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Complete online archive of National Geographic magazines: articles, photographs and maps since Read online free pdf or download free pdf National Geographic Magazine March egat ive. CHINESE Google books. WORD SCORE. Neutral. ENGLISH Twitter. PDF Drive offered in: English. Faster previews. National Geographic Masters of Photography - SnagFilms. Pages·· National Geographic Magazine March - Designing the Perfect Pet 3. Pages·· MB·0.

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the magazine into new terrain, creating Compared with all MRI-measured magazines,. National .. Supplied with resolution of dpi in TIFF or PDF format. In addition to magazine and digital stories, events, partnerships, and calls to action, we're thrilled to be publishing . RIGHTS: WD ENGLISH. National Geographic stories take you on a journey that's always enlightening, often surprising, and unfailingly fascinating.

Stuart asks, with a meant-to-becharming smile. Sleep-deprived, unshaven, and sometimes hungoverwhats the point of being in a new country if you cant sample whats locally fermented? This squishy stuff works. Guided Vacations Since James Williams. Hes going to make use of this dough himself. Arctic warming hasnt helped much at Meadowbank.

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I feared the life that many girls are sufering through right now. What gave you the courage to speak up for girls? My parents were always there to say that I have this right to speak, I have this right to go to school. If other girls in the Swat Valley, including some of my very close friends, had been given this right by their families, we would have been here together speaking out for girls right to go to school.

What I really mean is that Im not a special girl who was diferent than others. There were many girls who were there, who could speak out better than me, who were more forceful than me. But no one allowed them. Now 18, Malala commands attention as the youngest ever Nobel Peace Prize winner. During her journey to the world stage, she took on the Taliban as an yearold blogger, survived an assassination attempt, and co-founded the Malala Fund to support education around the world.

What would your life be like right now if you were living in Pakistan without an education? I would have two or three children. Im fortunate that Im 18 and Im still not married. When you dont get an education, your life is very much controlled by others. When there was terrorism and girls were stopped from going to school, my fear wasnt that I would be attacked for speaking out. My fear was that I would. What can other kids do? I consider myself very lucky to be on this platform where I can be the voice of the 60 million girls who are deprived of education, but I think its very important that children and kids think that their voices are powerful.

It does not matter what your age is. We should believe in ourselves. If we want the future to be better, we need to start working on it right now. Children are in the millions in this world. If millions of children come together, they could build up this strong army, and then our leaders would have to listen to us. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

O Antioxidant vitamins, C, E and zinc support normal immune function. Japan Sunset paints the sacred Meoto Iwa wedded rocks in pastel hues.

Bound by heavy rice-straw ropes, the two stacks off the coast of Futami Izanagi left and Izanamisymbolize the Shinto deities said to have created Japan. China Frigid meets lorid in a garden in Hami, where a blooming tree, watered the night before, dangles ice during a two-day cold snap in April.

This cold-tolerant species will survive to bloom next year, but the plunge damaged many crops in the area. North Korea Young pupils in Sinuiju perform a dance routine for a group of Chinese tourists. The border townseparated from Dandong, China, by the Yalu Riverhas long been open to its neighbors. It began admitting some Western tourists in Indication and Limitations of Use Trulicity is a once-weekly injectable prescription medicine to improve blood sugar glucose in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

It should be used along with diet and exercise. Trulicity is not recommended as the rst medication to treat diabetes. It has not been studied in people who have had inammation of the pancreas pancreatitis. Trulicity should not be used by people with a history of severe gastrointestinal GI disease, people with type 1 diabetes, or people with diabetic ketoacidosis.

It is not a substitute for insulin. It has not been studied with long-acting insulin or in children under 18 years of age. Important Safety Information Tell your healthcare provider if you get a lump or swelling in your neck, have hoarseness, trouble swallowing, or shortness of breath while taking Trulicity.

These may be symptoms of thyroid cancer. In studies with rats or mice, Trulicity and medicines that work like Trulicity caused thyroid tumors, including thyroid cancer. It is not known if Trulicity will cause thyroid tumors or a type of thyroid cancer called medullary thyroid carcinoma MTC in people. Do not take Trulicity if you or any of your family members have ever had MTC or if. Do not take Trulicity if you have had an allergic reaction to dulaglutide or any of the other ingredients in Trulicity.

Inammation of your pancreas pancreatitis. If you have pain in your stomach area abdomen that is severe and will not go away, stop taking Trulicity and call your healthcare provider right away. The pain may happen with or without vomiting. It may be felt going from your abdomen through to your back. Low blood sugar hypoglycemia.

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If you are using another medicine that can cause low blood sugar such as insulin or a sulfonylurea while taking Trulicity, your risk for getting low blood sugar hypoglycemia may be higher. Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar may include dizziness, blurred vision, anxiety, irritability, mood changes, sweating, slurred speech, hunger, confusion or drowsiness, shakiness, weakness, headache, fast heartbeat, or feeling jittery.

Talk to your healthcare provider about low blood sugar and how to manage it. Serious allergic reactions. Stop taking Trulicity and get medical help right away if you have symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, such as itching, rash, or difficulty breathing. Activate Your Within Jerry uses whats inside him to reach his goals. For his art, he uses his passion. For his diabetes, he helps his body y release its own insulin. Ask your doctor about once-weekly, non-insulin Trulicity.

You pe nee eedl dle e to see or handle a needle. In studies, people who lost weight lost lbs on average. Kidney problems kidney failure. In people who have kidney problems, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting may cause a loss of uids dehydration. This may cause kidney problems to get worse. Severe stomach problems.

Trulicity may cause stomach problems, which could be severe. The most common n side eects eects with Trulicity may include: Talk to your healthcare provider about any side eect that bothers you or does not go away. These are not all the possible side eects of Trulicity. Call your doctor for medical advice about side eects. Tell your healthcare provider if you: It is not known if Trulicity will harm your unborn baby.

It is not known if Trulicity passes into your breast milk. You should not use Trulicity while breastfeeding without rst talking to your healthcare provider. Trulicity may aect the way some medicines work and some medicines may aect the way Trulicity works. You are encouraged to report side eects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www. Please see next page for additional information about Trulicity, including Boxed Warning regarding possible thyroid tumors including thyroid cancer.

Please see Instructions for Use included with the pen. This is a brief summary of important information about Trulicity Tru--li-si-tee. Please read the Medication Guide that comes with Trulicity before you start taking it and each time you get a refill because there may be new information. This information is not meant to take the place of talking with your healthcare provider or pharmacist. Trulicity is a once-weekly, injectable prescription medicine that may improve blood sugar glucose in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and should be used along with diet andexercise.

It is not known if Trulicity will harm your unbornbaby. You should not use Trulicity while breastfeeding without first talking to your healthcare provider. Trulicitymay affect the way some medicines work and some medicines may affect the way Trulicity works. It is not a substitute for insulin and is not for use in people with type 1 diabetes or people with diabetic ketoacidosis. It is not recommended for use in people with severe stomach or intestinal problems.

It is not known if it can be used with long-acting insulin or if it is safe and effective for use in children under 18years of age. Before using Trulicity, talk to your healthcare provider about low blood sugar and how to manage it. What is the most important information I should know about Trulicity? Trulicity may cause serious side effects including possible thyroid tumors, including cancer.

Tell your healthcare provider if you get a lump or swelling in your neck, hoarseness, trouble swallowing, or shortness of breath. Your healthcare provider should show you how to use Trulicity before you use it for the first time. Trulicity is injected under the skin subcutaneously of your stomach abdomen , thigh, or upper arm. Do not inject Trulicity into a muscle intramuscularly or vein intravenously. You may change the day of the week as long as your last dose was given 3 or more days before.

If you miss a dose of Trulicity, take the missed dose as soon as possible, if there are at least 3 days 72 hours until your next scheduled dose. If there are less than 3 days remaining, skip the missed dose and take your next dose on the regularly scheduled day. Do not take 2doses of Trulicity within 3 days of each other. What are the possible side effects of Trulicity?

Trulicity may cause serious side effects, including:. Possible thyroid tumors, including cancer. See What is the most important information I should know about Trulicity?

Stop using Trulicity and call your healthcare provider right away if you have severe pain in your stomach area abdomen that will not go away, with or without vomiting.

You may feel the pain from your abdomen to your back. You may give an injection of Trulicity and insulin in the same body area such as your stomach , but not right next to each other. Your risk for getting low blood sugar may be higher if you use Trulicity with another medicine that can cause low blood sugar such as sulfonylurea or insulin.

Change rotate your injection site with each weekly injection. Do not use the same site for each injection. Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar may include: Stop using Trulicity and get medical help right away, if you have any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction including itching, rash, or difficulty breathing. In people who have kidney problems, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting may cause a loss of fluids dehydration which may cause kidney problems to get worse. Other medicines like Trulicity may cause severe stomach problems.

It is not known if Trulicity causes or worsens stomach problems. The most common side effects of Trulicity may include nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, decreased appetite, indigestion. Do not share your Trulicity pen, syringe, or needles with another person.

You may give another person an infection or get an infection from them. Your dose of Trulicity and other diabetes medicines may need to change because of:. For more information go to www. Trulicity is a trademark owned or licensed by Eli Lilly and Company, its subsidiaries or affiliates. Trulicity is available by prescription only.

Talk to your healthcare provider about any side effect that bothers you or does not go away. These are not all the side effects ofTrulicity.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. All rights reserved. By including the National Geographic Society in your will, trust, retirement account, or life insurance policy, you can pass on your love of exploration, science, and conservation to future generations.

Youll be supporting critical efforts such as the Pristine Seas project, which is working to explore and protect the oceans last wild places.

Its a beautiful gift that will make a powerful difference. I have included the National Geographic Society in my will, trust, or beneficiary designation. Please send me information about easy ways to leave a legacy of exploration and conservation. I would like to speak to someone about making a gift. Please call me. You may also contact the National Geographic Society at , plannedgiftinfo ngs.

Washington, D. The National Geographic Society is a c 3 organization. Our federal tax ID number is The Pool AssignmentWe asked the Your Shot community to visit a pool and use photography to explore above the waters surface, or below it.

So many photos nailed the essence and magic of pool timediving, oating, antics above and below the water, moments of spontaneity, and some creatively artful scenes. Sherry L. Brukbacher, photo editor. Tekla Szocs London, England Szocs, a photographer, had asked a friend to model for her at an abandoned pool in Budapest.

The friend brought her young niece along. We were playing around, jumping in puddles, Szocs says. The girl stopped at one point to look down at the empty pool. But with a spacious, refined interior and F SPORT bolstered seats, it also keeps you sitting effortlessly within yours.

Never has luxury been this expressive. Options shown. Tire life may be substantially less than 20, miles, depending upon driving conditions.

B irdcalls Parrot communication goes well beyond Polly wants a cracker. The colorful birdswhose family includes parakeets, like those on this pageactually speak in dialects. They discovered that all birds used a specific call to maintain contact with others in their lock, but the acoustic structure of that call varies by region. And when one bird heard the local dialect of another, it modified its own vocalizations to match the new tune.

They found comparable patterns with small locks of parakeets in the lab. Humans and parrots learn to vocalize similarly: Both listen and then repeat back what was heard. Relatively few animals develop communication this way. The trait may help explain why parrots are such popular pets. In the wild they form strong pair bonds and social systems; in captivity they may try to re-create that connectedness by mimicking the humans around them. Learning how to sound like others is very important to parrots, says Wright.

When you sound like another, that means you are a member of their group. Scott Burkhard. Optimists, youre not alone: Turns out most people look on the bright side of lifeor at least talk about it. A recent study by University of Vermont data scientist Peter Dodds and colleagues found a universal positive bias in languages.

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Dodds and his team gathered billions of words from ten languages and 24 types of sourcesbooks, news, social mediathen identified the 5, words most frequently used in each tongue. When people were asked to rate words on a nine-point happy-to-sad scale, results were more positive than negative.

And when words were translated across languages, people rated words similarly. University of Pennsylvania linguist Mark Liberman says Doddss big-data study supports previous anecdotal findings that humans tend to focus on the positive. Will emotional gauges join economic indexes as a measure of well-being?

Dodds hopes so: Without a metric for happiness, you cant improve it.

Geographic magazine pdf national english

Jeremy Berlin. Sample word scores 8. Universal happiness Native speakers in ten languages ascribed a positivity scorefrom one to nine to each of their 5, most commonly used words. The results show that while some languages are happier than others, they all have a positive bias.

Bar height Each bar shows the number of words that fall into a certain range of scores. Chinese books, for example, have many words clustered in a relatively neutral range. Happiest Spanish websites have the most positive score overall. But Dodds says the big takeaway is that we all tend to favor a positive set of words.

Every cup of Twinings Pure Black Teas is a journey, and every sip is a step. Bumpy calcite blankets part of an early Neanderthals skull and other bones. Members of a caving club made a startling discovery in while exploring one of the many limestone chambers near Altamura, Italy: At the time experts concluded this was an adult male Neanderthal who had likely fallen into the cave and starved to death.

Repeated splashes of mineral-rich water created the knobs, called cave popcorn. A new study has determined that the calcite covering began forming about , years ago, so the victim must have livedand diedprior to that. DNA extracted from a shoulder bone confirmed the original identification. More sophisticated DNA research in the future may reveal how this extinct cousin of early humans is related to others of his kind and where he sits on the larger evolutionary tree. A marble dolphin with a sh in its mouth turned up unexpectedly at a site in the Negev.

Archaeologists from the Israel Antiquities Authority found the inchtall statue embedded in the oor of a seventh-century building. They believe it was created earlier and recycled as a paving stone. It may once have been part of a statue of Poseidon, the Greek god of the sea, or a local form of Aphrodite, the goddess born in sea-foam.

But it also may have had a hidden message. A dolphin eating a sh symbolizes the persecution of early Christians, says Alexander Fraiberg. That means the source of the statue may be a Byzantine church. Made with the finest natural ingredients and no grains or gluten, BLUE Freedom is grain-free at its finest. We all want our dogs and cats to look and feel their best.

For some of our furry friends, that means being on a grain-free diet, which is why we created BLUE Freedom. It always features real meat and has none of the grains that contain gluten. If you think your dog or cat can do better on a grain-free diet, you cant do better than BLUE Freedom.

Feed them like family. Available for dogs and cats. Crop Diversity Farmers once cultivated a wider array of genetically diverse crop varieties, but modern industrialized agriculture has focused mainly on a commercially successful few.

Now a rush is on to save the old varietieswhich could hold genetic keys to developing crops that can adapt to climate change. No country is self-sufficient with its plant genetic resources, says Francisco Lopez, of the secretariat of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. The group oversees the exchange of seeds and other plant materials that are stored in the worlds 1, gene banks. Kelsey Nowakowski.

The number of commercially available seed varieties in the U. Potatoes originated in Peru and Bolivia. CIP conserves some 4, varieties and shares genetic resources with breeders around the world. For the female parent, researchers from CIP and the Philippines found an Indian potato that was resistant to viruses and harmful late blight.

The male parent came from the pollen of late-blight-resistant breeds developed by scientists at CIP and in a graduate study project in the Philippines. The resulting potato seeds were sent to China for evaluation. After five years of trials and selection, the new variety, named Cooperation, was declared resistant to viruses and late blight, suitable for southwestern Chinas growing conditions and, crucially, tasty to eat.

For people with a higher risk of stroke due to Atrial Fibrillation AFib not caused by a heart valve problem. ELIQUIS apixaban is a prescription medicine used to reduce the risk of stroke and blood clots in people who have atrial fibrillation, a type of irregular heartbeat, not caused by a heart valve problem.

Tell your doctor about all medicines, vitamins and supplements you take. Get medical help right away if you have any of these signs or symptoms of bleeding: Now Im going for something better than warfarin. Reduced the risk of stroke better than warfarin. No routine blood testing. Spinal or epidural blood clots hematoma. People who take ELIQUIS, and have medicine injected into their spinal and epidural area, or have a spinal puncture have a risk of forming a blood clot that can cause long-term or permanent loss of the ability to move paralysis.

This risk is higher if, an epidural catheter is placed in your back to give you certain medicine, you take NSAIDs or blood thinners, you have a history of difficult or repeated epidural or spinal punctures. Tell your doctor right away if you have tingling, numbness, or muscle weakness, especially in your legs and feet. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or plan to become pregnant or breastfeed.

Get medical help right away if you have sudden chest pain or chest tightness, have sudden swelling of your face or tongue, have trouble breathing, wheezing, or feeling dizzy or faint. You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Please see additional Important Product Information on the adjacent page.

Individual results may vary. Learn about savings and offers. Tell your doctor if you take any of these medicines. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure if your medicine is one listed above. People who take a blood thinner medicine anticoagulant like ELIQUIS, and have medicine injected into their spinal and epidural area, or have a spinal puncture have a risk of forming a blood clot that can cause long-term or permanent loss of the ability to move paralysis.

Your risk of developing a spinal or epidural blood clot is higher if: Continued on adjacent page. This independent, non-profit organization provides assistance to qualifying patients with financial hardship who generally have no prescription insurance. Contact or visit www. Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

Refill your prescription before you run out. Call your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following symptoms: For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist. Marketed by: Scientists have long known that oceans store carbon from the organic matter that washes into them. Instead of being released into the atmosphere as harmful carbon dioxide, carbon can be locked up underwater for millions of years.

New research shows that fjords, like the one above in Norway, are even more adept than oceans at holding on to carbon: Per square mile, the glacier-carved waterways hoard a hundred times the oceans average. Theyre fed by swift mountain rivers, and their depth and sinewy shape transport and store organic matter relatively efficiently, taking in an overall 11 percent of the carbon buried in marine areas annually. But humans shouldnt exploit them as dumps for carbon.

The fjords power rests in staying pristine, says chemical oceanographer Richard W. Smith of Global Aquatic Research. I dont feel like we can do it better than natures already doing it. Wed get in there and muck things up. Nina Strochlic. Every snowake may be unique, but some types cause more troubleavalanches, treacherous roadsthan others. Knowing which kind is coming down on which road could help highway crews respond more swiftly to storms. A high-speed camera developed by Tim Garrett and his colleagues at the University of Utah captures detailed images of snow crystals.

Its around the freezing point that you really want to know whats falling, says Garrett. Our instrument is able to diagnose sleet, snow, or rain. No worries about the ake at right: It hits the ground as light, uffy snow. An exhilarating ride is whats next. Production model may vary. Caravans quality tours feature complete sightseeing, professional Tour Directors and great itineraries, operated by one of the countrys oldest and most respected guided tour companies.

You can trust Caravans 64 years of experience with tours of quality and value. Guided Vacations Since A Settlement has been reached in a class action lawsuit In re: Midland Credit Management, Inc.

The Court did not decide in favor of Plaintiffs or Defendants and Defendants deny any violation or liability. If you have an existing account with Defendants with a balance owed, and you have an approved claim, you will receive a credit against any amounts you owe in an amount based on a pro rata division of the Debt Forgiveness Component, which will depend on the number of those claims submitted.

If you do not have an existing account with Defendants, and you have an approved claim, you will receive a cash payment based upon a pro rata division of the Cash Component, which will depend on the number of those claims submitted.

If you have not received a postcard notice advising you of this settlement, you still may have been called by Defendants during the Class Period. The Claims Administrator has a list of cellphone numbers called. If you believe you were called by Defendants on any cellphone you had during the Class Period, you may determine that during the Claims Process described below.

You must provide to the Claims Administrator your cellphone number s on which you may have been called and the Claims Administrator can compare your number s to those on the list of cellphone numbers called by Defendants during the Class Period.

If your number was called, you are a Class Member and entitled to file a claim, but no more than one claim, regardless of how many numbers were called. You can submit a claim as described below. Or if you do nothing, you remain a Class Member, and if the Court approves the settlement, you will be legally bound by its terms and will release your claims relating to calls placed by, or on behalf of, Defendants.

If you want to exclude yourself from this settlement, you must send a written request specifically stating that you request exclusion from the settlement to In re: If you remain a Class Member, you may object to the settlement by writing to Class Counsel and Defense Counsel, and file such objections with the Court, all no later than April 22, Full details on how to object or exclude yourself can be found at www.

You or your lawyer may ask to appear and speak at your own expense. A more detailed Notice and a explanation of the claims process are available at www. The website also explains the Settlement terms in more detail. You may write to In re: IN RE: The Maasai: For cultural anthropologists who wonder how of-the-grid people are being changed by a world of screens, Internet, and fast communication, the Maasai are an ideal test case. Tim Baird is observing the transformation in progress.

Phones are a profound new tool for them, says Baird, a Virginia Tech geography professor who has studied Maasai cell phone culture under a National Geographic grant. Instant connectivity where none existed before has changed the type of people a Maasai person can reach, he says, and the type of information shared. That includes weather data for farmers, market prices for livestock, andeven though tradition sometimes dictates arranged marriages between young girls and older menways for girls to irt with boys their own age.

After all, Baird notes, even some older-model mobile phones can access Facebook. Phones can store money, which has introduced Maasai to mobile banking and its untidy companion, fraud. Business transactions are faster and more eicient when they dont have to be conducted face-to-face. When Baird convened groups of Maasai to discuss phone culture, men consistently mentioned two things they photograph: Baird has heard the criticism that 21stcentury technology is diluting the historically.

Even simple cell phone models call for accessories, which in East African Maasai villages are often handmade. But that critique rarely comes from Maasai themselves, who, according to Bairds ndings, generally see a mobile phone as a tool thats empowering rather than intrusive.

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Theyre not jumping on Epicurious to see how to make a soul; theyre using phones in ways that are relevant to their lives, he says. Phones help them solve their problems.

Daniel Stone Myanmar Burma. Ferrill reports: My rst insight into the Burmese peoples respect for elephants came from Ma Lwin, a shopkeeper in a farming village in the western Bago Mountains. It was. Thats correctour cost. Please be advised: These U. Call now to avoid disappointment! Orders that are not immediately received or reserved with the order center could be subject to cancellation and your checks returned uncashed. We hope that everyone will have a chance to purchase this special U.

Order immediately before our allotted inventory sells out completely! Call toll-free today. When you convert money to gold, you have transferred it from a paper currency into a precious metal that can rise in both market and numismatic value.

This is how the genius of owning gold may protect your money in todays volatile market. With predictions of the gold market rising past its record high price and the potential threat of another economic meltdown, now is the time for you and your family to transfer your hard-earned money into physical gold.

Join the many Americans who have already converted their dollars to gold and call U. Money Reserve today! Inside Ma Lwins bamboo hut, she ofered me hot tea and scolded me for traveling through dangerous elephant territory. Back when the mountains were covered in forest, she told me, elephants and people had lived in harmony. But now that their habitat was being cut and burned down for rubber plantations, the elephants were forced to roam long distances searching for food, sometimes knocking down villagers fragile bamboo huts and threatening farmers in the elds.

Even so, the farmers told me they loved the elephants, calling them boe daw gyi, or respected elders. That was the beginning of months spent journeying through forests and villages to document the connection between people and elephants in Myanmar.

During my time there, children in timber camps played alongside elephants used for logging; a caravan escorted a sacred white elephant to the capital to be welcomed by the vice presidentand one. To learn more about the ways National Geographic is funding research and exploration, visit nationalgeographic. As I watched, the calf took its rst breath.

Development often gives us the excuse to discard old traditions and destroy the environment. In many countries this has allowed elephant populations to dwindle. But observing so many peoples high regard for elephants in Myanmar gives me hope that, in this time of transition, they wont be left behind. Africa to North America. National Geographic, the anti-trafficking group Freeland, and camera maker Sigma funded Molly Ferrills studies of elephants, including this mother and baby.

The predator that made the killprobably a lioncould return at any moment. So Schindler and Bigney rip of a leg and climb up a tree. Schindler is a professor of anthropology, and Bigney is a primitive-skills instructor.

The two are traveling 35, miles in the footsteps of early humans, using only the tools people had at each evolutionary stage. In Tanzania that means living like Homo habilis, who survived 2. By the last episode the pair will have complex hunting tools at their disposal. All of this is our shared history as humans, says Schindler. No matter who you are, you had an ancestor who successfully made or used stone tools and who successfully mastered re.

Filming the voyage from East Africa to North America spanned eight months. The same distance took early humans an estimated 1. Pet insurance. Get a quote today. See policy documents for a complete list of exclusions. Small groups.

The National Geographic Magazine, Vol. I., No. 1, October, 1888 by Various

Knowledgeable local guides. Incredible value. More free time and choices. Weve partnered with G Adventures to ofer 70 new trips that combine hands-on exploration, meaningful encounters with people and cultures, and, of course, fun. The news report quoted Sheield, England, homeowners complaints that their neighbours from hell were having noisy late-night passionate encounters outside.

Get a room, Meles meles! Then again, the Eurasian badgers homemaking may be as disruptive as its lovemaking: It can ruin lawns and undermine buildings as it digs setts, the chamber-and-tunnel systems it calls home. Who knows whether badgers favorite pastime is digging or breeding. Clans move tons of earth to create labyrinthine setts; some incorporate tunnels that their fore-badgers dug centuries ago. They pile up leafy bedding which they regularly change in chambers used for indoor breeding. During sex, females may yelp, males may emit a cross between a whinny and a purr and the sound carries.

When badgers dug a love nest under a Derbyshire church, there was much concern over the pungent odours and strange noises that emanated during evensong, according to the book Badgers.

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Flexible as to where they have sex, badgers are also biologically blessed as to when. A female can maintain embryos in a sort of suspended animation and delay their implantation in her uterus for months, says wildlife biologist Dez Delahay of the University of Exeter. As a result, badgers can breed all year and still time their babies birth to a season when conditions most favor their survival.

Only a few mammal species have that reproductive advantage, so Meles meles really does have something to purr about. Patricia Edmonds.

National Geographic Magazine March PDF Free Download | Malala Yousafzai | Bleeding

Badgers place leafy bedding and change it regularlyin their breeding chambers. About a third of the planets food goes to waste. In Californias Salinas Valley growers annually trash thousands of tons of fresh greens that lack suicient shelf life for a crosscountry journey. At a Paris feast chefs simmer cosmetically challenged veggies gleaned or donated into a curry for 6, anti-waste enthusiasts.

Tristram Stuart has 24 hours to produce a restaurant meal for 50 peopleto plan a menu, gather food, then welcome guests to a venue in a city not his own. Complicating what sounds like a reality-show contest is a singular rule: Nearly all the ingredients must be sourced from farms and vendors intending to throw them out. After racing back to New York City from a New Jersey farm where he gleaned 75 pounds of crookneck squash deemed by the farmers too crooked to sell, Stuart bolts from a car creeping through traffic and darts into a Greenwich Village bakery.

Tall and blond, with a posh English accent, he launches into his ten-second spiel: I run an organization that campaigns against food waste, and Im pulling together a feast tomorrow made with food that wont be sold or donated to charity.

Do you have any bread that we could use? This story is part of National Geographics Future of Food initiative, a special five-year project that seeks to show how what we eat makes us who we are.

The bakery doesnt, but the clerk hands him two broken chocolate-chip cookies as consolation.

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Stuart flings himself into the car. His next stop: Can I have your corners? Stuart asks, with a meant-to-becharming smile. The chef, uncharmed, declines. Hes going to make use of this dough himself. Undaunted, Stuart sails on through the market, delivering his pitch and eventually procuring discarded beet greens, wheatgrass, and apples. Eighteen hours later scores of chefs, foodrecovery experts, and activists talk shop over.

Stuart himself had cooked very little, but he had, without a single formal meeting, ensorcelled a half dozen people to devise a menu, gather ingredients, and then prep, cook, serve, and clean up a meal for little more than the chance to be associated with one of the most compelling figures in the international fight against food waste.

Across cultures, food waste goes against the moral grain. After all, nearly million people worldwide sufer from hunger. But according. Near Apartad, Colombia, activist Tristram Stuart examines bananas too short, long, or curved for the European market.

Locals consume some rejected bananas, but growers in the region annually dump millions of tons of edible fruit. Wheres all that foodabout a third of the planets production going? In developing nations much is lost postharvest for lack of adequate storage facilities, Wa s t e N o t, Wa n t N o t In comparison, developed nations waste more food farther down the supply chain, when retailers order, serve, or display too much and when consumers ignore leftovers in the back of the fridge or toss perishables before theyve expired.

Wasting food takes an environmental toll as well. Producing food that no one eatswhether sausages or snickerdoodlesalso squanders the water, fertilizer, pesticides, seeds, fuel, and land needed to grow it.

The quantities arent trivial. Globally a years production of uneaten food guzzles as much water as the entire annual flow of the Volga, Europes most voluminous river. Growing the billion pounds of food that retailers and consumers discard in the United States annually slurps the equivalent of more than 70 times the amount of oil lost in the Gulf of Mexicos Deepwater Horizon disaster, according to American Wasteland author Jonathan Bloom.

These staggering numbers dont even include the losses from farms, fishing vessels, and slaughterhouses. If food waste were a country, it would be the third largest producer of greenhouse gases in the world, after China and the U.

On a planet of finite resources, with the expectation of at least two billion more residents by , this profligacy, Stuart argues in his book Waste: Uncovering the Global Food Scandal, is obscene. Others have been making similar arguments for years, but reducing food waste has become a matter of international urgency. Some U. Countless businesses, such as grocery stores,. Thirty percent of the mandarin crop in Huaral, Peru, wont meet exacting export standards. Most of the rejects will be eaten locally.

Globally 46 percent of fruits and vegetables never make it from farm to fork. Lost and Tossed: Fruit and Vegetables Every year some 2. Along the supply chain fruits and vegetables are lost or wasted at higher rates than other foods. Easily bruised and vulnerable to temperature swings en route from farm to table, theyre also usually the first to get tossed at home. Stuart himself has made a specialty of investigating conditions farther up the supply chain, where supermarket standards and ordering practices lead to massive, but mostly hidden, dumps of edible food.

Fifty miles north of Lima, Peru, in the farming town of Huaral, Stuart sips a glass of freshly squeezed satsuma juice with Luis Garibaldi, whose Fundo Maria Luisa is the largest grower of mandarins in the country. Pitched forward in his seat under a poolside pergola, Stuart asks: How much do you export?

How much is rejected? For what reason? And what happens to those discards? But 30 percent wont be the right size, color, or sweetness, or it might have blemishes, scars, scratches, sunburn, fungus, or spiders.

To local markets most of these rejects go, netting Garibaldi just one-third the price of the exports. Stuart works through a ladder of queries that lead to a general thesis: Supermarkets cosmetic standards are crazily exactinguntil supply shrinks, at which point they crumble like a chocolate lattice.

So grocers purchase this slightly imperfect fruit, and consumers still buy it? Stuart asks. Yes, Garibaldi says, nodding. In the fragrant orchard, which lies in a valley under the parched crenellations of the Cordilleran foothills, Stuart plucks a mandarin unt for any market but stops short of eating it.

I dont mind maggots, actually, but that one was fermented, he says, choosing instead a fruit with two tiny brown spots. Fundo Maria Luisa, it turns out, generates relatively little waste, thanks to its U. Often, Garibaldi says, a supermarkets rejection of food for cosmetic reasons is merely a coverup for its inaccurate forecasts or an unexpected drop in sales. Either way, the grower is expected to eat the loss. We drive miles south, past tall sand dunes and wind-eroded ridges. All is ocher and dust.

Industrialized countries lose fewer fruits and vegetables in production, but consumers there waste more.

In developing countries more is lost in production, but consumers throw out less. In the Ica Region, Stuart interviews a farmer who annually abandons in his elds millions of stalks of asparagus too thin or too curved or with bud tips slightly too open to export. Next a producer tells him that he dumps more than a thousand tons of infinitesimally imperfect Minneola tangelos and a hundred tons of grapefruit a year into a sandpit behind his packhouse.

Grade standardsindustry driven and voluntarywere devised long ago to provide growers and buyers with a common language for evaluating produce and mediating disputes.

They also can help reduce food waste. If growers can sort their asparagus or tangelos into established grades, they stand a better chance of nding markets for their seconds.

Supermarkets have always been free to set their own standards, of course, but in recent years upscale grocers have started running their produce. Its all about quality and appearance, says Rick Stein, vice president of fresh foods at the Food Marketing Institute.

And only the best appearance will capture share of the consumers wallet. Some of the produce that doesnt capture share will be donated to food banks or chopped up and used in a supermarkets prepared meals or salad bar, but most of U.

Stuart applauds some U. It would be far better to simply relax the standards, he says, surveying a sea of abandoned Peruvian citrus for which no secondary marketugly or otherwiseexists.