capacity. An assessment of form and shape for a site consists of three components: This consists of land mass, open space, and water.
This consists of specific effects on sites of the posi- tions and flow of water and land. This includes microclimate analysis and can encompass Ba Zhai a calculation technique. Planning 73 Form and shape theory combines yin and yang theory with certain elements of five-element theory, topography, calendar science, and astronomy. It correlates the 24 solar periods with cardinal and inter- cardinal directions. The practitioner analyses mountains by shape, position, and taxonomy. Any bodies of water are likewise noted and analysed.
Compass readings determine additional characteristics, relationships, and potential. Practitioners identify the developed environment by the same rules. Buildings assume the characteris- tics of mountains and valleys.
Roads are analysed according to the criteria for water. Traditional analytical techniques consisted of looking, listening and smelling, asking, and feeling—deceptively simple terms that can be defined comprehensively or superficially depending on the prac- titioner. Today, we have the opportunity to add statistical analysis and other scientific tools to the ancient feng-shui analytical tech- niques and create a neotraditional approach.
This can be superficially interpreted as traditional cosmological influences, or interpreted more broadly as favourable bioclimatic as well as conventional influences.
Sites are analysed according to the following conditions: Expresses the qualitative features of a component of a site in terms of subjective but experiential perceptions of its effects. Rivers, canyons, valleys, and mountains provide power- ful nodes and edges. Their immense sizes can be considered strengths. Street traffic interpreted as water can aid some homes and annoy others on the same block. Communicates qualities of a particular component of the site determined by the shape of buildings, hills, roads, and water features.
Expresses relationships between features near a site. Buildings and hills Natural and artificial forms are identified according to the five- element theory, or catalogued in accordance with a nonary system that manifests astronomy and time in the landscape. Taxonomy of five-element theory Identification of buildings according to five element theory consists of the following: Indicates a shape with nearly vertical slopes and a gently rounded peak a shrub shape.
Describes a shape with a steep ascent and a sharp peak a flame shape. Specifies a shape with nearly vertical slopes and a flat peak a mesa or plateau shape. Distinguishes a shape with very gentle slopes and a rounded peak a bell shape.
Identifies a shape with gentle, uneven slopes and one or more undulating peaks a waveform see Figure 5. Taxonomy of nine stars Nine stars taxonomy such as that used in ba zhai consists of an ideological construction of the type of qi that changes over time. The diagram uses the primary stars of Beidou, formed of the following: Associated with the colour white. Described as the soil element and associated with the colour black.
Associated with the colour of jade. Associated with the colour green. Associated with the colour yellow. Described as the metal element and associated with the colour white. Associated with the colour red. Associated with the colour purple. Valleys and recessed structures These conditions are analysed as the opposite of buildings and hills. Identifying valleys according to form and shape consists of the following: A shape with nearly vertical descent and a gently rounded base.
A shape with steep descent and a sharp base. A shape with nearly vertical descent and a flat base. A shape with very gentle descent and a rounded base. A shape with gentle, uneven descent and one or more undulating bases see Figure 5. A narrow, slow-moving street is ideal according to designers and promoters of the New Urbanism movement.
Feng shui stresses comparable principles. Determine the flow by the speed of traffic and whether traffic keeps to posted speed limits. Identify whether traffic-calming devices were installed, should be installed, or are being considered. This identifies a road or water moving toward a site from the front see Figure 5.
This identifies a road or water moving away from a site see Figure 5. This identifies an area in front of a site where water or vehicles gather including cars stopping to drop off shoppers, etc see Figure 5.
This identifies a road moving in front of a site from one side to the other see Figure 5. There is no road, or a road is needed and missing. How water exits a site is as important as its entry to a site. Development and redevelopment considerations The primary purpose of feng shui is to build with the flow of the land. This means development maintains and follows the natural environment. It diminishes or eliminates revenge effects.
Proponents of this allegedly economical technique fail to consider the long-term consequences, including costs and mainte- nance. In the developing world, housing placed on deforested hillsides causes heavy flooding that destroys homes and lives.
Drainage and similar problems are nearly impossible to solve and usually last the life of the structure. Moreover, typical designs provide little access by machinery to the back of a structure and require manual exca- vation work at a substantial increase in cost. Modifications can also involve substantial disruptions of the structure that further escalate suffering.
Feng shui stipulates that where the natural world has been destroyed it should be restored. Feng-shui principles express the need for harmony with local conditions and resources. This vision encourages the return of the so-called Disney Deserts7 and other artificial settings to their natural state. In cities this practice can lower the effect of heat islands that add to global change. The ideal access is provided by an opening that moves from the lower ground in front to the higher ground in effect against the flow.
A building entered from the higher part to the lower part often imparts the sensation that it may tip backwards and tumble down the hill.
My experience in a house of this type included the nearly overwhelming sensation that if I fell I would roll to the balcony and drop off. This enables access to be arranged against the flow of the land while the structure sits with the flow see Figure 5. It is a cardinal rule of feng shui that the front of a structure situated near water should have its entry facing the water.
The biological reasons for this will be explored in a subse- quent chapter. A driveway should also terminate near the entrance facing the water. Entering from the opposite side of the water has a negative effect. Ideally, the mountain sits at the back and the water is at the front9 see Figure 5. In front of them a bulldozer is knocking down mature trees and scraping the land bare of native vegetation.
Working with nature is the key to success. This means following the natural contours of the land, paying attention to the natural cycles, respecting and restoring habitat. What a contrast to the typical project that clear-cuts the natural world and replaces it with streets named after what was removed.
Working with nature creates fewer revenge effects. The most important reason to pay attention to initial conditions including what we do to the land is that the revenge effect lurks in everything we do.
Research the history of a site. Design with due diligence. Project a site into the future with a series of programmes. A proposed programme does not stop at property lines. Think about the interconnectedness of the world—that is the essence of sustainability and of feng shui, the original science of environ- mental protection. A competent feng-shui practitioner uses a general set of tech- niques and tools when conducting an analysis of a structure, including but not limited to the environmental assessment.
More than a mere appraisal of landscaping, this inspection involves observing everything in the area, generally within a 1-km radius.
A more scientific version would encompass a climatic survey temperature and relative humidity , and documentation of wind effects. Feng shui provides simi- lar results with different methods. Existing structures Topography and natural features As explained in Chapter 5, evaluation techniques involve much more than seeing symbolism in everything.
To alleviate these issues feng-shui practitioners identify and evaluate the following components of a site. Microclimate Microclimate defines the distinctive climate of a small-scale area. A combination of many slightly different microclimates creates the climate for a particular area. Formed by houses, fences, vegetation, water features, and paved surfaces, microclimates create subtle but very real differences in temperatures and conditions. Urban microclimates generally trap heat and produce a sweltering envi- ronment capable of damaging plants.
The reflection of solar radiation by glass buildings and windows pro- duces high albedo rates that raise temperature and make visibility difficult.
Moreover, structures displaying large amounts of glass take a deadly toll on wildlife. Feng-shui practitioners assess the amount and quality of vegeta- tion, its arrangement, and its relation to the built environment. They examine the topography and check for water features.
Nearby buildings are analysed for their effect on the site. Any wildlife or domestic animals and their absence are noted. Pollution More than two million children die each year from the effects of environmental degradation.
Visual pollution Visual pollution includes the homogenized built environment where structures do not evolve from places or sites but are set down whole on site-planned parcels. It can include buildings and land- scaping blind to a region and its seasonal cycles;4 oversized houses slapped cheek by jowl on minimally landscaped, under- sized parcels; and suburban fences tagged with graffiti, painted over, and tagged again. A brownfield defines local land, water, and air used as a disposal system by business or government.
These sites often consist of a piled mass of indefinable material left indefinitely to influence the environment. In most cases the buildings stay shuttered because the community cannot afford to demolish them and return the land to productive use. The National Trust for Historic Preservation claims that fully half a billion of the five billion square feet of retail space in the US sits empty and surrounded by a sea of asphalt. See Figure 6. Any community should be planned for social equity.
Today environmental racism, often practiced in the guise of smart growth, sites chemical industries, highways, garbage dumps, smelters, incinerators, and other polluting facilities in the communities of people of colour.
Exclusionary and expulsive zoning methods are regularly applied. The auto reigns supreme, so that a form of transportation racism goes into effect. Laws and regu- lations are haphazardly enforced—especially with regards to clean air and water, parks and greenways, and affordable housing in all communities.
Energy conservation is most desperately needed by the lower echelons of society, but regularly they are the ones who least benefit. A confusing and dangerous built environment constitutes the very antithesis of feng shui. People expect the natural world to provide a lack of continuity and require a higher level of awareness. However, if con- tinuity is missing from an area improved for humans there is an increase in negative health effects.
Fatigue, stress, and other suffering directly related to noise pollution diminish the quality of life and create health problems. If people have the money they move. If they cannot afford to move they are left to suffer. Lack of soundproofing creates the most tenant complaints in apartment complexes and row houses condominiums.
Thinner walls cost less, but builders never investigate the revenge effects in their designs—specifically how they affect the way sound travels from one unit to another. High-quality buildings get adequate soundproofing when developers want to retain tenants or when soundproofing is required by law. Yet enough simple, cost- effective techniques exist to install sufficient soundproofing in all structures. A quiet structure induces people to stay as it keeps them healthier.
Sixty-five per cent of all carbon monoxide emissions come from road vehicles. Automotive fuels account for 17 per cent of global carbon dioxide releases—two-thirds as much as rainforest destruction. Americans also spend more on transportation than any other household expense—one-fifth of their income. Residents of sprawling communities drive three to four times as much as those living in compact, well-planned areas, plus 80 per cent of more than million Americans making the daily commute drive by themselves.
Adding new lanes and building new roads exac- erbates revenge effects, according to studies that show increasing road capacity merely creates more traffic and more sprawl. Buildings generate 35 per cent of US carbon dioxide emissions, 49 per cent of sulfur dioxide emissions, 25 per cent of nitrous oxide emissions, and 10 per cent of particulate emissions. Thanks to urban heat islands and the combined pollutant output of buildings and cars, higher temperatures in metropolitan areas accelerate the production of smog, escalate energy consumption due to increased air conditioning, and intensify stress, illness, and suffering.
Between and , the prevalence of asthma increased 75 per cent overall and 74 per cent among children 5—14 years of age. However, environmental pollution predomi- nantly affects people of colour. Low-income populations, minorities, and children living in inner cities suffer disproportionately from asthma.
African Americans suffer asthma-related emergency hospital visits, hospitalization, and death rates three times higher than rates for whites. Watercourses and streets Analyse these features according to the principles examined in Chapter 5.
Resolutions to problems depend on the particulars of a situation. Consider street and water orientation in relation to a site. In some feng shui techniques these provide enhancements while in others their orientation is a detriment.
The infamous T intersection, like the long and straight watercourse, can be a force for good if a site is constructed to capitalize on its strengths usually sites that accommodate the T intersection are large building complexes. A residence facing a straight road, watercourse, or a T intersection typically meets with trouble because the site cannot withstand the revenge effects.
Over a period of years in one southern California neighbourhood cars regularly overshot a T intersection and crashed into the fence and back yard of the house that it faced. The exasperated owner took preventive measures that any decent feng-shui practitioner would advise: So far it seems to be working and, as an added bonus, it has reduced the street noise. What constitutes bad feng shui can be called by any number of contemporary labels and supported by reams of data.
Cut-and-fill, clear-cutting, and other large-scale engineering interventions typically create appalling environments from any number of viewpoints. Many builders think nothing of bulldozing the tops off hills or slicing hillsides in half to build subdivisions and condominium complexes. Property owners, residents, and managers are left to deal with the revenge effects of these ill-conceived designs. Two lawsuits in on behalf of northern California home- owners claimed that the concrete foundations of all homes in their subdivision were suffering alkali-silica reaction a chemical process that expands concrete until it falls apart , the usual flooding and drainage problems associated with cut-and-fill development, inad- equate and defective soils analysis, geotechnical planning and preparation shortfalls, site grading deficiencies, and a host of defective workmanship issues.
Orientation Many buildings simply are not positioned or designed appropriately for their orientation—energy bills tend to confirm this—and feng shui provides categories that indicate additional orientation prob- lems.
Double facing, or down mountain The general level of suffering in this structure intensifies with the presence of water at the front. Often the solution is to add berms, big trees, buildings, or boulders at an appropriate orientation. These factors are determined during a feng-shui analysis. Double sitting, or up mountain The general level of suffering in this structure intensifies with the presence of a building, large tree, boulders, or berms at the back. Most practitioners insist this type of building is hard on finances but good with health and relationships.
Often the solution is to add a water feature at an appropriate orientation. Reversed Practitioners regularly describe this type of building as inherently bad feng shui.
Consensus among practitioners is that this particu- lar type of house forms the bulk of foreclosures, but often there are other attendant miseries. In general, the reversed structure requires the most extensive environmental remedies water and berms, large vegetation, buildings, or boulders scaled according to their size.
The period from the late s to early s was a particularly fruitful one for these structures. Up the mountain, down the river Sometimes a structure receives additional emphasis on its problems due to the siting of rivers or fast-moving streets, plus the positioning of elevations and nearby hills or large buildings.
Native plants and animals Few feng-shui practitioners are biologists, but they typically observe a location and evaluate its natural environment. Practitioner training reinforces the principle that, as part of the goal of harmony with nature, even the most urban location should pro- vide sufficient vegetation and habitat.
Jamie Rappaport Clark of the US Fish and Wildlife Service noted that the habitats attracting birds in urban areas such as parks, greenways, and tree-lined streets improve the quality of life in any community.
An improved quality of life is also good for business: Unfortunately, some practitioners are more knowledgeable and conscientious than others. Practitioners need to form partnerships with local wildlife organizations and authorities to expand their knowledge and the solutions they offer their clients. Their websites should provide clients and the curious with links to extensive environmental infor- mation and encouragement. Restoring habitat Restoration is defined as the process of re-establishing a self- sustaining habitat that closely resembles a natural condition in terms of structure and function.
Quality environments provide a variety of habitats aquatic, forest, field, and edge. Children gain the most from habitat restoration because often they are the most faithful users of open space in a neighbourhood. They prize outdoor places that enable them to explore the natural world and make use of natural materials. They do not need a big area, but wildlife habitats that work for children should be designed into a site, centrally located in residential developments, shielded by homes instead of streets, and provided social and physical safety.
Species loss occurs when development isolates small areas and expects creatures to thrive there. Too often habitat islands engulfed by homes and businesses are too small or too isolated to provide wildlife with their basic necessities. The size, vegetation diversity, and interconnectedness of such islands determine the number, size, and kinds of creatures a habitat can support.
The shape of a habitat patch also affects wildlife because it influences the relative amounts of habitats. In general, circular habitats function better than angular ones. Edge habitat parcels of habitat not more than several hundred meters wide benefits only certain kinds of wildlife, usually at the expense of others.
An interior habitat begins to develop approximately 50 m from the edge of a habitat, although habitats for some species may need to be as much as m from an edge.
Corridors and greenways aid wildlife and provide additional value in a developed area. A conventional home in a typical new suburb consumes more resources than necessary, diminishes the environment, and generates an enormous amount of landfill waste.
The standard wood-framed home devours more than an acre of forest as the stock of large-diameter trees has steadily declined and creates from 3 to 7 tonnes of waste during construction.
Environmentally sound renovation saves renovation costs in its use of quality salvaged materials, decreases the amount of landfill that is normally required for construction waste, and conserves existing resources.
A renovated site should be integrated back into nature. Concrete block, stone, stucco, and wood provide symbolic variations of natural textures. At the same time, considering the amount of yin and yang at a site means selecting the appropriate textures with care to achieve an optimum ratio in general two-thirds yang to one-third yin.
Improve local microclimates during renovation. This means using environmentally correct surface coatings on rooftops,17 increasing native vegetation by rooftop gardens or other means, adding cor- ridors and greenways when appropriate. Do not forget to apply innovative techniques to areas for parking, which are notorious heat islands that devour land. For every degree increase in heat, electricity generation rises by 2—4 per cent and smog production increases by 4—10 per cent.
Streets and parking lots constitute the largest component of urban impervious cover—for example, half of urban land in Florida is dedi- cated to autos and their problems, according to the Florida Conservation Foundation. Pavement now covers more than 2 per cent of the total surface area of the US, and 10 per cent of all arable land in the US.
However, a superior solution exists and it can be valued by living creatures. A comprehensive green parking programme can effectively reduce the amount of impervious cover, help to protect local streams, save money in storm water manage- ment, and beautify a site. Techniques include setting maximums for the number of parking lots, determining average parking demand instead of setting parking ratios to accommodate the highest hourly parking during the peak season , minimizing the dimensions of parking lot spaces, utilizing alternative pavers in overflow parking areas, creating natural areas to retain and treat storm water,18 encouraging shared parking, and providing economic incentives for structured parking.
Green paving consists of a combination of alternative paving19 and hardy plants that can withstand a fair amount of vehicular traffic. A green paving system in Auburn, Washington, consists of grass and porous structural plastic for use as a park and for overflow parking. A combination of grass and cement concrete block is also effective. Concrete blocks are laid on compacted ground and a hardy variety of grass is grown through the openings in the bricks.
Mature grass is not harmed because its roots are below the edges of the bricks, which, in turn, distribute the loads of heavy vehicles. Green parking and green paving reduce costs and the size of heat islands as they beautify and enrich the urban environment. However, at best these techniques are shortsighted sops to car addicts. Environmental assessment Using environment to correct problems in existing buildings For feng shui, the most important and consequential remedies involve microclimatic changes.
That is why practitioners advise strategically placed water features,21 berms, boulders, large trees, or other forms of vegetation as previously explained in Orientation.
A practitioner might suggest remodelling to compensate for unpromising calculations or to capitalize on a promising orien- tation as in the Castle Gate technique. Whatever the remedy, it should be viewed as an opportunity to further integrate a structure into the natural world.
To that end, utilize local and sustainable materials and practices whenever possible. Strive to create wildlife habitat as part of the feng-shui remedy and receive additional ther- apeutic benefits see Chapter 7. Bare land Twice as many people buy an existing home than a new home pri- marily because of the character of neighbourhoods. An established neighbourhood shows whether it is successful and properly located.
Without experience, the latest space syntax tools, or an adept feng-shui practitioner, it is more difficult to tell whether a new com- munity will share these features.
Most buildings are built for a particular market at a particular time. Developers and designers can misjudge a market or follow a design philosophy that fluctuates as quickly as any fad. Because these buildings cannot change like the market they are quickly dated and reduced to functional obsolescence.
Inferior landscaping choices waste excessive amounts of water and create environmental revenge effects. What stages of construction are affected by building green? Site planning, design, the construction process, materials and specifi- cations, foundations, structure and framing, sheathing and exterior finish, insulation, roofing, doors and windows, floor coverings, paints, coatings and adhesives, exterior finish and trim.
Although ethical principles inherent in feng shui correspond to sustainability principles, they may not be workable for everyone. During the planning process, exercise due diligence toward the natural world. Obtain the advice of biologists and other local habi- tat experts on primary areas for preservation. A feng-shui practi- tioner can assist in siting a development with the flow of the land, and in minimizing the revenge effects associated with development including, but not limited to workmanship, construction accidents, fires, crimes, and health hazards.
A practitioner can also advise on what orientations and layouts would be most beneficial for the widest range of occupants—or, if this is a custom development, a practitioner can provide additional detailed information on what clients require as optimum conditions. As you begin the design and development processes you will also want to consider the following issues.
Pollution Any new construction affects the environment. Feng-shui advice can help, but it cannot eliminate this effect. Green building and environmental assessment are essential and currently provide the only way to diminish pollution. Environmental assessment Watercourses and streets Resist the temptation to turn a natural local water feature into a cement pond or otherwise destroy it.
Let feng shui aid in analysing the position of the water dragon and redesigning its flow, if needed, to accentuate the good features of water and the site. The presence of this feature delights humans and wildlife. Piping water underground as a nuisance degrades the environment and creates bad feng shui.
Good feng shui for roadways and streets corresponds to good civic design and planning, with certain caveats. Positioning and average speed Streets are like streams and rivers; revenge effects occur if the ori- entation is not appropriate for all structures near them. Cul-de-sacs can be good for all houses, or only one or two on the entire block— it is all in how they are designed. Government buildings can bene- fit from appropriate use of T intersections, while some unfortunate suburban homeowner may find one car after another swimming in his pool because they fail to negotiate the stop.
Residential streets whose broad design encourages speeding create fear, animosity, and heartache in residents—fear for the lives of their children and pets, animosity against those who feel confident enough to use the street as a racetrack, and heartache in those who suffer tragedy as a result of insensitive design.
Feeder and connector streets Feng-shui principles dictate that a good environment aids the flow of life and by extension perhaps the transition to larger and faster thoroughfares. Consider all possible revenge effects of development decisions all the more critical in these increasingly litigious times. The natural environment—not the built one—is of paramount importance. Are local features cherished? Does the site preserve and enhance the local microclimate—the flow of the land, natural water features, existing boulders, swales, and natural rock outcroppings?
Resist the temptation to create a Disney Desert or similar travesty. Turn difficult slopes along with wetlands, canyon bottoms, flood plains, cliffs, buttes, and other sensitive areas into biological reservoirs and recreation areas. Natural runoff floodways and wetlands constitute high-energy ecological reserves that pro- duce more than any farmland. Is the structure integrated into the natural flow of the land? You may be associating with the wrong people, living in the wrong place or connecting to poison arrows coming in your direction.
This type of energy drains you and causes you to become ill. Living on land with underground water also causes Sha energy. Poison arrows are the corners of other buildings pointing at your front door or pointing in your direction where you work all day.
It is a place where the earth is depleted and the vegetation is poor, where animals are sick and people are impoverished. You have Sha Chi when you are down and depressed. If you can arrange your front door so that it faces your overall harmony or great prosperity direction, it will help bring in wealth, love and happiness. As all energy enters through your front door, it is important to keep things away from the door so the door will be free to open without problems.
Make sure your front door is not broken, and opens smoothly. A broken door or one that is hard to enter is the worst kind of energy to start with.
Your door size should not be too large or too small relative to the size of the house. If the western world had practiced feng shui from the beginning, we could have avoided much of the trouble we have today in our personal lives as well as in our work or business.
I have seen many front doors of homes face a solid wall immediately upon entering. The main door should not open inside onto a solid wall within three feet of the open door. The only thing you can do is to place a mirror here so that upon entering, the space looks larger. This is not an ideal solution, as it is not good to have a mirror reflecting the front door, but it is better to have a mirror here if the space is too tight for comfort. The subject of Feng Shui is actually far more profound than the popular belief that it is a kind of mystic interior design.
It is the art and science of living and working in the right environment. Feng Shui is concerned with the flow and circulation of vital energy called quot;Chiquot; and is the interplay of the Yin and Yang within the five elements. Feng Shui is the intertwining between people, places and the interactions of energies. The universe is a vast field of energy. Feng Shui is the study of this energy and how it moves through the universe and affects us directly and indirectly.
Modern science of Electro- physics is beginning to realize the interaction of electromagnetic energies between the earth and humans. These electromagnetic energies are the Chi lines running through the veins of the earth,thus cre- ating energy for the earth and the people who live upon it. Well-situated front doors are wide and lead into a foyer that open to other rooms in the house. The foyer acts as a buffer to slow the fast flowing energy as it enters your home. The front door should never open directly into the living room without some kind of buffer to slow the energy.
If you have no choice put an attractive three-fold screen a few feet from the entrance with a healthy green plant in front of the screen. The first things you or visitors see when entering your home set the mood for the rest of the stay. Clutter should not be allowed to accumulate anywhere, but the entrance is a particularly bad place for untidiness.
People have a tendency to put things at the door as a reminder to get rid of the things with good intentions of tak- ing them away. But have you noticed even with yourself you leave it there, because you are in a hurry and will do that later. Later, turns into days later. This is bad for the subconscious mind. It is there when you arrive back home and due to the rush it continues to stay there.
If you want good feng shui in the home tak- ing this stuff away should be first on your priority list When you look out of your front door, you should not face a hill, and the door itself should not be hidden by shrubbery. It is not a good situation if there are obstructions in front of the door, such as a steep hill, another larger building, or any kind of over-sized or massive structure.
The entrance should be well lit and airy. The best shape for a door is oval or square at the top. Solid wood doors are better than glass doors. The entrance should not have sharp angles from other buildings pointing toward the door. You can place a mirrored PaKua to deflect some of the negative energy from entering your home. Remember, the chimes must be hol- low to be effective and the PaKua must be placed on the outside of the house.
It is unlucky to have a mir- rored PaKua inside of your home. Bright-colored doors are very inviting and set the tone for overall harmony inside the home. Regardless of the color you select, it should provide a good contrast to the color of the rest of the house. Red is a good color for a door, but only if it is a compatible color for your overall harmony or great prosperity. The color should also be compatible with the main colors of the house.
Red can be used if you are an East, South or Southwest person. Green or blue is an excellent color if you are an East person. Gold is beneficial and a good color for the door if you are a west person. Colors are explained later in the book. You can determine if your house is good for you once you establish whether you are an East or West group person. If you live in the type of house appropriate for the opposite group, you may never become wealthy in that house.
However, you can arrange the furniture to improve your living conditions. There are four good directions and four bad directions for each group. If you are an East person, the four west directions are bad and if you are a West person, the four east directions are bad for you. Once you decide which group you belong in, you can sometimes change the direc- tion of the house by entering through a different door that faces one of your four good directions.
Beautiful, colorful flowers and lush green shrubbery also bring a sense of harmo- 7 7. While many sidewalks lead in a straight line toward the door, it is more beneficial if the walk curves or meanders toward the door.
If your walkway leads in a straight line to your door you should try to change it to one that curves or one that leads to the side to disburse the straight racing energy that flows toward the door. Wind chimes are good instruments for beneficial energy when placed next to the front and back doors.
The chimes should be hollow and large enough so they pro- duce a nice melody of pleasing sounds when chimed. Together with harmony and rhythm, melody is one of the three basic elements of music. Having soothing sounds in your environment is another way to attract harmony and money. The front door entrance should never lead in a straight line to a back door or large window. All of your luck and finances will flow through the house and out the back door or window.
This is the worst kind of energy of all for losing your hard earned money. If you have this problem fix it immediately. If you live in a place with this problem, you can place a large screen at a distance from the front door so that it covers the view to the back door, and place a large plant in front of the screen.
Nowadays, many people live in city high-rises. Apartment and condominium liv- ing provide different challenges. If you live in an apartment building, never live at the end of a long corridor, nor in front of the elevator or stairway. All of your finances will fly away and down through the fast moving energy of the stairway, elevator or long corridor. If possible, place a plant at the entrance in the hallway to slow some of the fast flowing energy. If you live in an apartment building, green plants and fresh flowers can be used to bring nature into your home.
Fresh flowers brought in weekly help keep your ener- gy level high. When the front door opens directly into the living room, a buffer is needed to slow down the fast flowing energy from the entrance to your home. You should choose colors for your living room that are beneficial to your Kua number and direction or that suit your overall harmo- ny. I recently did a Feng Shui for a lady who was a West person that had a green sofa and love seat in her home. If she would have read this book or consulted with me before buying the sofa she would have known that green is the worst color for her to use.
Her whole liv- ing room was green. She immediately went out and bought gold covers and saw an improvement with her life soon after. Her business improved tremendously. Place green plants around the room, but balance them with other things. Your fur- niture should be spacious, uncluttered and pleasing to the eye. Paintings should be warm and inviting. Never have cactus in your home. Cactus is the worst kind of plant you can have in your home. They are very unlucky.
Try to keep a nice bou- quet of fresh flowers near the entrance to the house. People feel immediately at ease when they see fresh flowers. This is the reason you always see fresh flowers in restaurants or in the lobbies of hotels. Your living room should be fresh and have a feeling of being lived in. So many families have family rooms they use instead of their living rooms, saving the liv- ing room for special occasions.
Rooms in your home that are unused accumulate stagnant energy and detract from an otherwise balanced home. Live in this room!
Fireplaces, regardless of the room where they are found, should never be left uncovered. A screen or glass should cover the opening. Your bed should be comfortable, and the energy should flow smoothly throughout the room.
You should not have anything under the bed, so that energy can circu- late properly. The bedroom should be painted a soft color that suits your energy so you will rest peacefully. A bedroom should never be painted red. Red is an energizing color and you will not get the proper rest if you sleep in a red room. Fresh air should always be circulating through your bedroom and also through the rest of the house.
If you live in an apartment building as I do, and do not have much circulation flow- ing throughout, get a small floor Vornado fan and place it near a window. It is the quietest fan I have found on the market. Most fans, even on the lowest speed, tend to move too fast. Ceiling fans turned low are also a good way to circu- late energy. Ceiling fans should not be placed directly over your bed.
Your bedroom should never have a mir- ror that faces the bed, as it interferes with restful sleep. Mirrors should not be placed behind your bed, at your feet or by the side of the bed.
It is an old Chinese belief that your spirit leaves the body and rises as you begin to sleep, but becomes frightened when it sees itself in a mirror. It is also considered unhealthy for your feet to face the door, because that is how they remove dead bodies from a room.
There is a saying in Feng Shui that when you sleep with your feet facing the door you will never stay at home. You will find that you will want to be on the go all the time and never feel relaxed Your bed is one of the most important things when you are home.
You will be you have and should be replaced every time you move. It should also be replaced under the on the go constantly. Have them covered if they are open. They block the flow for energy to circulate. They also cause financial problems.
Wall beams in corners of the room have the same effect. Green plants placed by the side of the wall beams help deflect some of the negative energy, as will a wind chime hung from the ceiling in front of the beam.
Food is important in keeping you healthy and happy. Round, oval and octagonal tables are more beneficial than square or rectangular tables, as there are no sharp edges to separate people. If you have a square table, try to get one with rounded corners. The dining room should be well lit, with pictures placed on the wall that are relax- ing to look at and soothing to the nerves. Eating in a quiet place, or a place con- taining soft music, is very good for digesting your food.
At one time, everyone used crystal for chandeliers, but with the passing of time, crystal has often been replaced with other materials. They hold no value now from a feng shui point of view, unless, of course, they are crystal.
The dining room is one of the best places for a large mirror. However, mirrors should never be placed so that they cut the heads off of you or your guests.
The mirror should cover one wall of the dining room, and mirrored squares should be avoided. Food prepared here indicates the quality of life one lives, and strongly reflects wealth. And it all begins with the stove! The Chinese believe the kitchen and the placement of the stove is critical to the accumulation of wealth. The placement of the stove in the kitchen can bring extreme good luck to the owners, ensuring wealth and abundance.
The stove can also ensure for the owners, a place of high position in the business world. If you are not having enough luck in your life, one of the first things to take a look at is your stove and its placement. The stove and oven should be kept clean, with all burners working at all times.
If anything breaks or malfunctions, make certain it is fixed as soon as you notice it is not working. The kitchen door should not face the front or back door; otherwise your luck flows out these doors. The stove should not face the back door, either, for the same reason. The kitchen is another fire element, and therefore red should be avoided in this area of the house. If you have too much red in the kitchen, you are more likely to have a fire in your home. Nothing higher than your head should be hung in your home, especially in the kitchen.
You must feel comfortable when you are preparing the food. I see pots and pans hanging over the stove or center of the kitchen in many homes, but this is not a fortuitous placement. Europeans and Asians have no problem with keeping their bathroom doors closed.
Whether in your home, office or busi- ness, this is one of the most important elements for having and keeping wealth. The Chinese say you flush your wealth away if you do not keep the bathroom door closed and the toilet lid down.
The Bathroom is a water element, so blue and green colors are good to be placed there. The bath- room should never have red in it as the fire energy conflicts with the water element. The bathroom should never be placed in the wealth section of the home the Southeast section. I once conducted a feng shui for a lady in Southern California. When her husband remodeled their house, he added an extra bathroom in the wealth section. Shortly after remodeling, he went bankrupt. She told me he died a short time later from the trauma because he could not handle being in that position.
It is very important to keep the bathroom door closed at all times, You can counterbalance the negative force by placing the opposite color, if the bathroom is but especially if you have a bath- placed in an unfortunate place in the house. Facing a wall can make it seem as though you will never get ahead, as your progress is blocked. If you do face a wall, and it is impossible to rearrange your desk, a mirror placed on the wall in front of you will help to some extent remedy the situation. Many offices today have cubicles where people are all crowded together.
If your back is to the door or to other people, you are opening yourself up to get stabbed in the back. Your back should not face a window, either, as you will not have the support you need. If this is not possible, keep the window covered with drapes or blinds, and place a large green plant by the window or in front of it.
You can also use a screen for the same purpose. Never sit directly in front of your office door. Try to sit at an angle so that you have a good view of the door, but are not directly in front of it. If you work in a home or outside office, always try to sit facing your great pros- perity direction. If that is not possible, sit facing one of your three other good directions, preferably your overall harmony direction.
Place objects like a globe, in the proper directions in your office the same way you would in your home. If you work out of the home, the office space should be acti- vated with symbols to enhance the flow of money energy. When exposed in a home, they bring a feeling of oppression and can stop the flow for money and wealth accumulation.
When the bed where you sleep, or where you sit at work have exposed beams over- head, they can cause ill health, bad luck and business problems. Sleeping under an exposed beam can cause severe illness. If your desk is directly under an exposed beam, you will have a difficult time achieving your full potential in the business world.
Ceilings were never meant to have exposed beams. The best ceiling should have a flat surface and if at all pos- sible, have rounded edges at the corners. Standing beams protruding from cor- ners can cause problems in any section where they happen to be. For instance, beams in the marriage corner can fos- ter conflict and divorce, in the wealth corner they cause the loss of money, and in the knowledge corner, lack of education for you or your children.
If you have such large beams square columns placed in corners, you can camouflage the edges by putting plants in front of them. You can cover the sides of the beam with mirrors except in the bed- room , and flowers will also help the flow of energy. Hollow wind chimes can also be placed from the ceiling close to the beam, and this will help the flow of energy to pass by the beam. They are not as effective as the plants or mirrors, but if you cannot do anything else, you can use chimes.
If you have a broken chair, replace it or get it fixed immediately. If you have chips on some of your dishes, get rid of them. It is not good feng shui to have chipped dishes, or anything in the kitchen that is not working.
Replace anything in the home that is not working properly, espe- cially burned out light bulbs, leaky sinks, and broken or cracked windows and doors.
Everything should be in proper working order, or your resources will drain away. The computer you work on daily should not have cords going in every which direction. Use a large funnel cord to put all the small cords in so they look neat and tidy. Another important aspect element in promot- ing good feng shui is avoiding overcrowding. You should feel relaxed and secure in every room of the house. Speaking of every room in the house, every room in your home should be used.
I have done feng shui consultations in huge homes to where much of the house is not used. You can feel when rooms are not used. They hold dead energy. It is very important to use every room in order to circulate the energy to all parts of the house. If a room holds dead energy, that room exerts a bad influence on the rest of the house and can cause illness to the people who live there.
Pets move around and help circulate the energy. If you live alone, pets can keep you company and will help you from being lonely or feeling alone. Pets have been proven to keep people healthy because of the company and energy they provide.
Dogs, cats, birds, goldfish, or any- thing living will bring good energy into the home. Throw those files away and new business will come to you. After cleaning out the clutter physically, clean and straighten up the place, vacu- um, sweep and mop all areas of the house. This should be done at least once a week.
Allocate different corners to each individual in your household in order to maximize and enhance your wealth section.
If you find that you do not use something within a year, get rid of it. Once you dispose of things you no longer use, you make room for new energy and opportunities to enter.
SMUDGING After each cleaning of your home of clutter, there is a procedure that is called space clearing or smudging that should be under- taken each time, using white sage, candles and bells. This is a very important course of action for clearing away negative energies. I clear negative energies with each feng shui I do. It gets rid of dead energy and brings new life into the home. Smudge clearing raises the level of vibrations in a place.
They cleared out energy with smoking of the pipe and a chant dance. All cultures have used some form of space clear- ing since the beginning of time. Homes and offices can benefit from being cleared out at least once a month. After clearing the space, light a white candle and let it burn for a while.
When I clear energy by smudging, I get the whole family involved. The children love it and any pets like to be around when it is going on. Animals can see the ener- gy changing and are very interested in watching it move. The amount of time it takes to clear and smudge depends on the size of the house.
You can live in one room and still have wonderful feng shui,and live in a mansion where it is not nearly as good. But the size of the home takes a certain amount of time to clear the energy. After I help the people clear out and rearrange furniture, I sometimes spend as much as two hours smudging and clear- ing with bells or gongs.
When you feng shui it takes time to tune to the space. I recommend doing some deep breathing exercises as it helps to tune into the space. When you are doing this procedure, it is important for you to feel this connection with your space.
You must be relaxed in order to accomplish this. Start at the front door and go around the perimeter of the house feeling and sens- ing the energy. Once you do this, you will be amazed to discover how you can feel stagnant or alive energy in different rooms. Since your home is already familiar to you, it will be easier to tune in if you sit quietly in each room and try to feel the energy. If you have an affinity with animals or plants, you will find that you have an affinity with buildings, too.
Buildings have energy just as animals or plants, you just have to tune into this energy to help release suppressed energy and move it so it becomes alive again. If your home is more than one floor, start at the bottom of the building and move upward to each level. Energy always stagnates at the bottom. If you have a base- ment, start working with the basement first.
Water is the elixir of life. We are not able to live long without it. It is the only substance that is absolutely necessary in order to have a healthy body and mind. It is also the element that rules the career section.
Its direction is north. Water can be placed in the north or southeast section of your home. The southeast section is the prosperity corner. The placement of water in this area, along with a luxuriant green plant, will be beneficial in attaining wealth.
Wood is the element that rules the Southeast and consequently, water is beneficial to the wood. Activate these two sections by using bubbling fountains and be sure to select one where the water bubbles up instead of running down or fish tanks. Keep both clean, as stagnant water has the same effect on your financial position. If your front door faces North, East, or Southeast, place a small fountain at the entrance on the right hand side of your front door.
The right hand side is coming into the house. Left hand side entering the house is not a lucky placement, but the right hand side increases finances and helps with overall harmony in the home. Use your lucky colors for house and office colors, the color of your car, and even clothes. Color is especially important when used to balance out the five elements. Color creates harmony, which creates good feng shui. But caution should be used. For example, red is the color best known for attracting anything and is the strongest and most powerful color of all.
But, if it is used in the wrong location or if it is not lucky for your special Kua number, it can be detrimental to your health. A little red can always be used, such as splashes of red here and there, but of course, not a lot If your color is gold, you can use lots of the color gold, but not much green. Red is beneficial to you if your color is gold.
You can mix red and gold together, but remember, it should be placed in the South or West, as your Kua number is 2, with the color gold. The lions, deer, elephants, turtles, horses, frogs and the three important gods placed in your home will ensure a well balanced life of abundance. We can easily see the influence of the past in Europe, where we see guardian lions providing protection to many front doors of businesses and homes.
Three lucky gods are Fuk, Luk and Sau. I have never been in a Chinese home that did not have these three gods. They should be placed in a high position, or position of prominence, in your home or office. Shortly after I got mine, a friend came to visit and was staring at the little guys. They are of great importance to the Chinese people. Fuk is the god of wealth and happiness. Luk is the god of importance and afflu- ence and Sau is the god of health and longevity. There are so many things you can use to create more abundance in your life.
Bright lights placed in dark spaces of your home enhance your chances for mak- ing more money, especially when placed in the wealth section. Paintings in the kitchen and dining area should be of fruit, flowers and food. Heavy sculpture pieces and statues produce yang energy, while yin energy can be activated with bright lights and sounds from background music and chimes. Paintings and pictures that symbolize happiness can be placed in different rooms for a calming effect.
Avoid any kind of art that suggests unhappiness. You will have peo- ple leave your life if you have any such pictures. Paintings should be with more than one person or ani- mal to ensure happiness in your love life. Single peo- ple in paintings suggest being alone. If you have any paintings like these, replace them with happy and healthy pictures of people or animals.
Turtles are also considered to be lucky, as are frogs. North is considered cold and damp.
It is the wintertime, when things lay dormant. Water produces wealth. We cannot live without water. We also cannot live without having money in our lives, so this section is very important to both our health and wealth. Water fountains, fish tanks and even a picture with the view of water are all important ways to enhance the earn- ing of money.
If you are an East group per- son, you can have your door facing north. It is not a good direction, howev- er, if you are a West group person. North can be activated to bring in money for both East and West people. It may be a little confusing, but as time goes by and you as you become more familiar with feng shui, you will have a better understanding of the elements with the directions and colors. Feng Shui is such a deep subject you cannot possibly get all the information from any book, but it is a beginning.
The earth element is for the Northeast section. The earth element rep- resents wisdom, honesty, and reliability. Placing clay, crystals or a bookcase in this section will encourage the gathering of knowledge. Place a photo here of the school you wish your child to attend. This element rules springtime. It is the time of year when all plants and things in the earth come to life. The sun rises in the East. Wood is the element that helps us to stay healthy. If you do not have enough green plants or living things in your environment, you will not feel alive.
Green plants or a nice bamboo plant placed in this section helps you achieve a happy, healthy life. This section represents the money or wealth sec- tion of the home. In this section of the house, it is very important to place a flour- ishing green plant, a small fountain or fish tank, and a red envelope containing some coins.
If you are an East group person, you could paint this wall green. We could not live long without sunlight. Fire and South represents the sun, and the heat created by the sun. This is energy created during the summer months of the year. American Indians realized the value of fire, which is a regular part of their ceremonies. The Kitchen is of the fire ener- gy. It represents the stove, without which we could not eat properly. The fireplace in your home is considered part of the fire energy when lit.
This sec- tion represents the energy we send out to the world and what we get in return in the form of fame, success, wealth and recognition. Everyone is looking for a good relationship if they do not already have one.
Sometimes it seems this is the hardest thing of all to come together. The colors to place here are yellows and gold tones. Use a pair of things, like mandarin ducks or crystal swans. Anything crystal in this corner helps to acti- vate your romance or love life. Mandarin ducks have brightly colored plumage and a crested head. When I go into their homes, I commonly see an abundance of single things: Things should be grouped in pairs to set the stage for a good relationship.
This is where the metal element rules, and the color white, which is considered pure.