Proper Name: Kinesio® Tex Tape. (For use with the Kinesio®. Taping Method) These are both trademarked. ▫ Common Term Use: Kinesio®, Kinesio® Tape, KT . caite.info ▻ Kinesiology Taping. ◦ Kinesio Taping. Kenso Kase. ◦ SpiderTech Pre-Cuts/NeuroStructural Taping. Kevin Jardine. ◦ Rock Tape . For instance, a Google Scholar research for the terms “kinesio tape” is lacking to support the use of kinesiotape as a successful mea- caite.info
|Language:||English, Spanish, German|
|ePub File Size:||27.80 MB|
|PDF File Size:||10.13 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Regsitration Required]|
Downloadable, printable PDFs for medical professionals. Learn how to use kinesiology tape, how to use mobility balls, and how to use RockFloss with. in a stretched position. Then the tape is applied from one end of the muscle to the other with very little to no stretch on the tape. Introduction. Welcome to this guide to using Ultimate. Performance (UP) Kinesiology tape. The guide contains general advice developed in consultation with.
Thus, both the femoral and obturator nerves come fi-orn this part of the nervous system. Adhere the tape the base of the thurnb. There have been numerous studies performed on the neuromuscular properties of elastic tape, and the research shows mixed results. When one side is involved in movement, it helps in side flexion of the vertebral column. The patient was a month-old girl with a medical history significant for SMA Type I resulting in progressive neuromuscular deterioration and leading to global severe hypotonia, muscle weakness, respiratory involvement, and genu valgum.
This muscic acts with the obturator internus, superior and inferior gemcllae, and quadratus femoris to steady thc head of the femur in the acetabu! Paresthcsias or pain may result from this iiip 1 ngcrnent.
While fiexing hip towards chest, affix tape. First adhere the base at greater trochanter. Next adhere one end of tape towards sacrum. Anterior inferior iliac spine, groove aboy e acetabulurn.
Distal half of intertrochanteric une, medial hip of tinca aspera and proximal part of medial supracondylar une. Upper haif of intertrochanteric une, anterior and inferior rim of greater trochanter, lateral 1 ip of gluteal tuberosity, proximal haif of lateral hp of linea aspera. There appears to not be a reason to differentiate a speciatized subdivision called vastus medialis obliquus.
Within this group only rectus femoris traverses two joints. This means that this muscle is used in the movement oftwojoints. This subdivision of thc quadriceps acts to help iliopsoas to fiex the thigh. S Adhere base of tape to the belly of quadraceps fernoris and une tape up towards patella. Ischial tuberosity. Linea aspera.
Posterior part of medial tibial condyle. Anteromedial part of proximal tibia. Fibular head. Cornmon peroneal nerve Short head of Biceps femoris. FUNCTION Thc semimembranosus, semitendinosus and long head of the biceps femoris act to extend the thigh and they also are strong fiexors of the knee joint. The semimembranosus and semitendinosus muscles can internally rotate the leo. The short head of the biceps femoris flexes the leo and externally rotates it at the kneejoint.
When the thigh and leo are flexed, thesc muscles can also extend thc trunk through tileir action on thc pelvis. In short, the hamstring muscles are able to stabilize the lumbar region, cxtend the thigh from the fiexed position, and help in internal and external rotation of the leg at thc kneejoint. Internal derangement of the knee, osteoarthritis of the knee, damage to the tibial collateral ligament, damage to the semi-lunar cartilage.
As knee R is gradually extended, adhere 2nd tape tail to other side of knee. Adhere tape base of proxirnal thigh in une with ischial tuberosity.
As knee is gradually extended, apply tape tail to one side of knee. Lateral condyle and posterior part of medial condyle. Proximal and posterior part of medial condyl e.
This group consists of soleus, gastrocncmius and plantaris muscles. Since they enter the foot on the medial side, they also are veiy strong invertors of the ankle and foot. WIDTH Inflamrnation of the Achille's tendon, ankle conditions, pain on the plantar surface of the heel. First, adhere base of tape to plantar surface of heel.
Adhere tape overAchille's tendon as ankle is dorsiflexed. Adherc tape overAchille's tendon as ankle is dorsifiexed.
With ankle plantar flexed to maximum, adherc tape. Start by fixing "y" section of tape to great toe. Planter fiex ankle to maxirnum and affix tape. Plantar surface of base of 1 st metatarsal and medial cuneiform bones. Because they enter the foot posterior to fue joint axis, they also plantar fiex the ankle and foot.
These muscles act to resist inversion ankle sprain. Adhere base of tape to base of 5tth metatarsal for peroneus brevis, or along medial part of instep just in front of calcaneus for peroneus longus. Apply tape and hoid tape down on latera! This muscle is extrernely necessary in maintaining balance and in support of the longitudinal arch. Pain in the base of the heel, longitudinal arch, dropped arch fiat foot ; turf toe in athietes.
Firstly wrap the "V" section around great toe. Affix tape to posterior aspect of heel to finish. There are also instances wherc the fee! Ncxt, if the intervertebral disc of L5-S exerts pressure on the nerve root of SI, then paresthesia and pain can result.
These are noted in thc back of the thigh, calfand along the Achille's tendon into the heel and lateral borders of the 4th and Sth toes. There may be associated weakness of the plantar fiexors of the ankle, both superficial and deep, and toe fiexors as well.
The lumbar plexus is formed from spinal roots of L and part of L4. This plexus innervated the anterior and medial parts of the thigh for both motor and sensory activity. Thus, both the femoral and obturator nerves come fi-orn this part of the nervous system. The lumbosacral plexus comes from part of L4 plus LS. Si, S2, S3 and S4. It is from this plexus that the sciatic nerve is formed. The L4 and LS branch forrns the superior gluteal nerve, whi!
The sciatic nerve has two components which may exit the pelvis separately as the tibial nerve and the cornmon peroneal cornrnon fibular nerve. These alterations from normal may he the cause of periphcral nerve impingement syndromes of the lower extrern i ty. The tibial nerve innervates most of the posterior thigh, and all of ieg and plantar structures of the foot.
The comrnon peroneal common fihular nerve innervates the short hcad of the biceps femoris. The nerve curves around the fibular neck then splits to enter the lateral and anterior compart In the! The superficial peroneal nerve is sensory to most of the dorsum of the foot while the deep peroneal nerve innervates the extensor digitorum brevis muscle and then is sensory to thc dorsal web space betwecn the firsi two toes.
Pressure applied iii the le e, tu either thc tibial or common peroneal nerves can result in paresthesias or pain in the foot. First, with ankle dorsiflexed, here tape to lateral surface of Achille's tendon. FIex hip and knee, then apply tape along sciatic nerve path on buttocks.
Affixed tape is affixed as hip and knee are gradually extended. Knee is flexed, thcn tape is applied to posterior lateral thigh. The tape is adhered as the knee is gradual! Continue tape affliciation to lower lumber vertebal colurnn whule knee and hip are flexed and trunk is flexed and side bent to opposite side. The Completed Sciatic Taping. In standing position, patient forward flexes with sciatic tape. In this position, decrease in the sciatic pain should be checked.
Certified D. He invented and developed the Kinesio Taping Method. Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Comprehensive Manual of Taping and Wrapping-2nd Edition. Kinesiology Taping's Application Book Ebay. Jump to Page. Search inside document. D, PT, CKTI The author of this book does not dispense medical advise nor prescribe the use of these Kinesio Taping method as a form of treatment for medical problems with the advice of a physician, either directly or indirectly.
What you inay reasonably expect from Kinesio Taping are as foliows: I eep Fascia Lymphatic Flow Lateral border and upper surface of the acromion process. Posterior border of the spine of the scapula. Chronic shoulder dislocation. Acromio-Clavicular dislocation. Frozen shoulder Shoulder pain aggravated by golf, tennis or basebail.
Teres minor tape when ami is in relaxed position. Rib subiuxation. Pain between upper section of Scapulas. Stiff shoulder. Infraglenoid tubercie of scapula. Posterior surface of humerus, inferior to radial groove. WIDTH in. Tennis elbow pain on elbow flexion.
Coracoid process. Supraglenoid tuberosity of scapula. WIDTH 10 in. Adhere the tape the base of the thurnb. Dupuytrens contracture, carpal tunnel syndrome. WIDTH 8 in. WIDTH 8in. Ulna pain, inflammation of tendon sheath of! Extend wrist, straighten elbow, then affix tape to upper arm as wrist and elbow are flexed. Extend elbow, and puil tape to posterior section of shoulder lex elbow taking ami across chest in a F parallel une. Torticollis wry neck. Costoclavicular symptoms. Base of occipital bone.
Oblique line of thyroid cartilage. Anterior tubercies of C3-C6 transverse processes. Body of hyoid hone. Chronic torticollis, thoracic outlet syndrorne, wryneck. At point of Gmaximul-n extension, adhere the tape. WIDTH 16 in. WIDTI-1 in.
Symphysis of pubis. Spinal stenosis spondylolysis, spondylolisthcsis. Anterior spine and iliac crest. Abdorninis Oblique Taping. Visceroptosis, mid-back ache. WIDTH 11 in. Gluteal ridge of femur.
Hipjoint conditions, knee conditions. WIDTH 18 in. Y9 Completed taping in supine position. Piriformis syndrorne, hipjoint conditions, sciatica. WIDTI-1 6in. Vi sceroptosis, mid-back ache.
Sprained ankle, ostcoarthntis of thc a 11k 1 c Sprained ankle, osteoarthritis of the anklc. Lateral side of base of 5th metatarsal bone. Inflammation of peroneal nerve, ankle sprain. WIDTH 14 in. Next, with knce adhcre tape to posterior lateral surface of knee joint. TinTin Roar. Albert Slasher. Christine Russell.
Ahmad Nael Alashhab. Mardyana NaNha. Constanza Traverso. Daniel Irimia. Delia Abuziloae Kt. Raisa M Tapia. Roberto Rafael. Morosan Budau Olga. Vytautas Pilelis. Alexandra Papp. Liza Perez- Pagatpatan. DrNatanael Cardoso. More From NewtonBaldan. Daniel Sant Ana. Janete Hatsuko Inamini. Popular in Muscles.
Pedro Gouveia. Maria Russel Vitualla. Mei Sarte. The elastic tape is typically used as a treatment modality to provide joint support and to improve strength, range of motion, and neuromuscular properties such as muscle activation and contraction in weakened muscles. Depending on that stretch amount, the tape can be used to increase proprioception, increase or inhibit muscle activity, correct joint malalignment, relieve pain, or reduce swelling.
On one side, the tape has substrate paper which is removed upon application because the side of the tape that adheres to the substrate paper is the side that contains the adhesive.
The tape is applied to the skin with the side containing the adhesive. It is a medical grade, acrylic, and heat activated adhesive. There is no medicine in the tape. It is because of this skin lifting that the tape allows the lymph to drain, thus improving blood and lymphatic circulation and reducing inflammation, heat and chemical substances. The major difference is that the cotton tape stays typically for days and is recommended for low impact activities while the synthetic tape can stay up to 5 days and is recommended for high impact activities.
The cotton also frays and curls at the edges more easily. The goal of the elastic tape intervention for the toddler with SMA Type I discussed in this case report was to not make the child dependent on orthotics solely for the sake of correcting the skeletal malalignment at the price of losing muscle activation.
The idea was to create an intervention that would correct the genu valgum while at the same time be a dynamic intervention, meaning that it would allow for various positioning such as supine with bent knees, passive range of motion, therapeutic exercises, muscle activation, and the potential for future movement.
The elastic kinesiology tape seemed like the perfect choice as it can be used in a mechanically corrective way as a dynamic intervention and an alternative to restrictive bracing.
Case description Design. This was a retrospective case report covering a 6 month interval of treatment with elastic tape for the skeletal correction of genu valgum. The participant was a 19 month old girl with SMA Type 1.
The child was born full-term via a Cesarean delivery, following an uncomplicated pregnancy. There were no reported prenatal or post- delivery complications.
The child had started exhibiting gross motor delays early on, for which she was treated with PT through private health insurance. Her PT at the time had observed red flags and referred the child back to her pediatrician, requesting genetic testing. The child had a magnetic resonance imaging MRI to rule out central nervous system involvement; the results were negative.
She had then undergone some basic testing for genetic and metabolic diseases, the results of which were also negative. At 6 months of age, the child had a follow-up appointment with a geneticist, who had ordered a specific genetic test through bloodwork, and at that time, a diagnosis of SMA was confirmed. Meanwhile, at 4 months of age the child was referred by her pediatrician to a local regional center due to developmental delays.
At intake, she qualified for early intervention physical and occupational therapies. At 18 months of age, she qualified for speech therapy.
According to the initial intake developmental assessment, the child was at the 16 day level in her gross motor skills development. She was up to date on her age-appropriate immunizations. The child had two home health, licensed vocational nurses LVN to assist with daily care.
At the start of EI services, the child was enrolled in a randomized double blind experimental study of a new potential drug for SMA. Upon completion of the study, the parents were informed that their daughter was assigned to the placebo group so de facto she never received the experimental drug. Later, as the drug was approved by the FDA, the child started receiving it at about 24 months of age. According to the developmental assessment performed at 16 months, the child was still at the 16 day level in her gross motor skills.
The child was unable to perform any gross motor skills. She was being re-positioned at regular intervals by her nurse or family members. However, the majority of time she spent in supine on a wedge or in her crib. The child was dependent with all of her gross motor skills as they related to bed and floor mobility, movement, and basic function. The physical examination revealed intact integumentary system, passive range of motion PROM within normal limits WNL , and active range of motion AROM significantly decreased as the child was almost completely immobile.
Hand grip was poor with the child able to wrap fingers around a rattle but unable to sustain hold and shake. There was no leg length discrepancy. Right knee valgus was measured to 28 degrees and left knee valgus to 10 degrees. Hamstring flexion contractures of 20 degrees on the right and 21 degrees on the left were present.
Vision and auditory systems were reportedly intact; the child was able to track with eyes a suspended ring in horizontal and vertical directions and responded to bell ringing.
The following outcome measures were used: ROM, genu valgus, and hamstring flexibility were assessed with a goniometer in the supine position and through observation.
Leg length discrepancy was assessed with a tape measure, utilizing standard body landmarks in supine. A follow up X-Ray also revealed there was no leg length discrepancy or hip dysplasia. DTRs were assessed with a reflex hammer in a supine and supported position of the lower extremities. Patient evaluation Impairments. Primary impairments of hypotonia, generalized muscle weakness and atrophy leading to secondary impairments of decreased range of motion and genu valgum as well as delayed motor skills and impaired coordination, motor planning and control.
Activity limitations and participation restrictions. Self-care skills such as inability to don and doff clothing, feed self, and reach for toys; inability to perform activities of daily living ADLs such as bed mobility, positioning, transfers, sitting, standing, or walking; inability to perform age appropriate activities such as play, participating in peer social activities, or preschool attendance.
PT Diagnosis. Lower extremity weakness and genu valgum leading to inability to perform bed positioning and mobility independently Preferred Practice Patterns 5B and 5E. Elastic tape treatment as a dynamic orthotic to correct genu valgum. During the initial 3 months, the treatment was done once weekly, with the tape remaining on for 3 days. Taping was not used more than once weekly in order to avoid skin breakage. The initial 3 months of treatment were followed by another 3 month period of tape application but at a reduced frequency of once every 2 weeks, serving as a preventative measure; thus, the intervention being of a 6 total months duration.
To decrease genu valgum so to improve lower extremity alignment in order for the patient to develop the ability to independently position her legs in supine, to improve mobility, to improve participation in play activities, and to prevent pain.
Implementation The child was authorized by Regional Center for in-home early intervention PT at a frequency of two times per week. During one of the treatment sessions, the child received intervention consisting of therapeutic exercises, therapeutic activity and play, positioning, PROM, and STM of the lower extremities, including vibration. During the second treatment session, the child received the kinesiology tape treatment followed by lower extremities PROM and therapeutic exercises, STM though not over the tape , and therapeutic activity.
The test patch was tolerated well; there was no redness or other skin irritation in a 24 hour period. There are different brands, colors, and designs of elastic tape. Monkey tape was chosen because it consisted of cotton fiber and hypoallergenic adhesive.
Given that this was a pediatric patient, it was important to initiate treatment with a tape that was less likely to cause skin irritation and more likely to be tolerated by a toddler with existing neuromuscular impairments. Another reason for choosing the monkey tape was its graphic design.
Having silly monkeys on the tape and soft colors, the design made the tape ideal for this patient. The child liked the monkeys a lot. Showing the tape to her prior to application and making monkey faces and sounds while she was looking at it helped with acceptance and tolerance of the treatment. The application pattern utilized was the standard taping pattern for full knee stability. This knee application provides support as well as normalizes mechanics without restricting movement both of which were objectives of this treatment — correcting genu valgum while being able to provide passive ROM and other exercises.
Typically, a strip of tape is used for an adult patient but given that this was a pediatric patient, a strip of tape was cut in the middle longitudinally resulting in two thinner pieces, which were more appropriate for the smaller surface area of the pediatric lower extremity.
A treatment included 3 strips of tape see Table 1. Strip 1 was a small strip of tape of about 3 cm. It was applied horizontally, under the distal angle of the patella, over the patellar tendon.
The length of the tape was measured lateral to medial to be about a centimeter shorter of reaching the medial-anterior knee. Strips 2 lateral and 3 medial were long pieces of tape the longitudinal halves of a typical strip , applied longitudinally and crossing the knee joint over Strip 1.
It is a rule of thumb that the ends of the tape serve as anchors and do not receive any stretch. After each piece of tape was applied, it was rubbed well to activate the adhesive.
Strips application pattern Table 1: This was a modified position of application. Parents were instructed not to apply baby oil or lotion to the skin while the tape was on but that they could sponge bathe. They were instructed to leave the tape on for 3 days and to monitor the skin for any changes and signs of irritability or compromised integrity.
Then during months , the treatment was performed at a less regular interval, once every two weeks. Outcomes Changes in genu valgum angle were observed immediately. Upon the first application of elastic tape, the knee valgus on the right, which was more significant, decreased by 13 degrees, from 28 to 15 degrees, and on the left by 3 degrees, from 10 to 7 degrees.
These results were maintained after the 6 months of treatment.
Additionally, there was improved hamstring extensibility with knee extension measuring 0 degrees on the right and 6 on the left, presenting a significant decrease from a 20 degree hamstring contracture on the right and 21 degrees on the left.
What is of utmost functional importance is the fact that upon the first application, the patient was able to independently hold her legs bent with feet flat on the floor once placed in this position for the first time, indicative of better musculoskeletal alignment and stability see Photo 2. Photo 2: Are you looking to learn more about kinesiology taping in general?
Simply click on any heading to see a list of instructions available for that category. Selecting a title will take you to an instructions page containing illustrated step-by-step-instructions for applying kinesiology tape for that condition. Each page also has a link to a printable document, so you can take your instructions wherever you need them.
With these resources, anyone can learn how to apply their own k-tape. For general information about preparing the skin and applying and removing your kinesiology tape, be sure to download our exclusive How to Apply Kinesiology Tape document. The statements and claims made on this site have not been evaluated by the United States Food and Drug Administration FDA , and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.