negara Republik Indonesia sebagaimana dimaksud dalam Undang-Undang Dasar Negara. Republik Indonesia Tahun Pemerintah Daerah adalah . the Constitution (UUD ) since the legal position of Pancasila and the Constitution is . introductory note in the book of the Birth of Pancasila: .. http:// caite.info?__ blob. berdasarkan Pancasila dan Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik. Indonesia Tahun ; b. bahwa dalam pelaksanaan pembangunan nasional, tenaga.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Arabic|
|Genre:||Children & Youth|
|ePub File Size:||16.60 MB|
|PDF File Size:||15.78 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Regsitration Required]|
UNDANG-UNDANG DASAR. NEGARA REPUBLIK INDONESIA. TAHUN PEMBUKAAN. (P r e a m b u l e). Bahwa sesungguhnya Kemerdekaan itu ialah. Menimbang: a. bahwa negara Republik Indonesia berdasarkan Pancasila dan Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia. Tahun menjamin. Pasal 4 ayat (1) Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik. Indonesia Tahun ;. 2. Undang-Undang . penampungan untuk sementara dalam buku register.
Sukarno became increasingly disillusioned by this stagnation and with the support of the military, who saw a much greater constitutional role for themselves, began to push for a return to the Constitution. The preamble to the Constitution of Indonesia contains the Pancasila state philosophy. Outline Index. The governmental system has been described as "presidential with parliamentary characteristics. Fendi Bagus rated it it was amazing Feb 21, Explains the role and position of the Supreme Court as well as the role of the judicial commission.
Fendi Bagus rated it it was amazing Feb 21, Darwin Tarigan rated it it was ok Jan 12, Andi Irwansyah rated it really liked it Sep 04, Kresno Soetomo rated it it was amazing Dec 02, Deden Nugraha rated it it was amazing Nov 07, Mas Starman rated it really liked it Sep 23, Kartika Vidyana rated it liked it Mar 22, Amelia Ramadhani rated it liked it Nov 02, Iwan Hadi rated it it was amazing Feb 02, Fawwazul Haqie rated it it was amazing Aug 30, Dhoni marked it as to-read May 19, Deary Surya rama marked it as to-read Feb 14, Endang marked it as to-read May 12, Fadilah is currently reading it Sep 29, Noviyani added it Nov 21, Johan Hasan marked it as to-read Feb 17, Said Salahudin marked it as to-read Jun 11, Nanda added it Jul 22, Eko Primananda marked it as to-read Jul 22, Linnyfirdaus marked it as to-read Sep 15, Anton Prijatno marked it as to-read Oct 23, Boniface Pasaribu marked it as to-read Oct 29, Noto Raharjo added it Dec 18, Wahyudin Munawir marked it as to-read Mar 15, Urfan added it Apr 20, Wahyu Rizki marked it as to-read Apr 28, Wahyu marked it as to-read Aug 04, Riski Abid added it Sep 05, Ahdiyat Isroni marked it as to-read Sep 17, Rayhan Rayhan marked it as to-read Sep 19, Rida Auta marked it as to-read Sep 19, Joko Purnomo marked it as to-read Sep 24, Rizal Nova added it Sep 25, Evie Deria added it Dec 03, Sulisstyowati marked it as to-read Dec 08, Ricardo Pramana Suranta marked it as to-read Dec 28, Arwani marked it as to-read Jan 13, Istigfaro Anjaz marked it as to-read Jan 14, There are no discussion topics on this book yet.
About RM. It was abrogated by the Federal Constitution of and the Provisional Constitution of , but restored on 5 July The Constitution then set forth the Pancasila , the five nationalist principles devised by Sukarno , as the embodiment of basic principles of an independent Indonesian state.
It provides for a limited separation of executive, legislative, and judicial powers. The governmental system has been described as "presidential with parliamentary characteristics.
The Japanese divided the territory into three military government regions, based on the largest islands: As the Japanese military position became increasingly untenable, especially after their defeat at the Battle of Leyte Gulf in October , more and more native Indonesians were appointed to official positions in the occupation administration. It was chaired by Dr Radjiman Wedyodiningrat — The future president Sukarno and vice-president Mohammad Hatta were among its members.
It met in the building that had been used by the Dutch colonial quasi-parliament, the Volksraad "People's Council" in central Jakarta. It held two sessions, 29 May — 1 June and 10—17 July The first session discussed general matters, including the philosophy of the state for future independent Indonesia, Pancasila.
The second session produced a provisional constitution made up of 37 articles, 4 transitory provision and 2 additional provision. The nation would be a unitary state and a republic.
On 26 July , the Allies called for the unconditional surrender of Japan in the Potsdam Declaration. The Japanese authorities, realising they would probably lose the war, began to make firm plans for Indonesian independence, more to spite the Dutch than anything else.
The dropping of a second atomic bomb on Nagasaki, and the Soviet invasion of Manchuria on 9 August prompted the Japanese to surrender unconditionally on 15 August In the meeting chaired by Sukarno, the 27 members, including Hatta , Supomo , Wachid Hasjim , Sam Ratulangi and Subardjo , began to discuss the proposed constitution article by article.
The Committee made some fundamental changes, including the removal of 7 words from the text of Jakarta Charter which stated the obligation for Muslims to follow Sharia. The new charter then became the preambule of the constitution, and the clause stating that the president must be a Muslim was removed.
The historical compromise was made possible in part by the influence of Mohamad Hatta and Tengku Mohamad Hasan. The Committee then officially adopted the Constitution.
The Constitution usually referred to by the Indonesian acronym "UUD'45" remained in force until it was replaced by the Federal Constitution on 27 December This was in turn replaced by the Provisional Constitution on 17 August However, this became bogged down in disputes between nationalists and Islamists, primarily over the role of Islam in Indonesia. Sukarno became increasingly disillusioned by this stagnation and with the support of the military, who saw a much greater constitutional role for themselves, began to push for a return to the Constitution.
This was put to the vote on 30 May and 2 June , but the motion failed to gain the required two-thirds majority. Finally, on 5 July President Sukarno issued a decree dissolving the assembly and returning to the Constitution.
Suharto , who officially became president in , refused to countenance any changes to the Constitution despite the fact that even Sukarno had viewed it as a provisional document. Then in , the activist Sri Bintang Pamungkas and two colleagues were arrested and jailed for publishing a proposed modified version of the Constitution. With the fall of Suharto and the New Order regime in , the decree and law were rescinded and the way was clear to amend the Constitution to make it more democratic.
This was done in four stages at sessions of the MPR in , , and The most important of the changes were: Among the above changes, the establishment of Constitutional Court is regarded as a successful innovation in Indonesia constitutional system. The court was established in by 9 justices head by Professor Jimly Asshiddiqie ,a prominent scholar from the University of Indonesia.
There are five jurisdictions of the court, i. The other icon of success in Indonesian reform is the establishment of the Corruption Eradication Commission which independently fights against corruption and grafts. Corruption in Indonesia is regarded an extraordinary crime. The Constitution has the highest legal authority in the country's system of government.
The executive, legislative and judicial branches of government must defer to it. The Constitution was originally officially enacted on 18 August The attached Elucidation, drawn up by Prof. Raden Soepomo — , Indonesia's first justice minister, was officially declared to be a part of the Constitution on 5 July During the sessions in the People's Assembly, all the ideas setforth in the Elucidation was transformed become articles in the new amendments.
The preamble to the Constitution of Indonesia contains the Pancasila state philosophy. States that Indonesia is a unitary republic based on law with sovereignty in the hands of the people and exercised through laws. States that the People's Consultative Assembly is made up of the members of the People's Representative Council and the Regional Representatives Council , all of the members of both bodies being directly elected.
The People's Consultative Assembly changes and passes laws, appoints the president, and can only dismiss the president or vice-president during their terms of office according to law. Outlines the powers of the president.
States the requirements for the president and vice-president. Limits the president and vice-president to two terms of office and states that they be elected in a general election. Specifies the impeachment procedure.
Includes the wording of the presidential and vice-presidential oath and promise of office. Four short articles giving the cabinet a constitutional basis.
The president appoints ministers. Explains how Indonesia is divided into provinces , regencies and cities , each with its own administration chosen by general election.
The leaders of these administrations are "chosen democratically". Autonomy is applied as widely as possible. The state recognises the special nature of certain regions. Its members are elected by general election. It has the right to pass laws, and has legislative, budgeting and oversight functions. It has the right to request government statements and to put forward opinions.
An equal number of members is chosen from each province via a general election. The Council can suggest bills related to regional issues to the People's Representative Council. It also advises the House on matters concerning taxes, education and religion.