Handwriting analysis is a direct way of analyzing the basic personality traits and characteristics and abilities which a person possesses. Every formation of your. Graphology: Tips for a positive Signature. Signature Analysis Personality. Types of signatures that must be avoided. Handwriting Analysis and. Handwriting Analysis The Complete Basic caite.info - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online. handwriting analysis.
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Signature Analysis. Your signature is unique. It is also your public face. It represents you on important documents, on messages to friends: it is your mark of. “If you want to add handwriting analysis to your tool belt of vast personal resources, the. Handwriting Home Study Course will set you in the right direction. PDF | Handwriting Analysis is described as a scientific study and analysis of handwriting. It is a way of interpreting behavior from peculiarities in.
Some people write mostly with light pressure and some others with heavy pressure. Graphology Signature between parallel lines: SIZE Size simply refers to whether the writing is large or small. Inconsistent Threading brings out the more negative aspects o f threading. These writers have blocked so much responsiveness that close relationships with them are difficult. The structural ambiguity of the Rorschach inkblots allows a wide variety of interpretation for both patient and psychologist. They express in a heavy manner.
You are physically sick one day and healthy another day. You have drugs in your system today and you are free tomorrow. Today you are angry and yell at someone and tomorrow you are pacific. The handwriting should have been written under normal writing conditions.
The interpretations apply only to adult handwriting. For, children are learning to write and their neurological conditions are just maturing. Therefore we do not analyse the handwritings of children. There are four primary graphic elements out of which we have graphic structure. Those four primary graphic elements are: It is on this imaginary line that letters rest on dividing upper and lower areas while moving forward to the right. The baseline serves the purpose of dividing vertical placement and to directing movement.
It represents reality, threshold of awareness, foundation for movements and living, attitudes towards life experiences and activities. Graphologists believe that any vertical placement above and below the baseline is a division between two realities like intangible and tangible values, abstract and concrete concepts, philosophical and physical ideas and personal beliefs and personal relationships. Any movement horizontally along the baseline represents your reaction to experiences, living values, time demands, and learning.
Right motion is to advance, expand, and progress and left motion is to revert, constrict, and regress. An enclosure is formed when a line or lines border an area. An enclosure reveals your imagination, concept enlargement, and idea expansion. There are three known basic forms of enclosures, the loop, the circle, and the stem.
If you take the loop, there are upper and lower vertical loops. These are enclosures which are formed by starting forward and upward, moving backward, and returning forward and downward with the crossing strokes at the baseline.
They are formed by a line enclosing an area by starting forward and downward, moving backward, and returning forward and upward with the crossing strokes at the baseline. There are upper circle and lower circle.
They are formed by line or lines enclosing an area by starting backward and downward, moving forward, and returning backward and upward meeting or touching at the top.
When you have a proportional enclosure, you have a left-right balance and symmetry. They control convention order. Likewise a period followed by a capital letter, signature, spaces allotted to margins and starting at the upper left moving to the right then downwards left to right are all imposed structures.
Practically it refers to pressure. It is defined by how much force one applies to the writing surface with the writing instrument. It does not denote the hand grip pressure. It simply means how hard you press down on the paper. It represents your capacity for vigorous activities, intellectual vitality, physiological energy, sexual passion, and emotional intensity.
The thickness of your stroke will indicate your sensory capacity. The straightness of your stroke will mean a firm approach whereas a curve a soft approach. The direction of a stroke is understood as upward towards top, downward toward bottom, forward towards right and backward towards left. It simply means slant. The use of graphology extends to understanding health issues, morality, past experiences, hidden talents, and mental problems.
Kinesics is the science of interpreting body language. To judge a gesture first we should look for a cluster of gestures that supports one single gesture.
For example, if a person feels attracted and is interested in the other, then there may be a preening gesture, a light smile, and exposure of certain parts of the body. These are all clusters that confirm one single gesture. Secondly, we should see the context. It is to check whether the gesture fits into the context. For example, if you judge a gesture to be an angry one, then there should be a situation where one normally will get angry like the context of an argument.
Thirdly, we should know what that gesture means in a culture. What is understood as a certain thing in one culture, may mean another thing in another culture. The same principles should apply to handwriting analysis. First of all we should have many samples written over a period of time under different circumstances.
What will cluster mean in the context of graphology? It is not just one sample that is analysed but many samples. Also a handwriting generally must exhibit several traits that mean the same thing.
For example, lying. It should have long space, sudden change in slant and the like. Secondly we should consider the context. What will be the context here? We should look into under what circumstances these were written. For example a heavy pressure written at a time when you retired after fighting with your spouse is an example. It confirms the context of an angry moment.
Or you printed your name on a list of persons going for a picnic. Here the printing is not to hide yourself but to reveal yourself; you wanted to be legible and clear. Thirdly what is the culture? Handwriting is an instant photography. It is your self-portrait. Your handwritings are photos taken of you in different moods and situations. It is exactly like observing the body language of a person. The body language may be fleeting but handwriting is made permanent.
Putting together graphology and kinesics you have a wealth of information about individuals before they ever utter a word. In this book, a few of the specific interpretations will apply only to the Palmer method of writing or to its variations. However, graphology interpretation based on universal concepts are applicable to any language that is written from left to right.
We can identify five graphology inferences. They are: Physiological inference, 2. Universal concepts inference, 4. Psychological inference, and 5. Scientific inference. Let us consider each one of them. A simple way to find out if the writer is physically or psychologically affected is, look at the entire text of writing.
If the whole writing is abnormal and out of the way and shaken, then the body is affected in one way or other physically affected. If only certain words, phrases or sentences are affected and are quite different from the rest of the writing, then the reason behind is that the writer is psychologically affected.
The change could be in the slant, or size, or margin, or baseline or shape, or distance. Universal Concepts Inferences When we make out if a person is feeling more up or down, or holds back feelings, heavy handed, organized, narrow minded, and friendly, we make use of universal concepts. When a person leans back in writing that is slanting to the left, that writer is holding back something from others. If a person has a pleasing layout, then that person is organized. Psychological Inferences When we make out who likes whom in a number of listed persons, or who is telling the truth, we are making psychological inferences.
If you make a list of persons working under you, then if one of the names is written slightly bigger than the other names or if one of the names is written slightly smaller than other names, these are indications of your liking or not liking those persons.
These are psychological inferences. Scientific Inferences When we make out who is a lawbreaker, or who is a liar, then we are using scientific inferences.
A liar will hesitate and slow down and even stop before writing a lie. These conclusions were arrived at after analyzing many of the handwritings of law breakers and liars. It is good to know that there are a number of traits and a number of combinations of traits that can be learnt.
It is only a beginning. This book gives you enough knowledge to stand on your own and learn more. Any written specimen portrays personality descriptions and behaviour predictions. However a written specimen cannot explain why it is so. It has been noted that destroying a written specimen where you have expressed emotionally charged issues and concerns has therapeutic value.
Modification of personality by suggesting behavioural traits can be achieved by controlled writing which is a repetitive act. Usually what is suggested for behaviour change is to practice a particular written pattern for twenty minutes each day for thirty days. Handwriting is dependent upon the affects of drugs, disease, situation anxiety, menstruation, electric shock treatment, traumatic experiences, maturity, hypnosis, and fatigue.
They in fact modify personality. As a caution, do not attempt on children whose neurological conditions are growing and also on teenagers whose handwriting tends to be inconsistent from moment to moment. There are people who think that no personality test has adequately, accurately, or scientifically proven validity in predicting human behaviour or actions especially the complex traits of dishonesty and integrity. Behaviour is understood to be determined by trait combinations, the graphic indicators, and is situation specific.
So a particular situation can alter the response. Assessment of personality is not the same as the mathematical calculations like two and two make four. The assessment is an indicator. It is always good to keep this fact in mind and be cautious.
With this introduction I would invite you to go through the pages. Where necessary, practise writing the examples by yourself to know how it feels like writing in a particular mode. Wish you all the best. The exercises you have done unbiased at the beginning of the sessions will provide opportunities to concretely analyse your handwriting and thus become conversant in analysing handwriting and understand personalities.
They are 1. Physical, 2. Mental, 3. PHYSICAL14 The physical dimension measures our identity, the state of physical health, and the presence of drugs, alcohol, or other foreign substances in the body. Identity We are asked to write cursive instead of printing. Whether the connecting lines are wider or narrower between letters is the point. These distances are fairly maintained in our writing.
The distance maintained between these letters with the connecting thread indicates my connection pattern. Since cursive writing reveals our identity, those who write anonymous letters prefer to print rather than write cursively.
The pressure pattern demonstrates where we have applied more pressure and where we have applied less pressure. The pressure patterns in words are fairly maintained throughout our writing. Therefore mainly the connection patterns and the pressure patterns give our identity.
There are also other characteristics that reveal our identity. For example, the shape of each letter, the size of each letter, and the zone. In a way, all the aspects in one way or other reveal our identity. Because of this identity, we can distinguish between original signature and the faked one.
Since an imitator concentrates in copying a signature, the faked one will have more pressure in general. Secondly the handwriting is either a little longer or shorter than the original one.
What will make a signature to be forged? Because a signature which is merely a thread can easily be forged. It is a dangerous proposition. For a person who forges, illegible signature is the easy one to copy. Can I do printing or partially print and partially write cursively? When letters are separated as in the case of printing, then it is easy for a person who forges.
He can now imitate every single letter calmly and rather accurately. Thus there will not be much difference between the original and the forged signatures. Some people think that if they write legibly and connected but slowly then that is safer. No, here again the slow handwriting or signature is rather well shaped and thus one can easily imitate it.
Thus to avoid someone forging your signature it has to be written 1. State of Physical Health Since our handwriting is partly physiological, our state of health at a given moment of writing affects it.
After a virus fever as you are recovering or while in the state of ill health, if you write something and later compare it with your usual handwriting, you will find a great difference. I have noticed my handwriting looking bizarre that which I write after a trip when I stand for immigration clearance. It is due to the extreme fatigue that I have undergone by prolonged travel. When there is any presence of alcohol, drugs, or some foreign substances in the body, then to the level we are affected, our handwriting will also be affected.
Since writing is a motor skill, effected by a physical mechanism, anything that interferes with motor functions, equilibrium, circulation, and neurological process will be seen in our handwriting. Therefore however sick we are, however drunk we are, however tired we are, we can make out our own handwriting because of the identity.
The difference is due to the temporary health condition. Graphology has a way of measuring these mental aspects. Intelligence can be thought of in two ways. One is innate intelligence and the other is functioning intelligence.
The first is the one we are born with, and the second one refers to how intelligently we behave. Not necessarily people with high innate intelligence are the ones having a high functional intelligence as well. On the contrary, those who have low innate intelligence may have a very high functional intelligence.
Those with high functional intelligence write in such a way that the letters become smaller as the writer picks up concentration. Aptitude is the capacity of an individual for particular works. Aptitudes are associated with the kind of work for which a person is best suited. For example, who would be more suited to be a salesperson? It should be a person who is an extrovert with large writings. For example, if you want to find out who is more suited for a conventional job, it is the person who follows a conventional style of writing.
The one with artistic furnishing in the handwriting may be good for jobs in the artistic field. An extrovert will write large letters. Here below is an example. One whose handwriting represents heavy pressure has more vitality than the one whose handwriting has light pressure.
There are people who write with long ending strokes. It shows an attitude of openness to the future and to others. This does not include stinginess with regard to money. The presupposition here is that a blank piece of paper is life itself, and each word you write there is your ego.
All these are examples of emotional expressions. If you are given a blank paper and asked to write, you will write on a line which is imaginary. Not all of us write in a straight line and not every time we write on a straight line. The interpretation of baselines comes from the universal concept of up versus down. It indicates a consistent and controlled behaviour exhibited. Its positive qualities are straightness, discipline, will power, constancy of purpose, realism, and responsibility.
Its negative aspect impact is inflexibility. When anything is overdone it is usually the opposite of what appears to be. Anything overdone is to be questioned. Any extreme will not be the straight message but has a hidden message opposite of what it purports to indicate. It is an indication that the writer has healthy mental energy and can stay busy, active, and constantly on the go, involving many activities simultaneously.
In short, it simply means that you will put healthy mental energy into everything. It need not necessarily mean optimism. Even people with depression could have an ascending baseline. It simply indicates that you will utilize all your energy for whatever you undertake.
It mostly coincides with healthy type of application of our energy. Its meaning can be ambition, aggression, optimism, hopefulness, and cheerfulness. Its negative meanings are excitability, euphoria, and choleric behaviour. They are quitters. They start with a lot of mental energy but before they could achieve the goal they retire. It has a false appearance. A person who has a false ascending baseline is a quitter.
In false ascending the person gives up at the end of the line, whereas, in this case the person gives up in the middle of the line. This person is typically a classical quitter who quits at the halfway point. This type of writing is not very common.
Positively it can be considered as desire for variety and change, manifold interest, and good starter. Negatively it is easy to be disappointed or discouraged, easily bored, liable to give up, bad finisher, and lack of stamina or determination. They rise off the line all of a sudden. In a descending baseline we find most of the lines go downward. These people are negative in general. Perhaps they have met with defeat, disillusionment and constant disappointment in their lives which make them to be depressed.
If all the lines of a writer are evenly and equally downhill, the writer has been depressed for a long time. It is also possible that it results from a purely physical weakness, or physical or mental tiredness of a temporary nature. Its meaning can be critical approach, down to earth, tiredness, depression, gloom and melancholy, pessimism, indolence, apathy, ill health, and digestive trouble. The handwriting could be straight for the most part and suddenly one or two lines crash down on the right margin.
A person may be having a descending baseline but may not have a suicidal ideation. On the contrary, a person may have a straight baseline but may have a suicidal ideation which is betrayed by the crashing of the last words on the right margin.
This is a scientific inference. This information is from the point of view of graphology. From psychological point of view, a suicidal note may not be too long. Perhaps, persons who were unsuccessful in their suicidal attempt will write a long letter complaining of the wrongs done to them by others in the suicidal note.
Therefore suicidal notes are usually shortest notes. Of course, there can be some exceptions. It is to be distinguished from the suicidal baseline. In suicidal baseline the last word or words, or last letter or letters of a line suddenly sink. Perhaps there is a sinking feeling or something negative about the word or phrase that falls. In concave baseline, the writer is enthusiastic about starting a work.
But here before reaching the end, the person picks up, and somehow makes it and thus reaches the goal. Therefore in a concave baseline, we find the starting and the end of a line equal but in the middle, the line sags. Concave arc is a confirming indication of courage, stamina, and determination. Of course, it shows the moodiness of the person.
They may laugh and cry easily and have lots of ups and downs in their lives. They are unbalanced as the handwriting shows. Anyone who cannot be within the norms of a society tends to be a sociopath. It can be inclined to the right; it leans towards the right side. It can run from being lightly inclined, through very inclined to acutely inclined. Likewise a handwriting can recline to the left; it leans towards the left side.
It can run from being lightly reclined, through very reclined to acutely reclined. A handwriting can also go in all directions. Whether a handwriting stands straight or inclines or reclines is to be judged against a baseline.
Slant describes which way a handwriting leans or does not lean. But when we speak of slant, we are speaking of how a handwriting stands on the average. Upright or slightly slanted handwriting maintains the centre of gravity inside itself. It is from this position that the person relates with the external world. The more the upright slant, the more is the person self-reliant and is reserved emotionally.
Upright writing has the positive qualities of independence, living in the present, reasonableness, cool judgement, discrimination and controlled emotions. Its negative elements are, apathy, coldness, lack of sympathy, and laziness.
This person creates intense emotional bonds. Its negative qualities are haste, busybody, escape into activities, care about the future, weakness of will, excitability and hysteria.
In this situation, the attention and the need to relate are pursued and implemented through mechanisms of contradiction and spitefulness. If one writes with leftward slant, then that person is emotionally inexpressive, introverted, and even selfish.
One has to pull back emotionally while writing leftward. It looks like that these people do not trust others and may not want them in their lives too. The derivative meanings of left slope are usually negative rather than positive. It is like a person who leans back but looks up defiantly, with fists clenched. Thus the left slant is defiant, the upright slant is reliant, and the right slant is compliant. According to graphology, the most ideal slant ranges between 60 and 75 degrees.
The person stays in control. This is usually suggested by the graphologists. However, I think that we can also judge the slanting of a handwriting by looking at the lower zone letters as well. In graphology whatever we speak of, applies both to the right-handers and to the left- handers equally. It reveals the degree to which we express our real feelings emotions to others. Slant does not reveal to what level we have feelings, but to what level we are ready to express our feelings.
It can also reveal truthfulness. In graphology we generally do not make the fine distinction between feeling and emotion. But scientifically they both are different. In fact, feeling is part of emotion and not the whole of emotion. Let us consider this in detail. Emotion is a complex state of the organism, involving bodily changes of a widespread character — in breathing, pulse, gland secretion, etc.
If the emotion is intense there is some disturbance of the intellectual functions, a measure of dissociation, and a tendency towards action of an ungraded or protopathic character. An emotion is experienced as a feeling that motivates, organizes, and guides perception, thought, and action. Change of highly personal significance causes emotions.
Hot emotions have four characteristics namely, 1. When people are in the grip of an emotion, they are in a transition in which the preceding context has changed, but no new context has yet been stabilized. Thus there is instability. One of the basic evolutionary functions of emotions is that of immediate mobilization of resources for which a great intensity of emotion is required.
Emotions usually impel people to action and thus by nature emotions are given great intensity in order to mobilize all available resources. Our emotions are focused on one or a few persons. Emotions are partial since our attention is focused on a narrow target or they express a personal and interested perspective. The typical temporal structure of emotions involves a swift rise-time, taking less than half minute in most cases, followed by a relatively slow decline.
Typically it takes place within approximately half a second to four seconds. The basic components of emotion are intentionality which is understood by its subdivisions 1. Thus we have four components of emotion namely cognition, evaluation, motivation and feeling. For example, when you encounter a thief at night, you are afraid, which is a feeling dimension; the knowledge of the thief cognition , the evaluation of the attributes of the thief that he would be harmful evaluative and the desire to run away motivational go along with the feeling dimension.
Therefore feeling and emotion are not identical. Yet in our ordinary use we understand them as one. It means diplomacy in which case we neither express nor repress but suppress our feelings. We stay on top of things. We prefer thinking rather than feeling. It can also mean that we are oriented towards the present. Thus anything to do with our present, self, indifference, suppression, and diplomacy will be shown by our vertical writing. Both suppression and repression are mental mechanisms or defence mechanisms or escape mechanisms.
We tend to meet our needs by normal legitimate means and if the legitimate means fail, then we resort to unconscious devices called mental mechanisms to avoid, withdraw from or conceal our difficulties and problems and to put up a bright face on our handicaps and frustrations. Psychoanalysis has a list of manipulative faculty behaviours.
Two of them are suppression and repression. Let us take an example. I hate my wife and I am aware of it and I do not want to show it outside.
In this case, I suppress my hate towards my wife. Here I am aware of my feeling of hate but others do not perceive that I hate my wife. I hide it from others and not from me. In repression, I hate my wife but I am not aware of it. Here I not only hide it from others but above all I hide it from myself.
Here my hate is relegated repressed into my unconscious. Painful, dangerous and embarrassing thoughts and wishes are banished from the conscious and relegated to the unconscious.
Suppression is conscious and voluntary while repression is unconscious and involuntary. It is also the basis of many other ego-defences and neurotic disorders. Freud formulated the theory of personality in terms of the id, the ego, and the superego and divided the mind into three regions namely conscious, preconscious, and unconscious.
The psychological materials of the preconscious could become conscious when needed. But the material of the unconscious was regarded as being relatively inaccessible to the conscious and it was said to be in a state of repression. Thus repression is an involuntary removal of something from the conscious. Painful experiences are repressed to the unconscious. For example, if you are shamefully treated for some offence, you would not keep that experience in your conscious but soon will relegate it to the unconscious because it is painful.
We are demonstrative, affectionate, passionate. It further speaks of future, compliance, vision, and expressiveness. This person reaches out to others and will be willing to comply and work within society.
Of course such a person will make an excellent relationship partner, especially if the writing is cursive with narrow word spacing. I remember that when I was taught the Palmer method of writing to slant to the right, I did oblige to satisfy the teacher but in my private writing I maintained a vertical pattern at that time. Some say that they are just imitating the handwriting of a person they know.
Perhaps we are a lot like that person whom we imitate. It may also indicate that we think one thing and say another. In leftward writing, we avoid emotional involvement in a situation. We distance ourselves from emotional expressions. It can also indicate being over- concerned about ourselves, being materialistic and overly concerned with outward appearances. Definitely it is oriented towards the past. Thus leftward writing indicates something negative, past, fear, resistance, doubt and repression.
The graffiti are mostly slanting to the left which is a clear indication of repression. These individuals are mostly antisocial elements of the society writing something rubbish but quite meaningful to them. They have not learned to express their emotions legitimately and so what is inside comes out as repression manifesting itself with leftward writing on walls.
Walls are not the appropriate place for showing emotions! Yet they like to do that way. There is a great eagerness to reach out but they do not know how to do it and so they express their repressed feelings. I have been observing graffiti in many cities but so far I have not found one that is slanting to the right. Another thing I notice in such writings is that the letters are jammed one over the other horizontally that you can hardly read the whole of it. Anything overcrowding is confusion in the mind of the writer.
It is their negativism, and confusion they seem to express in such writings. Analysing anonymous letters, I realize that the writers usually write with leftward slant. It is in keeping with their characters.
They are mostly criminal type of individuals who will do anything to take revenge. They are no doubt very much repressed. They have, in short, problems in expressing their real emotions. That is why they undertake criminal ways to express their emotions.
Graffiti in the public toilets are meant for free expression of emotions at least in a closed circuit. This again is either vertical or slanting to the left. Therefore it has all the characteristics of suppression at the least, or repression at the most. While supervising the voting of over 60 persons I noticed the following. Among the votes one vote was invalid which had a strange unknown name. The interesting point is that the strange name was written leftward. All the other names in the voting ballots were written either straight or rightward.
The one who cast the invalid vote by writing an unknown strange name consciously acted against what he was supposed to do. Therefore he reared up and wrote the name leftward which is an indication of repression. Unstable slant is a wobbling slant.
It will be difficult to fathom a person with a severe wobble. The more unstable a wobble, the more unstable is the writer. If the left and the right represent the past and the future, then the centre represents the present. In the same manner usually people associate the right with positive, the left with negative and the middle as neutral. Having seen slants in general, we now go to see the definitions of the vertical, right and left slants and their variations according to the number indicated in the parameter.
Vertical It is a head-over-heart signal. If a person writes vertical most of the time, the person suppresses emotional responses. The person is diplomatic, cautious, independent, detached and undemonstrative. This is considered to be a healthy emotional response. It is a healthy sign indeed. Very inclined to the right It is a heart-over-head signal. This person is dominated by emotions. It indicates emotional intensity which can be affectionate, ardent, friendly, sensitive, and jealous.
It is definitely a reactionary character. This person can be very easily carried away by emotionalism. Everything is done in excess. Thus the person can excessively demonstrate hysterical outbursts, be demonstrative, oversensitive, touchy, romantic, ardent, fervent, and high-strung. Since the person is volatile, it is rather difficult to get along with this person. When overly rightward slant is combined with other unstable qualities, it is indicative of aberrant behaviour.
The person is subject to extreme emotional impulsiveness. Lightly reclined to the left This person usually represses real emotional feelings. Externally there will be cool masks but there will be inhibited reactions. Since emotions are repressed, the person is understood as diplomatic, reserved, and not straightforward. Very reclined to the left The person does repress real emotional feelings.
There is an appearance of coldness. One cannot very easily fathom this person, and of course, it will be difficult to get on with this person as well. Acutely Reclined to the left This person is emotionally ill. Emotional situations are avoided and this person cannot be reached. Definitely this person is past- and self-oriented.
One can find the preponderance of leftward slant in the writings of convicted rapist. This of course does not mean that all the persons with leftward slant are rapists. The rapists experience an inability to express real feelings. That is why their slant is to the left. Therefore the person is unstable, unpredictable, erratic, undisciplined, nervous, excitable, fickle, and capricious. There is the possibility of this person lacking in good judgement and common sense.
Thus one who slants to the utmost right is an emotional wreck swept off with emotion. Likewise someone who slants farther to the left becomes more and more repressed depending upon the degree of slant. The one who finds difficult to write is the one maintaining a vertical slant.
Those whose slant is vertical, usually have a slight more wobble than those who slant rightward or leftward. The reason is that they exercise a great control over themselves which results in some kind of wobble. Lightly reclined to the 1. This is Externally there will be cool considered to be a healthy emotional masks but there will be response.
Vertical It is a head-over-heart 2. Very reclined to the signal. If a person writes 2. Very inclined to the right left vertical most of the time, the person suppresses It is a heart-over-head signal. This person The person does repress real emotional responses. It indicates appearance of coldness. The emotional intensity which can be is evasive, self-absorbed, and person is diplomatic, affectionate, ardent, friendly, sensitive, independent.
One cannot very cautious, independent, and jealous. Acutely Reclined to the left 3. Acutely inclined to the right This person is emotionally ill. Emotional person can be very easily carried away by situations are avoided and this emotionalism.
Everything is done in person cannot be reached. Thus the person can excessively Definitely this person is past- demonstrate hysterical outbursts, be and self-oriented demonstrative, oversensitive, touchy, romantic, ardent, fervent, and high-strung. Depending upon where they slant, the description meant for that slant will apply. Externally what is obviously seen, may not be the truth. In that situation, our unconscious spontaneously expresses the truth by the change of slant.
For example, one who has a rightward slant suddenly straightens up a word or a phrase or makes it slant to the left, then the person is pulling back and not revealing the truth. Therefore in that part of the sentence what is written may not be the truth. It is something similar to a person who tells a lie. When a habitual rightward slant writer suddenly becomes a vertical or reclined slant writer, it is an indication of unhappiness thus attempting to ward off painful feelings.
This can be seen in people who are subject to trauma in their lives.
They tend to repress their emotions so that their writing either becomes vertical or leftward. Slanting leftward does not mean one who is an introvert. A leftward sant writer can really be an extrovert and sociable. It points out a loss of control over hand movement to the right. It is equivalent to say that there is a loss of mental and emotional control and the person is prone to explosive behaviour.
Handwriting slant in general reveals emotional expressiveness. Overly leftward can be very emotionally sick. Upright slant reveals emotional reserve, suppression, and self-reliance. The person can be cool under pressure. The person is emotionally expressive. The person will act according to emotions. Here pressure levels reveal how intense the emotions are expressed.
Variable slants betrays mostly an emotionally unstable person. SIZE Size simply refers to whether the writing is large or small.
Of course there are many categories in size, like large, overly large, medium, small, or overly small microscopic. It is an unfixed trait. Because, depending upon the mood, people write sometimes small and at other times big. It also depends upon the paper on which they write. But people usually maintain a certain size on the average. Thus the size of the writing will tell 1. In the same way, a handwriting which is large attracts enough attention. Those who write large letters are extroverts.
They cannot concentrate on small details. There is a great need for them to demand space in life. They so much wish to appear big and important. They are usually extravagant, lavish, ceremonial, prodigal, and luxurious. They are usually big planners and see things in a big way. If they are in charge of any work, they plan out things that are grandiose, which others may think as too great to achieve.
Needless to say how they would like to show off. Somehow they would like to be in the centre stage. Actors, salespeople, and politicians write large-sized letters. Their profession involves extroversion. For example, take the letter of a person which he wrote with medium size or big size, but made the signature too small in contrast to the size of the letters of the background. This too can attract attention.
Here below you will find a letter written by Reginald to his friend Sheela. Reginald becomes very conspicuous not by making his signature large or very large, but by merely making it very small compared to the size of the letters of the message. Thus we find that people can seek attention by being extra large or being extra small. It so happened that every time I wanted to write to you, something or other prevented me from doing it.
Anyway finally I am able to write this note. Please contact me over the phone and I would like to talk to you. With kind regards, Reginald. They will have obsessive tendencies. Somehow they want to be seen and heard. For them there are no boundaries. They usually overstep their boundaries and enter into the boundaries of others.
Among them exhibitionism is seen. Since they crave for attention, they will go to any length to obtain it.
They are known to be hyperactive. Just like their handwriting, they have corresponding extreme behaviour. Let us also remember that anything overly exaggerated may be to overcompensate for an intense inner feeling of the opposite.
It can mean anything that has to do with greatness, expansion, growth, overshadowing and domination. Their positive qualities are greatness, ambition, idealism, leadership, adventure, courage, and generosity.
Their negative qualities are lack of realism, inaccuracy, maladjustment, extravagance, long-sightedness, and megalomania.
They are normally social and have an average ability to concentrate on things. This person has a need to conform in all areas. If large writing means extroversion, small writing means introversion. Introverts by nature direct their energy on themselves rather than on others and external objects, or events.
People write small letters for various reasons. First of all, the person wants to be a hermit withdrawn from the external world. Secondly, the person writes small letters for concentration. Thirdly, it may be due to their low self-image that people write small letters. Their sense of inadequacy in the world and life makes them write small letters. They feel as small as their letters appear to be. Yet another reason for writing small letters is due to the sense of economy. These people want to save paper.
They may tend to be economical in all the facets of their life. It may be also due to the limited space provided. For example, signing on your identity card, you will write small letters. Scientists, composers, authors, and mathematicians write small-sized letters most of the time.
Their profession requires deep concentration on account of which the letters become small. When the writing is small and well formed, it means that the person can concentrate on small details for a long time as well.
There are two types of overly small writing recognized by the graphologists. The microscopic writing is either legible or illegible. If the writing is legible it means a deep thinker. If the writing is not legible then it is a disturbed individual. If a person who has been writing normally suddenly starts writing microscopically, then it is a sign of being deeply troubled and unhappy.
Whereas large writing indicates un-inhibition, small writing means inhibition. Its positive qualities are economy of strength, accuracy, objectivity, modesty, discipline, realism and adjustability. Its negative qualities are pettiness, economy, intolerance, lack of personality, lack of space, depression, inferiority complex and short sightedness. Big is usually associated with pride, confidence, success, and feelings of self-worth. On the contrary, small is associated with humiliation, diffidence, failure and feeling of unworthiness.
Personal self-image will mean how you think about yourself; and public self-image is how you want others to think about you.
Intelligence can be gauged by the size of the letters. For example, as you write, if the writing becomes smaller, then your I. On the contrary, if it becomes bigger, it indicates lesser intelligence. Now let us see what is the meaning when some words are suddenly made big or small. Growing words and capitals indicates an image of looking up and looking up to others. It is positively understood as frankness, and ambitions. Negatively it is comparison of self with superiors, childishness, jealously, envy and inferiority feelings.
Diminishing words and capitals indicates an image of looking down and looking down on others. It is positively understood as superiority feelings, maturity, diplomacy, and sophistication. Negatively it is pride, insincerity, and disproportionate attitude between self and others. If a certain word or name becomes suddenly bigger or smaller in comparison with other words in the same line, then we can conclude that the writer has invested some emotions either positive or negative on the person or thing signified by that particular word that got enlarged or shrunk.
When we hold somebody or something in high esteem, then automatically that word gets enlarged in our writing. On the contrary, if we have less regard, and think less of the person, then the word automatically shrinks. If in a writing the words get larger and farther apart towards the bottom of the page, it is an indication of tiring of writing and losing the ability to concentrate. It may happen that the person starts writing and after a few words the letters get enlarged. At that time the writer became tired, or had a low attention span and could not concentrate.
Why one became tired may be due to many reasons and that is not the scope of this book. At times people write with small letters just because they run out of paper and have a lot of things yet to say.
They do not want you to know what they are really thinking! Illegible script, legible signature: Draw the obvious conclusion! Like the margins and layout of the page, placement of signature is quite revealing. Business letters should not be used for analysis as they have a standard format.
Signature on left: May be a pose. The same interpretations on line direction and slant are made as for the script, but watch out for differences between the signature and the handwriting. Signature rising more than handwriting: The reality, revealed in the less image-conscious handwriting, is a more balanced, level headed approach. Signature falls more than handwriting: The signature stands in its own right. Any additional strokes are a deliberate attempt to draw more attention to it.
Betrays a lack of self-confidence and a need for recognition and status. Full stop: Vertical line at end: Larger letters or names: Typically, formal people increase the size of the surname, for example.
The initial capitals are the same size as the rest of the letters, indicating an informal, easy-going social image. The letters have angled tops and curving bases, revealing a gentle nature and a sharp mind.
This is a straightforward, unembellished signature, in the garland style. An interesting point about this signature is that only part of it — the surname — is underlined.
This emphasizes the importance of the surname, yet the letters of the first name are disproportionately large. This person has two images: This signature starts with a flamboyant gesture and ends with a series of decreasing letter sizes and a long, looped underline embellishment.
This person likes to make a big, stylish entrance to make his presence felt, but after this he retreats from this showy manner. The crucifix like Y suggests an interest in religion. The sweeping, drooping line through the surname is a sign of great self-criticism in professional life.
It all adds up to someone who regards their private and professional lives as entirely separate existences. A highly embellished signature which only comprises the christian name. The dots before and after the name imply that this image has been carefully planned and executed. You are now equipped to gain some very deep understandings of what a person is really like from their handwriting, and, from their signature, how they would like to be seen. It is rare for there to be no discrepancy at all between script and signature style, and the differences are usually very revealing.
Study them carefully, and always bear in mind the essential differences between the role of handwriting — to communicate information — and the signature — to say who you are. Signature Analysis Your signature is unique.
Those who choose not to and opt for use of initials instead of their christian name s will have one of two reasons: Signature in the middle: Signature on right: Right slant signature: