Recording a macro is like programming a phone number into your cell phone. This Part serves as an introduction to Excel Macros and VBA in general. Here. In Excel, macro code is a programming code which is written in VBA (Visual Basic Don't Forget to download this free PDF checklist where I've added all these. Visual Basic Macro. Examples. 1. ABOUT THIS BOOK. Microsoft Excel Visual Basic Examples. Release 5, February 19, Copyright
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tutorial, your firm foundation in creating macros will allow you to use macros efficiently. Prerequisites. When you record a macro, Excel stores it as a VBA code . Excel macro tutorials for beginners | Excel Macro tutorials for Send Sheet as a PDF attachment in Email · How to Send Chart Picture as an. A macro is a piece of programming code that runs in Excel environment and helps automate routine tasks. In a layman's language, a macro is a recording of your routine steps in Excel that you can replay using a single button. VBA is the acronym for Visual Basic for Applications.
This macro code will help you to activate A1 reference style without using Excel options. Select Worksheets. Add a new worksheet in a workbook using Excel Macro 8. Offset RowOffset: Print Custom Pages. Also some other columns to be autofilled. The items that appear in the Microsoft Excel Objects folder may look familiar.
If your objective is to only record and play macros, this tutorial likely covers most of the knowledge you require to achieve your goal. As explained by John Walkenbach one of the foremost authorities in Microsoft Excel in the Excel Bible , if your objective is to only recording and playing macros:.
However, if you want to benefit from Excel macros to the maximum and use their power fully, you will eventually need to learn VBA. As Mr. Excel Bill Jelen another one of the foremost Excel wizards and Tracy Syrstad an Excel and Access consultant say in Excel VBA and Macros , recording a macro is helpful when you are beginner and have no experience in macro programming but….
Therefore, I cover some of topics related to Visual Basic for Applications more deeply in other tutorials. By now you have added the Developer tab to the Ribbon and you are aware that there are two different tools you can use to produce a macro, including the recorder. You're ready to make your first Excel macro. To do it, simply follow the 7 easy steps which I explain below. If relative reference recording is turned on, as in the case of the screenshot below, you don't need to click anything.
I may explain the use of relative and absolute references further in future tutorials. However, for the moment, ensure you have turned on relative reference recording. If, at the time of recording the active cell is A3 and you fail to turn on relative recording, the macro records that it must:.
As you may imagine, this macro does not work very well if, when using it, you are in any cell other than A3. The following image shows how this would look like if you are working in cell H1 and activate the macro with absolute references explained above. The main advantage of saving macros in the Personal Macro Workbook is that those macros can later be used in future Excel files because all those macros are available when you use Excel in the same computer where you saved them, regardless of whether you are working on a new or different Excel file from the one you created the macro on.
Create a macro description. Having a macro description is optional. It is a good idea to get in the habit of recording this information every time you build a new macro so that you and your co-workers can always know what to expect from the macro when any of you run it. Harvey also suggests that you include the date in which the macro was saved and who created the macro. Step 5.
Once you have assigned a name, set the location where you want to store the macro and if you wanted assigned a keyboard shortcut and created a macro description, click on the OK button to close the Record Macro dialog. If you follow the 7 easy steps explained above, you're already able to start creating basic macros.
Therefore, in this section, we set-up a macro that does the following three things:. I have already explained how you can get the Developer tab to show up in Excel.
Since you only need to ask Excel one time to display the Developer tab, the image below only shows the actual recording of the macro. For this particular example, I have used the parameters described above when working with the Record Macro dialog. More precisely: I hope you have found it easy to create your first Excel macro. At the very least, I hope that you realize that the basics of Excel macros are not as complicated as they may seem at first sight.
I know that the macro we have recorded above is a very basic example and, in other posts about VBA and macros, I dig deeper in more complicated topics that allow you to set up more complex and powerful macros. However, it is true that the information in the previous sections of this Macro Tutorial for Beginners is enough to set up a relatively wide variety of macros. In the Excel Bible , John Walkenbach explains that:. In most cases, you can record your actions as a macro and then simply replay the macro; you don't need to look at the code that's automatically generated.
I have quoted twice how John Walkenbach, one of the most prolific authors on the topic of spreadsheets, implies that casual users of Excel macros do not necessarily need to learn programming. However, this doesn't mean that you shouldn't learn programming. If you are committed to unleashing the power of Excel macros, you will have to learn Visual Basic for Applications.
Programming Excel macros using VBA is more powerful than simply recording the macros for several reasons, the main one being that using VBA code allows you to carry tasks that can't be recorded using the Macro Recorder.
If I had the space, I could go continue to create a really long list of examples of how programming with VBA is a superior way to create macros than using the Macro Recorder. In fact, Mr. You have already learned how to set up a macro in Excel and, as you saw in the most recent sections, the macro is working.
In order to start learning how to program macros, it is useful to take a look at the actual instructions or code behind that you have produced when recording the macro. In order to do this, you need to activate the Visual Basic Editor. The VBE window is customizable so it is quite possible that the window that is displayed in your computer looks slightly different from the above screenshot.
The Visual Basic Editor menu bar is, pretty much, like the menu bars that you use in other programs. More precisely, a menu bar contains the drop-down menus where you can find most of the commands that you use to give instructions to, and interact with, the VBE. If you're working with more recent versions of Excel or later , you may have noticed that Excel itself does not have a menu bar but, rather, a Ribbon. The reason for this is that, from Microsoft Office , Microsoft has has replaced the menus and toolbars of some programs with the Ribbon.
The VBE Toolbar, just like it happens with the menu bar, is similar to the toolbars you may have encountered when using other types of software. To be more exact, the toolbar contains items such as on-screen buttons, icons, menus and similar elements.
The toolbar displayed in the screenshot above is the standard and default toolbar of the Visual Basic Editor. As explained above, if you have a newer version of Excel starting with you won't see neither a toolbar nor a menu bar on the Excel window because Microsoft replaced both of these items with the Ribbon. The Project Window is the part of the VBE where you can find a list of all the Excel workbooks that are open and the add-ins that are loaded.
This section is useful for navigation purposes. There may be several folders for different types of items, such as sheets, objects, forms and modules. Check out 4 point from here https: Hey Hi, Thanks for the codes. I need your help to count the excel cell colors which used by conditional formatting. I had tried many ways, but, no luck. Thank you for sharing code in easier way, this is very helpful. I am just beginner in macro.
I have written a code to connect sql database but i m getting difficulty to connect more than one database from different server. Please I want the VBA code to merge multiple excel sheet in one. Can you send me the code please. Debug shows this line as the culprit: Sincerely yours, Carlos.
Any advice?? Try this: SpecialCells xlCellTypeBlanks. Delete Shift: Great list, but it would be nice if you made it easier for us to identify changes in it since you say you make monthly changes. Rather than a PDF, how about putting this tips in a downloadable spreadsheet or Word document that the tips can be sorted by insertion date as well as category. If you make the download cumulative that would be even better.
Even if you start now building the cumulative file, that would be better. I want to learn how to create macro. I have the basic knowledge of VB. Please advise from where should I start. Would you save your precious time to modify one code of you you did? Sir, I used this code at my office…it was nice working but on my home pc.. Invalid procedure call or argument……. So please have solution sir. Hello, really nice to see all these. I was also trying to get in touch with you to understand if there is a way we can filter a table based on unique values.
Date Start Time ———- ————— Aug 24 9: How to do so? The best way I have right now is copy both the columns, and check for duplicates in the Date column, followed by which I get to calculate the average start time.
Something like this. Date Start Time ——— ——————- Aug 24 9: Great Puneet! I am sure it will help me save my hours of daily work. Thanks much. How to transfer a cell value from main workbook to several workbooks via VBA program, without opening the other several workbooks. Hey, great macros. Could you help with this addition? AutoFill Destination: Select Exit Sub End Sub. Please share with me here so that other can make use of it. Hi Puneet.. Thanks for that..
Compile error: Punit i am very novice to VB, so can you give some tips how to grow up in VB coding, your kind guidance is required, my email id is gshuvishesh gmail. Thanks Punit for sharing Wonderful Excel tricks…. Helped me to automate my few daily routine task in one go…. Macro codes can save you a ton of time.
You can automate small as well as heavy tasks with VBA codes. And do you know? With the help of macros You can use these codes even if you haven't used VBA before that.
But here's the first thing to know: Go to your developer tab and click on "Visual Basic". On the left side in "Project Window", right click on the name of your workbook and insert a new module. Now, go to your developer tab and click on the macro button.
Just read the title and click on it to get the code. Pivot Table. Basic Codes. Add Serial Numbers. Activate Next i Last: Insert Multiple Columns. Insert Multiple Rows. Auto Fit Columns. Quickly auto fit all the columns in your worksheet. Auto Fit Rows. You can use this code to auto-fit all the rows in a worksheet. Remove Text Wrap. This code will help you to remove text wrap from the entire worksheet with a single click.
Unmerge Cells. Sub UnmergeCells Selection. UnMerge End Sub. Open Calculator. Use this code to add a date into the header or footer in your worksheet. You can edit this code for switching from header to footer. If you want to insert a custom header then this code is for you. Formatting Codes. Highlight Duplicates from Selection. You can also change the color from the code. Highlight the Active Row and Column. I really love to use this macro code whenever I have to analyze a data table.
Here are the quick steps to apply this code. Close VBE and you are done. Remember that, by applying this macro you will not able to edit the cell by double click.
Highlight Top 10 Values. Just select a range and run this macro and it will highlight top 10 values with the green color. Highlight Named Ranges. Highlight Greater than Values. Highlight Lower Than Values. Highlight Negative Numbers. Highlight Specific Text. Suppose you have a large dataset and you want to check for a particular value.
For this, you can use this code. When you run it, you will get an input box to enter the value to search for. Highlight Cells with Comments. To highlight all the cells with comments use this macro. Highlight Alternate Rows in the Selection. By highlighting alternate rows you can make your data easily readable.
And for this, you can use below VBA code. It will simply highlight every alternate row in selected range. Highlight Cells with Misspelled Words. If you find hard to check all the cells for spelling error then this code is for you. It will check each cell from the selection and highlight the cell where is a misspelled word. To highlight and count all the cells in which you have an error, this code will help you.
Highlight Cells with a Specific Text in Worksheet. Highlight all the Blank Cells Invisible Space. It will check all the selected cells and highlight the cell with the maximum value. It will check all the selected cells and highlight the cell with the Minimum value. Highlight Unique Values. This codes will highlight all the cells from the selection which has a unique value.
Highlight Difference in Columns. Using this code you can highlight the difference between two columns corresponding cells. Highlight Difference in Rows. And by using this code you can highlight difference between two row corresponding cells. Printing Codes. Print Comments. Sub printComments With ActiveSheet. Print Narrow Margin. Use this VBA code to take a print with a narrow margin.
When you run this macro it will automatically change margins to narrow. Print Selection. This code will help you print selected range. You don't need to go to printing options and set printing range.
Just select a range and run this code. Sub printSelection Selection. Print Custom Pages. You just need to run this VBA code and enter start page and end page. Worksheet Codes. Hide all but the Active Worksheet. Unhide all Hidden Worksheets. Delete all but the Active Worksheet. Protect all Worksheets Instantly. If you want to protect your all worksheets in one go here is a code for you. And make sure to take care about CAPS. Resize All Charts in a Worksheet.
Make all chart same in size. This macro code will help you to make all the charts of the same size. You can change the height and width of charts by changing it in macro code. Insert Multiple Worksheets. You can use this code if you want to add multiple worksheets in your workbook in a single shot. Protect Worksheet. If you want to protect your worksheet you can use this macro code.
Un-Protect Worksheet. If you want to unprotect your worksheet you can use this macro code. Unprotect "mypassword" End Sub.
Sort Worksheets. This code will help you to sort worksheets in your workbook according to their name. Protect all the Cells With Formulas. To protect cell with formula with a single click you can use this code. Delete all Blank Worksheets.
Unhide all Rows and Columns. Disable Page Breaks. Workbook Codes. Create a Backup of a Current Workbook. Close all Workbooks at Once.
Use this macro code to close all open workbooks. Copy Active Worksheet into a New Workbook. Active Workbook in an Email. Use this macro code to quickly send your active workbook in an e-mail. Add Workbook to a Mail Attachment. Welcome Message. Closing Message. Count Open Unsaved Workbooks. Pivot Table Codes. These codes will help you to manage and make some changes in pivot tables in a flash.
Hide Pivot Table Subtotals. If you want to hide all the subtotals, just run this code. Refresh All Pivot Tables. Create a Pivot Table. Auto Update Pivot Table Range. But with this code you can do it in a single click. Charts Codes. Use these VBA codes to manage charts in Excel and save your lot of time. Change Chart Type. This code will help you to convert chart type without using chart options from the tab. Paste Chart as an Image. This code will help you to convert your chart into an image.
Add Chart Title. First of all, you need to select your chart and the run this code. You will get an input box to enter chart title. Advanced Codes. Some of the codes which you can use to preform advanced task in your spreadsheets.
Create a Table of Content. Let's say you have more than worksheets in your workbook and it's hard to navigate now. Don't worry this macro code will rescue everything.
Convert Range into an Image. Paste selected range as an image. Insert a Linked Picture. Use Text to Speech. Excel will speak all the text what you have in that range, cell by cell. Sub Speak Selection. Speak End Sub. Activate Data Entry Form. Sub DataForm ActiveSheet.
ShowDataForm End Sub. Use Goal Seek. Goal Seek can be super helpful for you to solve complex problems. Program FilesGoogleChromeApplicationchrome. Program Files x86 GoogleChromeApplicationchrome. Formula Codes. Convert all Formulas into Values. Simply convert formulas into values. Remove Spaces from Selected Cells. One of the most useful macros from this list. Remove Characters from a String.
Simply remove characters from the starting of a text string. It has two arguments "rng" for the text string and "cnt" for the count of characters to remove.
Add Insert Degree Symbol in Excel. Reverse Text. Wouldn't it be better if there were some magical way of pressing a single button and all of our routine tasks are done? I can hear you say yes. In a nutshell, a macro is the magical single click button. We will cover the following topics in this tutorial.
What is a macro? A macro is a piece of programming code that runs in Excel environment and helps automate routine tasks. In a layman's language, a macro is a recording of your routine steps in Excel that you can replay using a single button. The importance of macros in Excel Let's say you work as a cashier for a water utility company.
Some of the customers pay through the bank and at the end of the day, you are required to download the data from the bank and format it in a format that meets your business requirements.
You can import the data into Excel and format. The following day you will be required to perform the same ritual. It will soon become boring and tedious. Macros solve such problems by automating such routine tasks.
You can use a macro to record the steps of Importing the data Formatting it to meet your business reporting requirements. What is VBA in a layman's language?
It is a programming language that Excel uses to record your steps as you perform routine tasks. You do not need to be a programmer or a very technical person to enjoy the benefits of macros in Excel.