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There should be sufficient space to store items so that they Ventilation taining, and child care. If in. High tiers of shoe racks flank the door jambs. Much can be stored in little space if sufficient thought is given to the arrangement of the space and the equipment. Clothing lengths are shown in Fig.
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You can change your ad preferences anytime. Upcoming SlideShare. Like this presentation? Why not share! Embed Size px. Start on. Show related SlideShares at end. WordPress Shortcode. Grenl00tS Follow. Published in: Space requirements for ironer Fig. Dimensions of household laundry equipment Fig. Space requirements for combination washer-dryer Worker's clearance Fig.
Source Fig. Cecile P. University Park July Space requirements for two types of automatic washers Fig. Space requirements for two types of automatic dryers Fig. Sinden and Kathleen. Storage closet Laundry chute ventilated Sorting shelf ventilated bins below Laundry tray with mixing faucet and cover Washer Dryer should be ventilated Ironer Ironing board Fig. Kitchen-laundry plans Electric plate Home freezer Fig.
Separate laundry rooms Ironing board 9. Storage closet Laundry chute Sorting shelf Laundry troy Fig. Combination laundry-sewing room with storage area Washer b. Combination laundry-breakfast room Fig.
Dryer 7. Combination laundry-playroom Electric plate Note: Home freezer may be substituted for ironer Fig. Combination laundry-sewing room Key 1. Ironer B. For activities for all of grooming.
Luminous ceilings are also effective. If a as the to window is relied ventilation.
Auxiliary heat A heat lamp can be used to the bathroom. Arrangement Facilities ranged.
Exhaust fans in the wall or ceiling are often used to supplement natural ventilation. Materials It is essential that all surface materials in the bathroom have moisture-resistant finishes.
Sound control Lack of acoustical privacy is one of the common complaints with regard to bathrooms. Major problems include and planning privacy of Activities commonly performed in the permit more than one family member to use its facilities at the same time Fig. High strip windows. Illumination Lighting the should be adequate performed. In interior bathroom spaces.
Often it is also for all used as a dressing bathroom design convenience optimum room. Acoustical tiles for use in the bathroom should be moisture resistant and easily cleaned. Noise can be reduced by proper placement of the bathroom in remost direct sources of light are essential in order to illuminate the face from all angles.
Ventilation Good rooms.
Sufficient robe hooks. Mirrors An ness mirror mended three-way is created is is a atmosphere of luxury and spaciousby mirrors. They should be of adequate size and securely fastened to sturdy flooring. Increased countertop space Larger lavatories and increased countertop surfaces provide excellent facilities for light laundry.
A closet opening from the bathroom and hallway or laundry is convenient for such items as bathroom linen place of first and cleaning supplies. Hamper space is desirable for soiled linen and clothes. Locate light switches out of reach of the just shower-preferably outside bathtub or the bathroom. If a combination lavatory-dressing table is installed. Racks well-ventilated which. Articles in use should be located near their use. Medicine cabinets should be as large as possible since increasing numbers of toiletries and medicines are being used by American families.
Use nonskid finishes for Install a door lock that opens automatically from the inside. Install a cabinet with a selfcontained hamper. Safety features Grab bars should be used vertically fc bathtub and shower and should be located for convenient use. Electric or radiant heaters should be recessed or protected.
Drying facilities and accessories Add be extra racks light in for drying women's may cabinets. Children's convenience Children's in the height placement of accessory equipment. A full-length always desirable. Provide a lock for medicine compartments. The minimum requirements for storage of bathroom linens. In even the minimum-sized both of this type there is generally room for an additional lavatory.
Preferred locations include: In general. Three-fixture three-fixture for both: The conventional separate combath without partments has traditionally been designed the occupancy and use of one individual at a time.
Many adults. Sliding doors are frequently desir. In the latter case. The basic clearances are given in Tables 1 and 2 and Figs. In-swinging doors should be set to clear towel-bars or radiators.
Door swings should be arranged so that: Miscellaneous activities In planning the bathroom. Since this requires a considerable of space. Another variation is to make the toilet a separate compartment. The shape and position of bathroom windows is important from the standpoint of light. Dressing tables may be a of lavatory and table or individual fixtures. The minimum space needed to bathe and dress an infant is 1 ft b?. Most women.
A the ex. The required floor space ranges In all plans for baths. The lack of adequate space has. The lavatory. Separate doors. Connecting sible also affords additional greater privacy for only means of access Figs. This type of bath. To avoid fixture located or plan bath.
Utility bath: The "utility" an area larger for the than three such required the bath provides minimum laundering. May be part of medicine cabinet or part of lavatory. Many other types and styles are available. Razor blade disposal slot. May be at level of shelf or lavatory top. Mirror and medicine cabinet. Preferably recessed flush with wall. Receptacle for electric razor and hair dryer. Towel bars. Should be above and to right of lavatory. Size is governed by use of shelf or shelf-topped lavatory.
The accessories shown are typical. May be separate units or combined. Location is optional with client but must be accessible from outside of tub. Usually on D. Draining-lip type preE. Various types. See shower stall for recommended heights. Use draining-lip D. Vertical ferred. Built-in type desirable. Shower ventilator. Linen hamper. Curtain rod. Shower head. Shower glass curtain shower rod. Desirable to remove steam. May be built-in or portable.
Keep within inside face of tub. Do Optional use but over rectub ommended. Shower valves or mixing valves. Bathroom scale. Always place near entrance to shower. Towel bar. Combination and grab May be on hinges on edge opposite shower control valves.
Combination soap and sponge holder and grab bar. Auxiliary ant built-in or portable. Shower stall light. Height is governed by client's preferences.
Not illustrated Full-length door. Skylights may be used to serve top-floor bathrooms if they are quate light large enough to provide adeand ventilation.
Also consider allowing stool table 4 or ft or of space seat. A bath serving several bedrooms and length to or serve of the need: Windows over the bathtub should placed unless they are of the casement or awning type opened by a crank.
Minimum-sized require special bathrooms planning to and ensure toilets ade- portable type requires about 3 devices. Towel bars should be ample in number See Table 3. Floor space should be left in every bathroom for portable accessories desired by the owner or needed on occasion for the care of infants or invalids. A window behind the toilet is seldom desirable. Linen storage may consist of towel cabinets recessed in the thickness of plumbing walls either over fixtures or as full height cabinets or may be expanded into complete linen closets.
Inside bath- rooms without exterior windows are sometimes used but require a tem of exhaust ventilation means. For each person regularly using the bathroom. Dressing-rcom baths may include completely fitted wardrobes.
For guest baths or toilets. Department of Agriculture. Sliding doors. Closet depth and hanger sixes Doors should open the full width of the closet whenever possible. Closet closing methods Fig. Doors which expose the full width of the closet are preferable for both visibility and accessibility. Ventilation is often desirable. Some have already been mentioned in other sections of this volume: Preservation a.
Closets must also be provided for the storage of clothing. A "margin of safety" of some 25 per cent increased capacity should be allowed for the usual accumulation of additional belongings.
Clothes closet. A single tubular or bulb light with a diffusing reflector placed just above the door inside the front of the closet is usually sufficient. Too many closets have unused and unusable space due to poor planning. Types of closets Closets are required for various purposes.
Maximum of used space 2. From moths d. Modern closets should be planned for the storage of the particular clothing or objects of the individual or the group using the space.
Banks of wardrobe-type closets with sliding doors are becoming more and more popular. It can be accomplished readily by providing louvers in the closet door or by using louver doors. Lighting is considered essential and standard in the modern closet unless room lights are located to illuminate fully all portions of the closet.
Automatic door switches are convenient. Convenience a. The discussion here relates only to "active" storage space. Maximum visibility c. In most cases the most efficient and economical doors are the usual hinged type. Such doors do not block traffic. Two doors for a 5-ft closet will eliminate dark. Clothes closet width.
Fitted with drawers or trays. From dust e. Maximum accessibility e. For clothes closets in bedrooms or dressing rooms. Clothing lengths are shown in Fig. The modern closet often replaces pieces of furniture and thus provides a greater amount of free. Some of the various closing methods are shown in Fig. Orderliness d. Sliding doors can expose the entire interior of the closet to view and make it immediately accessible. Of freshness ventilation c. Much can be stored in little space if sufficient thought is given to the arrangement of the space and the equipment.
Of pressed condition b. From pilfering The above are not all simultaneously obtainable. This permits clothing to be on hangers on poles. An accurate list of the objects to be stored is necessary for the scientific allotment and arrangement of space and facilities. Ease of access b. Good closet design requires planning.
Alternate closet closing methods may involve more complicated or more expensive construction. It is better to have too much space than not enough. Several designs for coat closets are shown in Figs. Closet for cleaning equipment: The dimensions of the storage space needed for cleaning equipment will depend in large part upon the type used.
Coat closets. One Fig. Typical closet plans Storage for bedroom linens and bedding: Limited and liberal lists of articles of bedding that require storage.. The closet should be located as near the center of the house as possible.
A suggested layout for such a combined Fig. Residential CLOSETS whether drawers or trays are to be proin the closet or wardrobe for such items as have in the past been kept in vided bureaus or other pieces of furniture. These are minimum dimensions. Some typical closet plans are illustrated in Fig.
A suggested design for a cleaning equipment closet is shown in Fig. Neckties might be in two tiers. Shoes can be stored on the raised shelfrack and three additional pair on the floor in front of the rack. Heaving shelf for other storage. Bedroom closets for men A four-foot closet with seven drawers for shirts. Door could be arranged for hats as shown below. There is space for hats without crushing or for night clothes hooks if hats are normally stored in a hall closet.
Trousers would have to be folded over the crossbar of the suit hanger rather than being hung separately from the pole with trouser-hangers. An alternate to the scheme above giving maximum view of shoes and an additional shelf. Minimal closet arranged to make shoes more visible and reachable. Night clothes and bathrobe hooks are best on the right band door.. A pull-out rod takes care of the suit. Shelves for Hive and dead storage on three sides.
Shoes are placed tandem above the drawers for visibility and reachability. Ties are on the left wall. High tiers of shoe racks flank the door jambs. Poles are one above the other. Suit poles range the back wall. A solution to the shallow closet problem. Bedroom closets for men A deep walk-in closet.
Lower portion of shoetiers could be replaced with mothproof "dead-storage" drawers. Four doors. Wide wardrobe closets of more luxurious size planned as part of walls separating two rooms. Five drawers take the place of a small bureau or chest. Shoes are at "no stoop. Bedroom closets for women A four-foot closet combining hanging and shelf space with drawers for stockings. Wide bats can go on upper shelf. It provides a high pole for banging evening dresses and a lower pole for other dresses and suits.
These handy shelves fold into the space in front of the hat and storage shelves. Additional shoe pockets might be placed on the door under the hanging shelves. Two drawers below the shorter hanging garments. Hat storage on the shelves. Depth of closet permits a door type shoe rack and a hat rack.
Alternate to closet above. An alternate minimum closet arrangment with a high pole for Hong dresses. A large hat shelf is provided above the low pole as well as a hat rack and shoe pockets on the door. Shoes are easily seen and chosen from the almost eye-level cleat rack above the drawers. Closet drawer space would naturally be supplemented by a bureau or other furniture. Bedroom closets for women A walk-in closet. The shallow closet problem solved by the use of a pull-out rod firmly anchored to the back wall.
Large double wardrobe type closet. Drawers again at lower right with cleated shoe shelves above. Drawers may have to be shorter than standard. Sliding doors may be preferred and center partition minimized. Drawers next to door are convenient but hazardous if Heft open. They could be placed at the back with hanging space near door. A shoe rack on the door would increase capacity.
Left half fitted with large and small drawers and wide shelf-counter with mirror above. LOW hanging pole shelves and drawers permit habits of care and orderliness to be developed at an early age. Small closet designed for a child of from 6 to 10 years. Bedroom closets for children Closet for youngster up to 10 years old. Trays or drawers for folded garments at an upper level for adult use.
Pole at higher but easily reached level. Hanging space. Note two sets of doors. Ample shelf room at provided above for the storage of possessions. Drawers and shoe racks convenient heights. A large shelf for hats. Toy and game storage should be provided in children's bedrooms and wherever the toys are regularly used. For some families. Sports equipment. Book storage is usually required in the living room.
FHA minimum requirements are cu ft plus 75 cu ft per bedroom. Practically any object can be stored efficiently by one or another of these means. General storage is required for bulky. The choice and arrangement of the fixtures depend on the amount and nature of the materials to be stored.
Included in this category are books.. Tools and associated items should. Basic elements The standard elements of closet storage are shelves. A in. Space should also be provided for cards. These last two types of storage general and outdoor were provided in the traditional house by the basement. Toy storage should be designed for future conversion to other use. Shelves are simple and inexpensive to install. Outdoor storage i.
Also small objects become hidden behind one another if the shelves are deep. Phonograph records 12 in. Folded chairs vary widely in dimension. If adequate and conveniently located built-in storage is not provided. Such a closet should be located near the outside entrance which is most used by the family.
Card tables are usually 30 in. Modern houses may have none of these spaces. Vertical spacing between shelves varies from 8 to 16 in. Most books 85 per cent can fit comfortably on shelves 8 in. They must operate freely under all seasonal and climatic conditions. A cabinet made up of a battery of standard drawers.
Consult manufacturers for special-purpose hanging rods. Miscellaneous Storage Drawers of different widths and depths make possible classified "filing" of different items. Such special features as shoe and hat racks and miscellaneous racks are on the market and greatly increase convenience in storage.
Fronts of various materials can be attached. Hanging pole length can be estimated roughly at 3 in. All that is required of the builder is the construction of the supporting enclosure. A variety of hooks is available. Clearance between pole and shelf above should be 3 in. Hardwood poles 1 in. Height of pole above floor should average 64 in. Drawer construction is cabinetwork requiring both skillful craftsmanship and the best materials. They provide practically dust-free storage and present a neat appearance even when carelessly used.
Drawers are growing in popularity in closet design because they accommodate numerous articles with a minimum of A recent logical outcome of this situation has been the development of molded plastic drawers in a variety of stock sizes. Articles of larger dimensions or greater depth should have their special places.
Special features. The inevitability of this trend contains a challenge to the architect to do more then merely meet a statistical demand. Amenities 4. This article will be developed in the same sequence as Table 1. Cooperative c. This article will deal with multifamily living in general.
The sequences shown are labeled as program development. An investigation of the potential market should consider existing market conditions and trends with regard to 1. Site analysis involves evaluation of physical data which must be recognized. It must be borne in mind that. It is anticipated that within the next 1 5 years in the United States it will be necessary to construct as many new housing units as have been constructed to date.
This need for new housing. Price rent. Apartment size area and number of rooms Condominium 2. Type of occupancy a. Program development is for the most pert evaluation of information over which the architect has relatively little control but which shapes the project in a basic way.
He must rather address. Rental b. Identified in Table 2 as support facilities and closely interrelated with price range. There are a number of sources of such assistance at both federal and state levels. Appropriate local and regional authorities should be contacted in order to determine the type and extent of limitations or controls which may be imposed on a project and.
Failure to pursue a thorough investigation of these controls can result in serious problems later on in project development. Controls Zoning is concerned principally with questions of use. While the client.
Building type or types. Building types 6. The conceptual and planning freedom of the architect is linked with these considerations. What segment of the market is the project to be aimed at? Funding in many cases a market analysis will conclude that conventional private financing is not economically feasible and that some type of public or semipublic assistance is required if a project is to proceed.
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