PHRASES, CLAUSES, AND SENTENCES. In order to structure your sentences accurately, you should know the difference between phrases and clauses, and. Clauses, Phrases, and Sentences. Phrase A phrase is a group of related words that does not have a subject doing the action of a verb. There are several. Clauses and phrases are building blocks of language that are larger than phonemes, morphemes and words, and smaller than sentences and.
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Clauses and phrases are the building blocks of sentences. A phrase is a group of words that act as a part of speech but cannot stand alone as. This revised and enlarged edition of Phrases, Clauses and Sentences, while While complete in itself, Phrases, Clauses and Sentences could also serve as. Phrases, Clauses, and Sentences. John Keith. 1. Phrase. A phrase is a group of words working together. Some examples of phrases are: in the office -- This is a.
Independent clauses express a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence. Since a less approximate definition and a more systematic classification of phrases and clauses are, obviously, required, here is a possible taxonomy likely untangle the intricacy of terminological confusion so common in this area of morphological and syntactic analysis. In the previous sentence, the independent clause is preceded by a clause that can't stand alone: Uses of an Ellipsis Idioms Quiz: Thus, the term non-finite infinitive clauses covers just the infinitive structures that postmodify the head of a Noun Phrase and those which act like adverbs, whether they are part of the complementation in an Adjective Phrase or in an Adverb Phrase, or simply show purpose, result, etc. In the following sentence , mothers is the subject of the clause, adored is the verb, and whom is the direct object of adored.
Another word for dependent is subordinate. Toggle navigation.
Phrases and Clauses Examples. Phrases and Clauses There are many different types of phrases and clauses.
Examples of Phrases 1. Martha and Jan noun phrase. When I get home dependent or subordinate clause 2. Problems with Commas Uses of the Semicolon Quiz: Uses of the Semicolon Problems with Semicolons Quiz: Problems with Semicolons Uses of the Colon Quiz: Uses of the Colon Problems with Colons Quiz: Uses of the Dash Problems with Dashes Quiz: Problems with Dashes Uses of Parentheses Quiz: Jargon and Buzzwords Slang Expressions Quiz: Slang Expressions Euphemisms Quiz: Wordiness Frequently Confused Words Quiz: Notice the preceding sentence, for example.
Sometimes beginning a sentence this way creates exactly the effect you want. It separates the clause and yet draws attention to its relationship with the previous clause.
A subordinate clause has a subject and verb but, unlike an independent clause, cannot stand by itself. It depends on something else in the sentence to express a complete thought, which is why it's also called a dependent clause.
Some subordinate clauses are introduced by relative pronouns who, whom, that, which, what, whose and some by subordinating conjunctions although, because, if , unless, when , etc. Subordinate clauses function in sentences as adjectives, nouns, and adverbs.
In the following sentence, the relative pronoun that is the subject of its clause and won the Pulitzer Prize is the predicate. This clause couldn't stand by itself.
Its role in the complete sentence is to modify novel , the subject of the independent clause. In the next example , which is the relative pronoun that begins the subordinate clause. Celebrities is the subject of the clause and attended is the verb.
In the complete sentence, this clause functions as an adjective describing ceremony. Note that in a relative clause, the relative pronoun is sometimes the subject of the clause, as in the following sentence, and sometimes the object, as in the next sentence.
Arthur, who comes to the games every week , offered to be scorekeeper. Who is the subject of the clause and comes to the games every week is the predicate.
The clause modifies Arthur. In the following sentence , mothers is the subject of the clause, adored is the verb, and whom is the direct object of adored. Again, the clause modifies Arthur.
Arthur, whom the team mothers adored , was asked to be scorekeeper. Who, whom, whoever, whomever. In deciding which case of who you should use in a clause, remember this important rule: The case of the pronoun is governed by the role it plays in its own clause, not by its relation to the rest of the sentence.
Choosing the right case of pronoun can be especially confusing because the pronoun may appear to have more than one function. Look at the following sentence.
They gave the money to whoever presented the winning ticket. At first, you may think whomever is correct rather than whoever , on the assumption that it is the object of the preposition to. But in fact the entire clause, not whoever , is the object of the preposition. Refer to the basic rule: The case should be based on the pronoun's role within its own clause.
In this clause, whoever is the subject of the verb presented. A good way to determine the right pronoun case is to forget everything but the clause itself: