Budha Stories In hindi | Gautam Buddha Stories | Buddha Kahaniya In Hindi | Stories Of Gautma Buddha जो नित्य एवं स्थाई प्रतीत होता है, वह भी . Gautam Buddha: Jeevan Aur Darshan (Hindi Edition) eBook: Sarvapalli The book gives an account of the early days of Gautam Buddha from his birth till his. gautam budh history in urdu, gautam budh history in urdu pdf, gautam budh in urdu, gautam budh story in urdu, gautam budh history in urdu Lazzat un Nisa Free Pdf Books, Free Books Online, Urdu Novels, History Books .. Hindi, Urdu.
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Mahamaya would soon give birth to a great and noble son. And so it came to Gautama, because he belonged to the Gautama clan. One day when he was. This Gautam Buddha biography by Babu Ananad Prasad Kapoor provides Ki Chandani Hindi Book PDF from the download link given below. Buddha (Gautam Buddha) was a great monk of India. He was Biography of Buddha Class 10 Hindi Book Pdf: Download Ncert Books.
Revised and Updated , by John Keay: Buddhism teaches non-harm and balance — not going too far one way or the other. For other uses, see Buddha disambiguation and Gautama disambiguation. Specifically, local writers writing soon after the Buddha's death knew more about their flora than Theravadin commentator Buddhaghosa who lived hundreds of years and hundreds of kilometers remote in time and space from the events described. For the remaining 45 years of his life, the Buddha is said to have traveled in the Gangetic Plain , in what is now Uttar Pradesh , Bihar , and southern Nepal, teaching a diverse range of people: In time, "liberating insight" became an essential feature of the Buddhist tradition. Still, he had no answer.
Of the Buddha's disciples, Sariputta, Maudgalyayana , Mahakasyapa , Ananda and Anuruddha are believed to have been the five closest to him. His ten foremost disciples were reputedly completed by the quintet of Upali , Subhoti , Rahula, Mahakaccana and Punna. In the fifth vassana, the Buddha was staying at Mahavana near Vesali when he heard news of the impending death of his father.
He is said to have gone to Suddhodana and taught the dharma, after which his father became an arahant. The king's death and cremation were to inspire the creation of an order of nuns. Buddhist texts record that the Buddha was reluctant to ordain women.
His foster mother Maha Pajapati , for example, approached him, asking to join the sangha, but he refused. Maha Pajapati, however, was so intent on the path of awakening that she led a group of royal Sakyan and Koliyan ladies, which followed the sangha on a long journey to Rajagaha. In time, after Ananda championed their cause, the Buddha is said to have reconsidered and, five years after the formation of the sangha agreed to the ordination of women as nuns.
He reasoned that males and females had an equal capacity for awakening. But he gave women additional rules Vinaya to follow.
According to the Mahaparinibbana Sutta of the Pali canon, at the age of 80, the Buddha announced that he would soon reach parinirvana , or the final deathless state, and abandon his earthly body. After this, the Buddha ate his last meal, which he had received as an offering from a blacksmith named Cunda. The precise contents of the Buddha's final meal are not clear, due to variant scriptural traditions and ambiguity over the translation of certain significant terms; the Theravada tradition generally believes that the Buddha was offered some kind of pork, while the Mahayana tradition believes that the Buddha consumed some sort of truffle or other mushroom.
These may reflect the different traditional views on Buddhist vegetarianism and the precepts for monks and nuns. Waley suggests that Theravadins would take suukaramaddava the contents of the Buddha's last meal , which can translate literally as pig-soft , to mean "soft flesh of a pig" or "pig's soft-food", that is, after Neumann , a soft food favoured by pigs, assumed to be a truffle.
He argues also after Neumann that as " p lant names tend to be local and dialectical", as there are several plants known to have suukara- pig as part of their names, [note 14] and as Pali Buddhism developed in an area remote from the Buddha's death, suukaramaddava could easily have been a type of plant whose local name was unknown to those in Pali regions. Specifically, local writers writing soon after the Buddha's death knew more about their flora than Theravadin commentator Buddhaghosa who lived hundreds of years and hundreds of kilometers remote in time and space from the events described.
Unaware that it may have been a local plant name and with no Theravadin prohibition against eating animal flesh, Theravadins would not have questioned the Buddha eating meat and interpreted the term accordingly. The Buddha, however, is said to have reminded Ananda how Kushinara was a land once ruled by a righteous wheel-turning king and the appropriate place for him to die.
The Buddha then asked all the attendant Bhikkhus to clarify any doubts or questions they had and cleared them all in a way which others could not do. They had none. According to Buddhist scriptures, he then finally entered parinirvana. The Buddha's final words are reported to have been: Strive for your own liberation with diligence" Pali: His body was cremated and the relics were placed in monuments or stupas, some of which are believed to have survived until the present.
For example, the Temple of the Tooth or "Dalada Maligawa" in Sri Lanka is the place where what some believe to be the relic of the right tooth of Buddha is kept at present. Asoka is years after the death of the Buddha. At his death, the Buddha is famously believed to have told his disciples to follow no leader. Mahakasyapa was chosen by the sangha to be the chairman of the First Buddhist Council , with the two chief disciples Maudgalyayana and Sariputta having died before the Buddha.
After his death, Buddha's cremation relics were divided amongst 8 royal families and his disciples; centuries later they would be enshrined by King Ashoka into 84, stupas. An extensive and colourful physical description of the Buddha has been laid down in scriptures. A kshatriya by birth, he had military training in his upbringing, and by Shakyan tradition was required to pass tests to demonstrate his worthiness as a warrior in order to marry. The Brahmin Sonadanda described him as "handsome, good-looking, and pleasing to the eye, with a most beautiful complexion.
He has a godlike form and countenance, he is by no means unattractive.
A disciple named Vakkali, who later became an arahant, was so obsessed by the Buddha's physical presence that the Buddha is said to have felt impelled to tell him to desist, and to have reminded him that he should know the Buddha through the Dhamma and not through physical appearances. Among the 32 main characteristics it is mentioned that Buddha has blue eyes.
The nine virtues are also among the 40 Buddhist meditation subjects. The nine virtues of the Buddha appear throughout the Tipitaka ,  and include:.
In the Pali Canon, the Buddha uses many Brahmanical devices. For example, in Samyutta Nikaya , Majjhima Nikaya 92 and Vinaya i of the Pali Canon , the Buddha praises the Agnihotra as the foremost sacrifice and the Gayatri mantra as the foremost meter:. One method to obtain information on the oldest core of Buddhism is to compare the oldest versions of the Pali Canon and other texts, such as the surviving portions of Sarvastivada , Mulasarvastivada , Mahisasaka , Dharmaguptaka ,   and the Chinese Agamas.
According to Schmithausen, there are three positions held by scholars of Buddhism: A core problem in the study of early Buddhism is the relation between dhyana and insight. Yet, it is not clear what he was awakened to.
According to Vetter, the description of the Buddhist path may initially have been as simple as the term "the middle way". In time, this short description was elaborated, resulting in the description of the eightfold path.
The three marks of existence [note 23] may reflect Upanishadic or other influences. Norman supposes that these terms were already in use at the Buddha's time, and were familiar to his listeners. The Brahma-vihara was in origin probably a brahmanic term;  but its usage may have been common to the Sramana traditions. In time, "liberating insight" became an essential feature of the Buddhist tradition.
The following teachings, which are commonly seen as essential to Buddhism, are later formulations which form part of the explanatory framework of this "liberating insight": Some Hindus regard Gautama as the 9th avatar of Vishnu. The Buddha is regarded as a prophet by the minority Ahmadiyya  sect of Muslims—a sect considered deviant and rejected as apostate by mainstream Islam.
He is revealed during communication with Divine Beings as son of their Supreme Being God the Father together with other major religious teachers and founders like Jesus , Laozi , and Confucius. The Christian Saint Josaphat is based on the Buddha. Josaphat appears, Barlaam and Josaphat , is based on the life of the Buddha. In the ancient Gnostic sect of Manichaeism , the Buddha is listed among the prophets who preached the word of God before Mani.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Buddhist title, see Buddha title. Not to be confused with Budai. For other uses, see Buddha disambiguation and Gautama disambiguation.
Lumbini , Shakya Republic according to Buddhist tradition [note 1]. Kushinagar , Malla Republic according to Buddhist tradition [note 2]. Dharma Concepts. Buddhist texts. Buddhism by country. Main article: Early Buddhist Texts. See also: Enlightenment in Buddhism. Main articles: Moksha and Nirvana Buddhism. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Find sources: Physical characteristics of the Buddha. Buddhist philosophy. Presectarian Buddhism. Gautama Buddha in world religions. Depictions of Gautama Buddha in film. A panorama of scenes from the Buddha's life, from a Burmese parabaik or picture book.
His father was, in fact, an elected chief of the clan rather than the king he was later made out to be, though his title was raja —a term which only partly corresponds to our word 'king'. Some of the states of North India at that time were kingdoms and others republics, and the Sakyan republic was subject to the powerful king of neighbouring Kosala, which lay to the south". Dundas , p. Richard Gombrich     Around See the consensus in the essays by leading scholars in Narain, Awadh Kishore , ed.
New Delhi: BR Publishing. According to Pali scholar K. Norman , a life span for the Buddha of c.
If so, this may push back the Buddha's birth date. Gethin states: In addition, the Buddha accepted as parts of the path to liberation the use of logic and reasoning, as well as ethical behavior, but not to the degree of Jain asceticism. In this way, Buddhism avoided the extremes of the previous four shramana schools. Likewise the laymen and laywomen. Vinaya samukose: Aliya vasani: Anagata bhayani: Muni gatha: Muni Sutta, Sutta Nipata — Upatisa pasine: Sariputta Sutta, Sutta Nipata — Rahulavada Sutta, Majjhima Nikaya, I: Encyclopaedia of Hinduism.
Anmol Publications. Retrieved 16 April This area had a moderate Vedic culture, where the Kshatriyas were the highest varna , in contrast to the Brahmanic ideology of Kuru — Panchala , where the Brahmins had become the highest varna.
These inconsistencies show that the Buddhist teachings evolved, either during the lifetime of the Buddha, or thereafter.
Gombrich How Buddhism Began: The Conditioned Genesis of the Early Teachings. He cites Neumann's suggestion that if a plant called "sought-out by pigs" exists then suukaramaddava can mean "pig's delight". Norman,  the textual studies by Richard Gombrich,  and the research on early meditation methods by Johannes Bronkhorst.
Warder and Richard Gombrich. It may be substantially the Buddhism of the Buddha himself, although this cannot be proved: Everything preceding the eighth part, i. Anuppatta-sadattho one who has reached the right goal is also a vague positive expression in the Arhatformula in MN 35 I p, , see chapter 2, footnote 3, Furthermore, satthi welfare is important in e. The oldest term was perhaps amata immortal, immortality [ Anicca Sanskrit: That all things that come to have an end; Dukkha Sanskrit: That nothing in the realm of experience can really be said to be "I" or "mine".
Buddhist monastic discipline. Buddhist Cultural Centre, Shippensburg University. Retrieved 10 September A History. Revised and Updated , by John Keay: National Geographic. Retrieved 26 November The commentary introd. Translated from V. Retrieved 26 May Buddhist pilgrimage sites". Victoria and Albert Museum.
Archived from the original on 31 October Retrieved 25 December Reflections on the Buddha and his contemporaries". Journal for the Study of Religion. Study Buddhism. Retrieved 20 June Greek Buddha: Princeton University Press. Readings Selected by King Asoka". Access to Insight.
Retrieved 8 January Sacred Traces: British Explorations of Buddhism in South Asia. UW Press. Retrieved 4 September Michael Witzel , , "Moving Targets? Texts, language, archaeology and history in the Late Vedic and early Buddhist periods.
Investigating Indian Art. Museen Preuss. Archana Verma. Life of the Buddha by Ashva-ghosha 1st ed. New York: Still, he had no answer. He thought there might be a better way than hurting himself. He found a fig tree now called the Bodhi tree and started to meditate. He told himself that he would not get up until he had found enlightenment. He meditated under the tree for 49 days.
His mind is said to have become pure, and then, six years after he began his path, he said he found Enlightenment , and became the Buddha. When the Buddha became enlightened , he knew the answer to suffering , and he knew how to defeat suffering. This answer was called the Four Noble Truths. He was not sure if he should teach his new ideas or not. He asked himself if the world was ready for such a deep teaching.
But in the end, he decided to travel to a town called Sarnath to teach the people his new way. The people listened to him. When he taught, he did not pretend to be a god. He said he was just a man who had found the meaning of life enlightenment , and that any person can also find the meaning of life. For the rest of his life, he walked all over Southern Nepal and parts of India to teach people what he believed. He started a Sangha , which is a group of Buddhist monks and nuns. Many people became enlightened because of him.
At the age of 80, Gautama Buddha died.
The teachings of the Buddha are known as Buddhism. Buddhism is mostly about ending the feeling of pain that all people feel inside. Gautama Buddha taught that pain is a part of all life. He taught that pain is because of desire. And he showed that there is a way to end desire and end pain by doing good things, not doing bad things, and training one's mind. This is done to end pain and gain enlightenment. Buddhism teaches non-harm and balance — not going too far one way or the other.
The Buddha taught people to meditate , or think deeply, while sitting in the lotus position. Some Buddhists chant and meditate while walking. Buddhists sometimes do these things to understand the human heart and mind. Sometimes they do these things to understand the way the world works. Sometimes they do these things to find peace. The Buddha would not say if gods exist or not. He taught that people should not look to gods to save them or bring them enlightenment.
The gods may have power over world events and they might help people, or they might not. But Buddha believed that it is up to each person to become enlightened.
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